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The History 


47TH (London) DIVISION 
1914- 1919 

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4 7th (London) Division 

1914 - 1919 


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By the Right Hon. Viscount Esher, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. 

_Y intimate connection with the 2nd London, or 

47th Division, as it came to be called, both as 

President of the County of London Association, 

under whose auspices the Division was raised, 

and as Honorary Colonel of one of its Field Artillery 

Brigades, accounts for my having been asked to write 

this foreword. 

There are two other reasons why I am glad to have 
had the opportunity of placing in the forefront of this 
excellent record of the service of the 47th Division a few 
paragraphs expressive of remembrance and admiration 
for all ranks of that splendid fighting force. 

Assisted by Sir Ian Hamilton, I never abated for a 
moment — from September, 19 14, to March, 191 5 — my 
efforts to induce Lord Kitchener to send out the Territorial 
Force in organised divisions, pressing hard for the early 
dispatch of the 2nd London. And when the Division 
was first in the line, I took the earliest opportunity of 
visiting the Grenay sector, which a part of the Division 
was holding. 

The 46th and 47th were the two first Territorial Divisions 
to fight in France. No divisions throughout the whole 
war have a more brilliant record. It is as the 47th 
Division, rather than as individual units of the County 



of London troops, that the London Regiments will 
hereafter be remembered, long after divisional, and 
perhaps regimental, organizations will have ceased to 

During the fateful years from 1906 to 19 14, while 
Europe was engaged in arming to the teeth, a few far- 
seeing soldiers and statesmen appreciated the coming 
situation, when the defensive battles for which Home troops 
were being raised and trained would inevitably be fought 
overseas. Whether officers and men took the Imperial 
Service obligation or not, it was foreseen that the Terri- 
torial Force would be certain to fight side by side with 
the Regular Army somewhere between the French coast 
and the Rhine, and not at Pevensey or at Hastings. 

It is to these men who foresaw and planned the British 
Territorial Force that the thanks of the victorious nations 
are largely due. The Territorial Force stood in 191 5 
between the dead Regular Army and the living Kitchener 
Armies that fought the Battle of the Somme and enabled 
the war to be ultimately won. 

A few of these same far-seeing men and their younger 
successors have here and now a clear vision of the future. 

The Territorial Force of pre-war days has accomplished 
its glorious mission. Like Nelson's old ships, it can, 
and should be, towed into Hamoaze. 

The future opens up problems of national defence 
wholly different from those of the past. We have got 
to stow away the masts and sails. 

If the old nomenclature, made famous in Flanders and 
France, of the 47th Division and its component units 
is to be retained, it will have to cover a defensive 
organization wholly different in personnel and in material 
and in type from that of 1914. The defence of London 
— the heart of the Empire — requires vision and prevision 
quite as acute, but wholly different, from the old problem, 


which was solved so well. The naval, military, and, 
above all, the aerial conditions of future warfare are as 
different from the old as the modern conception of the 
universe is from that of Galileo, 

The moral of this record of the exploits of the 47th 
Division is that the young men of London should not be 
asked "Go ye and do likewise," but "Go ye and train 
yourselves to do as well, but differently." 

If the statesmen of Europe are blind enough to prepare 
for other wars, then let the preparation be on very 
different lines, suiting the fighting action of our people 
to the last word of science. 

There was once a time when the flight of English arrows 
through the air destroyed the heavily-equipped 
conventional arm}^ of France. Just as the smaller units 
of the old London Regiments became merged in the 
London Divisions during the World War without loss of 
the old local association, so the famous numbers of the 
four London Divisions, notably the 47th, need not be 
lost when Air Brigades and Air Divisions take their 
place, if only the people at the War Office who decide 
these things show a little imagination and sentiment. 

When Sir Douglas Haig or Allenby praised the 47th 
and 60th Divisions, every Londoner felt a glow of pride. 
The tradition of such glories should riot be lost, and if 
Londoners should ever be called upon again to defend 
their free homes, even though the conditions of warfare 
are as different from those of 191 5 as from those of 1066, 
the memories of the 47th Division, as recorded in these 
pages, cannot be allowed to lapse. 



This history is the work of many hands. It is based on official war 
diaries and narratives of operations. Each chapter has been written 
by an officer ivho, by reason of service on the Staff or in command 
of a battalion, had special knowledge of the operations chronicled. 
Proofs were submitted to units and to numerous members of the 
Division, ivith the result that many valuable additions and corrections 
were received. That a story built on these lines should lack something 
in continuity of style is inevitable, but it is hoped that any short- 
comings of this nature will be balanced by greater accuracy in detail. 
It is impossible in a single volume to record all the occasions on which 
battalions or other units fought with special distinction, while countless 
acts of individual gallantry must of necessity pass unnoticed. All 
that has been attempted is to produce a plain narrative which will 
enable members of the Division to see in proper perspective the events 
in which they took pari. Every effort has been made to secure accuracy 
and completeness. It will be understood, however, that in the 
condensing of such a mass of material some minor errors and omissions 
may have resulted, which lack of leisure and the undesirability of 
further delay in publication have made it impossible to rectify. 

Sincere thanks are due to all — including the divisional commanders 
and divisional artillery and infantry brigade commanders, as well 
as many of humbler rank, both commissioned and non-commissioned 
— who have helped in the production of this history. I am especially 
deeply indebted to Major G. C. Turner, M.C., of Marlborough College, 
who iwt only did much of the initial work in collecting material, but 
has also ivritten a large part of the text dealing with some of the most 
important operations. Others ivho have each contributed one or more 
chapters are Captain A. H. Chaytor, K.C., Lietit. -Colonel W. Parker, 
D.S.O., Major J. C. D. Carlisle, D.S.O.. M.C., Lietd. -Colonel G. E. 
Millner, D.S.O., M.C., Captain A. H. Patcrson, M.C., and Captain 
R. H. Unwin, M.C. The divisional artillery narrative, bv Brig.- 
General Whitley, and the narrative of the operations in August and 



September, 1918, by Lieut. -Colonel B. L. Montgomery, have also been 
of the greatest assistance. 

The heavy task of preparing the maps has been undertaken by 
Major S. H. Fisher, M.C., A.R.I.B.A.. formerly Adjutant of the 
Divisional Engineers. The p/iotographs of battlefields, with the 
exception of four taken more recently and lent by Major P. H. 
Pil ditch, xiiere taken by the Divisional photographer shortly after 
the Armistice. Drawings from sketches made in the field have also 
been contributed by Captain L. Beaumont Tansley, M.C., and 
Lieut.-Colonel W. G. Newton, M.C., A. R.I. B. A. 

Among others from whom I have received particidar help are Mr. E. 
Whitbourn, formerly Chief "A. & Q." Clerk at Divisional Head- 
quarters, who has compiled the long list of honours from the original 
records, and the representatives of varioits services who have furnished 
notes on the special work of their departments. 

The deepest debt of all is to Brig.-General Mildren, who has made 
the publication of this history possible, and to Mr. F. S. Stapleton, 
of the Amalgamated Press, and formerly of the 6th City of London 
Rifles, who has taken infinite pains in supervising the printing and 
publishing of the book so that it may be as far as possible a worthy 

memorial of the Division whose deeds it records. 

A. H. M. 
August, 1922. 

Note. — As all the infantry battalions in the ^jth Division, with one exception, 
were battalions of the London Regiment, they are referred to throughout as they 
were familiarly known in the Division — 6th Battalion, 7th Battalion, etc. A 
list giving the full titles of the units will be found at the end of the book. The 
title of the one exception, now the 4th Battalion Royal Welch Fusiliers, is spelt 
in the following pages as it was during the period of the war. 


Foreword by the Right Hon. Viscount Esher, G.C.B 

Preface . . 

Contents . . 

List of Appendices 

List of Illustrations 

List of Portraits 

List of Maps 


Mobilization and Training . . 

August 4, 1914 — March 9, 1915 



March 9 — July, 1915 


The Battle of Loos 

August — September, 1915 


Winter in the Loos Salient 

September, 1915 — January, 1916 










ViMY Ridge and Summer, 1916 49 

February — July, 1916 

The Battle of the Somme, 1916 . . . . . . . . 61 

July — October, 1916 


The Ypres Salient, 1916 — 1917 . . 79 

October, 1916 — April, 1917 


The Battle of Messines 95 

May — June, 1917 


Menin Road and Westhoek Ridge 104 

June — September, 1917 



September — November, 1917 


BouRLON Wood 119 

November — December, 191 7 


Rest and Reorganization i43 

December, 1917 — March, 1918 


The Retreat from Cambrai 149 

March— April, 1918 



The Artillery in the Withdrawal 173 

March — April, igi8 


Summer, igi8, and the Hundred Days 183 

April — September, igi8 


Lille and the Final Advance 199 

October — November, 1918 


Demobilization 207 

November, 1918— May, 1919 


A. The Administrative Services : 

Royal Army Service Corps 
Royal Army Medical Corps 
Royal Army Ordnance Corps 
Royal Army Veterinary Corps 
Royal Army Chaplains' Department 
The Military Mounted Police . . 
Divisional Employment Company 

B. The Divisional " Follies " 

C. Order of Battle 

D. (I.) Commanders and Staff 
(II.) Commanding Officers 

E. Battle Honours of the 47TH Division 

F. Historical Notes on Units 

G. Honours List 

H. The Divisional Sign 

I. The County of London Territorial 

INOErX •« •• •» •> «• 



















At Gorhamburv, St. Albans 

Embarking at Southampton 

Officers of the Civil Service Rifles . . 

Vermelles, 1915 

A Council of War 

Brig. -Gen. Thwaites with Colonel Muller 

Washing Day in Billets 

Le Preol 

Festubert Church 


The Brick St.\cks, Givenchy 

Festubert Village 

Battery Position \t Festubert . . 

June i8th, 1915 

Maroc Church, 1915 . . 

Loos from Battalion Headquarters, January, 1916 

German Front Line and Double Grassier, Loos 

Water Tower O.P., Vermelles 

Battery Position at Vermelles . . 

Bethune : View Looking Towards the Line 

The Double Grassier, Loos 

Commandant Rosset and Brig. -Gen. Thwaites 

In the Line near Loos 

Site of Hohenzollern Redoubt , . 

Loos Grassier 

Harrison's Crater, Loos 

Mildren Crater 

CoBURG Trench, Vimy Ridge 

ViMY Ridge Craters 

Grande Place, Tillers 


page 4 



page 10 

page 12 





page 24 

.. 24 
page 26 

















The Lord Mayor's Visit, June, 1916 

Albert Cathedral, 1916 

Two Battalion Commanders 

Gun Positions near the Starfish. . 

Cross Roads, west of Longueval, and Delville 


Memorial Cross in High Wood 

Butte de Warlencourt 

Scene on the Somme Front, 1916.. 

Shrapnel Corner, Ypres 

Lille Gate, Ypres 

Cloth Hall, Ypres . . 

Cafe Belge, near Dickebusch 

Bluff Craters, Ypres 

Hill Co, Ypres. . 

The White Chateau, Hollebeke . . 

Ypres, from Railway Dugouts . . 

Birr Cross Roads, near Ypres 

St. Pierre Church, Ypres 

Bailleul and Artillery Camp, from Mont Noir 

The Mill, Gavrelle 

Bedford House, Ypres 

BouRLON : Sugar Refinery on Bapaume 

Camhrai Road 
BouRLON Wood from the South- West . . 
Flesquieres, November, 1917 
Divisional Christmas Card, 1917 . . 
Aveluy, from Aveluy Wood 

Mont St. Eloi 

Patrol of the London Irish entering .Albert facing page 1S6 

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Albert Cathedral, 1918 

Happy Valley, Bray-sur-Somme , . 

NuRLu Village 

Longueval Cross Roads 

Facslmile of the First Newspaper Published 

IN Lille after its Evacuation 
The Entry into Lille, 1918 
" The Follies " Divisional Concert Party 
A Poster Exhibited in Lille 
Supply Convoy at Two Waters . . 
A Refilling Point Group . . 
" The Follies " . . .... 

Trench near Maroc, June, 1915 . . 
Grande Place, Bethune, 1915 
Bethune : The Belfry Tower, 1918 


page 186 

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7 1 


page 198 


page 204 



page 212 


page 214 







Lieut.-General Sir G. F. Gorringe 
Lieut.-General Sir C. St. L. Barter 
Lance-Corporal L. J. Keyworth, V.C. 
Major-General Sir W. Thwaites . . 
Brig. -General J. C. Wray . . 
Brig. -General Viscount Hampden 
Major-General G. J. Cuthbert 
Brig. -General W. F. Mildren 
Brig. -General H. B. P. L. Kennedy 
Brig. -General Sir E. N. Whitley 

Sergeant J. Harvey, V.C 

Brig.-General R. McDouall 
Brig. -General F. G. Lewis , , 



Facing page xx 







^ ♦ 


. 176 






I. — Key Map, showing movements of 47lh Division from 

March, 1915, to the Armistice. 
II. — Festubert, May, 1915. 
III. — B.\TTLE OF Loos, September, 1915. 
IV. — High Wood, September — October, 1916. 
V. — Battle of Messines, June 7th, 1917. 
VI. — Hooge — Westhoek, August — September, 1917. 
VII. — BouRLOx Wood, November — December, 1917. 
VIII. -The Retreat on the Somme, March, 1918. 
IX. — The Advance on the Somme, August, 1918. 
X. — The Final Advance Through Lille, Octobet — 
November, 1918 

^'"'^'' *>'J [Stuart, Rukmond. 

Lieut.-General Sir CHARLES St. L. BARTER, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., C.V.O. 
G.O.C. 47th Division, 1914-1916 

Facing page XX 

Chapter I. 

WHEN the war broke out, in August, 1914, the British Army 
at home consisted of six Regular and fourteen Territorial 
Divisions. The garrisons abroad were equal to about 
six more Regular Divisions. The 2nd London Division, afterwards 
renamed the 47th Division, was one of the Territorial Divisions 
which had been formed in April, igo8, out of the old Volunteer 
force under Lord Haldane's scheme of reorganisation. Permanent 
Divisional and Brigade Commanders and Staffs had been appointed, 
twelve infantry battalions were posted to the various brigades, 
and a proper complement of artillery, engineers, and medical and 
transport services was allotted, or created, to give a real divisional 
organisation and, at the least, to enable it to be rapidly prepared 
for war whenever the need should arise. When that need did arise 
in August, 1914, and in spite of the very short periods of aimual 
training, considerable progress had been made towards efficiency. 
For two years before the war the Division had been under the 
command of Major-General C. C. Monro, who, later on, was to 
become commander of the First Army in France, Commander-in- 
Chief in the evacuation of Gallipoli, and then Commander-in-Chief 
in India. His G.S.O.i, in August, 1914, was Lieut.-Colonel W. 
Thwaites, R.A., who retained that post throughout the whole war 
training of the Division, both in England and in France, till he 
was appointed to command the 141st Infantry Brigade in May, 
1915, and who only left the Division in July, 1916, on his promotion 
to the command of the 46th (North Midland) Division in France. 

The infantry allotted to the 2nd London Division consisted of 
twelve battalions of the London Regiment, forming the 4th, 5th, and 
6th London Infantry Brigades. The original battalions were the 
13th (Kensingtons), 14th (London Scottish), 15th (Civil Service 
Rifles), i6th (Queen's Westminsters), forming the 4th Brigade ; 

2 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Aug.-Oct. 

the 17th (Poplar and Stepney), i8th (London Irish), 19th (St. 
Pancras), and 20th (Blackheath), forming the 5th Brigade ; the 
2ist (First Surrey Rifles), 22nd (The Queen's), 23rd, and 24th (The 
Queen's) — all with headquarters in South London — forming the 
6th London Infantry Brigade. But on September 15th, 1914, the 
London Scottish were sent to France, and early in November the 
Queen's Westminsters and the Kensingtons were also sent to 
France, as separate battalions, for service with Regular brigades ; 
and the 6th, 7th, and 8th Battalions of the London Regiment were 
brought in from the ist London Division to fill the three vacant 
places in the 4th London Infantry Brigade. 

The Divisional Artillery, on mobilization, consisted of the 5th, 
6th, and 7th London Brigades, R.F.A., each having three four-gun 
batteries of 15-pounder B.L. guns, and the 8th London Brigade, 
having two four-gun batteries of 5-inch howitzers. Each brigade 
had an ammunition colvmin, but there was no divisional ammunition 
column. Later on, the 2nd London Heavy Battery, R.G.A., 
armed with four 47 guns, was also attached to the Division.* 

The Transport and the Brigade Ammunition Columns received 
horses and vehicles commandeered from civilian sources, and this 
proved the weakest spot in the organisation. Most of the wagons 
were heavy and clumsy, ride-and-drive harness was scarce, so that 
teams could not be used, and loads had to be cut down to what 
could be drawn by a pair of horses, driven from the box. The 
result was that the Transport and Ammunition Colimins had no 
mobility, and had the greatest difficulty in surmounting Stanmore 
Hill on their way to their war stations near St. Albans, and the 
scenes there will not be soon forgotten by those who saw them. 
How successfully these drawbacks were overcome under Lieut.- 
Colonel C. F. T. Blyth, T.D., the O.C, A.S.C., and Senior Transport 
Officer, and the commanders of the various ammunition columns, 
will be seen in the next chapter. 

The 5th and 6th London Artillery Brigades did their annual 
training in July, 19 14, but the other brigades and the infantry 
battalions of the Division had only just reached their summer 
camps at Pcrham Down, on Salisbury Plain, when war broke out, 
and they were all recalled at once to London to complete their 

' A full list of units composing the Division will be found in Appendi.x C. 


mobilization and equipment at their various headquarters. By 
the middle of August they had all marched to their war stations 
in the district round St. Albans. The artillery occupied the 
country round Hemel Hempstead, Berkhampstead, and King's 
Langley, while the infantry brigades were grouped in and round 
St. Albans, Hatfield, and Watford respectively. 

A detailed description of the training would merely be a repetition 
of that of other Territorial Divisions, and would have little interest 
at this date. Men and officers were all keen to learn their job 
and anxious to become soldiers ; and their Regular comrades — 
generals, staff officers, adjutants, and instructors alike — worked 
like slaves to prepare them for the work before them, and their 
best testimonial is the work of their Division when it came under 
the supreme test of war. The training was entirely progressive, and 
brigade and divisional training was not attempted until February, 
1915, one month before the Division left for France. The thorough 
groundwork in platoon, company, and musketry training, though 
dull and wearisome at the time, proved invaluable later. 

At the end of October the Division was selected as one of the 
Territorial Divisions to be taken complete to France. A Divisional 
Ammunition Column was formed under Major A, C. Lowe, D.S.O., 
and frequent brigade and divisional route marches were practised 
in order to ensure the complete mobility of the whole Division. 
A terrible wet winter from November to March, and great delays 
in obtaining equipment, telephones, transport, and material, and 
even the most necessary clothing for the men, added greatly to the 
discomfort of the troops and the difficulty of training them for war. 
Spells of trench-digging in the neighbourhood of Braintree and 
Witham, in Essex, at which each of the Infantry Brigades took a 
turn, made an almost welcome break in the monotony of life. 
But the men remained invincibly cheerful, and prepared to extract 
some fun out of every trifle, such as the great square town watering- 
carts lumbering along in the mud as battalion water-carts, and the 
commandeered ginger-beer wagons in the Transport, painted with 
THWAITES in huge gold letters, which the men pretended was 
the trade mark of our G.S.O.i. The assumption, to his lasting 
regret, was quite unfounded. 

After the transfer of General Monro to the command of the 
2nd Division in France in 19 14, Major-General T. L. N. Morland 

4 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Aug.-Dec. 

commanded the Division for a short time, but in September, 1914, 
he was succeeded by Major-General Charles St. Leger Barter, 
C.B., C.V.O., who took the Division to France in March, 1915, 
and remained in command of it until the end of September, 1916. 
The artillery of the Division, from April, 1912, till February, 1916, 
was under the command of Brigadier-General Cecil Wray, M.V.O. 

It was on General Barter and Lieut. -Colonel Thwaites, therefore, 
and as to the artillery upon General Wray, that the main burden 
fell of directing the preparation and training of the Division for 
war. Of course, many other oflicers assisted in the training, and 
as brigade commanders, staff officers, or commanders of units, 
did work of the greatest value to the Division. The Regular 
adjutants, too — all officers of over twelve years' service — and the 
permanent staff instructors, most of whom were left with the 
Division until after it had found its feet in France, worked ceaselessly 
for its efficiency. But, owing to the exigencies of the Service, 
many of these officers were changed from time to time to go to 
France or for other reasons, and it is quite impracticable to appraise 
their services, and unfair to attempt to do so partially. All that 
it is possible to do is to mention here some of those officers who, 
by the length of their service with the Division in England and 
in France, and the position they occupied, became very generally 
known to the whole Division, and form as it were landmarks in 
the memory of gieat numbers of those who served with them in 
the first two years of the war. 

Such were the brigadier-generals commanding the three infantry 
brigades. General G. J. Cuthbert, of the 4th London Infantry 
Brigade, General G. C. Nugent, of the 5th, General the Hon. C. S. 
Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, and General F. G. Lewis, one 
of the first Territorial brigadiers, who succeeded him in the command 
of the 6th London Infantry Brigade. Such again were, on the 
divisional staff, our A.A. and Q.M.G., Lieut.-Colonel R. M. Foot, 
of the Inniskilling Fusiliers ; our D.A.A. and Q.M.G., Major H. V. 
de la Fontaine, of the East Surreys ; our D.A.Q.M.G., Lieut.-Colonel 
G. E. Pereira, D.S.O., C.V.O., of the Grenadier Guards; our 
A.P.]\L, Lieut.-Colonel C. B. Wood, of the Scottish Rifles ; and 
such also was our Senior Supply Officer, Major W. CampbeU 
Galbraith, and also Lieut.-Colonel Charles Newton Taylor, the 
Camp Commandant and Senior A.D.C. to the G.O.C. 

« J o • o 

Major Sir L. Alexander, Lieut.-Colonel Thwaites, and 
Major CoUcn. 

Facing pape 4 


Each of these served for a long time with the Division training 
in England, and also for a long time with the Division fighting in 
France, and each of them, not only for his work but also for himself, 
won a place in the affectionate remembrance of all his comrades. 
They had their peculiarities, too, which pleased us all the more. 
Colonel Foot had a passion for paper. He kept two soldier typists 
clicking away for him not only from mom till dewy eve, but often 
also from dim twilight to eleven at night, and he loved to have 
everything done decently and in order and in quadruplicate. The 
War Office and H.Q. of Third Army (of which the Division at 
St. Albans formed part) loved this, too, and insisted on our being 
taught the full rigour of the official paper game ; and there was 
an occasion on which nineteen separate minutes, each preserved in 
quadrupUcate, passed to and fro between battery, brigade, C.R.A., 
Division, Army and W.O., and at last succeeded in making a saving 
of threepence upon the charge of two-and-sixpence for painting 
the name of a field battery upon a bicycle which had been bought 
for an orderly so as to save the construction of a costly telephone 
line from the brigade to headquarters. 

De la Fontaine was our expert on King's Regulations and on the 
Manual of Military Law, books full of surprises and pitfalls for 
the Territorial officers in those days, and many of us have often 
had to consult him at divisional headquarters, where he used to 
work till nearly midnight, behind a pile of cigarette ends, and 
usually with an extinct cigarette in his lips. He left us in France 
in July, 1915, to command a battahon of the East Surreys, and was 
killed in action near Ypres, to the great grief of his old comrades 
of the 47th Division. 

Colonel Pereira and Colonel Wood were both retired officers 
who had devoted their leisure to explorations in the interior of 
China, but they had never met each other until, after the outbreak 
of war, they found themselves posted to the 2nd London Division, 
and working in the same office in St. Albans. Colonel Pereira 
afterwards became O.C. 4th Royal Welsh FusiUers, and a Brigadier- 
General in France, and Colonel Wood ultimately left us to take 
over the arduous duties of A. P.M. in the Mesopotamia Expeditionary 

Galbraith, now Lieut.-Colonel W. Campbell Galbraith, C.M.G., was 
the best supply officer that any division ever had. Always smiling 

6 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Aug.-Dec. 

and cheerful, he would undertake to do anything that was required, 
and would do it, or get it done. He organised wood cutting, 
charcoal burning, and vegetable growing on a large scale for the 
Division, when these last two things were quite novelties in the 
Army ; and it was the firm beUef of our men that no other Division 
in France was so well and so pvmctually fed, or so well looked 
after in the way of supplies, as we were. 

Colonel Charles Newton Taylor, formerly of the London Scottish, 
served as Camp Commandant at H.Q. and Senior A.D.C. to the 
Divisional Commander during the whole period of training in 
England and until August, 1917, in France, and was known to 
almost every officer in the Division, and coimted as a friend by 
every one of them. 

Two other officers we must mention here, though they only 
joined the Division after we got to France. Major B. F. Burnett- 
Hitchcock, D.S.O., Sherwood Foresters, joined us as G.S.O.2 in 
France on March 25th, 1915, and after a short absence as A.Q.M.G. 
of the IVth Corps, returned to us as G.S.O.i on August 20th, 1915, 
and remained with us till June 15th, 1916, when he left us to 
become a Brigadier-General and D.A. and Q.M.G. of an Army 
Corps, and later a Major-General and Director of Mobilization at 
the War Office. It fell to him to work out and control the whole 
process of demobilization at the end of the war. Major N. W. 
Webber, R.E., joined us as G.S.O.2 in August, 1915, and remained 
with us until May 24th, 1916, when he left us to become 
G.S.O.I of the 2nd Division, and later Brigadier-General and Chief 
Staff Officer of the Canadian Corps. 

The officers in the battalions and other units were drawn from 
every class, profession, and business. Those of a single battalion 
may be taken as an example of all. The CO., Lord Liverpool, 
was seconded when war broke out, and was serving as Governor- 
General of New Zealand. His place was taken by Lieut. -Colonel 
J. Harvey, formerly a captain in the Irish Guards. The only 
other field officer when we went to France was a distinguished 
civil engineer in the Egyptian service. The company and 
junior officers included an ex-M.F.H., two fellows or ex-fellows 
of colleges at Oxford and Cambridge, the secretary of a great 
London bank (later to become a Brigadier-General, C.M.G., and 
D.S.O.), several men in the Home Civil Service who had got firsts 


at Oxford (one of whom got the D.S.O, and M.C., another the 
D.S.O.), four barristers (one a K.C), three solicitors, a schoolmaster, 
several business men, and seven or eight boys straight from the 
Universities. At least eight were old Etonians, including the 
adjutant, Tom Morris, of the Rifle Brigade (later killed in action 
when commanding a battalion of the Rifles), and also including both 
the sons of the last Chief of the Staff at G.H.Q. in France, Oliver and 
Micky Lawrence, both afterwards killed in action. No mess could 
be more delightful or more full of cheerfulness and fun, which was 
helped, rather than hindered, by the great variety of experience 
and training of the men whom the war had brought together. 
One had returned from Hong Kong across Siberia, one from Spain, 
one from Egypt, and one from Russia, at the outbreak of war. 

The N.C.O.'s and men of this particular battalion were all in the 
postal service — telegraphists, porters, drivers, sorters, letter- 
carriers — so there was not the same variety in the ranks as one 
would find in the other units, where men of almost every conceivable 
trade or occupation could be foimd, and masters and clerks, managers 
and workmen, serving together as privates in the ranks. 

Billeting in these early days was no unpleasant task. Every 
householder was anxious to take in some men, and to do everything 
in his power to make them comfortable. People were quite hurt 
if they did not have " a soldier " allotted to them, and districts 
took a pride in the particular battalion that happened to become 
their guests. This was illustrated in one village a few months 
later, when a Rifle regiment succeeded to billets that had been 
occupied by the London Scottish. Two village belles tried hard 
to attract the attention of two young officers of the new battalion, 
and when no notice was taken of them, one turned up her nose 
and said in a loud voice : " Black buttons, indeed ! And us that 
has had kilts here, too ! " 

But even with all their willingness to take in men, there was 
not room enough in the houses, and every school-house, parish- 
room, and public building had to be requisitioned and filled to 
overflowing with the men of the various units. Men had to be 
crowded into open bams and sheds giving little protection from 
the weather. Later on the householders cleared out their rooms, 
and instead of providing comfortable beds for one or two men, 
they took parties of six and eight men to sleep upon the floor. 

8 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Jan.-Mar. 

As time went on there were many false alarms of departure for 
France or farther afield. " Surprise movement stunts," devised to 
test our readiness, sometimes provided amusement as well as annoy- 
ance. A certain brigade on one of these occasions received orders 
during the afternoon to leave for France that night. The rest of 
the day was crowded with incident. One mess presented the foot- 
men where they were billeted with the remains of a case of whisky ; 
another pressed l^ into the reluctant palm of the butler. As to the 
fair sex there were heartrending scenes, and, under the stress of 
emotion, no doubt, more was promised than was strictly intended. 
All ranks, with baggage, having marched to their entraining stations, 
were back in billets by 4 a.m., and faced the following day with 
mixed feelings. 

A great scandal arose in the first months of 1915 over the sale 
of rations. Village shopkeepers were seen to be openly selling 
tins of Army jam, and ration sugar, cheese, and so on, and on 
inquiry by the Third Army it was found that all over the areas 
occupied by the 2nd London, and also by the North Midland 
Territorial Divisions, quartermasters, quartermaster-sergeants, and 
even company officers, had been selling various portions of the 
ration, chiefly jam and sugar, but also pepper, and part of the fat 
off the meat. 

Brigadier-General Harold Grenfell, the A.O.M.G. of the Third 
Army at Easton, in Essex, was charged to make the strictest inquiry. 
A number of officers narrowly escaped instant arrest and court- 
martial. But the further the inquiry went the more clear it became 
that everything had been done honestly and in good faith, and in 
the best interests of the men, to save something for them out of 
the utter waste of rations that was going on. For the men were 
getting far more jam than they could eat, and were sick of the 
sight of " plum and apple," and also of cheese, which they hated. 
And they — or most of them — had plenty of pocket-money, and 
wanted milk with their tea (which was not then in their rations) 
instead of handfuls of brown sugar (which was). Also, the company 
cooks were inexperienced, and the great bulk of the meat was 
made into stews, and the bone and most of the fat was simply 
flung away as useless. Applications had been made again and 
again for leave to draw less rations, with or without allowance, 
but these were always refused, so officers were forced to collect the 



' .JiSBfiSP 

r JNii^^M^M 

W^^^f ^ 






Brig. -General Ciithhert and Lieut. -Colonel Foot in foreground. 


Left to Right (standing) : Lt. J. C. D. Carlisle, Lt. F. W. Lewis, fLt. L. Davies, 
fSec.-Lt. Clark, fLt. R. Chalmers, Sec.-Lt. G. C. D. Stevens, Lt. F. C. Oliffe, fLt. A. 
Roberts, Lt. F. R. Radice, Lt. B. Barnes, Capt. H. M. Crofts, Capt. G. E. Stokes. 
Middle Row : Capt. G. A. Gaze, Capt. and p.-M. \V. H. D. Clark, fCapt. A. E. 
Trembath, D.C.M., fCapt. and Adjt. F. W. Parish, Col. A. M. Rennv, iMajor H. V. 
Warrender, Capt. W. F. K. Newson, Capt. H. H. Kemble, Surg'.-Capt. R. W. 
Branthwaite. Front Row : jSec.-Lt. B. Scott, Lt. G. C. Grimsdale, Lt. G. G. Bates. 
Lt. A. C. H. Benke, Lt. T. H. Sharratt. ± Killed. 

Facing pane 8 

• # t ■ » ' 


wasted surplus rations and sell them for what they would fetch, 
and use the money as a fund to buy milk, currants to make puddings, 
and other additions to the men's catering. 

However, before the inquiry was finished, orders came for both 
ourselves and the North Midland Division to go to France, and 
what happened after we left nobody knew and nobody cared. 


Vemelles .1915 

Chapter II. 

THROUGHOUT the winter of 1914-15 a number of Territorial 
battalions were serving in the trenches in France and Flanders, 
but serving as single units attached to brigades of the Regular 
Army. By March, 1915, the time had come for the Territorial Force 
to take the field, and serve in its own divisions. 

The North Midland Division (afterwards the 46th) and the 2nd 
London Division led the way. To the former belongs the honour 
of being the first Territorial Force Division to cross to France, 
and they were instantly followed by the 2nd London. On March 
gth and loth, 1915, General Nugent's brigade, consisting of the 17th, 
i8th, 19th, and 20th Battalions the London Regiment, crossed from 
Southampton to Havre and moved up to Cassel, as the Division was 
destined for the Ypres salient. But the special request of its former 
commander, Lieut.-General Sir C. Monro, and the losses incurred at 
the Battle of Neuve Chapelle caused its destination to be changed, 
and the rest of the Division, as it arrived, was diverted to the 
B^thune area, and the brigade at Cassel was brought down to 
AUouagne in omnibuses, old friends of theirs taken from the streets 
of London. Each battalion occupied forty-two vehicles, and the 
vast procession of 'buses loaded with men in the shaggy grey or 
piebald goatskin coats, just served out to them, looked like a 
glorified " Wild West Show " rather than Uke British infantry going 
to the front, and caused great amusement to the men and to their 
comrades of the other units of the Division. 

Arrived in the Bethune area. Divisional Headquarters were 
established at Marles-les-Mines, and the troops were billeted in the 
neighbouring villages, such as Auchel, Burbure, AUouagne, 
Ecquedecques, Raimbert, Ferfay, and later also Lapugnoy, 
Labeuvriere and Fouquereuil, names which were loved and massacred 
by the troops. To these places they returned again and again 

12 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [March 

during the next year or so, and found a welcome from the villagers, 
which grew into a deep affection as time went on and men returned 
again to the same billets. In this area, too, the Division, sadly 
changed as regards personnel, was destined, after the Armistice, 
to spend the months of waiting for demobilization. 

The Division now formed part of the 1st Corps, commeinded by 
its old G.O.C., General Monro, which in its turn formed part of 
the First Army under Sir Douglas Haig. Preparations for taking 
over a part of the line began immediately. At first selected parties 
of officers and N.C.O.'s were attached to battalions of the ist and 
2nd Divisions serving in the trenches, and were replaced by fresh 
parties every few days. Later, three battalions at a time were 
attached to the 2nd Division, then in the line about Givenchy, and 
were replaced from time to time by other battalions. 

Brigadier-General J. C. Wray, our C.R.A., had crossed to France 
on March 3rd, and by March 22nd the batteries had all arrived and 
were inspected by the Commander-in-Chief, General French, at 
Equighem. The Territorial artillery was still armed with the old 
15-pounder guns, with two batteries of 5-in. howitzers, some 
which had been in action at Omdurman in i8g8. As it was 
not thought advisable that any part of the fighting line should 
be covered by 15-pounders alone, it was decided to mix them with 
the i8-pounders, and our divisional artillery was scattered in separate 
batteries among the Regular brigades. In a very few days the 
newcomers had adapted themselves to the existing conditions of 
war, choosing carefully concealed positions along hedges and in 
woods, and observing a couple of miles ahead from ruined houses 
behind the trenches, such as Dead Cow Farm at Festubert, Le 
Plantin, Artillery House at Givenchy, the Cowl House at Cuinchy, 
and the buildings on the La Bassee road. 

The 2nd London Heavy Battery, marching north to Ypres to be 
attached to the Indian Corps, was caught in the first great German 
gas attack. The men fought with their rifles, but were over- 
whelmed, and the guns, with " London " on them, were captured. 
When this was announced by the Germans there was very 
considerable anxiety in London, from the impression thereby 
created that the London Division had been at Ypres in the gas 
attack, and had been driven back to such an extent as to lose their 
heavy guns. 


Major-Gcneral Sir C. Barter, Lieut. -Colonel Newton-Taj-lor, 
and Lieut.-Colonel Thwaites. 

FiciiiQ paoe 12 


Meanwhile, our remaining batteries were very short of ammunition. 
In April their allowance was three rounds per gun per day for the 
15-pounders, and one round only for the howitzers. During May 
they carried out registering and wire-cutting for the Festubert 
battle ; and at Givenchy, on May 25th and 26th, the Division for the 
first time fought with the support of their own artillery. But the 
heavy rate of fire was too much for the old 15-pounder guns, and by 
the evening of May 26th eleven guns out of thirty-six were out of 

As early as May 13th a French artillery group of 75 's had been 
lent to the 1st Corps, and had been in action just north of the La 
Bassee Canal and near the celebrated "Tuning Fork" roads, while 
our Division was holding the line in front of them. And, later on, 
when the Division moved south to the Grenay sector, om- artillery 
munitions were so short that we had to get the support of the 
French artillery, who lent us two heavy batteries and the 75 's 
of the French 58th Division, of our friend General BajoUes. This 
French artillery was under Colonel Muller, a most enthusiastic 
gunner, whose greatest delight was " arroser les Boches," " Tuez 
ies Boches, et encore tuez les Boches ! " he used to say, and the 
really marvellous quickness and efficacy with which his guns would 
come into action to support any infantry in the line or any working- 
party upon whom the Boches might open fire was the admiration and 
deUght of our men. From the first he installed his own telephones 
direct from the infantry to the guns that were to support them, 
and the latter instantly began to " arroser les Boches " as soon as 
the Huns began to shell us. Up to that time Company Headquarters 
had to telephone to the battalion, battalion to infantry brigade, and 
in any special case that to the division, and so on back to the guns — 
a wearisome and disgusting routine of red tape, which was too often 
crowned by the reply that the guns could not possibly spare the 
ammunition, or by the belated firing of a few roimds. 

Once after an inspection of the 75's Colonel Muller suggested 
to the C.R.A. that they should visit the new French anti-aircraft 
equipment. With this he was very much pleased, but he was much 
annoyed with the personnel. He said: " If you want to see drill, 
go and look at the English horse artillery. They have a rotten 
equipment, but do marvels with it. As for you, it is waste to give 
you anything up to date — you might as well give a monkey a razor." 

14 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [March 

But while we record the shortage of ammunition, the wearing out 
of the guns, and the artillery support given to the Division at first 
by regular batteries of i8-pounders, and later by the French 75's 
and heavies, it must not be thought that the infantry felt the 
slightest loss of confidence in our own artillery. They fuUy realised 
the handicap imposed by the lamentable lack of ammunition, but 
they saw that their batteries, when they had the good ammunition 
which we got later on, could shoot very well, even with an inferior 
weapon, and their pride in their own Territorial gunners was so 
great that they would have preferred to retain them even armed 
with 15-pounders, rather than have any outside artillery with 
i8-pounders. It may have been stupid obstinacy to refuse to see 
the merits of the better gun, but it shows the pride of the men in 
their own Division and every part of it. The gunners, however, 
were under no false illusions as to their handicap, and dreamt 
almost nightly of more up-to-date equipment, while French visitors 
to battery positions regarded with ill-concealed mirth and amaze- 
ment " ces droles de pieces," and displayed much sympathy for 
the sweating detachments who toiled at them. 

The Higher Command must have thought our divisional artillery 
was doing good work, for from the time they reached the front, at 
the end of March, our Divisional Artillery Headquarters were kept 
continuously at work for over four months, and they went into 
rest for the first time at the Bois des Dames, in August, 1915, and 
at once began to train their men in the use of i8-pounders and 
4*5 howitzers, which weapons, however, were not issued to them 
until the following November. 

As the bulk of these pages must be occupied with the infantry 
a few incidents in the story of the artillery may be recalled here. 
The first effort of our divisional artillery was a very happy one. 
They were behind the 4th Guards Brigade at Givenchy, who suddenly 
called for supporting fire during the night. The guns were already 
laid on the right objectives, and they got their supporting fire in 
forty-five seconds from the call — a very good performance when 
one considers the then state of the communications. 

The 13th Battery had all the bad luck — which would please the 
superstitious. During the Battle of Loos they had a defective 
carrier-ring, which resulted in the breech-block of a 15-pounder 
blowing out and igniting the non-metal-contained cartridges in the 

1 t 

J J J , ' ' ' 

Facinn naoe 14 

* t » «• 
f « » « 

• '';•. 


gun-pit. The Nos. i, 2, and 3 were killed on the spot, but their 
No. 4 ran about 400 yards to get help for them, with no clothes 
and no skin left on him. He found the medical officer, and died 
ten minutes afterwards. 

The same battery after Loos went into action just north of North 
Maroc. On two days running No. i gun-pit was hit by an 8-in. 
shell, which wiped out the whole detachment each time. 

In the Grenay sector Lieut.-Colonel E. H. Eley most successfully 
concealed the 22nd Battery in the railway cutting south-east of 
Les Brebis, each 5-in. howitzer being placed between some abandoned 
railway trucks, and the intervals covered with tarpaulins, so that 
no break showed from the air. There was also a very cunningly 
sited position near Les Brebis station, with the guns between the 
scullery outhouses of a row of miners' cottages. This was first 
discovered by the 19th Battery, and afterwards nearly every battery 
in the Division had a turn there. These were the only British gun 
positions which were not found marked in the German maps captured 
at Loos. 

Sometimes one got an amusing reminder of a man's previous 
occupation in civil Hfe. The C.R.A., visiting a gun-pit of the 
6th London Brigade, near the Tuning Fork, asked a question of the 
corporal in charge. He did not know, but would call the sergeant. 
Whereupon he bawled out : " Sergeant Green ! Forward, please ! " 

To return to the Division round Marles-les-Mines and Tillers. 
On March 25th Major B. F. Burnett-Hitchcock, D.S.O., Sherwood 
Foresters, joined us as G.S.0.2. The training of our battalions 
in the trenches with the 2nd Division was continued until April 20th. 
Divisional headquarters were moved to Bethune, and on the 25th 
the Division went into the line. The 5th London (141st) Brigade 
took over the Festubert sector, and the 6th (142nd) the Rue de 
I'Epinette sector, from the Indian Division, the 4th London 
(140th) Brigade being in corps reserve. On the same day C squadron 
of King Edward's Horse, under Major E. V. Hermon, arrived from 
England to be our divisional cavalry. They, with the divisional 
cyclist company under Captain H. C. Leman, and later under 
Captain Norie, were used for every conceivable purpose, and more 
than once took their turn most efficiently in the trenches. 

The Germans had just used gas with deadly effect at Ypres, so- 
precautions against gas were hastily sought for. Strange pads and 

i6 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [April 

masks were served out in quick succession. The first gas-pad was 
a home-made affair, devised jointly by our medical and " Q " 
staff at Bethune, and was composed of a brown knitted " cap- 
comforter," folded into a pad to cover nose and mouth, and 
furnished with four long white tapes. This we were ordered to 
tie on our faces after damping the pad with a solution of carbonate 
Df soda, if we happened to have such a thing about us, but if not 
then with another liquid which contains a certain amount of 
ammonia, and is obtainable even in the trenches. 

Supply officers scoured the country searching for carbonate of 
soda, but the combined stocks of every chemist within reach went 
only a very short way to fill the need. Soon more elaborate chemical 
masks were provided. Gas experts visited the Division and lectured 
on the proper use of masks, and filled trenches with gas, through 
which the officers of the Division marched, headed by the G.O.C. 
and his headquarter staff, all duly muzzled with the latest appliances. 

The men were thoroughly glad to get to France and to end the 
long period of winter training in the country round St. Albans, 
now remembered chiefly for so often having had to fling themselves 
flat in attacks over its muddy ploughs, and for the glorious flow 
of invective with which their errors used to be pointed out to them 
by the various generals and staff officers responsible for their 
mihtary education, who now saw the results of their work. For 
the men were now soldiers, proud of themselves, proud of their 
units, and proud of their Division. The supply and transport 
and medical services worked smoothly and efficiently, and the men 
thought themselves better fed and better looked after than any 
division with which they came in contact, and they had the fullest 
confidence in their leaders. And they deserved that confidence, 
for it was a surprising sight to see, for instance, the long Unes of 
transport, manned entirely by Cockney drivers, men who had 
never lived in the country or been out of sight of a gas-lamp, toiling 
steadily through the darkness, in mud and pouring rain, and 
delivering their loads with unfailing regularity and punctuality to 
every unit of the Division. 

The men considered themselves fortunate, too, in their trench 
training in the front line, for they found in the 2nd Division, under 
Major-Gencral Home — now General Lord Home — some of the 
best battalions in the Service, including the 4th Guards Brigade, 




Facing pape 16 


with whom many of our battaHons double-manned the firing-Hne, 
and learnt from their regular comrades to keep their trenches clean, 
repaired, and strong, and all the various duties of a battalion in 
the firing-line. And later on, in July, 1915, when one of the first 
" Kitchener's Army " divisions— the 15th (Scottish) Division 
that fought so well and suffered so heavily at Loos — came up to 
take over a sector of the line for the first time, they themselves — 
the 47th London — were selected to give to the new " K " division 
the same instruction in the duties of the firing-line as they had 
received from the 2nd Division and the 4th Guards Brigade. 

At the same time selected parties of officers of the 15th Division 
attended our Divisional Bomb School of Instruction at Noeux-les- 
Mines to learn something of the very crude bombing of our Army 
in 1915. 

About twelve different types of bombs and rifle-grenades were 
then more or less under trial, and new experimental bombs came 
out almost every week. All were pretty bad, and the Army in 
France, during the summer of 1915, fought mainly with the Battye 
bomb. It was a rough iron casting about the shape and size of a 
small glass tumbler, with oblong lozenges cut in the outer surface 
to facilitate bursting into small pieces. A plug of hard wood, 
ha\'ing a hole bored for the insertion of the fuse and detonator, 
was hammered into the mouth of the tumbler, above the bursting 
charge, which was ammonal. The fuse was lit by a lighter, got 
from the French coal mines, looking like two cardboard thimbles one 
inside the other, and the fuse was inserted in the inner one. To 
light it the outer thimble had to be pressed down and twisted on 
the inner one, which then lit the fuse. This burnt (from three to 
five seconds, according to its length) down through the hole in the 
wooden plug, and so ignited the detonator, which, in turn, exploded 
the bursting charge. But accidents were of constant occurrence, 
and our bombing-parties were frequently knocked out by their 
own bombs. Even in the bomb schools we had repeated premature 
bursts. The lighter was intended for long fuses, not three and 
five seconds lengths, but three or five minutes fuses, as used in 
the coal mines. 

Sometimes possibly the powerful flash from the lighter forced 
its way down through the hole in the plug beside the fuse, but 
what was no doubt the chief cause of the constant accidents was 

i8 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 

only discovered in July, 1915, namely, that the men who 
fused the bombs used often to receive a fuse too thick to go readily 
into the detonator or the lighter, and instead of stripping the 
insulating tape only from either end of the fuse, to save time, and 
without consulting their officers, they used to strip whole lengths 
of fuse, yards long, and then cut it into short lengths so that the 
part going through the plug also was left naked, and if there was 
the slightest looseness in the hole round the fuse the flash was 
apt to be carried on the naked surface of the fuse right down to 
the detonator, and if it did not enter the detonator it probably 
lit the ammonal which set off the detonator. 

After repeated accidents the 47th Divisional Bomb School, in 
July, 1915, discovered the cause of these failures, and, undoubtedly, 
this discovery saved many lives of our men, as measures were taken 
throughout the whole Army to prevent similar accidents in future. 
Soon, however, the Mills bomb, with its automatic system of lighting 
the fuse as the bomb was thrown from the hand, was perfected, 
and was made in sufficient quantities to do away altogether with 
the home-made bomb, where the bomber had to unwind a sticky 
tape, pull out a safety nail, and then (with the fingers of his left 
hand, fingers always clumsy and often cold and wet, and frequently 
nervous in addition) take the cardboard lighter, wobbling on the 
top of two inches of pliable fuse and secured to the bomb with a 
bit of wire, to twist the upper thimble on the lower one to light 
the fuse. Small wonder if fatal accidents were common, and 
brave men thought the risks from our own bombs were far more 
than from those of the enemy. 

On May 9th, and again on May 15th to i8th, 1915, great attacks 
were made by the First Army, and heavy fighting took place at and 
north of Festubert on the immediate left of our Division, but the 
attacks in each case failed to break through. 

Our 7th Battahon was ordered to support the right of the 7th 
Division on May 15th, and for several days' fighting was under 
the orders of the G.O.C., 2nd Infantry Brigade. The London 
front was heavily shelled by the Germans, and for the three days, 
May i6th to i8th, we suffered three hundred and twenty casualties 
in killed and wounded. 

On May iilh the name 2nd London Division, which, to avoid 
confusion with the 2nd Division, had already been changed to 



Facina vane 18 


" London Division," was again changed to 47th (London) Division. 
The 4th, 5th, and 6th London Infantry Brigades became the 140th, 
141st, and 142nd Infantry Brigades ; but the artillery, field ambu- 
lances, and R.E. field companies retained their old names. 

On May 24th to 27th the Division took part in the Battle of 
Festubert, holding the line Festubert, Le Plantin, Givenchy. The 
German trenches opposite Le Plantin, about the points known 
as J I and J 2, had been taken by the loth Canadians, who handed 
them over to Strathcona's Horse. The latter made repeated and 
most gallant attacks with great loss on the rest of the German 
trench extending southwards and ending in a strong point at J 3. 

The Canadians were directed to attack another very strong 
position known as K 5, and the 8th London Battalion took over 
from them, on May 23rd and were directed to take the remaining 
trench, including J 3, the possession of which was needed to secure 
the left flank of an attack to be made by our 142nd Brigade from 
Givenchy, north-east towards ChapeUe St, Roch. In repeated 
attacks by the 8th the trench up to J 3 was taken, bit by bit, but 
J 3 itself was not taken until the morning of the 26th, after its 
garrison of the 91st Prussian Guard Reserve and its machine-guns 
had considerably harassed the left flank of the 142nd Brigade's 
attack the night before. 

The attack by the 142nd Brigade on the German trenches, known 
as the " S " bend, north-east from Givenchy, was to be made at 
6.30 p.m. on May 25th, and was to precede an attack by the Canadians 
farther north at 9 p.m. ; and it was the first big attack in which 
the Division took part. 

From the trenches on the left, near Le Plantin, the present 
writer saw that attack by the 142nd Brigade. The 21st Battalion 
was in support, and the first advance was made by the 23rd and 
24th London Battalions, who swept across the open ground just 
like a field-day attack at St. Albans, and at once captured, with 
comparatively small losses, the German trenches opposite to them. 
But they then encountered a fierce and deadly enfilading fire from 
the German guns, and particularly from a heavy battery posted 
near Auchy-les-la-Bassee, far to the south and out of reach of 
the guns of our Division. 

Later on these would have been dealt with by other guns which 
could reach them, but in those days there were no counter-batteries, 

20 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 25 

and no corps artillery, and each division had to rely upon the guns 
posted behind it in its own divisional billeting zone. Supports 
were brought up, including the 20th Battalion, which was then 
in divisional reserve, and desperate efforts were made to extend 
our gains, but tremendous losses were suffered by the men crowded 
in the captured trenches. Nothing could be done to keep down 
this enfilading fire, and by the following morning much of the 
captured trenches had been knocked to bits and had to be abandoned, 
but a considerable part of their front line was retained and taken 
into our own trench system. 

In this attack Lance-Corporal Leonard James Keyworth, of the 
24th Battalion, won the first V.C. of the Division for most recklessly 
and persistently standing up on the German parapet and throwing 
bombs into their trenches in the course of a long and desperate 
bombing attack, in which Corporal Keyworth himself threw about 
one hundred and fifty bombs, and out of the seventy-five men 
engaged no fewer than fifty-eight were killed or wounded.* 

He got his V.C, but many more of the 24th deserved one. One 
of their youngest subalterns. Lieutenant F. Chance, lying mortally 
wounded on the edge of some sloping ground, refused to let his 
men bring him in, and waved them back again and again, because 
from where he lay he could see that when they got to him they 
ran great risk of being shot down. 

The 142nd Brigade suffered severe losses in this affair, and b}' 
the evening of the 26th their fighting strength was reduced to 
1,225 in all. The Germans had been seen registering on their 
own trenches, and there can be little doubt that they were fully 
prepared for our attack. By means of their microphones they 
were able to listen to our trench telephones, and are now known 
to have done so. But their use of microphones was not even 
suspected at this time, although they frequently used to hail 
newly-arrived battalions by name within an hour of their taking 
over the firing-line. A sort of spy mania infected the minds of 
our authorities, who were content to put down all these occurrences 
to information conveyed by spies from behind our lines, although 
both the microphone and the tapping of messages by induced 
electric currents were facts well known to every scientist. 

• Lancc-Corporal Keyworth afterwards died of wounds received at Loos. 

' ' '. ' 

1 ,1^3 

Lance-Corporal L. J. KEVWORTH, V.C, 
Late 24th Kattn. London Regiment (The Queen's). 

I'acimi pniie 20 


From time to time our Higher Command turned their attention 
to various devices for winning the war. The personal appearance 
of the troops attracted their attention. The following is quoted 
from 1st Corps Routine Orders dated April 12th, 1915 : 

" Moustaches — 

"It is observed that of late the provisions of King's 
Regulations regarding the shaving of the upper-lip have been 
disregarded. . . . Any breach of these regulations will be 
severely punished in future." 

The most farcical apologies for a moustache were adopted, cut 
as close as nail-scissors would clip them. We never heard of any 
punishment. Perhaps that was not strange in an army whose 
King wore a beard, whose Prince of Wales, with clean-shaven 
face, was then serving with them, and whose greatest wars, from 
Wellington's backward, had been fought clean-shaved. Before 
long formal permission was given to shave the upper lip if you 

On April 20th, 1915, the order was issued that " Batteries in 
action are not to hang their washing up in the vicinity of the guns." 

Later the vocabulary of the troops received attention at General 
Headquarters. Slang expressions were no longer to be used. 
Such " slang " words as " dug-out " and " bomb " were forbidden. 
Instead, the words " splinter proof " and " grenade " alone were 
to be used in future. 

Shortly after this a corps commander paying a flying visit to 
the trenches reached the lines of a certain company. " Where 
is Captain Smith ? " asks the attendant CO. " He is asleep, 
sir. Been out all night with a working-party." Just then Captain 
Smith appears, rubbing his eyes. " I am sorry they sent for you, 
Captain Smith," says the G.O.C., in his kindest tones. " You 
were in your dug-out, weren't you ? " " No, sir." " What ! " 
says the general. " Do you tell me you were not in your dug-out ? " 
" No, sir," says Smith." We have no dug-outs now, sir. I was 
sleeping in my splinter-proof." 

Some visiting generals gave great delight to the troops. One 
general — whose name we could give — found it difficult to follow 
his trench names on the map. Going round the firing-line of 
breastworks at Festubert with a major of the Canadians he kept 
on asking, " What is this place called ? " " What is this ? " At 

22 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 31 

last they came to a low bit, under fire from the German snipers, 
and particularly unhealthy. " Ah ! And what place is this ? " 
says the general, looking over the parapet. " This," said the 
exasperated major, " is the place where you are going to put your 
head down and run as fast as God will let you, or you'll get a bullet 
in your backside." 

On May 31st, 1915, General Nugent, commanding the 141st 
Infantry Brigade, was killed by a stray bullet, and Lieut. -Colonel 
Thwaites was appointed to command this brigade. His place as 
G.S.O.i of the Division was taken by Lieut. -Colonel the Hon. 
W. P. Hore Ruthven, C.M.G., D.S.O., Scots Guards (now Lord 
Ruthven), who had previously served as D.A.A. and Q.M.G. with 
the Division in peace-time. However, on the formation of the 
Guards Division, Colonel Ruthven went to them as G.S.O.i, and 
Lieut.-Colonel B. Burnett - Hitchcock became G.S.O.i of the 
47th Division on August 20th, 1915. 

Meanwhile, early in June the French handed over to our army 
the line from the La Bassee Canal southward to Lens, and the 
47th Division, on June 2nd, took over the Vermelles sector (" Y "), 
and later on the " X " sector, opposite Loos, and the " W " sector, 
from Loos to the French front opposite Lens, and in one or other 
of these sectors they spent the summer, having divisional head- 
quarters most of the time at Verquin, and workmg hard at 
strengthening and improving the trench system and digging a 
new front line in " X " sector, running northward from the Loos 
road and considerably nearer to the German trenches. Later 
on they were to do the same thing in " W " sector, as part of the 
preparations for the attack on Loos. The Divisional Artillery 
Headquarters during this time were in the mine buildings at Les 

As we were always so near the French army, and had several 
times had the help of their artillery, and as our G.O.C. and most 
of his staff could speak French, it came about that we saw a great 
deal of the French generals and their staffs, and many warm 
friendships grew up, and the most cordial relations existed between 
us all. Throughout the autumn and winter of 1915 a frequent 
exchange of visits and hospitality took place between our staffs 
and the French generals and their staffs, and particularly General 
Curd, of the IXth French Corps d'Armee, General Bajolles, of the 

S* Jfi^' 

JUNE i8tH, 1915. 

In the trenches at Maroc on the centenary of 
Waterloo. Captain Kennedy, Captain Ruthven, 
and Lieutenant Eastwood, with riflemen of the 21st 
London Regiment and some French neighbours. 



I'ocinp imcje 22 


58th Division, and General Sir Georges Lefevre, of the i8th Division, 
who had received the K.C.M.G. for his timely support of our troops 
earlier in the war. 

The kitchens on both sides were made to put out their utmost 
efforts for these merry dinners, and although the French cooks in 
general left ours far behind, yet we had one dish, the soldiers' suet 
and currant pudding, which, perfectly cooked and masquerading 
as " Duff aiix Soldats," was always welcomed, and completely 
demolished by the French guests. 

Thus it happened that on June i8th, 1915, the hundredth 
anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo, the 47th Division was 
holding the right of the British line and working in close liaison 
with our French Allies. A snapshot taken in the trenches near 
Maroc on that day and reproduced in this volume, shows a 
group of officers and riflemen of the 21st Battalion (ist Surrey 
Rifles) — among them Brigadier-General Kennedy, then adjutant 
of the battalion — with some men of a neighbouring French 



Chapter III. 

AT the end of August the Division took over from the 15th 
(Scottish) Division the W sector, which it had left 
at the beginning of the month. This sector extended 
from the Maroc-Puits No. 16 road (exclusive) northwards to the 
Bethune-Lens road (exclusive). Schemes were by now well 
in hand for an offensive on a grand scale, and no time was lost 
in making the necessary preparations. The existing front line 
was not suitable for the attack opposite Loos ; it lay in a concave 
curve north of the Double Grassier, and diverged, to a distance 
of some 700 yards, from the enemy front line. A new line was, 
therefore, dug in the form of a chord across the arc of the old line, 
joining up the heads of long saps pushed out into No Man's Land. 
Work on this trench— about 1,500 yards from end to end— was 
started on August 27th by the 141st Brigade, under R.E. direction 
Every night a battalion was brought up by bus from Noeux- 
les-Mines and marched to the scene of operations. It was a relief 
to get these large parties clear of the square in Les Brebis, for 
it was the rendezvous of all kinds of transport at dusk, and the 
tall spire of the church made it a well-known target for German 

Some remarkably good work was put in by the infantry and 
R.E. on these new trenches. The front line was deep and well 
traversed, and in alternate bays special recesses were made to 
receive gas cylinders. An assembly trench was also dug 50 yards 
behind, fitted throughout with hurdles to assist the assaulting 
infantry in climbing out of the trenches, and many connecting 
saps were cut. Under supervision of the 2 /3rd London Field Goy., 
R.E., over two miles of trenches were dug in three weeks. Luckily, 
the enemy allowed the work to be carried on almost unmolested, 
and there were amazingly few casualties among the working or 

26 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. i8 

the covering parties which the trench garrison of the 142nd Brigade 
suppUed. Other preparations were made on an unprecedented 
scale. Dumps of all kinds were built and filled ; a sj^stcm of 
" keeps " was completed along the old support line ; advanced 
headquarters were made and a water-supply system was arranged. 

The telegraph and telephone cables were laid mostly in com- 
munication trenches, but where these did not serve they were in 
some cases buried about one foot to preserve them from traffic 
and splinters. Artillery lines were laid on the south and west 
sides of trenches and R.E. lines on the north and east to avoid 
confusion. Use was made of an electric power cable buried 2 ft. 6 in. 
deep and connecting the mines at Les Brebis and Le Maroc. For 
the approaches to artillery observation posts in the notorious 
" Artillery Row " at North Maroc rabbit netting was used in some 
cases, to reduce to a minimum the danger of having communications 
cut by shell-fire. 

On September i8th the first gas-cylinders were carried into the 
front trench. It was our first sight of these horrid objects, though 
dark rumours and trial trips into gas-filled trenches had prepared 
us for the shock, and we handled them with a certain holy dread. 
They were extraordinarily awkward things to carry up a long and 
narrow communication trench. Slung horizontally on a pole, 
they stuck at a sharp corner, and they were abominably heavy. 
They eventually became by familiarity most unpopular with the 

On this and the following nights, however, they were safely stored 
and packed with sandbags in their appointed bays, and the garrison 
were left to trust that the skill of the experts, and the unwariness 
of the enemy, would keep the secret safe until the day. The 
successful conveyance of the cylinders into the trenches was 
largely due to the efforts of Captain H. R. A. Hunt, the G.S.O.3, 
who organised and looked after the whole business. 

The work of carrying up these cylinders and putting them in 
the parapet was performed by the 15th Battalion, who had been 
specially drilled and trained for the work under Captain Hunt's 
supervision. It was completed on the night of September 19th, 
and the 15th Battalion returned to Haillicourt by omnibuses early 
on the morning of the 20th. 

During this period of preparation a novel form of training for 
the attack was initiated by the 47th Division. Ground in rear 



—.■m?it.|^4* ^ ' -*■•'* 




^es ' 

'•> f.. 



BATTERV POSITION Al \ i. lOI i: 1. 1, 

Facinii pane 26 


resembling the objective allotted to the Division was marked out 
by flags and tracing tapes so that every trench and noticeable 
feature was shown on the ground. The units detailed for the 
assault were trained over this course, so that every officer and 
every man knew exactly what his duty in the assault was to be. 

These rehearsals were complete in every detail ; assembly for 
assault through the complicated trench system, advance of waves, 
reinforcements of bombs and ammunition, and evacuation of 
casualties were all practised. A thorough reconnaissance of the 
enemy's trenches was carried out by all leaders down to platoon- 
sergeants. Each was provided with a panorama sketch of his 
own front. The value of this preparation was proved by the im- 
mediate success of the assault at a cost of fewer casualties than 
were incurred by any other division. 

The Division had at its disposal its own four Field Artillery 
Brigades (three with 15-pounders and one with 5-in. howitzers), 
several regular field batteries attached from other divisions, and a 
few heavy batteries. The mass of the heavy and siege artillery 
was under the direct control of the IVth Corps. 

Four days' bombardment preceded the attack. It was good to 
hear and see. The constant sharp reports of guns, from the light 
mountain battery, a few hundred yards back, to 6o-pounders, 
and the slow bustle of the howitzers, mostly of the lighter caHbres, 
but occasionally a 9-2 or 15-in. lumbering across Uke a L.C.C. 
tram and ending in a mass of red or black dust and smoke in the 
valley below — all very stimulating after months of enforced economy 
in ammunition. Aeroplanes were up all day, single machines 
working for the guns, and large formations that set out on their 
reconnaissance into the sunrise behind Loos. For the first three 
days the wind was easterly and the artillery observers were much 
hampered by the dust and smoke from our own shell, which was 
blown back by the wind and made observation extremely difficult. 

But the Boche seemed to be singularly little impressed by our 
activity. He was not in any way excited by a demonstration 
on the 22nd, in which the garrison tried to look as if they meant 
to attack by blowing whistles, showing rows of bayonets, and 
trooping like a stage crowd round island traverses, waving scaling- 
ladders as they went. 

On the nights of the 23rd and 24th, the 141st and 140th 
Brigades relieved the 142nd Brigade in W3 and W2 sectors. 

28 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 23 

The former sector extended from the Grenay-Loos road (excUisive) 
to the northern Hmit of W sector, and W2 extended southwards 
from the Grenay-Loos road to opposite the south-east corner of 
South Maroc. The reUef on September 23rd was carried out in a 
violent thunderstorm, which made the guns sound fooHsh in com- 
parison, and filled the trenches with a foot of water. At the same 
time, final preparations were pushed on, almost the last work being 
to throw bridges across the forward trenches to allow the passage 
of cavalry and guns in the hoped-for break-through on the 25th. 

Behind the hues activity was extraordinary, reaching its climax 
on the night before the battle, when it took one battalion nearly 
nine hours to get from its billets in Noeux-les-Mines to the position 
of assembly for the attack. The roads forward of this village were 
packed with transport after dusk. Supporting divisions were 
coming up. Supply and ammunition convoys moved in endless 
procession to their various units and dumps. All available billets 
were filled to the utmost, and every foot of cover and much open 
ground was crowded with horse-lines and parked transport. 
Every estaminet in Mazingarbe and Les Brebis was packed during 
business hours with troops, laughing and singing. White wine 
and watery beer may be poor cheer, but rumour and expectation 
made up for that. 

Gas had not previously been used by the British Army, and 
our commanders were very shy of it before the battle. The wind 
might be unfavourable, and, if so, the plan of attack would have 
to be altered at the last minute. At a corps conference on the 
24th it was decided that unless the wind were suitable for gas 
the 47th Division would attack without it. Shortly before zero, 
however, the officer in charge of our gas operations reported ihat 
the wind was blowing southerly at about one mile per hour. The 
order was given to carry on. 

On the morning of the 25th the extreme right of the British line — 
Wi sector — was held by the 21st and 22nd Battalions, whose 
left flank was to be the pivot of the whole attack. On their left 
— in W2 sector — was the 140th Brigade, and on the left again 
— in W3 sector — the 141st Brigade, which joined the right 
flank of the 15th Division. The remaining units of the 142nd 
Brigade were in reserve in the Grenay line. 

At 5.50 a.m. zero the gas and smoke operations started. The 
gas was worked by the Special Coy., R.It., and the smoke by a 

■ w 









laciiiy iiage 28 

i" Ao *" . / .. •«•' 


company of the 4th R.W.F. (Pioneers). On the 47th Division 
front the gas went fairly well. The cloud rolled slowly forward, 
and its effect was apparent from the lessening force of the enemy 
rifie fire. Nearly all the cylinde:s were emptied, and our own 
casualties in letting off gas were few, owing entirely to discipline 
and obedience to orders regarding the wearing of smoke helmets 
in the advanced trenches before the attack. 

Forty minutes after zero the infantry attack began. On the 
right a gallant army of dummy figures, worked with strings by the 
2ist and 22nd Battalions, made progressive appearances in the 
smoke-cloud, and did their duty in attracting a fair share of fire. 
The real attack started opposite the Double Grassier, and north- 
wards of this point line after line of men left our trenches. In 
outward appearance they were hardly more human than the 
dummies farther south — strange figures, hung about with sandbags 
and bandoliers of ammunition, with no caps, but smoke-helmets 
on their heads rolled into a sort of turban, with the mouthpiece 
nodding by way of ornament over their foreheads. Each line 
went forward at quick time down into the valley and was lost 
in the smoke. It is a splendid proof of the thoroughness of the 
practice of the attack and previous reconnaissance that, in spite 
of the thick smoke, direction was kept all aj^ng the line. 

The 7th Battalion advanced on the Double Grassier, the west 
end of which, with the trench running just under it, was their 
first objective. Their second objective was some 400 yards of 
the German second line north of its junction with the Grassier. 
The 6th Battalion attacked on their immediate left the first and 
second German lines. The 8th Battalion was in close support, 
and the 15th in brigade reserve. Both the 6th and 7th Battalions 
reached the first line without many casualties ; but it was strongly 
held, and the garrison seemed to have been frightened rather 
than incapacitated by our gas, which had mostly drifted across 
to the 141st Brigade front. The wire in front of the second line 
was a more serious obstacle, and both battaUons had many 
casualties here ; later in the day the 8th Battalion was sent 
forward to reinforce them. A counter-attack came early against 
the 7th. The enemy tried to work round the end of the Grassier 
and eject them from the front line, but Gaptain Gasson's A 
Gompany successfully met every attempt, and, with the help of 
the 8th Battalion grenadiers, established a firm position on the 

30 THE 47TII (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 25 

Grassier. The whole of the 140th Brigade objectives were captured 
by 8 a.m., together with some 300 prisoners and three machine- 

Out of eighteen officers who took part in the attack the 7th 
Battalion lost fourteen, ten of whom were killed. Captain Casson 
was among the latter, and his gallant company was cut to pieces, 
but he had, by a very bold piece of soldiering, held the German 
counter-attack till reinforcements arrived. 

The 141st Brigade, on the left, had farther to go. Their attack 
was led by the iSth Battalion, whose objective was the German 
second line from the Lens-Bethune road (where they joined the 
6th Battalion) to Loos Cemetery. Two battalions followed them 
abreast, the 20th on the right and the 19th on the left, and passed 
through the i8th Battahon when the latter had attained its objective. 
The 20th were to capture important points south of the village — a 
copse and chalk-pit, a small enclosed " garden city," and a crassier 
(slag heap) running south-east towards Lens from the Tower Bridge ; 
the 19th attacked the cemetery, the southern edge of the village 
itself, and the Pylons, or " Tower Bridge." The 17th Battalion 
was held in reserve. 

The iSth started off, kicking a football in front of them. No 
Man's Land was easy going, and difficulty began at the first 
German line. It was here that the leading waves suffered most 
severely. The second line was reached well up to time, and was 
found to be strongly wired, but, fortunately, it had few defenders. 
On the right the 20th pushed on to the " garden city," which fell 
into their hands. A Company, under Captain G. Williams, 
successfully fought their way to the Chalk-pit. Here they captured 
two field-guns, which were standing a few weeks later in London^ 
on the Horse Guards Parade. A line was established northwards 
from the Chalk-pit to join up with the companies on the Loos 
Grassier. The 19th Battalion, in the meantime, had a hard fight 
for the cemetery, where a trench was cut actually through the 
graveyard, but they won their way through and on to the village, 
where they joined the 15th Division in clearing houses and cellars. 

Here Lieutenant F. L. Pusch, of the 19th, who was killed 
in action later in the war, did particularly gallant work, for 
which he was awarded the D.S.O. He led a party of bombers, 
and in one house, which he entered alone, he captured seven 
prisoners, after being badly wounded in the face by one of them. 


Another act of gallantry, which also won the D.S.O., was performed 
by Major E. B. Blogg, of the 4th London Field Coy., R.E. Beneath 
the church tower of Loos the enemy had laid mines. Under heavy 
shell fire Major Blogg went in and cut the fuse, thereby saving 
many lives. 

The 19th Battalion finally reached their last objective, the 
Tower Bridge. Lieut. -Colonel C. D. Collison-Morley was killed 
soon after leaving our trenches at the head of his battalion, and 
the 19th was put under the orders of Lieut. -Colonel A. B. Hubback, 
of the 20th Battalion, who so had charge of the whole front line 
of the 141st Brigade. 

Soon after nine o'clock all objectives had been captured by 
the Division except the western end of a narrow spinney which 
ran south-west from the Chalk-pit, which the 20th Battalion had 
taken. This contained a network of trenches, and its very plucky 
defenders held us up for the next forty-eight hours. 

The remainder of September 25th was spent in consolidating. 
Local counter-attacks were met and beaten off on the Double 
Crassier, in the spinney, and on the south-east edge of Loos, 
largely by the concentration of artillery fire previously arranged 
in anticipation of this counter-attack. 

During the night the Pioneers linked the southern point of the 
captured trenches with our old line, thus completing the defensive 
flank which it had been the task of the 47th Division to secure. 
Units of the Division had sent back as prisoners 8 officers and 
302 other ranks, and had captured 3 field-guns. For the measure 
of success attained our casualties had been light, amounting to 
about 1,500 all ranks. 

Both before and after zero the enemy's artillery fire was sur- 
prisingly slack considering the warning he must have had. Loos 
itself, however, soon became a regular shell trap, and an intermittent 
but very accurate shelling of the Loos-Bethune road caught many 
wagons and limbers, and left them smashed on the road, while 
such mules as escaped wandered about in a state of bewilderment 
for days. 

The position of the Division was comparatively simple 
throughout the Loos operations. It gained its objectives within 
a few hours of zero, and was subsequently concerned with keeping 
the position it had won. But north and east of that position 
a battle of desperate and complex character raged from September 

32 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 26 

25th to 28th, and it is impossible to appreciate the value and 
difficulty of the work of the divisions without noting roughly the 
progress of the general engagement. On the 25th the 15th 
(Scottish) Division had, with great gallantry and in face of heavy 
loss, captured that main part of the village of Loos which lay 
north of our line of attack, and had pushed on over the crest of 
Hill 70, with their left flank uncovered east of Puits No. 14 bis., 
on the Lens-La Bassee road. In the north things had not gone so 
well, and their neighbours could not get up to cover the 15th 
Division left flank. In spite of the line start, therefore, their 
forward position was found to be untenable, and the evening of 
the 25th found them holding a precarious position on the reverse 
slope of Hill 70, with a left flank resting on the Bois Hugo. 

A farther advance had been planned for September 26th, and 
the 47th Division had been warned to be ready to follow up a 
general advance by the IVth and Xlth Corps. As a part of this 
scheme, wdth a view to improving and prolonging the defensive 
flank of the main advance, troops of the 15th Division, reinforced 
by a brigade of the new 21st Division, made an attack on Hill 
70 and the high ground south-east of Loos at 9 a.m. But by 
this time the Germans full}' realised their danger, and the attack 
met with determined resistance and fearful loss. As the day 
wore on, our line on Hill 70 moved back, and the force of troops 
to hold it was seriously weakened. Farther north, also, the main 
eastward push had been similarly punished. Brand-new troops, 
hurried forward to their first battle, and ignorant of the country, 
had advanced bravely, and met with overwhelming loss, especially 
of their leaders. 

In face of this situation, and the inevitable confusion and un- 
certainty it involved, the position of the Division, and of Brigadier- 
General Thwaites' 141st Brigade, was not easy. He held the least 
stable position of the line. All his battalions had had hard 
fighting, and must be kept continually on the alert to meet counter- 
attack. His left flank was unprotected except by a swaying 
buttle on the open ground between Loos and HuUuch, a battle which 
was going, apparently, not at all in our favour. The withdrawal 
of the 15th Division had, in fact, left a gap of about a mile between 
the left of the 141st Brigade and the ist Division near Hulluch. 
Our line from the spinney to the Loos Grassier was intact, held by 
the 20th and 17th Battalions, but the north of the village lay open to 

3 t 

n T ^ ' T t ■, > 

•)»'%■%> »» I I- 

Major-General Sir WILLIAM TllWAlTES, K.C.M.G., C.B. 
Commanding 141st Infantry Brigade, 1915-1916. 

Facina pape 32 


attack. In support, just west of the village, was the i8th Battalion, 
and early in the afternoon the 23rd Battalion was sent forward to 
prolong this second line northwards to the Loos-Vcrmelles road. 
The west end of the spinney, it will be remembered, was still in the 
enemy's hands, but General Thwaites told Divisional Headquarters 
that he must have the spinney bombarded with heavy guns before 
he could launch his bombing attack to drive the enemy out. 

It is hard enough to follow the course of these operations in 
retrospect ; at the time it was impossible to do so. Wild rumours 
came in from all sides ; small bodies of men came by, saying that 
they were the only survivors of their units ; waves of men moving 
back over the sky-line to the north were described now as prisoners 
being brought back, now as our own men retiring. But the one 
thing that General Thwaites made clear to his C.O.'s, who, in 
turn, impressed it upon their officers and men, was that they must 
hold their positions at all costs. Major S. J. Lowe, Brigade Major, 
141st Infantry Brigade, and Major A. C. Gordon, 5th London 
Brigade, R.F.A., together with Lieutenant Young, 20th Battalion, 
who was killed, distinguished themselves in carrying out these 
orders under heavy fire. 

During the afternoon General Thwaites had moved his own 
advanced headquarters from Le Maroc to the remains of a house at 
the " Valley Cross Roads " on the outskirts of Loos. This ruin 
was so exposed that when night fell it was found inexpedient to 
use even a shaded Hght. The reception of messages from Divisional 
Headquarters by telegraph was therefore impossible, and the 
telephone had to be used instead until daylight returned. Through 
these headquarters the Division had to transmit messages later on 
for the 1st Brigade in Loos, which was temporarily under the 
orders of our G.O.C., and for the 3rd Cavalry Division (also in 
Loos), who had no other telegraphic communication with the 
IVth Corps for some time. 

In the first line there was some brisk bomb-fighting, but 
shelling was nowhere heavy on our front (it is probable that the 
Lens batteries had been moved back hastily on the 25th) ; 
the difficulties were the extraordinary sense of uncertainty and 
the fatigue of troops who had been fighting or working continuously 
for thirty-six hours. 

During the afternoon the situation was eased by the arrival 
of the 6th Cavalry Brigade, which relieved the remnants of the 

34 THE 47711 (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 27 

15th Division and became responsible for the line north and east 
of Loos and for the defence of the village. The Guards Division 
similarly took over from the Xlth Corps (the 2rst and 24th 
Divisions) farther north. At the end of an anxious day of terribly 
costly fighting, fresh troops were holding an ill-defined defensive 
line, and waiting for an opportunity to renew the attack. The 
47th Division had maintained its position only by constant effort, 
and night brought no rest from the work of consoUdation. 

On this same day, September 26th, the French had had consider- 
able success in the Champagne, where 14,000 prisoners had been 
taken, and farther north General Foch's Tenth Army had captured 
Souchez, the scene of bitter fighting throughout the summer. 

The attack of the Guards Division on September 27th was timed 
for 4.50 p.m. At the same hour it was arranged that the 20th 
Battalion, supported by a company and the bombing platoon 
of the 23rd and troops of the 19th, should clear the enemy from the 
west end of the spinney. This operation was entirely successful. 
A preliminary bombardment prepared the way, and the assaulting 
troops, led by bombers, smothered the garrison in the maze of 
trenches v/hich had been the centre of an obstinate resistance 
and a perpetual menace for the last two days. With the capture 
of the spinney the last outstanding piece of the 47th Division's 
objective was taken. The heavy and accurate bombardment of 
the copse at long range by Major Pollard's howitzer battery 
contributed largely to the success of the operation. 

No one who saw it can forget the advance of the 3rd Guards 
Brigade to attack Hill 70, as they moved in artillery formation 
across the open ground down into the Loos Valley. The Welsh 
Guards, in action for the first time, and the 4th Grenadiers led 
the attack, and passed through our support line on their way to 
Hill 70 ; the supporting battalions halted in our lines during the 
night. The enemy shelling had gained in strength during the 
day, as guns were brought back after our first attack was held, 
and the battalions met with heavy shrapnel-fire as they came 
forward down the slope. But they moveil on in perfect order, 
and the sight of them did more than restore confidence that had 
been shaken by the confusion of the previous da3^ On Hill 70 
the Guards met with strong resistance, and suffered very heavily 
from machine-gun fire on the crest of the hill. They finally con- 
solidated a line well up the slope. On the left the 2nd Guards 


Brigade had rushed, but were unable to hold Puits No. 14 bis, 
and held a line running through the Chalk-pit on the Lens-La 
Bassee road. A second attack in the Puits on September 28th 
gained no further ground. 

At this point our attack came to a standstill, as did that of the 
French on our right, and a rearrangement was made of the troops 
in the Une. On the night of September 2Sth-29th the 142nd Brigade 
relieved the 141st Brigade, who, after four days spent in the most 
critical part of the divisional front, were withdrawn into reserve at 
Le Maroc. The 140th Brigade extended their line to include the 
old Wi sector, which had not moved. On the night of September 
29th-3oth the 142nd Brigade lengthened their line outwards and 
relieved the Guards on Hill 70. On their left the 12 th Division 
came up to relieve the Guards Division. On September 30th 
the r40th Brigade were relieved by the 152nd French Division, 
which became responsible for the line as far north as the Bethune- 
Lens road. This was a fine division, very strong, and magnificently 
equipped, and it was good to see them come marching along the 
Harrow Road to take the place of our men, who were tired and 
battle-stained, and very glad of the chance to wash and sleep. 

The 142nd Brigade held the line for three days. During this 
time. Lieutenant Baswitz, bombing officer of the 22nd Battalion, 
with some bombers, explored some dugouts in No Man's Land 
on Hill 70, and brought back six Guardsmen and two Germans, 
who had been there in forced alliance, the Englishmen for three 
and the Germans for four days. Lord Cavan wrote sending the 
thanks of the Guards Division for this exploit. 

The Brigade Signal Office in the cellar of a house in Loos was 
blown in, two infantry runners being killed and several sappers 
badly knocked about. Communication with the Division was 
restored within ten minutes. 

The telegraph communication between Division and Brigade was 
well maintained. Lines were laid from brigades to battalions 
and in some cases to companies as soon as the front line settled 
down. Visual signalUng was not much used on account of the 
exposed position of headquarters. The motor-cyclists did very 
good work on the exposed road from Le Maroc to Loos. Com- 
munication between the Division and the IVth Corps was main- 
tained with difficulty owing chiefly to the devastating effect of 
wagons moving in and out of their transport lines during the night. 

36 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. i, 1915 

On the night of October ist the French relieved the 142nd 
Brigade, taking over the whole Loos sector, which they held until 
the 47th Division reUeved them there in January, 1916, 

For the next few days the Division was in corps reserve, resting 
and refitting in villages south-west of Bethune. 

Comparatively little was said in the newspapers about the part 
played by the London Division in the Battle of Loos. The charac- 
teristic which most strongly impressed the popular fancy was the 
fact that in these operations the New Army was first employed 
on a large scale. Moreover, the actual attack is apt to give most 
scope to the imagination of the war correspondent, and the attack 
of the 47th Division got quickly home to clearly-defined objectives. 
And the main share of prisoners and spoils of war did not come our 
way. But the Division performed a distinct and important 
function in the general scheme. It was the hinge upon which 
the attack swung, and its own attacking brigade formed the 
southern flank of the salient which marked the British advance. 

Once captured, a position must be held, and this is apt to be 
the hardest part, for conclusion of successful attack is not rest, 
but work and defence against all comers. 

At the end of November, shortly before he left France, Sir John 
French inspected the 142nd Brigade at Lozinghem, and to them, 
as representing the Division, he expressed in the strongest possible 
terms his appreciation of the value of the Division's performance, 
the success of which, he said, had definitely assured him of the 
safety of a most vulnerable point in the field of operations. 

Chapter IV. 

THE Division had only a few days' respite after the Loos 
fighting, for the battle was not yet over, and, as our 
losses had been comparatively light, we were held ready 
to take part in further operations. But a few days gave time to 
make good the deficiencies of equipment and clothing, which were 
considerable. The quartermaster's store is always an important 
place ; after a fight it is the hub of the universe, and the storemen, 
sometimes envied for their safety rather than admired for their 
industry, show that they have to work hard for their living. 

At the end of September the 4th Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 
which had already been in France for nearly a year, joined the 
Division as pioneer battalion. This fine Territorial battalion had 
its headquarters at Wrexham, and was recruited chiefly in Denbigh 
and Flintshire. After hurried training at Northampton, it 
embarked for service in France on November 5th, 1914, with a 
strength of 29 officers and 850 other ranks. 

After a short period of active service training, the battalion 
joined the 3rd Brigade, ist Division, and was involved in much 
hard fighting at Festubert, Givenchy, Neuve Chapelle, and 
Richebourg. It had suffered heavy casualties, including the loss 
of the Commanding Officer, Lieut.-Colonel F. C. France-Hayhurst, 
who was killed when leading his men into action at Richebourg, 
before it was converted, in September, 1915, into a pioneer 

The fact that almost all the then remaining warrant officers, 
non-commissioned officers, and men were skilled miners no doubt 
largely weighed with those who decided on the change, and the 
excellence of the pioneer work during the attachment of the 
battaUon to the 47th Division testifies to the wisdom of the Higher 
Command in their selection. 

38 THE 47TH (London) DIVISIOM. [Oct. 5-13 

On October 5th the Division moved forward to the Noeux-les- 
Mines area. On the 8th, at 3 p.m., the expected German counter- 
attack developed all along the line from the Double Grassier to the 
Hohenzollern Redoubt. The 140th Brigade was sent to Mazingarbe, 
and placed under the orders of the ist Division ; the other brigades 
stood by in their billets, ready to move at half an hour's notice. 
The counter-attack was most successfully repulsed at every pointi 
with great loss to the encm3^ The character of the fighting is 
shown by the fact that the IVth Gorps alone used 9,000 grenades 
in two and a half hours. 

Meanwhile, further offensive operations were planned. Sir 
Henry Rawlinson (G.O.C. IVth Gorps), in his inspections of 
the 141st and 142nd Brigades on October 9th, had ominously 
expressed his conviction that they would maintain their reputation 
in any future efforts they might be called upon to make, and it 
soon became known that the Division's next objective was the 
village of HuUuch. The IVth Corps operations were to consist 
of two parts. First, a local operation by the ist Division to 
capture the line of the Lens-La Bassee road in front of HuUuch, 
and, second, a general attack in which the 47th Division was to 
capture the village. The 142nd Brigade, which had been in support 
during the previous operations, was to attack this time. 

On the day of the ist Division attack, October 13th, the 140th 
Brigade was moved forward by the ist Division to trenches near 
Bois Carre, west of the Loos-La Bassee road, ready to support 
the attackers ; the 142nd Brigade was in trenches near Le Rutoire ; 
and the 141st Brigade in billets at Mazingarbe. The Pioneers 
(4th R.W.F.), who had been working for the ist Division for the 
past week, had returned to us, and were followed by a letter of 
thanks from the ist Division for the excellent work they had done. 
The attack started with a gas and smoke discharge at i p.m. The 
ist Division reached, but could not hold, their objective, and, 
after heavy loss, were left holding the line from which they started. 
In the north some ground was gained at great cost, and on this 
afternoon the 46th Division captured the line in the Hohenzollern 
Redoubt, which we came to know well two months later. On the 
following day the 140th and 141st Brigades reUcved the ist 
Division in the front line. 

The 20th Battalion (141st Brigade) took over the front line 
from the ist South Wales Borderers (3rd Brigade) with A Company 


on the left. This company's headquarters, together with battalion 
headquarters, were in the Chalk-pit. 

The trenches were in a very much damaged condition. The 
front line trench in front of the estaminet by the Chalk-pit was 
completely blown in and could not be held at all in daylight. It 
was completely restored before A Company was relieved. 

Many hundreds of smoke-bombs and " ball "-bombs were found 
in the trenches. These were collected and placed for safety against 
the forward side of the Chalk-pit, which was there some 30 or 40 feet 
deep. By some extraordinary piece of bad luck this had no sooner 
been done than the enemy burst a shell right on them. The whole 
dump went up and burnt furiously for two hours or more, in spite 
of the heroic efforts of R.S.M. Muir and others to put the fire out. 
The atmosphere in the Chalk-pit, it is alleged, was rendered doubly 
pungent by the language of Lieut. -Colonel A. B. Hubback, com- 
manding the 20th BattaHon, whose headquarters were in the lime- 
kiln in the Chalk- pit. 

Seeing clouds of smoke issuing from the quarry the enemy put 
down an intense bombardment of our front and support lines^ 
which completely cut all communication with the rear and combined 
with the exploding bombs from the dump to make the Chalk-pit 
a particularly unhealthy spot for some time. 

The artillery were kept busy during this period, and hardly a 
day passed without a heavy bombardment of the Bois Hugo or other 
likely assembly places for a counter-attack. On these occasions our 
unfortunate infantry never had to wait very long for the Boche reply. 

Meanwhile, the 142nd Brigade was left in support, and went 
back, a battalion at a time, to Mazingarbe to practise the attack 
on Hulluch on a flagged course, a rather discouraging business 
in view of the events of October 13th. 

All ranks eagerly participated in this training, which the French 
Command observed with deep interest, and many valuable 
suggestions were made by all ranks at the conferences. The rank 
and file, particularly, realised the value gained, which carried out 
the spirit of combined training by ensuring that every man knew 
what was expected of him. The project, however, was abandoned 
within a few days, and our active operations of 1915 had come 
to an end. 

The sector of the line which we held for the next month was 
remarkably unpleasant. It formed the middle sector of the 

40 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 

whole salient which marked the Loos advance, and ran, roughly, 
parallel to the Lens-La Bassee road northwards from the Loos 
sector, which the French held, falling back north-west towards the 
quarries on our left. Our line lay well down the forward slope 
towards Hulluch, and could be, and was, enfiladed by guns 
from behind Hill 70 on the right, and from the cover of the mining 
villages of St. Elie and Haisnes on the left. Long communication 
trenches led down the slope, exposed to enemy observation. The 
Boche held a strongly-mined and well-established line along the 
main road in front of Hulluch, and perpetually harassed us in 
our exposed trenches. But our worst enemy was the weather. 
The attack on September 25th had marked the end of the fine 
autumn weather ; heavy rain fell frequently during the following 
three weeks, and the end of October began the November soak. 
The sector had hitherto been looked upon as the jumping-off 
ground for further attacks, and work had been done from that 
point of view ; it fell to us to organise it for trench warfare. The 
old German front sj^stem lay about 1,000 yards behind the line 
and forward of this there was no dugout accommodation. The 
front line had been designed for a gas-attack, and the special 
recesses, over-weighted with sandbag revetments, collapsed and 
filled the trench. Our predecessors, in want of better cover, 
had gone in extensively for under-cutting the parapet. With 
perpetual rain most of these cubby-holes kept falling in, and 
anyone who used them for shelter ran the risk of premature burial. 
There was hardly any wire in front of the line, and every night 
parties staggered out with coils of barbed wire and French con- 
certinas. We were grateful to the Boche for a captured store of 
screw pickets — the first we had seen — which were soon reproduced 
as a regular R.E. store. Again, the communication trenches were 
in an awful state. A tangle of derelict telephone cables caused 
the ungodly — carrying a rifle and a couple of boxes of bombs or 
other such trifle — to blaspheme not a little, and when this was 
cleared away the mud remained, often eighteen inches or two feet 
of it. Up these trenches — Haie, Posen, or Vendin Alley — all day- 
light traffic must come. 

Under these conditions it is easy to see that there was no lack 
of work for R.E. and pioneers, and any infantry available for 
carrying and digging. The actual trench garrison were responsible 
for maintaining their own dwelling-place, and. after being worried 


by day by " pipsqueaks," coming from apparently impossible 
directions, they started at dusk wiring and clearing the worst 
landslides from the trench. Their least uncomfortable time was 
after the job of work was done, when a group of men, who were 
lucky enough to have one, could gather round a brazier, under 
a tent of waterproof sheets, and get some sort of clammy warmth 
before " stand-to." 

Regimental transport men, too, and ration-parties are likely to 
remember the Hulluch sector. Stores of all kinds, rations, S.A.A. 
and bombs, and R.E. material were brought up across country 
from Vermelles to Lone Tree. This tree, while it stood, was the 
only prominent object on the slope, about 1,800 yards behind 
the front line. It had been useful as an aiming mark for our 
guns before the advance, and was cut down when it was found that 
the enemy put it to a like use. Here, in the mud, stores were 
unladen, and carrying-parties made their rendezvous. Double 
teams, starting early, had difficulty in reaching the dump by ten 
o'clock. Their visit was enUvened by stray rifle and machine- 
gun bullets, and in the rain and darkness the business of delivering 
the goods could not be got through in a few minutes. It was a 
different scene from the meetings on a fine summer evening in 
Maroc, when the latest rumour from refilling-point could be dis- 
cussed in peace and quiet. The fate of ration-parties from the 
front was even worse. They left the line at about 6 p.m. ; they 
were lucky to get away from Lone Tree by 10.30, and aftei 
stumbling across shell-holes and trenches, they delivered a few 
sandbags full of sodden food to an unappreciative C.S.M. in the 
early hours of the morning. 

At this period of the war the administrative arrangements for 
the feeding of troops in the front-line system were crude, and much 
had to be learnt before we arrived at a relatively high state of 
efficiency in this essential branch of staff work, on which the health, 
comfort, and lighting efficiency of the troops so much depend. 

During this winter a great advance was made in artillery methods. 
The long-expected i8-pounders replaced the ancient 15-pounders, 
with which the batteries had hitherto been armed. The supply 
of ammunition, especially of high - explosive shells, improved, 
and henceforward the infantry could expect an offensive and 
defensive artillery support unhampered by any serious shortage 
of shells. 

42 . THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 

Then, too, the increasing use by the enemy of armour-piercing 
shells and the open and unsheltered character of the ground led 
to a notable development in the construction of defensive positions. 
The old rows of sandbags and foUage gave place to tunnelled dug- 
outs and covered gun-pits. 

The absence of high ground or houses behind the front line 
brought into vogue the custom of trench observation, which, 
though it may not always have been satisfactory from the gunnery 
point of view, had the important result of bringing artillery ofhcers 
and men into personal contact with the infantry, to the advantage 
of both arms. 

We made the acquaintance of two new pieces of equipment 
during this period. The first was the " boot, gum, thigh." A 
few pairs were distributed among battalions in the line " for trial 
and report, please," and runners and visiting officers from 
battalion headquarters dragged foot after foot through the mud 
Df Posen Alley, wondering whether they would not rather have 
vvet feet, after all. But the gum-boot was a real boon to men 
who had to stand for hours in mud and water, provided that they 
had the chance to get into a dry place from time to time and 
ventilate their feet. The other new weapon of defence was the 
steel helmet. At first only a few were issued to sentries and 
officers and N.C.O.'s on duty in this line, but their use was so 
apparent that they were soon a regular part of the fighting man's 
equipment, in spite of the unfavourable report on them by a 
senior officer on the ground that they were unbecoming. 

Communication in this sector was very difficult. Brigade 
headquarters were almost as far forward as those of battalions ; 
the lines were long and exposed to shell-fire and damp. 

On November 6th the Lord Mayor of London paid a visit to 
his citizens in the HuUuch sector, and was taken as far forward 
as the reserve battalion in the old German hue near Posen Station. 

The rule in the IVth Corps during the winter was two months 
in the line and one month in corps reserve for each division. The 
47th Division was relieved by the ist Division by November 15th, 
and went back to the familiar Tillers area — Auchel, Allouagne, 
Burbure, and all the other villages which seemed in those days 
to like us as much as we liked their estaminets. A month of rest 
and mild training followed, varied by a divisional route march, 
the first and last of its kind, which took us from our comfortable 




•yt- *' 


Fucinfi luiiie 42 


billets to villages in the direction of Bomy, where rations arrived 
about midnight, and some of us tried to combine a late breakfast 
with an early start, rather to the disadvantage of the former. 
The expedition, however, was said to have been a valuable piece of 
training for the staff. 

Apart from the casualties suffered by the Division in the Battle 
of Loos, the ensuing month of trench warfare had taken its toll of 
900 all ranks killed and wounded. Many men, too, were evacuated 
sick in those days of " uncivilised "war. Reinforcements to replace 
these losses came very irregularly, and some battalions were much 
below strength. This variation was the result of causes too com- 
plicated to be examined in detail. Some units were more fortunate 
than others in their recruiting areas and in their recruiting organi- 
sation. Many men sent out in drafts in those last days of the 
voluntary system were found to be physically unfit to stand the 
strain of war, though there were middle-aged men and boys among 
them who nobly played the part of fitter men who had yet to be 
called up. A welcome addition came to the Division in November 
of the I /3rd and i/4th London Regiment, two experienced 
battalions which were at the time much reduced in strength. The 
I /4th Battalion was attached to the 140th Brigade, and the i/3rd 
to the 142nd Brigade. A party of the latter was soon detached 
to run a divisional draft training depot at Vaudricourt under 
Lieut. -Colonel Howell, the remainder being attached to the 23rd 
Battalion. After sharing the hardships of two months in the 
trenches with us, these battalions left the Division in February 
to join the 56th (London) Division, which was then forming. 

At the end of the second week in December the Division relieved 
the 15th Division in the north sector of the Loos salient, which 
included the quarries and the Hohenzollern Redoubt. The legacy 
of the awful fighting which had taken place in these trenches on 
and after September 25th, in the shape of half-buried bodies and 
a general atmosphere of mortality, alone made this part of the 
line almost uninhabitable, and there were other disadvantages. 
Near the quarries a precarious hold was maintained by us on some 
rising ground in front of our main line by two long parallel saps 
which ran across to the German line. We held these saps and 
piece of trench joining their heads, and so completing the Hairpin. 
We also held a piece of Essex Trench, which continued the top of 
the Hairpin southwards. An equally high value was set on this 

44 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 30 

position by our Higher Command and by the Boche. The former 
looked upon it as a valuable tactical point ; the latter as a piece 
of their front-line system insolently occupied by the enemy. The 
day after the Division took over the line the enemy raided Essex 
Trench. This raid, and another, was successfully repulsed by 
the iSth Battalion, who had three anxious days defending the 
position. Their success in doing so earned the praise of the Corps 
Commander (Sir Henry Rawlinson). A few days later the Boche 
renewed his efforts, and succeeded in bombing the 15th Battalion 
out of some twenty yards of Essex Trench. Two counter-attacks, 
which cost the 15th Battalion and bombers of the i8th Battalion 
fifty casualties, failed to regain the captured ground. Our hold on 
the Hairpin was less secure after this misadventure, and work was 
at once put in hand to protect it by a new fire trench on the southern 
flank. This was to be effected by Russian saps, driven just under- 
ground, and broken through when complete, and on these saps the 
R.E. and Pioneers worked at top pressure for several nights. But 
our real danger lay farther underground. The infantry had 
previously reported sounds of mining under the Hairpin. Experts 
visited the spot, and pronounced their fears groundless — a report 
which reassured the authorities rather than the garrison, who 
are apt to be fussy about such things. When miners of the R.W.F. 
heard the same sounds the question was taken more seriously. 
The garrison of the top of the Hairpin was reduced, the Russian 
saps were abandoned, and a new scheme was started of joining 
the legs of the Hairpin nearer to its base. 

At tea-time on December 30th the Hairpin was blown up, and 
with it we lost many of Captain Woolley's B Company of the 22nd 
Battalion, and most of the bombing platoon. A number of men, 
fortunately, were not buried by the explosion, but were cut oft 
and became prisoners. At the same moment the enemy opened 
a remarkably heavy bombardment on our front line, causing many 
casualties to the garrison, knocking in the trenches, and levelUng 
with the ground the local communication trench. Throughout 
this anxious half-hour the 22nd and neighbouring battalions 
maintained a steady rifle and machine-gun fire in the new craters, 
and no Boche infantry attack developed. A party of seamen from 
the Grand Fleet on a visit to the front were in the line with the 
Brigade. They were surprised to find that the sea has no monopoly 
of mines. They also showed us that sailors can fight on land as 


well as at sea, and did useful work manning a machine-gun, the 
crew of which had been knocked out. The support battalion 
was hurried forward to relieve the 22nd, and everyone worked 
hard to clear the battered trenches. In the morning high mounds 
of chalk were seen to command our front line, and the Boche was 
occupying the new trench across the Hairpin which we had so 
conveniently dug for him. Three days later the Dismounted 
Division relieved us, and we moved south to take our old Loos 
sector from the French. 

The Division had spent a thoroughly " windy " month, full 
of excursions and alarms, during which our first Christmas in France 
had passed unobtrusively. The 142nd Brigade, indeed, had been 
lucky enough to be in billets in Sailly-Labourse and Verquin at 
the time, but of them at least one battahon had been favoured with 
a special Christmas Day alarm, and a battalion mess Christmas 
dinner was laid when the order came to march off to a new billet. 
The brigades in the line had to make the best of a muddy job, 
and were enlivened by a little extra activity on the part of our 
guns, just to show the Boche that any attempt at fraternisation 
would be severely discouraged. Many batteries fired 300 rounds 
apiece during the day, by way of a Christmas present for him. 
Mines and counter-mines, hurricane bombardments, and mud — 
liquid, penetrating mud that flowed in over the top of knee-boots 
and sent many men down the line with trench feet — these are 
among the chief memories of Christmas, 1915, our first Christmas 
at the war. 

We relieved the French i8th Division at Loos on January 4th, 

1916. On completion of relief, their commander. General Sir 

Georges Lefevre, K.C.M.G., under whose command we had passed, 

wrote the following letter to the divisional commander : 

" At the moment of handing over command of the 47th British 
Division to Major-General C. Barter, C.V.O.. C.B., Chief of tins Division, 
I wish to inform tliis General Officer of my great admiration for the 
manner in which every service of liis Division has been working during 
relief operations, and for the superb attitude of his troops in every 

" The 1 8th French Division leaves the Loos sector with regret, 
but knows that it cannot be in better hands than those of the 47th 
British Division, who captured it." 

On the return home of Sir John French at the end of 1915, Sir 
Douglas Haig, who succeeded hrni as C.-in-C, handed over the 
command of the First Army to Sk Charles Monro. The new 

46 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Jan. 

army commander had been our divisional general at the outbreak 
of war. 

The Loos sector had become considerably more habitable since 
we had left it. The French seem to aim at comfort in their trenches 
rather than at the smartness which we try to bestow on our fire- 
bays when circumstances do not allow us to spend our spare energy 
by polishing buttons. They are more naturally soldiers and need 
less the artificial encouragements that have come to mean so much 
to us. Their dugouts are apt to have a pleasant domestic air, 
sometimes combined with a touch of drawing-room elegance, 
which makes their inmates forget to consider how much cover 
lies above their head. Ours generally miss this amenity, and 
resemble the cave-dwellings of primitive man at their worst, and, 
at their best, an efficient and compact cabin between decks. 

Loos had been much ruined during our absence, and no over- 
ground accommodation remained. The best cellars were the 
battalion H.Q. in the post-office, and the spacious rooms under a 
farmhouse on the western edge of this village, which were used as 
an advanced dressing station, manned by the 6th London Field 
Ambulance. Boche shells had knocked the top off one of the 
pylons of the Tower Bridge. 

The bulk of the artillery went into positions in and around Grenay, 
where the still intact cottages of Maroc gave a welcome improve- 
ment in observation. The practice of pushing up guns close to 
the trenches began to be carried out, and a gun of the 19th London 
Battery was brought into action in the fosse at Calonne, not more 
than 300 yards from the front line, to shoot laterally at the railway 
triangle east of Loos. Although searched for by every t3'pe of 
missile, including trench-mortar bombs, the gun remained in 
action for several weeks, until the battery left the neighbourhood. 

Some batteries were engaged in counter-battery work, and 
poured an immense amount of ammunition on to the battery 
positions, billets, and communications in and around Lens. At 
last it could be felt that in weight of metal we could at least hold 
our own, and even carry out the precept that it is more blessed 
to give than to receive. 

Mining operations again demanded our most serious attention. 
Our predecessors had driven a long tunnel under the north arm 
of the Double Grassier, and a great pile of excavated chalk pro- 
claimed this enterprise to all the world. But more secret and urgent 


Harrison's crater, from sniper's house, loos. 

Facifui piiiie 46 


work was going on farther east, where the hne crossed the Lens- 
Bethune road, and on January 23rd our miners successfully blew 
up a large mine, the visible result of which was Harrison's Crater. 
The 2ist Battalion was holding the line at this point ; they had 
considerable casualties from the explosion which destroyed our own 
trenches, but they successfully occupied the near lip of the crater. 
The difficult work of consolidation was undertaken by the 4th 
London Field Coy., R.E., who lost a number of men in the effort, 
and later by the 2/3rd Field Coy. A fortnight later we blew a mine 
to improve our position on the east edge of the spinney south of 
Loos. By way of retaliation the Boche blew a mine near 
Harrison's Crater, which undid the work we had done to con- 
solidate it. Within a few days, on February 14th, we were relieved 
by the ist Division, and went into corps reserve. On February 
17th the Division was transferred (on paper) to G.H.Q., in which 
supposedly blissful state it remained for a whole week. 

The last week of January, like that of the preceding month, 
was a very " windy " time. January 27th is the anniversary 
of the Kaiser's birthday, and it was feared that his loyal subjects 
would mark the day by some special exhibition of schrecklichkeU. 
To meet this contingency reserve battalions were moved forward 
in readiness. But nothing beyond a very lively " artillery duel " 
took place on our front. Gas was a constant cause of anxiety. 
Defensive apparatus of all kinds was elaborated. " Gas alert 
on " or " gas alert off " was regularly reported, and opened a new 
drain from the supply of Government stationery. Gas practices 
were regularly held in the trenches, a sort of game in which the 
platoon commander blew a whistle and everyone put on his clammy 
smoke helmet, and snorted hke a grampus through a rubber spout 
for the next few minutes. 

Elaborate defensive work was undertaken in the Loos sector. 
One notable achievement was the construction in a remarkably 
few weeks by the 4th Royal Welsh Fusiliers (now commanded by 
Lieut. -Colonel G. Pereira, C.B., b.S.O., the first D.A.Q.M.G. of the 
Division) of a tunnel through the Loos Grassier. This greatly 
strengthened the support line, that had hitherto run right over 
the Crassier in a very exposed position. It was now possible 
to walk along the support line without journeying over the top 
of the Crassier ; thus a great saving of tim6 was effected and 
considerable overhead protection provided. 

48 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Jan., 1916 

In addition to our own Pioneers, the nth Hants. (Pioneers) 
Battalion was working for the Division. We also had attached 
to us a brigade of the i6th (Irish) Division, who learnt trench 
routine from us, and supplied large working-parties. During 
January, 1916, several changes in command took place in the 
Divisional Artillery. Brigadier-General E. W. Spedding succeeded 
the C.R.A., Brigadier-General J. C. Wray, who went home sick and 
was transferred to the 57th Division, and Major U. Muirhead 
succeeded Major D. J. C. E. Sherlock as Brigade- Major, R.A. 

'IP'^V ' r.^Igg^"! '-;' 


^''°'° *5'J [Lambert Weston. 

Brig.-General J. C. WRAY, C.B., C.M.G., M.V.O. 
C.R.A. 191^-1916. 

Facing page 48 

' r < r I 

Chapter V. 

THE Battle of Loos and the subsequent winter mark the 
end of a period in the history of the war. They also 
constitute a link with the new developments that first 
had full play with us in the Battle of the Somme. In the early 
days of trench warfare the rifle had been the most effective weapon. 
The infantry had borne the burden of attack and defence. Machine- 
guns and artillery, immensely effective as they proved themselves 
to be, were not yet of sufficient strength to be more than weapons 
of opportunity. 

A change came gradually. Increased weight of artillery enabled 
the infantry to count on support which had perforce been reckoned 
an occasional luxury before. Battalion machine-gun sections, 
each with four Vickers guns instead of the old two heavy Maxims, 
were formed into brigade companies, and the whole came by-and- 
by to be co-ordinated by the Division under the senior machine- 
gun officer, Lewis guns became more numerous, and it was hard 
for the battalion commander to keep a supply of trained men to 
meet the increase. Loos, a bombers' battle, had established the 
necessity of a great supply of bombs. The old stove-pipe trench 
mortar — varium et miUabile semper — ^was to fade away before the 
Stokes mortar, which we used first in April. Each weapon had its 
busy enthusiasts, and everyone became a specialist in 1916. The 
cry of " back to the rifle " was not yet heard. And the main cause 
of these changes was the greatly increased supply of men and 
materials. The new Ministry of Munitions had got under way 
under Mr. Lloyd George, and the Military Service Bill became 
law in January, 1916. 

The armies of our Allies and of our enemies developed likewise. 
But the Boche was still ahead of us, and the new methods first 
appeared in the storm that broke at Verdun on February 2i3t. 

50 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Feb.-May 

On that fateful day the Division was grazing in the pastures 
of G.H.Q. reserve — cold comfort, for the ground lay deep in snow, 
and brigades sent successively for training to the Bomy area found 
it impossible for the next fortnight to accomplish much in the way 
of training. As a result of the pressure on the French at Verdun 
the British Army took over the sector held by General Foch's army 
southwards from Loos. The 47th Division was restored to 
the IVth Corps, and on March i6th Major - General Barter 
assumed command of the Souchez sector, which we had taken 
over from the 23rd Division, who had reUeved the French a few 
days earlier. 

A noteworthy change in the Division at the beginning of February 
was the departure of Lieut. -Colonel R. M. Foot, the chief of our 
" Q " Staff since mobilisation, who left us to go home to the new 
62nd Division, and the appointment as A. A. and O.IM.G. of Lieut. - 
Colonel S. H. J. Thunder, whom we were lucky enough to keep 
until after the Armistice ; his great knowledge of the Division 
became invaluable in times of constant change. 

The Carency and Souchez sectors, which the Division now held, 
included the commanding Lorette Spur, the valley of the Carency, 
and the west slope of the northern spur of the Vimy Ridge. Near 
the crest of this spur the French had maintained a precarious 
footing, and the foremost position was a line of detached posts, 
accommodated in grouse-butts. Behind our forward system of 
trenches lay the long Zouave Valley, along which the Boche could 
put down an almost impassable barrage. He overlooked our 
front trenches from the Pimple — a little eminence at the extreme 
north of the Ridge ; we had magnificent observation from the 
east point of the Lorette Spur of the ground behind his line, and of 
the country east and north for many miles. (Observers from 
this point saw the Loos Tower Bridge fall on the afternoon of April 

Reserve units and wagon-Uncs were in billets in Villcrs-au- 
Bois, the Servins, Camblain L'Abbaye, Estree Cauchie (commonly 
known as Extra Cushy), and in huts in the woods of Bouvigny and 
La Haie. It was pleasant, rolling country, very pretty in spring- 
time, and a welcome change after a winter in the black mining 

On a preliminary reconnaissance of the area. Major E. B. Blogg, 
D.S.O., R.E., commanding the 4th London Field Coy., R.E., was 


Fachui pane 50 

" ° * • • • * 

4 1* t f f 

1916] VIMY RIDGE AND SUMMER, 1916. 51 

mortally wounded by a rifle bullet. His death was a great loss 
to the Engineers and to the Division. 

We found the new area very peaceful at first. The enemy, used 
to a policy of " live and let Hve," exposed himself very freely, 
and made efforts at friendly conversation. The i8th Battalion 
unbent so far as to give him " The Times " in answer to a request 
for news. One or two deserters came over to us. His trench- 
mortars, however, worried us from the first, though we pointed out 
that this was inconsistent with the conciliatory attitude of the 
infantry, and retaliated by energetic sniping. As time went on, 
and the Saxon division in this sector was relieved, the Boche 
became more and more aggressive, and the first peaceful weeks 
only served to conceal great activity underground. The 176th 
(Tunnelling) Coy., R.E., under Major E. M. F. Momber, were 
allotted to the divisional area. They found the enemy's work 
well advanced, and were confined to operations mainly defensive. 

The first German mine went up on April 26th. The 140th Brigade 
were about to relieve the 141st Brigade at the time, but the danger 
had been anticipated, and a supporting company of the 6th 
Battalion was sent up in advance. Our front line was broken 
by the explosion, but the crater was immediately seized, and the 
near lip consolidated. Rifle-fire from the 17th and i8th BattaUons 
protected the consolidation, and prevented any counter-attack. 
The crater was called New Cut Crater. On the 29th our miners 
blew a camouflet some hundred yards north of this, which detonated 
a Boche mine, and formed Broadridge Crater. By way of re- 
taliation, the enemy sprang a third mine between the two. This 
destroyed part of the front Une, and the 6th Battalion suffered 
over eighty casualties from the explosion and subsequent very 
heavy bombardment ; but, under Colonel Mildren's command, the 
crater was successfully occupied, and the new line through Mildren 
Crater ran roughly where the old line had been. 

Just south of these operations the mining situation suddenly 
became critical. No fewer than eleven German galleries were 
suspected, and our front line was in imminent danger. The 176th 
(TunneUing) Coy., R.E., started counter-mining, and the work was 
pushed on with all possible speed. Increased shifts of miners 
worked all night May 2nd-3rd, burrowing forward from old French 
listening galleries ; large parties of the 141st Brigade brought up 
timber, and every available man from the trenches carried soil 

52 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 

from the mine-shafts. The 21st BattaUon were occupying the 
area affected (A section, Carency sub-sector) and were warned to 
be ready to seize the craters ; they were to be helped in the work 
of consoUdation by the 2/3rd London Field Coy., R.E. At 
4.45 p.m. on May 3rd four mines were fired, and our guns opened 
an intense bombardment, to pay back with interest what the 
6th Battalion had suffered so heavily three days before. After 
the bombardment the 21st Battalion parties rushed forward, and 
held the far Ups of the craters. The R.E. and Pioneer detachments 
then came up, and the night was spent consolidating the near Ups. 
Excellent progress had been made by dawn, when the infantry 
withdrew to the new positions. Three big craters had been formed, 
and were named, from right to left. Member, Love, and Kennedy 
Craters, after the tunnelUng company, field company, and batta- 
lion commanders concerned. A fourth mine blew back and on'y 
just broke the ground. The whole operation had been very 
successful, and everyone played up splendidly in the emergency. 

Major Momber wrote in his report to the Division : " The 
infantry assisting us all worked themselves dead beat, and I wish 
to express my thanks for the way they assisted us. I think the 
whole of this work, done in the time available, must constitute 
a record." 

The situation was thus eased on our front ; but the enemy was 
continuously aggressive, worrying the front line with many 
" minnies," and the whole of the forward area with frequent 
bombardment. Immediately south of us he did some successful 
mining, and the 25th Division were blown out of a part of their 
line in the Berthonval sector. They counter-mined, and on May 
15th put up a string of mines and reoccupied their line. On May 
19th this troubled sector was taken over by the 140th Brigade, 
who handed over to the 23rd Division the pleasantest part of our 
line, the Lorette defences. 

Our new piece of front was not a satisfactory inheritance. 
Lately the scene of destructive mining, it was in a bad state of 
disrepair. No wire covered the front or support lines ; the front 
line consisted of disconnected posts, isolated by day ; there were 
no shelters of any kind in the front system. Altogether it was a 
position ill-equipped to counteract the increasingly aggressive 
efforts of the enemy, who lost no chance of inflicting casualties on 
our unprotected troops. His trench-mortars were more than 



"^^^ '^■'*m^' 




I'nciiifi iiiW 52 

r 4 c f 

1916] VIMY RIDGE AND SUMMER, 1916. 53 

usually active on the 19th and 20th, and on the latter day there 
was a heavy bombardment from 5 a.m. to 11 a.m. of the trenches 
near Ersatz Alley. The 141st Brigade, however, managed to relieve 
the 142nd Brigade on this day in the Carency sector, now the left 
section of the divisional front. The night was quiet, and was spent 
in hard work on the new sector. 

On Sunday, May 21st, the German guns started work early. 
All the morning the trenches in both brigade fronts were per- 
sistently shelled. At 3.40 p.m. the bombardment became intense, 
and a barrage on Zouave Valley — the first " box barrage " which 
we had experienced — practically cut all communication with 
the front. During the next four hours the trenches south of 
Love and Member Craters were pounded mercilessly, and the 
garrison, especially those in the shelterless trenches of the 
Berthonval sector, suffered terribly. The battery positions had 
their share, too, and four guns were knocked out. At 7.45 p.m. 
the shelling was lifted off the front trenches, and fell with increased 
violence on Zouave Valley and farther back, especially on gun 
positions. At the same time the German infantry attacked, with 
their right flank on Love and Momber Craters, across the whole 
140th Brigade front, into the line of the 25th Division. They came 
over in great force, and the weight of the attack fell upon the 
7th and 8th Battalions, who had lain for four hours in unprotected 
trenches, under a bombardment far heavier than any we had ever 
known before. These battalions with the troops on their right 
were driven out of the front trench, across two supports, into a line 
half-way down the slope. 

The 7th Battahon, on the right, made a local counter-attack 
as early as 8.40 p.m., but it was not in sufficient strength to 
recapture any ground. The attack on this sector was effectively 
held up by a block established in Old Boot Street, a very gallant 
action led by Captain L. E. Rundell. Night fell upon the confusion 
caused by the attack. Many of the survivors of the bombardment 
in the front line were captured — among them Captain G. Portman 
and Captain G. N. Clark, of the 8th, together with Captain F. M. 
Davis and Lieutenant Brooks, of the 7th, who had held the front 
trenches till 7.45 p.m.— and, until the first lull came at about ten 
o'clock, it was extremely difficult to get any accurate idea of the 
situation. Communications were broken, and the battalion 
commanders concerned found it impossible to co-ordinate their 

54 THE 47TI1 (London) DIVISION. [May 22 

arrangements for counter-attack. At 2 a.m. on the 22nd a 
company each of the 15th and i8th Battalions made an effort at 
the junction of the brigade fronts, but without success. 

Captain H. B. Farquhar, who led the 15th Battalion company, 
was wounded and missing. Lieut. -Colonel A. Maxwell, of the 
8th, was wounded during the night, and the remnant of his 
battalion came under the command of Lieut. -Colonel Warrender, 
of the 15th, who relieved them before dawn. As soon as it was 
light. Major Whitehead, in the absence of Lieut. -Colonel Mildren, 
of the 6th Battalion, reconnoitred the right front, and fixed on 
an old French trench as the best line of resistance. This was 
successfully occupied and consolidated by the 6th and 7th Battalions 
on the evening of the 22nd. Throughout these operations the 
140th Brigade was commanded by Colonel Faux, of the 7th 
Battalion, while Brig.-General Cuthbert acted as divisional 
commander. General Barter being on leave. 

The 20th Battalion was holding the right of the 141st Brigade 
line, including the craters, and joining the 140th Brigade at Ersatz 
Alley. The top of this communication trench had been the centre 
of the bombardments, and was practically obliterated. The 
right company (A Company) held up the first attack, Captain Young 
directing the rifle-fire in the Hne. After a fight they were driven 
back into the support trench. 

Captain Young was able to bring the three platoons of A Company 
back over the top with very little loss owing largely to the very 
gallant action of Sec-Lieutenant Lomas, D.C.M., the Battalion 
Lewis-gun officer. The latter, by himself, took a gun into the 
open over the top of the support-line and covered the retirement 
of the company. He was killed shortly afterwards. 

The enemy in his first rush got into the craters held by B Com- 
pany. Their commander. Captain Taylor, was acting as adjutant 
at the time, but on hearing of his company's pHght, he went 
forward and organised a counter-attack, which drove the enemy 
from the craters. Unfortunately, both he and Captain Young 
lost their lives in this action. Lieut. -Colonel W. H. Matthews, of 
the 20th, unable to counter-attack in view of the situation on his 
right, established a defensive flank by means of blocks in the lines 
forward of that to which the 140th Brigade had been driven back. 

In this he was greatly assisted by Cai)tain G. Williams, M.C. 
(officer commanding A Company), who now took command of 

• . 1 , ' ' 

3 •>•',> O ■ • 

(,KAM)K I'l^ACl':, 1.11. LERS. 


Faciuii iiU(ie 54 

» t t 


B Company in addition to his own, and maintained the position in 
the support and reserve hnes, and successfully defended the 
exposed right flank. Captain Williams, whose conduct won him 
the then rare distinction of a bar to his Military Cross, was 
severely wounded on the following evening. His company, which 
had gone on to the Ridge 120 strong a few days earlier, left 
it with only 17 remaining. The honours it had won included a 
Military Cross (C.S.M. W. H. Davey), two D.C.M.'s (Ptes. Martin 
and Andrews), and five Military Medals. 

The exact position of the right flank of the 141st Infantry Brigade 
being now in some doubt. Major B. C. Battye, the Brigade major, 
at great personal risk, undertook a close reconnaissance and was 
able to locate it. For this service he was awarded the D.S.O. 

Two companies of the i8th Battalion reinforced the 20th during 
the night of May 22nd. Brig.-General Thwaites was wounded 
on the night of the 23rd, and Lieut.-Colonel Tredennick, of the 
i8th Battalion, took over temporary command of the 141st Brigade. 
The 142nd Brigade had been brought up from reserve on the 
afternoon of May 21st. By evening it was in the support system 
along the Divisional front. The C.R.E. (Lieut.-Colonel S. D'A. 
Crookshank), who was at advanced Brigade Headquarters at 
Cabaret Rouge on the same afternoon, organised the R.E., who were 
in billets thereabouts in an old French line on the forward slope 
looking across Zouave Valley. During the night 2ist-22nd the 
2nd Division moved forward from Corps Reserve, and its ggth 
Brigade was placed at the disposal of the 47th. Units of the 
2nd Divisional Artillery also reinforced our artillery. On the 
night of the 22nd the 142nd and ggth Brigades relieved the 140th 
Brigade and a part of the 20th Battalion, and were ready to 
counter-attack on the following day. 

Our own counter-attacking battalions on the evening of May 
23rd were the 21st and 24th. The 24th Battalion (Lieut.-Colonel 
G. A. Buxton-Carr) was not supported on their right. On each 
flank of their attack was a communication trench held as a sap 
by the enemy, who could enfilade any advancing troops. Bombers 
were sent forward to deal with these, but they made no progress, 
and the battalion was held up. The 21st (Lieut.-Colonel H. B. 
Kennedy), on the left, went ahead and recaptured the old line 
north of Ersatz Alley, where they stayed for an hour, and did 
great execution among the enemy whom they found in the trench 

56 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 21-25 

and dugouts. But no troops came up on their right, and they 
were compelled to come back to their starting-point. Nothing was 
left to show for this gallant and costly action beyond a few yards 
of our old front line, where the block was moved southwards to 
include in our line its junction with Gobron communication trench. 
Seven ]\Iilitary Crosses were awarded to members of the 21st 
Battalion for gallantry in this action — probably a record number 
for one battalion in a single operation. 

The strain which these operations threw on the medical services 
was a heavy one. When the 47th Division took over the Souchcz 
Sector the 5th London Field Ambulance relieved the field ambulance 
of the division holding the line. The Advanced Dressing Station 
was established at Cabaret Rouge, a collecting and car post at 
Point " G," at the end of the Cabaret Trench, and the Main Dressing 
Station was about three miles behind the line in some huts used 
as a hospital by the French during their occupation of the sector. 
This place was officially known as Quatre Vents. 

It was admirably suited for a M.D.S., and later on in the cam- 
paign, when similar stations had to be established and maintained 
by the R.A.M.C. in the devastated areas, visions of Quatre Vents 
would rise like some haunting mirage. At first things were fairly 
quiet, and working-parties were out fixing water points in the 
Zouave Valley and collecting material from the derelict huts, horse 
standings, etc., in the area ; with this the accommodation at the 
M.D.S. was considerably enlarged and improved. The time and 
labour expended on these building operations, at first entered upon 
with the spirit that usually pervaded what were considered unneces- 
sary fatigues, were soon to be amply repaid. 

On Sunday, May 21st, a number of casualties began to arrive 
at the M.D.S., and an incessant stream, which rapidly increased 
in numbers, continued to flow in during the next four days. Tlie 
total number dealt with exceeded 1,500, all of which were fed, the 
majority redressed, and many operated upon. It will thus be 
seen that the accommodation and R.A.M.C. personnel were taxed 
to the utmost. 

On the night ot May 25th the 6th Brigade relieved the 141st 
and 142nd Brigades, and on the 26th the 2nd Division took over 
command of this sector and the 47th Division was in reserve. 

The Vimy fighting cost us 63 officers and 2,044 other ranks killed, 
wounded, and missing. At that price we were taught the necessity 

I9i6] VIMY RIDGE AND SUMMER, 1916. 57 

to arrange our defence in greater depth to meet new methods of 
attack with increased weight of artillery. Our own guns adapted 
themselves quickly to new conditions, and the Divisional Artillery 
between noon on ]\Iay 21st and 4 p.m. on May 24th fired over 
32,000 rounds, which must have taken their toll of casualties on the 
other side. It seems doubtful now whether our risky position near 
the crest of the ridge was worth holding at such cost, when a strong 
position on the high ground near Cabaret Rouge, with the same 
observation from the Lorette Heights, was available. The magni- 
ficent spirit which refuses to yield to the enemy any ground, however 
useless, is worth much; but were the Higher Command justified in 
incurring the resulting losses ? 

In this sector the communications were very good indeed as far 
forward as Cabaret Rouge, but they were never reliable in the 
Zouave Valley, most of which was hidden from German observation, 
and therefore constantly visited with very searching shell-fire. 
During the heavy fighting it could not even be crossed by runners. 
The smoke and dust frustrated the most carefully planned visual 

From Cabaret Rouge to Villers-au-Bois (Brigade Headquarters) 
two cables were buried five feet deep by cavalry lent by the Corps 
and superintended by officers of the Divisional Signal Company — 
at a later date at least forty lines would have been put in 
such a trench, but at that time cable of the sort required for 
burying was very scarce. These lines held throughout with one 
interval when they were broken by a 9'2-in. shell. The repair did 
not take long. 

The batteries, especially those in and near Carency, suffered 
heavily from the accurate German counter-battery fire. 

The situation of the Artillery was complicated, not only by the 
fact that the batteries were in the midst of relieving those of the 
25th Division, but by the four brigade ammunition columns being 
in course of disbandment. From this time onwards the supply 
of ammunition to battery wagon lines was to be carried out by 
the Divisional Ammunition Column. 

After the trying days on the Vimy Ridge the Division was resting 
for about a fortnight in the Bruay-Dieval area. At the end of 
this period the Lord Mayor of London (Sir Charles Wakefield) 
visited us. The official photographer followed in his wake, and 
several pictures of the incidents of his visit are in the Imperial 

58 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION [June-July 

War Museum. At this time also General Thvvaites returned from 
hospital, cured of his wound. 

On June 12th we began to move up the line again, this time to 
the Angres sector, where we stayed for a month. It was a peaceful 
time, but for an elaborate programme of bluff operations which 
ushered in the Battle of the Somme. The artiller}'' did most of the 
demonstration, but infantry also played a part in the form of 
raids, a new kind of amusement invented by the Canadians up 
north. The first divisional raid was done by the 19th Battalion 
near the Bully Crater in the Angres sector, the prelude to many 
successes achieved later by the Division in these enterprises. It 
was preceded by a discharge of gas, for which some 1,300 cylinders 
had been brought up in Army Service Corps wagons with old 
motor-car tyres fitted to their wheels. 

Two raiding-parties with blackened faces reached the Boche 
trenches successfully, secured a live enemy for purposes of identi- 
fication, and killed others. Sappers of the 4th London Field Coy,, 
R.E., went over with the party, each carrying thirty slabs of gun- 
cotton in a pack for demolitions. One of them found the dugout 
he wanted to blow up occupied, so set a fuse to his pack and bowled 
it down the steps of the dugout. 

The battalion signallers took over a telephone line and main- 
tained communication with Battalion Headquarters from the 
enemy trench during the whole raid. 

The next raid, undertaken by the 15th Battalion, on the night 
of July 3rd-4th, was less successful. It was remarkable from the 
fact that the enemy put down a " box barrage," the second of our 
acquaintance, on the piece of trench attacked. This failed in its 
object of catching the raiders, but kept them from getting nearer 
than bombing distance from the trench. During the raid Lieutenant 
G. L. Goodes' 140th Trench IMortar Battery did notably good work. 
They fired 750 rounds in half an hour, although two mortars were 
knocked out and four gunners wounded. 

A 22nd Battalion raid on July 8th was a more elaborate affair. 
It consisted of two acts. First, a discharge of smoke on the 
Souchez sector was succeeded by a raid in the Angres sector by 
sixty infantry and four sappers. The party reached their objective, 
but found no Germans in the trench. Dugouts were bombed, and 
some demolition done. Some hours later, in the early morning, 
the second raid started with a discharge of smoke and gas along 



•^^^'Vf^* . 

o C 


:- ^ z 

z o g u: 

- >^ w < 

r-, '^ .7 Ti 

Faciiiii iKiuf 58 

. »' . •■ ■ 

' . • , t . . 

I9i6] VIMY RIDGE AND SUMMER, 1916. 59 

the Angres sector. A raiding-party followed, but were met with 
all kinds of fire — artillery, trench-mortar, and machine-gun. Only 
a few individuals reached and bombed the trench, which they 
found strongly manned. 

Undoubtedly many such enterprises were spoilt by the fact that 
the Boche frequently overheard our telephone conversations on 
his Hstening sets. Many months later we learnt from a captured 
document that he had on one occasion heard our Town Major of 
Villers-au-Bois announce to a front-line battaUon that he would 
have billets ready for them after their reUef that evening. That 
we were dimly aware of such danger was shown by the first 
adoption of fancy names for units in March, 1916. At first there 
was some sort of system about the names — e.g., the 141st Brigade 
specialised in stationery, paper, string, etc., while the Train was 
jam, and the Signal Company was cable. But later the names 
became purely irrelevant. Nabob's staff-captain once rang up 
his Nurse, and was put on in error to Oily. The Division, and, 
consequently, the G.O.C., was often given a Christian name. At 
one time it was Fanny, but this was supplanted by the more 
dignified John. Last of all, in 1918, the great co-ordinators 
at G.H.Q. brought their minds to bear on the subject, and every 
unit in the Expeditionary Force had a separate and meaningless 
combination of four letters, a scheme which had the single good 
result of making one chary of using the telephone at all. Mercifully, 
at all times of real stress in operations it was assumed that the 
Boche was too busy to listen to us, and it was possible to call things 
what they were without the fear either of unintentional treachery 
or of a F.G.C.M. 

It was, however, in this sector that a few " Fullerphones " were 
first issued to the Division. These telegraph instruments defy any 
listening sets, and afforded a much-needed feeling of security to 
commanders in the " danger area." There were at this time only 
enough of them available to work between battalions and brigades. 
During the winter of 1916-17 they were multiplied to an extent 
which permitted of their use between companies and battalions. 

During June and July, 1916, several well-known figures left 
the Division. Early in July Brigadier-General W. Thwaitcs 
left the 141st Brigade to command the 46th Division. He had 
nursed the 47th Division in early days as G.S.O.i, and had com- 
manded the 141st Brigade since May, 1915. A few days later 

6o THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [July, 1916 

Brigadier-General G. J. Cuthbert was appointed to command the 
39th Division, and left the 140th Brigade, which he had brought 
out to France. This is not the place to assess the great value to 
the Division of these two commanders ; the story of their brigades 
must speak for them. No one who served under them will be 
ignorant of it, and each left behind him a fund of anecdote which 
will keep his memory green. Brigadier-General Lord Hampden 
succeeded to the 140th Brigade. After a month, during which 
Brigadier-General R. J. Bridgford was in command, Brigadier- 
General R. McDouall came to the 141st Brigade. The General 
Staff, too, suffered change, for during June Lieut. -Colonel B. 
Burnett-Hitchcock and Major N. W. Webber, R.E., who had so 
successfully worked together for the divisional commander during 
Loos and onwards, left us. Before the war was over they were 
together again, but at a more wearisome job, in charge of de- 
mobilization at the War Office. They were respectively succeeded 
by Lieut.-Colonel J. T. Weatherby as G.S.O.i and Major R. S. 
McClintock, R.E., as G.S.0.2. 

The Royal Naval Division, which had been learning from us 
the ways of war on the Western front, relieved us on July i8th, 
and we returned for a short spell to the Carency and Berthonval 
sectors, now delightfully quiet. Before we left, the R.E. and 
Pioneers were able to join up the " grouse-butts " into one con- 
tinuous trench. The 141st Brigade was temporarily attached to 
the Royal Naval Division as divisional reserve, and remained in 
billets round Bouvigny-Boyeffles. At the very end of July we 
handed over to the 37th Division, and marched away to train 
for the Somme. 

In the Angrcs sector we had seen the last of flowery trenches 
and pleasant, deserted villages, with fruit and vegetables, a Uttle 
way behind the line. Vimy had shown us the devastated result of 
concentrated shelling ; such desolation was soon to be our normal 

Chapter VI. 

CONSIDERABLE reinforcements came to the Division 
during June and July, 1916. Men from different parts 
of the country now came to our London battalions under 
the new scheme by which drafts from training depots at home 
were posted at the Base, and sent where they were most needed. 
But the spirit of the Division did not change, and each unit had a 
strong enough character and tradition to absorb any reinforcement 
that came its way. 

It was a strong Division that started marching southward on 
August 1st. We had hot summer weather for the journey, and 
started early each morning from our billets to get our marching 
done before the heat of the day — a pleasant rest during the 
afternoon and evening in a quiet country village, a night under 
the sky in a green orchard, breakfast at sunrise, and on the road 
again. The 142nd Brigade did all its marching by night. Five 
days' march brought us to the St. Riquier area, where the Division 
spent a fortnight. These were pleasant days, with training early 
and late to avoid the heat of midday, and plenty of opportunity 
for everyone to get fit and for battalions and companies to get to 
know themselves with that feeling of unity which is of priceless 
value at all times, but most of all in action. Billets were good, 
the people very friendly ; it was a good war when one strolled 
about listening to the band on Sunday afternoon, or joined an 
expedition to the neighbouring town of Abbeville, not yet devastated 
by the bombs of enemy aeroplanes. 

Towards the end of the period the Artillery carried out some open 
warfare training close to the field of Crecy. 

On August 2oth the Division started moving forward via Ailly- 
le-Haut-Clocher and Villers-Bocage to Baisieux, where it became 
part of the Ilird Corps. The brigades were billeted round Bresle, 

62 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 

Franvillers and Lahoussoye, and spent the next three weeks in 
training for the attack. On September ist the 140th and 
141st Brigades started rehearsing the High Wood battle on a 
flagged course. Representatives of the Division were intro- 
duced to the great secret of the moment, and hope of the future, 
the Tank. 

The Divisional Artillery had been in action since August 14th, 
when they relieved the 23rd Divisional Artillery in support of the 
15th Division. The batteries were in position in Bottom Wood 
and near Mametz Wood, with some farther east near Montauban 
and in front of Caterpillar Valley, and they knew the ground over 
which the Division was to operate, very thoroughly. They had 
been engaged in closely supporting the 15th (Scottish) Division 
in its gradual encroachment on the fortified village of Martinpuich, 
and had had a full share of casualties, especially among observing 
officers and signallers, during" local attacks and in the constant 
" area strafes," in which both sides indulged freely. 

Between September loth and 12th we reheved the ist Division 
in the High Wood sector. W^e walked into a new world of war. 
We passed through Albert for the first time, under the Virgin, 
holding out her Child, not to heaven but to the endless procession 
below. Fricourt, where the line had stood for so long, was now 
out of range of any but long-range guns, and we could see freshly- 
devastated country without being in the battle. All round the 
slopes were covered with transport of all kinds, and whole divisions 
of cavalry waiting for their opportunity. Farther forward in 
Caterpillar Valley heavy howitzers stood in the open, lobbing their 
shells over at a target miles away. Up near the fine by Flat Iron 
Copse and the Bazentins the ground was aUve with field-guns, 
many of them hidden by the roadside and startling the unwary. 
All these things, later the commonplace of a successful " push," 
were new. But we never saw anything quite like High Wood. 
It had been attacked by the 7th Division on July 14th— just two 
months before our arrival — and had indeed on that day been 
entered by a party of cavalry. But it had been an insuperable 
obstacle to subsequent attacks, and the trench which we took 
over ran through the centre of it, leaving more than half still in 
Boche hands. As for the wood, it was a wood only in name^ 
ragged stumps sticking out of churned-up earth, poisoned with 
fumes of high explosives, the whole a mass of corruption. But 

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Fdcinn iiriiie 62 


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there was life enough in the trenches and below ground. Outside 
the wood the country was a featureless wilderness. Here is a 
description written at the time : 

" Imagine Hampstead Heath made of cocoa-powder, and the 
natural surface folds further complicated by countless shell-holes, 
each deep enough to hold a man, and everywhere meandering 
crevices where men live below the surface of the ground, and you 
will get some idea of the terrain of the attack." 

The absence of natural landmarks must always be borne in mind, 
for it explains what might seem to be instances of confusion and 
bad map-reading in the progress of the operations. 

The attack of September 15th was conceived on a grand scale. 
It was hoped that the breaking of the German third line, which was 
then holding us up, would constitute a decisive victory after the 
costly and indecisive fighting of the previous month. Many fresh 
divisions, of which we were one, were brought up for the occasion, 
and great hopes were placed on the effect of the novelty of the Tanks. 
Three corps were engaged, of which our own, the Ilird Corps, was 
on the left flank. The function of the Ilird Corps was to form a 
defensive flank on the forward side of the ridge on which Martin- 
puich and High Wood stand, to cover the advance northwards of 
the XlVth and XVth Corps on our right. The 47th Division was on 
the right of the Ilird Corps, thus linking the north-easterly 
movement (swinging north) of the llird Corps with the northerly 
movement of the XVth Corps. It will be seen how the obstacle of 
High Wood, which delayed our advance for a time, while it went 
forward on both sides, made this task particularly difficult. The 
Division attacked on a two-brigade front. On the right was Lord 
Hampden's 140th Brigade, with the 7th Battalion clear of High 
Wood and joining the New Zealand Division, and next on the left, 
attacking up the east side of the wood, with two companies clear of 
it, came the 15th Battalion. 

The 141st Brigade, under Brigadier-General McDouall, with the 
17th Battalion on the right and the i8th Battalion on the left, 
was faced by the wood all along its front. On the left came the 
50th Division. Our attack had three objectives : First, a line clear 
of High Wood ; second, the Starfish Line, down the forward slope ; 
third, on the right the strong Flers Line, where the 140th Brigade 
were to join up with the New Zealanders, falling back to join the 
141st Brigade in a communication trench, Drop Alley, whence 

64 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 15 

the final objective was prolonged westwards along Prue Trench 
in the valley. On the right the 8th Battalion were to pass through 
the 7th and 15th, and capture the Starfish Line, and the 6th 
Battalion to pass through them again to the Flers Line. On the 
left the 19th and 20th Battalions were to capture and consoUdate 
the second and third objectiv^es. The 142nd Brigade, under 
Brigadier-General Lewis, was in reserve about Mametz Wood, 
ready to move forvvard at zero to Bazentin-le-Grand, where it 
would be immediately in support of the attacking brigades. 

Zero was at 6.20 a.m. The troops attacking High Wood were at 
once engaged in heavy fighting. Four Tanks accompanied the 
attack, but could make no headway over the broken tree-stumps 
and deeply-pitted ground and were stuck before they could give the 
help expected from them. The infantry, thus disappointed of 
the Tanks' assistance, were also deprived of the support of the guns, 
which were afraid to fire near the Tanks. The 17th and i8th 
Battahons and half the 15th Battalion had a desperate fight for 
every foot of their advance. The enemy met them with bombs and 
rifle-fire from his trenches, and machine-guns from concrete em- 
placements, still undamaged, mowed them down. With the 
second wave of attack the 19th and 20th Battalions and part of 
the 8th joined the fight, and during the morning five battalions were 
at once engaged in the wood. Casualties were very heavy. Among 
many others fell Lieut. -Colonel A. P. Hamilton, of the 19th Battahon, 
who called all available men to follow him, and went up into the 
wood to try to restore order to the confused fighting. A little later 
Major J. R. Trinder, of the i8th, was killed. At eleven o'clock 
General McDouall arranged with Lieut. -Colonel A. C. Lowe, R F.A., 
for a new bombardment of the wood. At the same time the 140th 
Trench Mortar Battery succeeded in beating its previous record 
of concentrated fire. Its efforts finally demoralised the German 
garrison, who began to surrender in batches, and before one o'clock 
High Wood was reported clear of the enemy. On the flanks, mean- 
while, our progress had been faster. Tanks had been a great 
success with the division on our right, causing dismay to the 
garrison of Flers, and our own right flanks had gone foi ward with the 
New Zealandcrs — the 7th Battalion fighting their way to the first 
objective, a part of the 8th Battalion to the Starflsh Line, and the 
6th Battalion beyond this again. Some few got as far as the 
Flers Line, though this could not be held, and it was found later 

» J > , ■ •* 


Lieut. -Colonel A. P. Hamilton, M.C., 19th London Regt. 

(killed at High Wood) ; Lieut.-Colonel W. H. Matthews, D.S.O.. 

2oth London Regt. 

I'acinq page 64 


that their forward positions were in tlie Cougli Drop, a group of 
trenches in a valley west of Flers. As these units of the 140th 
Brigade went forward, they suffered more heavily from the exposure 
of their left flank, and the 6th Battalion especially lost many men 
from enfilade machine-gun fire, and there were only two officers 
and about one hundred other ranks of the attackers left to occupy 
the Cough Drop. On the left, similarl}^ the 50th Division went 
forward and occupied their second objective, but their right flank 
was exposed, and they could not hold their ground. 

On the afternoon of the 15th our situation was that High Wood 
was captured after desperate fighting in which the 141st Brigade 
had become so much disorganised from loss of leaders that it was 
temporarily formed into a composite battalion under Lieut. -Colonel 
Norman, of the 17th. The work of establishing a line on the first 
objective clear of High Wood was started by a mixed party under 
Captain H. S. Read, of the 20th Battalion. On both flanks, mean- 
while, the attack was going ahead, but was endangered by the gap 
opposite High Wood. Three battalions of the 142nd Brigade had 
been sent forward during the morning and placed at the disposal 
of the attacking brigades ; only one battalion, therefore — the 22nd 
— remained in divisional reserve, and nearly all that was engaged 
in the necessary work of carrying up ammunition. The capture 
of the Starfish Line, however, was considered essential, and at 
about 6 p.m. the 21st and 24th Battalions attacked with this object, 
under command of Lieut. -Colonel Kennedy. On the right the 21st 
Battalion at great cost attacked the Starfish Line, and captured 
the Starfish Redoubt itself, but their attempt to get on farther 
to the Cough Drop did not succeed. The 24th Battalion, attacking 
from the wood, met such heavy fire that they did not get to the 
Starfish Line, but dug themselves in about 200 yards in front of 
the first objective of the 141st Brigade. Only perfunctory artillery 
preparation could be arranged for this attack, and the assaulting 
troops suffered fearfully, the 21st Battalion having only 2 officers 
and 60 other ranks left unwounded out of 17 officers and 550 other 
ranks who attacked. The night was spent in consolidating the 
ground along the divisional front. 

During the afternoon some of the batteries began to move up in 
support, the first being the 19th London Battery, under Major Lord 
Gorell, who brought his battery up into the shell-hole area imme- 
diately behind High Wood. 

66 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 16 

Accompanied by Major Marshall, of tlie i8th Battery, Lord 
Gorell made a brilliant reconnaissance of the divisional front, and 
was able to report the line actually held that night by our troops, 
together with much other valuable information. For these dis- 
tinguished services Lord Gorell was awarded the D.S.O. 

With the object of securing the junction of the Ilird and XVth 
Corps, we were ordered to make good a ridge running north- 
east from High Wood to a point above the villages of Flers 
and Eaucourt I'Abbaye. This involved the capture of the Cough 
Drop — a lozenge-shaped group of trenches just under this ridge — 
and a communication trench. Drop Alley, which ran from it north- 
east to the Flers Line, and the Flers Line itself, forward of its 
junction with Drop Alley, on to the ridge. Three companies of 
the 23rd Battalion, with one company of the 22nd. were detailed 
for this job, under command of Lieut. -Colonel H. H. Kemble, of 
the 23rd. They attacked at 9.25 on the morning of September 
i6th. The Cough Drop presented no difficulty, for the 6th Battalion 
were found to be already in possession, but the trenches round it 
were effectually cleared of the enemy. The attack, however, 
went bej^ond its objective, misled by the discovery that this 
objective was already held by the 6th Battalion, and heading 
straight for the strongly held Flers Line. Aeroplanes reported 
our men in the Flers Line, and even in Eaucourt I'Abbaye, and these 
may have been parties of the 23rd ; if so, they were cut off before 
they could establish connection with supporting troops, for they 
never returned. 

It was considered imperative to get a footing in the Flers Line 
where it was joined by Drop Alley, and on the evening of the 17th 
orders were issued to the 140th Brigade to effect this. But that 
day steady rain had begun, making bad conditions far worse, and it 
was decided to postpone this operation until dawn of the i8th. 
A mixed force of the 8th. 15th, and 6th Battalions, under Lieut. - 
Colonel Whitehead, of the 8th, then attacked, and succeeded in 
occupying both the Flers Line and Drop Alley to within 50 yards 
of the junction which the enemy still held. Earlier on the same 
morning two companies, one each from the 23rd and 24th Battalions 
(under Major T. C. Hargreaves and Captain Figg), had attacked 
and occupied a part of the Starfish Line west of the Starfish Redoubt, 
which the 141st Brigade and the 24th Battalion successively failed 
to take on September 15th. This night attack was guided by a 

1 > 


Facinn pniie 66 


lamp fixed forward of the objective by Lieutenant W. G. 
Newton, adjutant of the 23rd Battalion. The Boche counter- 
attacked soon after the trench was gained, and succeeded in 
bombing our men almost back to the Redoubt. When we 
attacked again we found the trench deserted — a typical instance 
of the enemy's clever and bold methods. Very gallant and 
devoted work had been put into the consolidation of the Star- 
fish Line on the night of the ijth-iSth by a large working-party 
consisting of two sections of 2/3rd London Field Coy., R.E., and 
two companies of the Pioneers. This party, suffering many 
casualties on their way up, worked on the trench from the Redoubt 
to within 100 yards of the centre of the enemy's resistance on the 
left. During the work a strong patrol, under Major S. G. Love, 
R.E., and Lieutenant D. J. Williams, R.W.F., passed behind the 
enemy beyond this strong point. The party withdrew just before 
the attack mentioned above, on the morning of September i8th. 
With their experience, it was later planned, on Major Love's sug- 
gestion, that a party of the 4th R.W.F., under his command, should 
again attack the enemy's strong point. The Corps, however, 
ordered instead a retrenchment round this point to join up with 
the 50th Division on our left, which was completed by the Pioneers 
on the following night. 

On September 19th we were relieved by the ist Division, the 
140th Brigade fighting to the last, repelling a counter-attack by 
\\hich the enemy, for a while, won his way down Drop Alley, almost 
as far as the Cough Drop. The Divisional Artillery, Engineers, 
and Pioneers were left in the line under the ist Division, and 
the 19th Battalion remained forward for a few days to clear the 

Such a bald account as the foregoing attempts no more than 
to give a general idea of the progress of the operations, to suggest 
to those who took part in them the significance of events which, 
at the time, they almost certainly did not appreciate. It cannot 
in any way represent the strenuousness, the wonderful heroism, 
the appaUing discomfort and weariness of those days. Battalions 
went in fit and strong, full of confidence to take their part in the 
great British offensive. They came out, a few days later, a handful 
of men, muddy and tired out. Four days' fighting cost the 
Division just over 4.500 officers and men in casualties, and it is 
notable that those battalions (the 23rd, the 21st, and 6th) lost 

68 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 15 

most heavily wliich had been in the open, under the Gennan 
niachinc-gun lire and artillery barrage. Every battalion went 
into battle magnificently — wave after wave, just as at the last 
rehearsal when every detail is perfected. The lines of dead later 
bore mute testimony to the quality of our men and their training. 
That the momentum of the attack was spent in High Wood is no 
wonder, and the difficulty of making good the delay afterwards 
can but emphasise the value to the enemy of the position we had 
won. There are several divisional memorial crosses in High Wood. 
The 47th Division gained no higher honour than that its cross 
should stand among them, and that it should bear the latest date. 
The hea^'y losses incurred in the capture of High Wood, and 
the delays which occurred later in the prosecution of the attack 
by the 47th Division, as also by the division on its left, were 
mainly due to the unfortunate decision regarding the disposition 
of the Ilird Corps Tanks in the area of the 47th Division — a decision 
which was taken in opposition to the urgent representation, more 
than once expressed to higher authority by the Divisional Com- 
mander after personally Ausiting High Wood in conjunction with 
the Brigadier concerned, that the Tanks could not move through 
the wood, owing to the insurmountable nature of the obstacles 
inside it. Had the Tanks been placed outside the wood, as urged 
by Sir C. Barter, they could have materially helped the attackers 
in the wood. As it was they were the cause of the infantry being 
obliged to attack the wood without artillery assistance. A whole 
brigade was, in the event, practically put out of action, and the 
whole operation, including that of the division on the left, was 
thrown out of gear. 

The commvmications between Division and Brigades at Bazentin 
were very bad, chiefly owing to the fact that, although Fricourt 
Farm had been prepared as advanced headquarters, Divisional 
Headquarters (on the Army Commander's advice) remained to 
the south-west of Albert. This necessitated very long lines, subject 
to severe shell-fire between Fricourt and Bazentin, and to even 
more persistent interruption by traffic between Albert and Fricourt. 
The greater part of this stretch was occupied by horse-lines, across 
which the telegraph-lines had to pass. If cables were laid on the 
ground they were soon trampled into the mud, while the airhne 
poles were broken down by wagons. Nothing but " permanent 
lines " could stand, and their erection required time and heavy 


materia!. In front of Brigade Headquarters the lines held fairly 
well. The ground was favourable for visual signalling, but this 
means failed in the attack, owing to the forward station being 
knocked out by shell-fire. 

By September 2ist the Division was back in the Baisieux area 
— the brigades at Henencourt, Bresle, and Millencourt. The 
remainder of the month was spent resting, refitting, and absorbing 
fresh drafts, by addition of which the net loss to the Division after 
the High Wood operations was reduced to ill officers and 1,471 
other ranks. The new men, however, could only have the most 
hasty training with their units, and the deficiency of experienced 
officers placed a great responsibility on those that remained in our 
second appearance on the stage of operations. 

On September 28th Major-General Sir Charles St. L. Barter, 
K.C.B., C.V.O., left us. He had commanded the Division since 
our early days of training at St. Albans. He brought us out to 
France, watched us in the first months of apprenticeship, directed 
us to victory at Loos, and guided us through a difficult winter and 
through the anxious days of Vimy. He trained the Division for the 
Somme, and saw it spent in a harder fight than any before, the 
capture of High Wood. Under the command of Sir Charles Barter 
the fine tradition of the 47th London Division was firmly established, 
a tradition which was ever enhanced, as fresh opportunities came, 
under our new commander, Major-General Sir George F. Gorringe, 
K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., who succeeded him after a few days' 
interval, during which the Division was commanded by Major- 
General W. H. Grcenl}^ 

The 141st Brigade went up first to take over the line from the 
ist Division. They were in by dawn on September 29th. A 
further advance was intended, in which our objective was the 
village of Eaucourt I'Abbaye, a group of houses round the old 
abbey buildings, reputed to have extensive cellars, lying low, at the 
point where a short valley, from the direction of High Wood, 
turns at a right angle north-west towards the Albert-Bapaume 
road. Eaucourt I'Abbaye, therefore, is commanded by higher 
ground on every side except on the north-west. Before the attack 
it was desirable to push forward along the Flers Line on to the high 
ground south-east of the village. The i8th Battalion were ordered 
to do this. Their first attempt on September 29th was unsuccessful, 
but on the next da}' they gained the ground required. 

70 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. i 

The attack on Eaucourt I'Abbaye started at 3.15 p.m. on October 
1st. The attacking battalions, from right to left, were the 19th, 
the 20th, and the 17th. The i8th Battalion was in support, and, 
farther back, the 23rd, placed under orders of the 141st Brigade. 
Two Tanks co-operated, but had to start from cover some distance 
behind the infantry, and could not reach the village till at least an 
hour after zero. The right two battalions entered the Flers Line 
without difficulty. But their further advance was held up by 
persistent machine-gun fire from the west corner of the abbey 
enclosure. The Tanks later silenced these guns, whereupon the 
19th and 2oth Battahons rushed through the village, and estabUshed 
a line to the north of it. This position was most successfully 
held by troops under Lieutenant L. W. Needham, of the 20th 
Battalion, who held on under most difficult conditions until our fine 
was established round Eaucourt I'Abbaye. On the left of the 
attack the 17th came up against uncut wire in front of the Flers 
Line ; some of them got through this, but not in strong enough 
force to hold the line, and they were bombed out. Again, there- 
fore, our troops on the right had gone forward and occupied their 
objective, but their position was menaced by an unprotected left 
flank, and a gap was left on the right of the 50th Division in the 
Flers Line. To put this right the 23rd Battalion was ordered to 
attack the Flers Line, and to push on through the village to join 
up with the 19th and 20th Battahons. This operation was planned 
for 5 a.m. on the 2nd, just before dawn, but owing to the dark, 
wet night, the battalion was not assembled until 6.25 a.m., when it 
attacked in broad daylight. The advancing waves were cut 
down by machine-gun fire from the flank, and the attack achieved 


On the following day, at 3.35 p.m., two companies of the i8th 
Battalion attacked up the Flers Line successfully, got through 
Eaucourt I'Abbaye, and completed the circuit of our troops 
round the village. It was later discovered that we might 
have made good our line on the night of October ist without 
trouble, for the German battalion which had met the 141st Brigade 
attack was expecting relief that night, and left before their relief 
arrived. The enemy quickly found this out, and rushed up a 
battalion from support. Two companies came up to occupy 
the Flers Line opposite Eaucourt I'Abbaye ; one tried to go east 
of the village and was stopped by our barrage and the fire of the 



Fticina viae 70 



forward troops of the 141st Brigade ; the other came west of the 
village through the gap, and occupied their trenches just in time 
to meet the attack of the 23rd Battalion next morning. They 
were helped to save the situation by a dark night of pouring rain 
and our ignorance of newly-gained ground which we had hardly 
seen by daylight. 

The capture of Eaucourt I'Abbaye brought several of the batteries 
over the High Wood ridge into a little valley beyond the " Star- 
fish," where they maintained a precarious existence for the 
remainder of their stay on the Somme, and helped to cover the 
gallant but unsuccessful attacks of the 47th, and later of the 9th 
Division, on the Butte de Warlencourt. 

On October 4th the 140th Brigade took over the line from 
the 141st Brigade in preparation for another general attack. On 
the next day the 6th Battalion gained an important point by 
occupying the old mill 500 yards west of Eaucourt I'Abbaye. 

The nird Corps attack of October 7th was on a three-division 
front. On our right was the 41st, and on our left the 23rd Division, 
both our familiar neighbours later in " The Salient." The main 
German line of defence opposite us was the Grid Line, running north- 
west from Gueudecourt to Warlencourt, and including the Butte de 
Warlencourt, an ancient mound of excavated chalk, about 70 feet 
high, cunningly tunnelled by the enemy, and used as an observation 
post from which machine-gun and artillery fire from positions 
echeloned in depth was directed with devastating effect on the 
western slopes up which our men had to advance. Anticipating 
an attack on this important line, the Germans had dug a new 
trench across our front over the high ground north of Eaucourt 
I'Abbaye, westward into the valley. This trench — named Diagonal 
— was the first objective of the 140th Brigade ; their final objective 
was the Grid Line, including the Butte itself. The 8th Battalion 
was to secure Diagonal Trench, the 15th and 7th (in order from the 
right) were to push on to the final objective ; the 6th Battalion 
was in support. The attack was at 1.45 p.m. on October 7th. 
The whole attacking fine came under very heavy fire from Diagonal 
Trench, the garrison of which were apparently armed with auto- 
matic rifles. On the right some progress was made, and a line weis 
established along the sunken road leading north-east from Eaucourt 
I'Abbaye to La Barque, where a mixed force of the 15th and 8th 
Battalions was organised and commanded by Captain G. G. Bates, 

-2 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 7 

of the 15th. On the left the companies of the 8th, followed by the 
7th Battalion, tried to advance down the slope, forward of the 
mill, and met, in addition to fire from Diagonal Trench, the full 
force of the enemy artillery and machine-gun fire, cleverly sited in 
depth, so as to bring a withering cross-fire to bear along the western 
slopes leading up to the Butte and the high ground to the south 
of it. From across the valley the enemy had magnificent 
observation of the ground leading to our objective, and made full 

use of it. 

Not a man turned back, and some got right up under the 
Butte, but they were not seen again. Parties dug themselves in 
where they could, and a post was located on the next day by an 
aeroplane half-way up the road towards the Butte. The only 
permanent gain, however, on the left, was a few posts pushed out 
from the mill, which were established as strong points, to keep in 
touch \vith the 23rd Division, who advanced along the line of the 
main road, and succeeded in capturing the ruined village of Le 
Sars. The 140th Brigade suffered very severely in this operation, 
and on the following day were relieved of the left portion of their 
Une by the 142nd Brigade. But it was found to be impossible to 
relieve the 6th Battalion detachment in the advanced posts, which 
were left in their unenviable position until the 142nd Brigade 
attacked past them. 

Our relief by the 9th Division was impending, and it was hoped 
to improve the position on our left before we handed over. With 
this object the 142nd Brigade made another attempt on October 
8th to seize Diagonal Trench, and, if successful, were to assault 
the Butte. At 9 p.m. the 21st and 22nd Battalions made the 
attack, after one minute's intense bombardment. The 21st 
Battalion advanced to within 200 yards of Diagonal Trench without 
a casualty. Then, all at once, the full force of machine-guns 
was turned on them with dreadful effect. It seemed that the 
short bombardment had warned the enemy to be ready just in 
time. On the left, three companies of the 22nd entered Diagonal 
Trench without great opposition. But it was found to be a 
position untenable by day, and our success was limited to the 
establishment of several strong points, some 100 yards short of 
the objective. Only in this, their last operation, did battalions 
of the 142nd Brigade attack under command of their own 
brigadier, General Lewis. 


On October 9th Ihu 26th (South African) Brigade relieved the 
140th and 142nd Brigades in the hne. The Division liad finished its 
part in the summer fighting of 1916. Our total loss in casualties on 
the Somme was 296 officers and 7,475 other ranks killed, wounded, 
or missing. At this price we had borne our share in the successful 
advance of the Ilird Corps, mo\ang the line for^vard nearly three 
miles, and capturing, on the way, two German defence systems of 
prime importance. We were the last to fight in High Wood, and 
the first to break ourselves against the high ground in which stood 
the Butte de Warlencourt. Although attacked successively by 
three other divisions, the Butte was not captured until the enemy 
left it in his general retirement at the end of February, 1917. The 
Divisional Artillery remained in action for a few days longer and, 
together with two brigades of the ist Divisional Artillery, sup- 
ported the unsuccessful attack of the 9th Division on the Butte 
on October 12th. After this they were relieved in the line and 
assembled in the Behencourt area preparatory to marching 

During the Somme operations every branch of the Division had 
been taxed to the uttermost. The artillery were continuously 
in action from the middle of August under new and exhausting 
conditions. Guns were crowded forward in positions which offered 
little or no cover and accommodation, and were kept constantly 
at work firing at difficult targets, or providing hastily-prepared 
barrages for local operations. Difficulty of transport hit the 
artillery harder than any other branch of the Service. As the 
weather grew worse, the few forward tracks were almost lost in the 
general morass, and convoys from batteries and divisional ammuni- 
tion column had to plunge, up to the axles in mud, over the 
shell-torn ground that lay between the head of the made-up roads 
and their gun positions. Before they could get back to their 
open lines they must take their place in the soUd train of traffic, 
moving slowly along the winding " German road " that led back 
from Bazentin towards Fricourt. Conditions had changed remark- 
ably since 191 5. On the night after Loos, transport could use any 
road right up to our front line. Nearly a fortnight passed after 
September 15th, 1916, before a single mule track was got through 
over the High Wood crest. 

The long distances ovei- which the infantry carrjing-parties had 
to struggle every night with supplies of anmnunition and food were 

74 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 

a heavy strain on the brigade in reserve. At this stage the use of 
pack animals and hmbered wagons for the supply of the forward 
area was still in its infancy. 

The R.E. and Pioneers had the work of consolidation after each 
advance — a long march over heavily-shelled wilderness, followed 
by work under the worst conditions, black wet nights, heavy 
ground, constant chance of coming upon some little enemy strong- 
hold that had survived our last assault. There was, besides, 
the work of clearing communication trenches, of making forward 
tracks and tramways, arranging water-supply, and so on — the 
provision of all the ways and means of life in an uninhabitable 
region, and, not least, the bringing forward of all material necessary 
for their work. 

Fricourt Farm formed the local habitation of Divisional Head- 
quarters during the attack on Eaucourt I'Abbaye and subsequent 
da3'S. At the start communication with brigades at Bazentin was 
well maintained. As the enemy were pushed back the shelling 
in the " Valley of Death " between the farm and Bazentin diminished 
in intensity. But as soon as that occurred the inevitable artillery 
wagon-lines made their appearance, mushroom-Uke, during the 
night. Men lit fires in the trenches under the cables ; heavy 
armoured cable was found in one case doing extra duty as a picket- 
line for horses ; the linesmen of the New Zealand Division on our 
right, mistaking our lines for theirs, broke in on the conversations 
of staff officers with remarks from the consequences of which they 
were preserved only by their extreme remoteness and complete 

On several days when the road to Bazentin was dr}^ing up after 
rain the mud became so sticky that the motor-cyclist despatch 
riders stuck in it and the despatches had to be carried by mounted 
orderlies. On the day before the last relief, however, the Corps 
had extended their permanent route nearly as far as Bazentin — a 
very good performance — and communication troubles became 
normal again. 

The divisional medical arrangements for the Somme battle 
opened up a new departure in the collection and evacuation of the 
sick and wounded. Hitherto the plan adopted had been for two 
field ambulances each to be responsible for a section of the front 
^^^th the third in reserve running a depot for divisional sick not 
requiring evacuation. This was now changed. One ticld 

i > n y 

Facinsj pane 74 


ambulance, reinforced by the bearer sections and horse and motor 
ambulances of the other two, was now to become responsible for 
the front, while the other two with their remaining personnel were 
established at Franvillers and Millencourt, where depots were 
opened for sick and convalescents. 

The 5th London Field Ambulance formed an advanced dressing 
station at Flat Iron Copse, which was shared with a New Zealand 
and the 2 /3rd Northumbrian Field Ambulances, the main dressing 
station was formed at Bottom Wood, while a corps collecting station 
was formed at Fricourt, which, from its position, found itself doing 
duty for the corps on the right as well, soon after the beginning of 
the battle. During four days over three thousand cases passed 
through this station alone. 

While here the field ambulance received an unexpected visit 
from the Prime Minister, who chatted with the wounded and took 
a lively interest in their various experiences, remarking on the 
general high spirits that prevailed ; before leaving, Mr. Lloyd 
George expressed to Captain Clark his approval of all that 
he had seen. 

As the operations progressed and the advanced dressing station 
was moved forward to the Cough Drop, a bearer relay post was 
established near the corner of High Wood, while the post at 
High Alley became the main dressing station and headquarters 
of the field ambulance. Here the horse transport had their lines 
of necessity by the side of four batteries of heavy howitzers, with 
a 9"2 battery in rear. Interesting events were predicted when all 
the batteries opened out, as was their custom at dusk, but when 
that time arrived the least concerned of all were the horses. 

An enterprise which earned the gratitude of many was a field 
ambulance post, established on the side of High Alley, where hot 
tea could be obtained for the asking, night or day. Large numbers 
of men, worn out, wet through and ready to drop, eagerly availed 
themselves of the opportunity, and went on their way refreshed and 
with a renewed interest in life, even if the flavour of the tea was 
sometimes overcome by that of the chloride of hme in the water. 

The field ambulances worked under conditions of the utmost 
difficulty owing to the impossibihty, during the greater part of the 
battle, of using wheeled transport farther forward than the main 
dressing station at Bottom Wood. During the first phase, wounded 
had to be carried by hand from the dressing station at High Alley 

76 THE 471H (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 2 

to that at I'^lat Iron Copso, and often as far as Bottom Wood — 
a journey S(nTictimcs taking five or six hours. The absence 
of landmarks, and the difficulty of locating regimental aid-posts 
established by the battalion M.O.'s during the advance, added to 
the bearers' troubles. 

For the attack which began on October ist, the Cough Drop, 
now accessible by day and providing excellent shelter, was selected 
for the advanced dressing station. There was a wonderful 
German dugout — it seemed wonderful to us then — built as an 
aid-post, with three entrances in the side of a bank. It 
provided accommodation for some seventy stretcher cases. The 
dugout was destroyed owing to a chapter of accidents on 
October 2nd. To quote an account written by a lance-corporal 
of the R.A.M.C. (in private life a musical critic of distinction) : 
"Deep in the bowels of the Cough Drop, in the dressing-room, 
someone played the fool \Aith a Primus stove — you don't 
realise the number of imbeciles in a supposedly sane community 
till you see men playing the fool with Primus stoves. Someone 
else went to throw water over the blaze, but the supposed 
water was paraffin. The well-timbered dugout caught fire. 
Ever5'one escaped ; there was nothing else to do. An 
quantity of stores was destroyed, but far the worst was that this 
precious haven, where, in emergency, so many wounded could be 
housed out of harm's way, had ' gone west ' for good." 

On the same day Captain S. Clark, who was temporarily in 
command of the 5th London Field Ambulance, was killed by a 
German sniper while searching for a wounded man reported to be 
lying somewhere in the forward area. 

It was for gallantry on this occasion that the Military Cross was 
won by the Rev. David Railton, then a chaplain attached to the 
141st Brigade, and afterwards Vicar of Margate. Mr. Railton 
was the owner of the famous " Padre's Flag," the Union Jack which 
was used at the funerals of many men of the 47th Division in the 
field, and which was used on Armistice Day, 1920, at the funeral 
of the Unknown Warrior. 

At the Armistice Day service In 1521 the flag was solemnly 
dedicated and placed above the grave of the Unknown Warrior in 
Westminster Abbey. Representatives of the 47th Division were 
chosen to place it in position at the dedication ceremony. The 
tlag was put to many uses in the Division, from serving as the cover 

I9t6] the battle OF THE SOMME. 77 

of a rough Communion table to helping to decorate the stage at 
concerts behind the line. 

The mistaking of paraflin for water, when the two-tiallon petrol 
can was the only receptacle in use for every kind of liquid, except 
rum, was pardonable. At least one other serious accident occurred 
from the same cause in the big German dugout at Bazentin-le- 
Grand which, during the first attack, served all three brigades as 
ad\-anced headquarters. A major, who was acting as liaison officer 
from the neighbouring New Zealand Brigade, found himself 
presented with a whisky-and-paraffin — the divisional soda-water 
factory was not then in being. The supply of water as the line 
advanced and the stock of petrol cans became exhausted was a 
matter of the greatest difficulty. Forward of Bazentin-le-Grand 
Wood, where large tanks were filled from time to time by water- 
lorries which had to take their turn in the endless stream of traffic 
on the German road, every drop of water had to be man-handled. 
^^'eary carrying-parties struggled through the shme with two petrol 
cans full — something over 40 lb. of water — and returned dead 
beat, only to be sent back with another load. 

All the supply services were kept at high pressure. The igth 
Divisional Supply Column, which had already borne the strain of 
battle with its own division for some time, instead of being relieved 
with the 19th Division, was exchanged for our own column, and 
was kept working day and night under almost impossible conditions. 
The congestion of troops, and scarcity of roads — fewer and worse 
as they approached the line — threw a severe strain, too, on the 
Divisional Train and Ordnance personnel, the regimental stores, 
and first-line transport. The congestion and the frequent shelling 
of Albert railhead, where several divisions were loading, made the 
supply situation at times most complicated, and it needed great 
devotion to dut}^ on the part of all concerned to ensure the regular 
supply of rations to the fighting troops. 

On October loth the brigades were at Albert, Franvillers and 
Lavieville. Here they had valedictory inspections by the Hlrd 
Corps commander (Lieut. -General Sir W. Pulteney), and on 
October 14th they entrained at Albert for a journey northwards. 

On the same day the Divisional Artillery, having been relieved 
in the line, assembled in the Behencourt-Frechencourt area, 
preparatoiy to marching to join the Division in the Second 
Armv area. 

78 IHE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 14, 1916 

In a farewell message to the Division, General Sir Henry 
Rawlinson, Commanding Fourth Army, wrote as follows : 

The operations carried out by the 47th Division during the Battle of the Somme 
have been of material assistance to the l-'ourth Army, and I desire to congratulate 
all ranks on their gallantry and rndurance. 

The capture of High Wood and the trenches beyond it on September 15th and 
i6th was a feat of arms deserving of high praise, whilst the attack and capture of 
Eaucourt L'Abbaye on ist, 2nd, and 3rd October, involving as it did very hard 
fighting, was a success of which the Division may be justly proud. The Divisional 
Artillery has rendered excellent service in supporting the infantry attacks and in 
establishing the barrages on which success so often depends. 

I regret that the Division have now left the Fourth Army, but at some future 
time I trust it may be my good fortune to again have them under my command 
to add to the successes they have won at Loos, at High Wood, and at Eaucourt 

■if m 


Chapter VII. 
THE YPRES SALIENT, 1916-1917. 

ON October 14th the infantry of the Division marched into 
Albert from their billets in Lavieville and Franvillers to 
entrain for the North. 

There were some anxious moments, as trains were late and fresh 
columns kept converging on the station approach, where time was 
whiled away by the music of the London Irish pipers. Albert was 
still within artillery range of the German guns, but this unpre- 
meditated concentration passed unnoticed, and the last train, 
containing part of the 141st Brigade, got away in due course. 

Their progress was not rapid, various rumours circulating to 
account for the delay. As the transport had all gone before by 
march route permission was given for the iron ration to be con- 
sumed. The delighted faces of some of the men on the receipt of 
this information showed clearly that they had exercised intelligent 
anticipation and were faced with a foodless future of unknown 
duration, for estaminets in Albert were few and far between. 
However, as the trains crawled slowly towards Amiens, undamaged 
villages came in sight, and at each halt parties slipped away to 
purchase eggs and bread, and if the train started again in their 
absence, walked after it and caught it up. The Divisional Staff were 
most helpful, walking ahead of the train as it approached Amiens 
and purchasing ample supplies at the station. 

After passing that congested spot progress was more rapid, and 
after a journey that occupied some thirty-four hours to cover the 
thirty-six miles, the Division went into excellent billets round Pont 
Remy and Longpre, to be occupied, alas ! for a few hours only. 
The following day units marched back into the pleasant Somme 
Valley and re-entrained for the North, passing through the hospital 
areas round Etaples. 

8o THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 

On October i6th Divisional Headquarters were established at 
Hooggraaf, near Poperinghe, and arrangements were made to take 
o\er the Bluff sector from the left brigade of the 2nd Australian 
Division, and the Hill 60 sector from the right brigade of the 4th 
Australian Division. Meanwhile, the Division was arriving from 
the South, the 140th and 142nd Brigades reaching the Boeschepe 
area on the 17th, and the 141st Brigade the Steenvoorde area on 
the i8th. 

The Divisional area west of Ypres was a dull and depressing 
slice of country, almost dead flat, intersected by heeks, or ditches, 
with a few somewhat squalid clusters of houses at intervals, and 
covered with frequent hut-camps that required incessant labour 
to keep them drained and habitable. As time progressed these 
grew and multiplied, together with new railways, heavy and light, 
dumps, horse lines, heavy battery positions, " sausage " balloon 
stations, and all the impedimenta of the war of position. An 
excellent arrangement was that by which units coming out of the line 
alwaj's went to the same camp, and thus came to regard it as theirs, 
taking more pride in its upkeep and amenities generally than if they 
had been only casual occupants. 

Except for the occasional delights of Poperinghe the Division was 
dependent on itself for the necessary relaxation when out of the 
line. Its own excellent " Follies " and the corresponding units of its 
neighbours provided constant entertainment, culminating in the 
very successful revue of Christmas, 1916. Good playing fields were 
deficient in that closely cultivated country, where grassland was 
almost unknown and the best field became a slippery morass in wet 

A captured artillery map, which gave the Second Army 
Intelligence Department much invaluable information as to the 
exact location of enemy battery positions, was less accurate with 
regard to ours, but showed every hutted camp with impleasant 
accuracy. As most of these were under direct observation from 
the enemy's observation posts on the Wytschaete-Messines Ridge, 
the only wonder is that they were left so long in peace, serious 
shelling of the back areas being almost unknown until April, 191 7. 

Farther east and to the south of Ypres the country, though still 
flat, was much more picturesque, and was dotted with country 
houses, small and laige, with what had been delightful gardens and 

3 » 



Facing vane 80 

I9i6j THE YPRES SALIEN r, 1916-1917. Si 

well - wooded approaches. Though much knocked about the 
majoritj' were still habitable. 

Coming to the line itself, the ground sloped gently upwards to a 
low ridge, the possession of which, it was no secret, was regarded 
by the Second Army as vital to the retention of the whole sector, 
the spur in the south-east part of Ravine Wood, the Verbranden- 
molen Spur, the Bluff and Zwartelen Spur (north of the railway) 
being specially valuable. That this view of the tactical situation 
was shared by the enemy was shown by his heavy attack on the 
Canadian Corps in the previous June, the repulse of which cost our 
oversea comrades over 8,000 casualties. A repetition of this was 
constantly before the minds of the Army Conmiander and his Staf^. 
This accounts for the fact that the Divisional front was relatively 
narrow, extending from the Ypres-Comines Canal (exclusive) on 
the right (Bluff sector) to the Zwartelen Spur, north of the Ypres- 
Comines railway (inclusive) on the left (Hill 60 sector), a frontage of 
2,300 yards. 

This required a garrison of two brigades, with four battaUons for 
the front and support lines in the Bluff, Ravine, Verbrandenmolen 
and Hill 60 sub-sectors, with two battalions in local reserve at 
railway dugouts and Woodcote House, and two farther back at 
Swan Chateau and Halifax Camp, the rema.ining brigade being out 
of the line in Ottawa, Devonshire, Ontario, and Vancouver camps. 
The front Hne from the right included the large group of mining 
craters, mostly of enemy origin, at the end of the cutting that 
carried the Canal across the ridge, the earth embankment (or Bluff) 
being tunnelled to provide covered communication with the craters 
and dugout accommodation for part of the garrison. 

To the north the line, partly breastwork, partly trench, con- 
tinued just below the crest in front of the Ravine and the wrecked 
village of Verbrandenmolen to the second cutting through the ridge 
through which the railway ran. The left was overlooked and in 
places enfiladed or taken in reverse by the low eminence of Hill 60, 
which was in enemy hands. In spite of the greatest care, casualties 
were constantly occurring from enemy snipers. 

North of the railway the defences were of a most elaborate nature, 
as great mining activity had been going on for twelve months, and 
we had now a \'ery large mine dug right under the hill and ready 
for the coming Battle of Messines. 


82 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. (Oct. 19 

The guarding of this treasure involved two systems of under- 
ground defences, the infantry being responsible for the high level 
as well as the surface, and the tunnellers for the low le\'el 
workings. In case the enemy's countermining activities should 
necessitate the premature explosion of the big mine, a special 
local operation, involving the attack and capture of Hill 60 and 
the adjoining sectors, was ready to be brought into operation at 
very short notice. 

To the north of the hill the ground sloped down to a swampy 
valley, so that a continuous line became impossible and a series of 
posts approached only at night over the open took its place, with a 
strong point at Battersea Farm in support. 

Touch was maintained with the Division to the north by means of 
night patrols. The ground, especially at the Bluff, where mining 
activities had unearthed a series of quicksands, was very soft and 
swampy in wet weather, No Man's Land being quite impassable 
to either side. Drainage was very difficult when the ground 
became waterlogged. It almost appeared that water in those 
parts had the faculty of draining uphill. Much good work had 
been done in the previous six weeks by the Australians, but 
much additional shell-proof accommodation was required to make 
the defence secure. 

The artillery were arranged in two groups, one in Ypres and one in 
the Railway Dugouts, The batteries went into positions which 
had been occupied on and off for years, such as Brisbane Dump, 
Doll's House, Trois Rois, Lankhof Farm, and some east of Ypres. 
They were all well known to the enemy, and in fact nearly all well 
in view from their high ground, but there were no others better, 
so it was a matter of making the best of it and strengthening the 
pits as much as possible. The appearance of any of these positions 
after a heavy bombardment by 5'9-in. and 8-in., however, made 
one sadly conscious of the fact that they existed almost on 
sufferance. Indeed, it was always a marvel that the enemy did not 
knock them out more often than he did. 

At 8 a.m. on October 19th, Major-General Gorringe took over 
command, the 140th Brigade taking over the Bluff and the i42nG 
Brigade the Hill 60 sectors. The Canadian tunnellers, however, 
remained, being relieved at intervals by the Australians. Mining 
activity on both sides was considerable, though not of the strenuous 

I9i6] THE YPRES SALIENT. 1916-1917. 83 

nature to which the Division was accustomed on the Vimy Ridge. 
Our tunnellers claimed to have the upper hand, and subsequent 
events proved that this contention was fully justified. 

No sooner was the Division installed than the enemy proceeded 
to celebrate their arrival by a little mining activity at the Bluff. 
At 6 a.m. on October 22nd they blew two or three mines near 
craters C and D, the 6th Battalion with their usual luck being 
the garrison at the time. Our posts in C and D craters were 
buried by the explosion, the two craters being practically blown 
into one, and some men were also buried at the eastern end of 
B crater. A new and separate crater, known as E, was also 
formed to the north of D. 

No attack was made by the Germans when the mines were blown, 
but about 9 a.m., when the 6th were digging out the buried men, 
some Germans came across with a machine-gun from their trenches, 
which were only some fifty yards from C and D craters. The 4th 
Australian Division, on the south side of the Canal, fired at the 
raiders and inflicted some casualties, but they bombed our men 
and mounted their machine-gun in such a position as to command 
the interior of B crater. Our men escaped through the tunnel to A 
crater, but failed to reoccupy B, owing to the fire of the hostile 
machine-gun. The tunnel was therefore blocked, and trench 
mortars were turned on to the Germans who were occupying the 
eastern lips of C and D craters. 

The situation remained unchanged until night, when our men 
reoccupied B crater, and found no trace of the Germans in any of 
the others. The lip between B and C and D craters was 
consolidated in such a way as to command the interior of the 
two latter. 

On October 23rd the G.S.O.i., Lieut. -Colonel Weatherby, D.S.O., 
went sick, and was replaced by Lieut. -Colonel A. J.Turner, D.S.O., 
from the Second Army. Colonel Turner was the second 
distinguished cricketer to join the Divisional Staff, for we already 
had Captain R. O. Schwarz, of " googly " fame, as D.A.Q.M.G. 

In the year during which he served on the Divisional Staff — from 
March, 1916, to March, 1917 — " Reggie " Schwarz made many 
friends in the Division, and his unfailing cheerfulness and winning 
personality was a considerable asset to the hard- worked " Q" staff. 
It was with deep regret that we heard of his death in hospital a 

84 Tin: 47T1I (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 

short time after a severe attack of bronchitis had sent him down to 
the base in 191 7. 

The weather had now turned colder and rain was frequL-nt. 
The " trench strength" of the Division was 264 officers and 8,481 
other ranks. The Division having settled down, the usual process of 
reminding the enemy that there was a war on began on October 
30th by an organised bombardment of the enemy's front and 
support lines opposite the Bluff, considerable damage being done. 

On November 4th the Duke of Connaught inspected the i8th 
Battalion (London Irish Rifles), of which battalion he was Honorary 
Colonel, and the Commanding Officer, Lieut. -Colonel B. McM. 
Mahon, M.C., was presented to him. The same day our miners 
succeeded in blowing in an enem\' gallery that had been driven under 
our front line, and the mining situation became easier. The enemy's 
trench-mortars having devoted considerable attention to Marshall 
Walk, and a good deal of damage having been caused, a pre- 
arranged scheme of immediate retaliation was introduced which 
succeeded in largely abating the nuisance. 

On November 18 th the first frost occurred. Reinforcements, 
especially of officers, had been steadily trickling in, so that by the 
25th the " trench strength " had increased to 352 officers and 
8,635 other ranks. 

The ist Canadian Tunnelling Compan}^ on December nth, blew 
a large camouflet in rear of the enemy's gallery, which was 
threatening C and D craters, and on the following day they broke 
into this from our own workings, occupying 500 feet of enemy 
workings, which contained much mining material and two dead 
Germans. No prisoners were, however, captured. 

The enemy bombarded the whole Divisional front on December 
15th. This was followed b}' the SOS going up on the 23rd 
Divisional front on our left at 4. 25. This signal was mistaken for 
our own, with the result that both artilleries e.xpended much 
ammunition before the situation again became normal. 

Two days later a patrol of one N.C.O. and one man returning 
from Glasgow to Berry post was captured by the Germans, the 
N.C.O. subsequently escaping and returning to our lines. Ne.xt 
day a ticklish operation was successfully performed by the tunnel- 
lers, who blew a large camouflet at Hill 60 without detonating the 
large mine. On December 21st the Commander-in-Chief inspected 

> I • ^ » ■ «j • 

PAoio 6y] [Spi-aielil. 

Brig. -General Viscount HAMPDEN, K.C.B., C.M.G. 

Commanding i4otli Infantry Brigade, 1916-1917. 

Fncinii pone 84 

1016] THE YPRES SALIENT, 1916-1917. 85 

in the rain the iSth, 19th, and 20th Battalions, chatting informally 
with many officers and men, and expressing himself as much 
gratified with the appearance and steadiness of the miits under 
unfavourable conditions. 

On the following day a raiding-party of the Civil Service Rifles 
succeeded in entering the enemy's front line between the Bluff and 
the Shrine after a two minutes' bombardment. The trenches were 
found to be considerably damaged and several dead and wounded 
Germans were found. Owing to their violent resistance none of the 
enemy was brought back alive, but the raiders accounted for about 
a dozen Germans, and a shoulder-strap identified the troops opposite 
as belonging to the 416th Regiment of the 204th Division, which 
agreed mth our existing information. The losses of the raiders 
were two other ranks missing, believed killed, and two officers 
and nine other ranks slightly wounded. 

During the night of the 23rd-24th a series of patrols went out along 
the Xth Corps front. One near the Bluff encountered a party of 
about twenty of the enemy and drove them off with bombs. 
Another south of the railway cutting was fired on and lost three 
men, but much useful information was gained as to the condition 
of the enemy's wire, his method of holding his trenches, and the 
state of No Man's Land. 

Meanwhile the 141st Brigade, which had the good fortune to be 
in Divisional Reserve, made the most of their opportunity of 
celebrating Christmas. With vivid recollections of 1915 and the 
HohenzoUern Redoubt, they determined to go while the going was 
good, and company dinners started officially as early as the 21st. 
The hutted camps proved invaluable for this pui pose, as many of the 
larger huts were just large enough to have a complete company 
packed into them before dinner. Their removal afterwards was 
not always so simple. 

The supply of turkeys was insufficient to provide ever\^body with 
this seasonable delicacy, but an excellent substitute was found in 
the shape of roast pork, which could be obtained locally " on the 
hoof." Dinners in camp had this further advantage over cele- 
brations in " Pop," that the dispersing revellers were spared the 
well-meant but sometimes embarrassing attentions of the A. P.M. 
and his zealous assistants. Mess carts had scoured the country 
as far afield as Bailleul and Hazebrouck to such good purpose that 

86 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Jan. 

the resultant menus would have been no discredit to many a London 
restaurant, though the cooks were without almost everything in 
the way of apparatus that a chef is supposed to want. The troops 
in the line were less fortunate, the enemy bombarding fairly heavily, 
and causing considerable alarms, damage, and casualties. The 
signallers had to repair one buried cable in thirty places and then 
lay a new one. 

Two changes occurred in the command of infantry brigades on 
December 28th, Brigadier-General F. G. Lewis, C.M.G., com- 
manding the 142nd Infantry Brigade, went sick, and Lieut. -Colonel 
H. B. P. L. Kennedy, D.S.O., commanding the 21st Battalion, took 
over temporary' command. Brigadier-General R. McDouall, 
D.S.O., commanding 141st Infantry Brigade, went on a month's 
leave, handing over to Lieut.-Colonel W. C. W. Hawkes, com- 
manding 4th Battalion R.W.F. (Pioneers). 

The year closed quietly, the only disturbance being a little 
celebration at midnight, arranged by the gunners. First one round 
of 9'2-inch, a pause ; nine rounds of 6-inch, a pause ; one round of 
8-inch, a pause ; and then seven rounds from the 6o-pounders to ring 
in 191 7. The infantry added five rounds rapid as their contribution. 

January ist was marked by a heavy enemy bombardment of 
the whole Divisional front which did considerable damage to our 
trenches, blowing in the entrance of North Street tunnel to crater A. 
All indications pointed to a raid, but none took place, and by 
6.15 p.m. things had become quieter. At night mild excitement 
was caused by the circulation to units from Divisional Headquarters 
of details of the New Year Honours and Awards, which covered 
the period March to September, 1916, and thus included the Somme 

For some days the enemy had been shelling the back areas in 
a desultory fashion, and on the 4th an unpleasant reminder of 
the possibilities of the new German lield-gun was given by a direct 
hit on Swan Chateau by a yj-nmi. shell which burst in a room 
occupied by runners of the 17th Battalion, killing one and wounding 
eleven. The enemy's artillery and trench-mortar activity, combined 
with the eliects of rain and snow, made the maintenance of our 
trenches most laborious and difficult. The earth, especially near 
the Bluff, had the consistency of porridge, and revetting was 
necessary by means of " A " frames, corrugated iron, and expanded 

igi7] THE YPRES SALIENT, 1916-1917. 87 

metal. These latter, in their turn, when damaged by artillery 
fire, were very difficult to clear away. 

WTien it is remembered also that all troops on duty were equipped 
" boots, gum, thigh," that these had to be changed at least once in 
each twenty-four hours and carried to and from the drying-rooms, 
that water had to be brought from a considerable distance, and 
that the Divisional Commander had given strict orders that all 
troops on duty in the front system were to be supplied with either 
a hot meal or a hot drink every four hours, it will be appreciated 
that a tour in the front-line was no period of ease and leisure. 
Added to this, the evacuation of casualties, both killed and 
wounded, was a laborious business that absorbed the services of 
a number of men, so it is not surprising that a constant state of 
guerrilla warfare existed between the Staff and the battalions as 
to the discrepencies between " trench strengths " and the numbers 
who actually paraded for " work." 

Major-General Gorringe's insistence on hot food was, however, 
fully justified by results, the numbers evacuated sick being 
surprisingly small in view of the, at times, appalling weather 
conditions. Casualties from " trench feet " also, as compared 
with the previous winter, dwindled to quite small proportions, 
thanks to the precautions recommended and enforced. 

On the 15th the Division suffered a heavy loss. Major Lord 
Gorell, D.S.O., when returning from observing for his battery, was 
mortally wounded by a shell in Marshall Walk. A pre-war 
Territorial officer of high professional attainments, and at times 
almost reckless courage, his loss was universally mourned. 

As the enemy's artillery activity showed unpleasant similarity 
to that displayed previous to his attack on the Canadians the 
preceding June, the Army authorities considered a similar operation 
probable, and measures were taken to counter it. On January 
i6th these took the form of a mixed intense and deliberate bombard- 
ment by the Divisional Artilleries of the 47th, 23rd, and 4Tst 
Divisions, the Corps Heavies, and the Army " Circus." The 
enemy's retaliation caused considerable damage ; the Battalion 
Headquarters in Larchwood Tunnels was blown in, and the orderly- 
room sergeant of the 6th Battalion was killed. The artillery 
observation post in the Bluff craters was also blown in by a shell 
which killed Lieutenant Duffus and his telephonist. 

88 THE 47Tn (London) DIVISION. [Feb. 

Poor visibility on the following day put a stop to the bombard- 
ment. Several days' snow and frost followed. On the 25th the 
enemy shelled the 142nd Brigade Headquarters at Bedford House, 
obtaining direct hits with 82-in. on the mess and the brigade 
major's dugout. The Staff had prudently retired to the cellars, 
and suffered only the total loss of the sweet course. 

Hard frost continued during the early daj^s of February, the 
thermometer falling to zero on the 2nd. This made all work, 
except wiring existing trees and pickets, almost impossible, and 
since the water froze as it percolated into the trenches, it seemed 
only a matter of time before the garrisons on both sides would be 
lifted to ground level. On February 9th, during a burst of mutual 
artillery activity, a green light was seen to go up near the Ravine. 
As all wires to this sector had been cut, and this was at the time 
our SOS signal, it was naturally assumed to indicate an enemy 
raid, and the Divisional and Corps Artillery promptly responded. 
When communication was restored, it appeared that the light was 
a German one, apparently fired in anticipation of a raid by us. 

On the 14th the enemy were very active against our back areas, 
the Cafe Beige and Brisbane Dump being heavily shelled. 
Poperinghe was also shelled by a long-range gun. From now on the 
front-line infantry began to feel real sympathy for the Transport, 
as the latter were frequently shelled on the way up with rations, 
which they nevertheless always contrived to deliver sooner or 
later. Owing to the heavy demand for R.E. material and ammimi- 
tion, convoys from the Divisional Ammunition Column, Train, 
and Engineers, as well as from the Field Ambulances and Supply 
Column, were trekking night after night over the shelled 
roads through Vlamertinghe and Ypres, and the task of the military 
police in controlling the never-ending stream of traffic in the 
darkness was no light one. 

Throughout the desolate winter months the 4th Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers were constantly engaged in the work of improving and 
maintaining trenches, dugouts, and trench tramway communi- 
cations in the forward area. 

The narrow-gauge tramway tracks running forward from 
Woodcote Farm Junction to the Bluff and Ravine received unusual 
attention from the enemy during the spring months of 1917. The 
cutting of big .sections of line was of almost daily occurrence, but 





Facing page 88 

1917] THE YPRES SALIENT, 1916-1917. 89 

the Pioneer breakdown gangs dealt with every emergency, and on 
no occasion was the nightly flow of engineering stores, rations, 
and ammunition to the front-line interrupted for long. 

A small party of the enemy attempted to raid the 6th Battalion 
on February i8th near the top of Hedge Row, but they were observed 
and fired on. Two were killed and several wounded, inchiding the 
leader, an uncommunicative feldwebel, who was captured with 
gunshot wounds through both hands. A wounded private was 
also brought in and proved to be much more talkative. Both 
belonged to the 65th Reserve Infantry Regiment. 

Later on another party succeeded in entering our trenches near 
the same spot, and in the inky darkness approached a Lems gun 
which had been fixed to lire on a gap in the enemy's ware. The 
team were busy hfting out the gun to fire on the raiders and mistook 
the latter in the trench for our own men, so that the enemy succeeded, 
after badly wounding the corporal in charge and another man, in 
getting away with the gun, but without any prisoners. 

The outstanding event of this winter in the Ypres salient was the 
raid carried out by the 6th Battalion on February 20th, 1917. 
The raid was planned and rehearsed long before its actual execution ; 
in fact, it was reported that the proprietors of any estaminet in 
Poperinghe were prepared to tell you the date, time, and personnel 
of the projected operation for some months before it took place. 
If this was so, either the German Intelligence Service had 
deteriorated or the accuracy of the information was doubted, 
because when the raid was eventually carried out after a week's 
wire-cutting, extending, it is true, over a wde area, the prisoners 
admitted that they were completely surprised by the attack. 

The plan was to raid the enemy trenches in the map-square 1. 34 
in daylight, with the object not only of inflicting casualties, capturing 
and destroying war material, dugouts, machine-gun and minenwerfer 
emplacements, but of gaining information in regard to the hostile front 
system and its garrison, and also to look for, and, if found, to destroy 
any mine-shafts in the vicinity, to search for gas-cylinders, and to 
destroy a light gun which had been the cause of considerable annoy- 
ance to us, and had been located not far behind the German third line. 

Zero was fixed at 5 p.m. with the idea of ensuring more efficient 
control and taking advantage of the dusk to cover the withdrawal o( 
the attackers an hour later. 

90 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Feb. 20 

The troops employed consisted of four companies of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Mildren's 6th Battalion, with six Lewis guns, one officer 
and twenty sappers of the 520th Company, R.E., and one officer 
and four other ranks of the 2nd Australian Tunnelling Company, 
making a total of twenty officers and six hundred and forty other 
ranks. With the object of deceiving the enemy as to the actual 
point of the attack, a dummy raid by the 22nd Battalion of the 
142nd Infantry Brigade, who were holding the Hill 60 sector, 
was arranged to precede the actual raid, a small mine being fired 
in No Man's Land five minutes before, and a second two minutes 
before zero. 

The firing of the first mine was to be followed by a barrage of 
field-guns and 2-in. trench-mortars, which lifted at zero to form 
a box barrage in rear of the craters until zero, plus ten minutes. 
Trench junctions and strong points behind the line were bombarded 
by howitzers and 2-in. trench mortars, and smoke-bombs were fired 
at Hill 60 and the Caterpillar. Various coloured rockets were 
fired behind our lines. Other coloured rockets were collected in 
the Bluff craters and were fired in salvos, six, nine, and twelve 
minutes after zero, while the 41st Divisional Artillery kept the 
high ground south of the Canal under heavy fire throughout. 
Finally, Stokes mortars were borrowed, for over eighteen were in 
position to barrage the enemy's front-lines on the actual front to 
be raided, most of which was too close to permit of wire-cutting 
by the i8-pounders. The usual artillery and machine-gun co- 
operation was arranged, and smoke-grenades and trench-mortar 
smoke-bombs were used to isolate the raided portion of the 
enemy's lines and prevent accurate enfilading fire being brought 
to bear from the high ground on their side on either flank. 

This plan worked out admirably The enemy was evidently 
very nervous of the situation at Hill 60, and as this had been 
included in the previous wire-cutting, mistook the dummy raid for 
the real one, as his counter barrage was prompt, and, of course, 
descended upon almost empty trenches, the garrison, with the 
exception of the minimum number of sentries, having been with- 
drawn into the tunnels. The firework display from the Bluff 
also contributed, as another barrage descended on that area. 
The hurricane bombardment of the eighteen Stokes mortars not 
only cut the enemy's wire, but forced the garrison of the 






90 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Feb. 20 

The troops employed consisted of four companies of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Mildren's 6th Battalion, with six Lewis guns, one officer 
and twenty sappers of the 520th Company, R.E., and one officer 
and four other ranks of the 2nd Australian Tunnelling Company, 
making a total of twenty officers and six hundred and forty other 
ranks. With the object of deceiving the enemy as to the actual 
point of the attack, a dummy raid by the 22nd Battalion of the 
142nd Infantry Brigade, who were holding the Hill 60 sector, 
was arranged to precede the actual raid, a small mine being fired 
in No Man's Land five minutes before, and a second two minutes 
before zero. 

The firing of the first mine was to be followed by a barrage of 
field-guns and 2-in. trench-mortars, which lifted at zero to form 
a box barrage in rear of the craters until zero, plus ten minutes. 
Trench junctions and strong points behind the line were bombarded 
by howitzers and 2-in. trench mortars, and smoke-bombs were fired 
at Hill 60 and the Caterpillar. Various coloured rockets were 
fired behind our lines. Other coloured rockets were collected in 
the Bluff craters and were fired in salvos, six, nine, and twelve 
minutes after zero, while the 41st Divisional Artillery kept the 
high ground south of the Canal under heavy fire throughout. 
Finally, Stokes mortars were borrowed, for over eighteen were in 
position to barrage the enemy's front-lines on the actual front to 
be raided, most of which was too close to permit of wire-cutting 
by the i8-pounders. The usual artillery and machine-gun co- 
operation was arranged, and smoke-grenades and trench-mortar 
smoke-bombs were used to isolate the raided portion of the 
enemy's lines and prevent accurate enfilading lire being brought 
to bear from the high ground on their side on either flank. 

This plan worked out admirably The enemy was evidently 
very nervous of the situation at Hill 60, and as this had been 
included in the previous wire-cutting, mistook the dummy raid for 
the real one, as his counter barrage was prompt, and, of course, 
descended upon almost empty trenches, the garrison, with the 
exception of the minimum number of sentries, having been with- 
drawn into the tunnels. The firework display from the Bluff 
also contributed, as another barrage descended on that area. 
The hurricane bombardment of the eighteen Stokes mortars not 
only cut the enemy's wire, but forced the garrison of the 


S. OF HILL 60 ON FEBRUARY 2otb, 1917. 

Rough sketch of plan of attack issued to officers and N.C.O.'s of the 6th 
Londons for the assault which took place on the German lines at 5 p.m. on 
rebruary 20th, 1917. 

Each platoon was allotted its task as indicated by the numbered ovals, the 


assaulting troops forming up as shown. The ground had been carefully studied 
from aenal photographs and personal observation. The careful training of the 
troops and the enthusiasm of all ranks overcame the very great difficulties of 
the assault, and resulted in the outstanding success of the operations. 

1917] THE YPRES SALIENT, 1916-1917. 91 

front-line either to get into their concrete dugouts or stop outside 
and be killed. 

In consequence, the attackers met practically no hostile fire 
when going over. They captured the front-line almost without 
resistance, the hostile machine-guns in their concrete recesses not 
being ready for action. The only officer captured in the raid was 
found in one of the dugouts, which was solidly built and almost 
undamaged. He proved to be the officer in command of the 
sector, and had been caught on an ordinary tour of inspection 
without a revolver or even a stick. He was a brave man, and it 
was only the lack of something to do it with that had prevented 
his putting up a fight. The intermediate line, which did not 
appear to be used, was badly flattened out, and the main support 
line was also badly damaged and yielded a considerable haul of 
prisoners. There were no gas-cylinders, and only one mine-shaft 
was discovered, which was destroyed. 

The light gun was not found. Enemy dugouts and machine-gun 
emplacements were wrecked by firing mobile charges in them, and 
this very nearly caused us severe casualties, as during the noise 
and confusion of the raid the R.E. Company had the greatest 
difficulty in diverting triumphant raiders returning dragging machine- 
guns and other loot from the neighbourhood of dugouts containing 
a fizzling charge of ammonal. The withdrawal was carried out 
according to plan, the red rockets that were fired behind our lines 
proving a useful guide and signal. Other rockets of a different 
colour were being fired north and south of the actual signals. 

The total results were : One officer and one hundred and 
seventeen other ranks captured, two of whom died in our trenches ; 
two heavy and three light machine-guns and large quantities of 
documents, maps, and papers. A large number of the enemy 
were also killed or wounded when escaping to the rear. A great 
deal of destruction was carried out in the enemy's trenches at a 
total cost of eleven other ranks killed, three died of wounds, two 
missing, with four officers and fifty-six other ranks wounded, a 
total of seventy-six. The number of prisoners broke all existing 
records, and was never equalled in a raid by a single battalion 
during the whole of the war. The large number may be attributed 
to the fact that the enemy were largely surprised, while the 
attacking troops had few casualties going over, and also succeeded 

92 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Feb. -April 

in cutting off the bulk oi the garrison of the enemy salient. The 
official German account of this extraordinarily successful raid, 
circulated to the German Press of February 22nd, 1917, was as 
follows : " Strong English patrols which attempted to advance 
after exploding mines on both sides of the Ypres-Comines railway 
were checked by our bairage fire. Some few did reach the German 
lines, but were dri^•en out again, losing prisoners. It is significant 
that the unwounded English prisoners captured here were so 
absolutely intoxicated that it was impossible to interrogate them." 
On February 25th three officers' patrols of the 141st Infantry 
Brigade went out, but encountered no enemy patrols, and reported 
that all was quiet and the enemy's line was not strongly held. 
Two days later the 39th Division — commanded by our old friend 
General Cuthbert— relieved the 23rd Division on our left. Next 
evening another mutual " scare " occurred, both the 6th London 
in the railway sub-sector and the enemy sending up the SOS 
during a bombardment. The 6th had one officer and twenty other 
ranks hit, and one Lewis gun knocked out. As raids and bombard- 
ments by both sides were of almost nightly occurrence on the 
Corps front, these incidents admit of easy explanation, the lines 
being so close together that the putting down of a hostile barrage 
naturally led the infantry on the spot to assume that a raid was 
taking place, or about to do so. 

On March 15th the enemy, suspecting that the railway was 
being used to bring up timber and stores, heavily bombarded the 
neighbourhood of Zillebeke Halt, destro}-ing the track for some 
three hundred yards to the west of that place. On the 23rd the 
142nd Infantry Brigade moved back from Divisional Reserve to 
the training area at Tilques. Early next day a hostile aeroplane 
flying low was successfully engaged by a Lewis gun of the 20tli 
Battalion and crashed behind the enemy support line, where it 
was ultimately destroj-ed by our artiller\-. I-'ollowing on a very 
heavy trench-mortar bombardment which blew in all the tunnelled 
entrances in the craters, the enemy succeeded in entering them, 
but subsequently withdrew without securing any prisoners. 

Several organised bombardments of the enemy lines were 
imdertaken during this period, and it was determined to repeat 
the raid of the 6th BattaHon. The i8th Battalion were selected 
for this, and were taken out of the line fur training, their place in 

igiy] THE YPRES SALIENT, 1916-1917. 93 

the Hill 60 sub-sector being taken by the 20th Battalion. The 
preliminaries were similar to those of February, but on this 
occasion the enemy was better prepared. He brought up a 
battalion of storm troops into close support, and his artillery 
preparations were more complete. The London Irish were shelled 
on their way up to the line, losing one of their company commanders, 
Captain Fairlie, badly wounded by shrapnel. When they went over, 
the enemy promptly put down a " nut-cracker " barrage on both 
front-lines and brought up his reserves. 

The result was something very like a pitched battle in the enemy 
reserve-line, casualties on both sides being heavy. The state of 
the ground was very bad and caused delay, and the continued 
enemy barrage forced the returning raiders to deviate to both 
fianks. The net results were eighteen prisoners taken, many of 
the enemy killed, and dugouts and emplacements destroyed. 
Our casualties were about one hundred and sixty all ranks, including 
Sec-Lieut. M. E. Thomas, commanding the detachment of the 
517th Coy., R.E., who accompanied the raiders, wounded. That 
evening an enemy aeroplane bombed Divisional Headquarters. 

On the following day the reorganisation of the Divisional front 
began. The 23rd Division took over the Hill 60 sub-sector from 
the 141st Infantry brigade, relief being complete by 2.15 a.m. 
on April 9th. Hardly had the newcomers settled than the enemy 
opened a heavy artillery and trench-mortar bombardment of their 
new sector, also shelling the Dickebush and Brisbane Dump road 
with gas-shells. At 7 p.m. he raided Hill 60 sub-sector, after 
disabling many of the garrison with carbon monoxide trench-mortar 
bombs. The Germans penetrated into the " high level " under- 
ground defences, and a confused struggle, in which infantry and 
Australian tunnellers co-operated, took place. Extraordinarily 
little damage was done in the circumstances, one bomb being thrown 
into the Company Headquarters, which was empty, and another 
into the dynamo which supplied the electric light for the tunnels, 
without disabling it. 

That evening the 7th Battalion took over the Spoil Bank section 
south of the Canal from the 41st Division, relief being complete 
by 2 a.m. on April loth. This southward move took the Division 
astride of the Canal, which was a serious obstacle to counter- 
attacking troops. The move also obviated the cutting of the 

94 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [April, 1917 

Divisional front in two bj' the barraginE; of the railway cutting, 
which now formed the north boundary. On the night of the I4ih- 
15th a patrol of the 7th Battalion, south of the Canal, lost its way 
and was captured. 

This period was marked by great artillery activity on our part, 
with considerable enemy retaliation. On April 12th the 142nd 
Brigade, who had returned from the training area, relieved the 
140th Brigade on the right. The 141st Brigade then moved out, 
returning on April 26th. On the 20th our artillery supported 
the 41st Division, who were being heavily shelled, following this 
up with a raid. The command of the Divisional Artillery had been 
taken over at the end of March by Brigadier-General E. N. Whitley, 
a Territorial officer who had already won distinction with the \\'est 
Riding Division, and a brother of the present Speaker of the House 
of Commons. Two months earlier Major the Hon. H. G. 0. 
Bridgeman had joined the Division as Brigade Major, R.A. Both 
these officers were destined to remain with the 47th until the end 
of the war, Major Bridgeman being promoted to command a brigade 
in November, 1918. 

In the earlv hours of April 24th the enemy attempted to raid 
the centre battalion of the 140th Brigade, but were driven off by 
Lewis-gun fire. This was repeated on the following morning near 
the Ravine, but the left battalion again succeeded in driving the 
enemy off. 

On the 29th the enemy shelled the Reninghelst-Ouderdom road 
with a 47-in. naval gun, one shell landing on the parade-ground 
of the 141st Brigade reinforcement camp and wounding two men. 
From this period the whole of the Divisional area was intermittently 
shelled, and the strain on the troops was proportionately increased, 
no one being able to count on uninterrupted rest when out of the 
line. The constant whistle of our shells going over and the 
enemy's retaliation proved most trying even to those whose nerves 
were the strongest. On April 30th the enemy exploded a pile of 
trench-mortar ammunition at Brisbane Dump and did considerable 
damage, and a fire occurred in the Battalion Headquarters in the 
tunnels in the Bluff. 


Chapter VIII. 

T was a great relief to all ranks when the long damp nights 
started growing shorter, and the trenches and country in 
general began to show us that spring had arrived and that 

summer was commg. 

We soon began to realise, however, that as well as summer other 
things were in the air. More minute investigation of the enemy's 
lines, and more frequent work by our aeroplanes, gave us the idea 
that operations were pending. In addition to the regular visits to 
the forward areas by our Divisional Commander and his Staff, Staff 
officers of higher formations showed even more interest than usual 
in our positions and those of the enemy opposite to us. 

Well as the secret was kept, there was that indefinable some- 
thing in the air which made us think that at no very far distant 
date we should be called upon to carry out some form of offensive 

At this time, May ist, the Division formed part of the Xth Corps 
of the Second Army, and was holding the front from the Blufl 
Craters, on the Ypres-Comines Canal, as their right boundary to a 
point a few hundred yards north of the famous Hill 60. Two 
brigades were in the line, and one in reserve in hutted camps neai 

For many weeks both our own miners and those of the enemj^ 
had been actively at work on our front, especially at the Blufl 
Craters and about Hill 60. 

There were many alarms of enemy mines being blown at Hill 60, 
and our own large mine, actually under the German lines at this 
point, was often in danger either of being discovered or fared 
prematurely by us to prevent discovery. A special scheme was, 
therefore, arranged in the event of the blowing of this mine being 

96 IHE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 

necessary at short notice, and the brigade holding the left sector of 
the line had many anxious moments. Fortunately, however, this 
great mine of ours was never discovered until the day when we 
ourselves made very good use of it. 

Several weeks before the actual details of the offensive became 
known to the front-line troops our artillery had started organised 
destructive shoots on various points in the enemy's lines and on his 
communications, and as usual this provoked retaliation on our 
back areas. On May 6th the 21st Battalion at HaUfax Camp had 
to move their quarters owing to shelling, though they were in the 
resting brigade. 

About the middle of May the details of the " Second Army 
Offensive," as the operation was termed, were pretty thoroughly 
known by all concerned, and orders were issued accordingly, in- 
forming us that the object of the attack was to capture the 
dominating Messines Ridge, from which the enemy had for many 
months had splendid observation of our lines and back areas. 

Each corps in the Second Army was given its objective. To our 
Corps, the Xth, was deputed the task of capturing about 6,000 
yards of front to a depth of about 1,000 to 1,500 yards, which 
included the heavily entrenched position known as the Damstrasse 
on the right, the White Chateau, both banks of the Ypres-Comines 
Canal, Hill 60, and Battle Wood, on the left. 

Three Divisions attacked on the Xth Corps front, the 41st, 47th, 
and 23rd, from right to left respectively. To the 47th Division fell 
the lot of attacking astride the Ypres-Comines Canal. The 
Divisional Commander decided that the I40tli Infantry Brigade 
(Brig. -General Kennedy) should attack on the south, and the 142nd 
Infantry Brigade (Brig. -General Bailey) on the north side of the 
Canal. Two battalions of the 141st Brigade were placed under the 
command of the attacking brigades, the 17th Battalion operating 
with the 140th Brigade and the 20th with the 142nd Brigade. 

The approximate disposition of the infantry of the Division at 
the actual date of the attack is shown in the map. 

To reach these positions the \ari«n'^ battalions had to carry out 
several more or less rapid moves. 

During the hrst fortnight of May our gunners were steadily 
pounding away at the enemy's defences and starting to cut 
hia wire 




Facing paae 96 



To the 141st Infantry Brigade fell the duty of holding the 
Divisional front before the operation, and they did valuable work 
in preparing trenches, dumps of rations and ammunition, and many 
other things for the final day. 

The enemy's artillery had by now (May 19th) become much more 
active, and both our trenches and our artillery positions came in 
for some heavy shelling at times. 

The two attacking brigades were given opportunities for re- 
hearsing their attacks, and had a few very pleasant days in the 
Steenvoorde area at the end of May. How useful and important 
was this training over taped-out courses was shown on the day of 
the attack, when both officers and other ranks found the enemy's 
trenches almost identical with those that had been laid out for them 
to practise over. 

The splendid devotion to duty shown by our Air Force in taking 
photographs of the enemy's positions was of the greatest possible 
use to us in locating and putting on the maps any difficulties in the 
way of hidden wire and machine-gun emplacements which had to be 
overcome in our advance. We learnt many useful things, too, from 
our divisional intelligence summaries, which enabled us to go direct 
to good dugouts in the enemy's lines, where company and battalion 
headquarters could be established. 

On June ist our bombardment of the enemy's trenches and the 
cutting of his wire became intense, and on June 4th the attacking 
troops began to get into their allotted positions. 

Divisional Headquarters moved up from Hooggraaf to Winnipeg 
Camp, 140th Infantry Brigade Headquarters to Spoil Bank, and 
142nd Infantry Brigade to the Bluff Tunnels. 

It speaks very well for the sometimes maligned Staff that the 
concentration marches of all troops of the Division were carried out 
without a hitch, and every unit was in its allotted position by 5 p.m. 
on June 6th. Every effort had been made by the Divisional 
Commander to ensure the comfort of the troops during the trying 
hours immediately preceding the attack, and success rewarded his 
efforts on their behalf. 

At these times there are bound to be halts on the roads up to the 
trenches, when such large bodies of troops and transport are moving 
over badly shelled roads and newly-made cross-country tracks, 
but everybody felt that he was being given every chance to arrive 

98 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [June 7 

at his appointed place as fresh as possible. Great efforts were made 
to keep the actual date and hour of the attack secret, and it appeared 
from information obtained from prisoners afterwards that these 
were quite successful. 

The principal features of importance to be captured on the 
Divisional front were (a) on the 140th Brigade front, the Wliite 
Chateau and stables, and the portion of the Damstrasse trench 
opposed to them ; (b) on the 142nd Brigade front, the two Spoil 
Banks and the Canal Bank. 

Never before had the Division been in better spirits or more 
confident of success. Only to hear our artillery firing over our 
heads was to know that we were going to receive splendid support 
from our gunners, not only in accuracy but in weight of shells. Our 
battery areas seemed to grow guns every few yards — large and small, 

" Z " day, as the day of the attack was known, was finally fixed 
for June 7th, and zero hour for 3.10 a.m. By 2.30 a.m. every man 
was in his place, absolutely ready and heartened up by a good hot 

During the night of June 6-7th the front Une troops had cut gaps 
in our own wire entanglements to let our attacking troops assemble 
in No Man's Land. Positions of battaUons were as follows : 

140th Infantry Brigade On the right 8th Battalion. 

On the left 7th BattaUon. 

Support 15th and 6th Battalions. 

142nd Infantry Brigade On the right 24th BattaUon. 

On the left 22nd Battalion. 

Support 23rd and 21st Battalions. 

A section of Tanks was allotted to the 140th Infantry Brigade to 
assist in the capture of the Damstrasse and the \\ lute Chateau and 
stables. Of the four Tanks actually engaged, one was ditched 200 
yards north of the chateau, and two others near the stables. 

During the winter our miners had prepared a scries of large mines 
to be exploded in conjunction with this attack, and these were to be 
fired at zero hour. The nearest to our Divisional front were the 
ones at St. Eloi, on our right, and our friend under Hill 60 and the 
Caterpillar on our left. 

At zero hour (3.10 a.m.) on June 7th, inmiediately after the 
explosion of the great mines, and supported by fire of unprecedented 


accuracy and weight, our attacking infantry stormed the enemy's 
front-line trenches. 

To one who saw the dull glare of the exploding mines and the 
continuous flashes of our guns, and heard the rumble of the ex- 
plosions mingled with the crash of the shells and rattle of the 
machine-guns, this zero hour will always remain a very vivid 
recollection. The ground trembled with these vast subterranean 
explosions, and the debris hurled high into the air could be seen 
against the grey dawn of the morning sky. 

In such a setting did the men of the 47th Division attack their 
objectives in the Battle of Messines. These objectives, with one 
exception, were all safely in their hands on that day by the appointed 

From the beginning the attack went well. Opposition was met 
with and overcome all along the line. Hostile machine-guns came 
into action, and were destroyed, as seemed best to those on the spot, 
great initiative and daring bemg shown by subordinate commanders 
in this respect. 

On the right the 7th and 8th Battalions of the 140th Brigade went 
forward with splendid dash and overcame all obstacles until the 
White Chateau was reached. Here the attack was held up tem- 
porarily. But our men were not to be denied, and at the third 
attempt, in which Lieutenant J. F. Preston, 7th BattaUon, especially 
distinguished himself, the last of a determined party of the enemy 
were at last forced to surrender, and the most difficult part of this 
brigade's task was finished. The 6th and 15th Battalions, which 
were detailed to pass through the 7th and 8th to complete the 
attack, had a difficult task to carry out, but reached their final 
objectives to the scheduled time, reorganised, dug themselves in, 
and held every foot of ground they had captured. The 6th Battalion 
had to pass through the vicinity of the Chateau stables to avoid 
what had been reported to be an unfordable stream, take ground 
to the left, deploy to the right, and get into their assigned position 
in time to move forward at the appointed hour. Led by their 
fearless commander, Lieut.-Colonel Mildien, they carried out this 
trying operation under heavy fire without incurring many casualties. 
It was a brilliant piece of work by this brigade, which, besides 
taking four officers and 278 other ranks prisoners, captured ten 
machine-guns and one minenwerfer. 

100 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [June 7 

The 140th Brigade suffered in casualties : 

Killed Wounded Missing 
Officers .... 7 32 I 

Other ranks . . . . 157 752 47 

Among the many gallant officers and men who fell during the day 
was Captain W. E. Ind, M.C., Adjutant of the 15th Battalion, who 
was mortally wounded during the attack. As an able officer and 
a very gallant gentleman, his loss was keenly felt throughout the 

At the same time tlie 142nd Brigade attack was proceeding well 
up to time, and the leading battalions, the 24th and 22nd, gained 
all their objectives, and were ready to pass the 23rd and 21st 
through their lines when these latter advanced for the second phase 
of the operation. 

The 23rd Battalion, who had to cross the Canal and take trenches 
on the south side to connect up with the 140th Brigade troops, 
encountered considerable opposition, and only after hard fighting 
managed to reach and hold their final trenches. Their left, however, 
had become exposed, as the 21st Battalion on their left had been 
held up short of the triangular Spoil Bank by hostile machine-guns 
concealed in the Spoil Bank, and in spite of the most gallant efforts 
could not get forward. On the left of the 21st Battalion again 
the troops of the 23rd Division were having difficulty in clearing 
the enemy out of Battle Wood, and this rendered their left flank 
also exposed. 

As soon as definite information was received from the 21st 
Battalion that they could not capture the triangular Spoil Bank, 
Brigadier-General Bailey decided to make a fresh attack on this 
strong point with troops of the 20th Battalion, as both the Divisional 
and Corps Commanders were particularly anxious that the whole of 
our objectives should be in our hands by night-fall. 

Heavy artillery was turned on to the Spoil Bank during the 
afternoon, and at 7 p.m., supported by a strong artillery barrage, 
three companies of the 20th Battalion, who had been sent up from 
reserve, attacked. 

While these companies were forming up, however, they had been 
neavily shelled, and the moment they advanced they met with a 
particulaily heavy fire from the hostile machine-guns concealed in 

> i . 

1917] THE BATTLE OF MESSINES? ; •• ' ' ior 

the Spoil Bank. Although some progress V/?ts"nlc<de; the. 'actlack, 
was eventually held up without gaining its objective. Later, this 
obstinate resistance point of the enemy was captured by troops of 
the 141st Brigade. 

Casualties in the 142nd Brigade during these operations amounted 

Killed Wounded Missing 
Officers . . . . II 28 — 

Other ranks . . . . 167 833 48 

The prisoners taken by the 142nd Brigade numbered two officers 
and 151 other ranks, in addition to four heavy machine-guns, 
two light machine-guns, and two trench-mortars. Lieut.-Colonel 
H. H. Kemble, commanding the 23rd Battalion, was mortally 
wounded while supervising the forming up of his battalion 
for their advance. His loss not only as a commanding officer, 
but as one of the oldest members of the Division, was very much 
felt. He came to France as second in command of a company 
in the 15th Battalion, and had been with the Division the whole 
time since its landing. 

It would be impossible here to give a detailed account of the 
various duties performed by the other units of the Division — 
Artillery and Engineers, the Pioneer Battalion, the R.A.M.C, the 
Supply, Transport, and Signal Services, and others — one and all 
performed their tasks in the same gallant and devoted way as the 
attacking infantry. Great use was made of our machine-guns, both 
individually and in batteries, for putting up both offensive and 
protective barrages. Signal detachments attached to both artillery 
and infantry went forward with some of our most advanced troops 
in order to set up rapid communication. Their efforts wero, in 
most cases, very successful, as throughout the whole battle news was 
transmitted back very rapidly and with extreme accuracy. During 
the day of attack a special captive balloon was detailed to receive 
messages by lamp, direct from the front-line battalions, in case of 
communication being impossible by any other means. 

No account of any operation can be complete without mention 
being made of the battalion and brigade runners. A more devoted 
and determined set of men cannot be imagined. Their esprit de 
corps was wonderful, and during June 7th their reputation for 

102 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [June 7 

gallantry wsst.orily enhanced. No matter how heavy the enemy's 
barrage or how deadly his machine-gun fire, our runners managed 
to find a way through to deliver their messages. 

Another very efficient arm of the Division was our trench-mortar 
batteries, who took part in the initial barrage on the 142nd Brigade 
front, at points where our trenches were too near to those of the 
enemy to enable effective artillery fire to be brought to bear. One 
Stokes mortar detachment fired no fewer than 120 rounds in the 
three minutes of the final bombardment. 

Throughout the whole operation the infantry found that our 
artillery fire was wonderfully accurate, and the advancing troops 
were able to keep within thirty yards of our creeping barrage without 
danger to themselves. The difficulties of finding battery positions, 
far enough advanced to enable the guns to cover our infantry to 
the limit of their advance, were very great, as also was the supply 
and storage of ammunition at the gun positions. As on all other 
occasions, though, Brigadier-General Whitley, the C.R.A., and the 
officers and men under his command performed wonders in this 
respect, as was shown by the fine support which they gave the 
attacking troops. One i8-pounder battery alone, during the twenty- 
four hours from the beginning of the attack, fired no fewer than 
6,000 rounds, which means that each detachment must have lifted 
approximately ten tons, and this in spite of being shelled. 

On June 9th the 141st Brigade relieved the 142nd Brigade north 
of the Canal, and the latter brigade was withdrawn to support 
positions for reorganisation. 

On June 13th the Division was relieved by units of the 24th 
and 41st Divisions, and mo\-ed back into the Westoutre area for a 
well-earned rest. 

Thus ended, for the Division, the Battle of Messines. As a battle 
it had many aspects, but chief among them, perhaps, was that it 
was a carefully studied attack, after infinite preparation, from a 
well-organised trench system against an equally well-entrenched 
enemy. Never before had our artillery superiority over the enemy 
been so great, and the successful results achieved by this operation 
were the outcome of months of planning by all formations down 
to the smallest details. 

The artillery, with their jiositions nii^slly " given away " by huge 
ammunition dumps and lurious firing, came in for weeks of the 




heaviest shell-fire they had yet experienced, especially in Zillebeke, 
at Bedford House, and in St. Eloi (" Dead Man's Gulch "). 
Casualties weie numerous and new guns frequently in demand. 

The horses also during the whole of the summer suffered severely, 
gun teams and ration and ammunition wagons being frequently 
knocked out on the shell-swept roads at night. The scene at 
Shrapnel Corner or any other main cross-roads on any morning 
was more than enough to make all real horse lovers fervently hope 
that the big wars of the future would be waged without their aid. 
The}^ received no rewards and were allowed no " nervous break- 
downs," but it is certain that most of them suffered from fear of 
shell-fire very acutely. 

The total casualties suffered by the Division during the Battle of 
Messines were : 

Killed Wounded Missing 
Officers .... 21 76 I 

Other ranks . . . . 359 1764 82 

TJ'^S Fre-tLT^^^^JD^^qj JDewnzbT 1^6. 

Chapter IX. 

THE Division remained only three days in the Wcstoutre area, 
and on June 13th moved back into comfortable billets 
round Blaringhem for rest and training after the strenuous 
time in the Battle of Messines. Divisional Headquarters and the 
141st Infantry Brigade were quartered in Blaringhem village, the 
140th Infantry Brigade at Ebblinghcm, and the 142nd Infantry 
Brigade at Sercus. 

It was a tremendous relief to be in proper billets again, with 
green fields round us, and not to have the continuous noise of the 
guns in our ears at night, and before our eyes the desolate shell- 
marked ground at which we had been looking for the last nine 
months. It was a change which all units of the Division fully 
appreciated, and reorganisation and training were started with a 
will as soon as everybody had had some much-needed sleep and 
been able to get rid of some of the accumulated mud of the salient. 
The weather was all that could be desired. Hot sun during the 
middle of the day, with cool mornings for work, and warm evenings 
for recreation of all kinds. 

Musketry training was begun at St. Martin-au-Laert, and our 
reinforcements and men from units who had remained at the 
reinforcement camp during the fight were quickly absorbed. This 
was the first occasion on which an organised reinforcement camp 
was used by the Division, and the results obtained showed us the 
wisdom of this new arrangement. 

On June 26th Divisional aquatic sports, organised by Lieut.- 
Colonel Galbraith, were held in the canal at Blaringhem, and 
were a great success. They were enjoyed not only by the mcmberi 
of the Division, but also by a great gathering of the local inhabitants 
who came from all the villages round. In fact, the Blaringhem 


rest area and the all too short time we spent there will always 
remain a pleasant memory to those who were there, and when 
orders were received on June 27th for the Division to start moving 
up to relieve the 41st Division in the area round Ridge Wood, it 
was with genuine regret that we quitted our hospitable billets. 

The march up to the forwaid area was uneventful, the Division 
passing through Meteren and so into the salient once more. On 
June 29th the 142nd Infantry Brigade reheved the 124th Infantry 
Brigade south of the Ypres-Con lines Canal, and took over roughly 
the ground which had been captured by the 140th Infantry Brigade 
on June 7th. 

Many German concrete dugouts had been converted for use at 
unit headquarters in the captured lines, and the enemy was 
extremely active with his artillery all round the famous White 
Chateau. He was using quite a number of gas-shells, too, which 
made our stay in these trenches anything but a peaceful one. 
Much work remained to be done to complete the consolidation 
and reorganisation in depth of our newly-won position. 

Patrols were active, both our own and the enemy's, and hardly 
a night passed without some small encounter taking place, most 
of which resulted in our favour and in the capture of several 

On the night of July 3rd-4th the 141st Infantry Brigade took 
over the line north of the Canal, and the front of the 142nd Infantry 
Brigade was reduced by the taking over of their right battalion 
front b}'' troops of the 19th Division. 

A good piece of work by a strong fighting patrol of the 7th 
Battalion was carried out on July 9th, which resulted in the capture 
of ten Germans at Foret Farm, a fortified point in the enemy's 
outpost line. Our artillery put down a heavy barrage on the 
farm, which eventually caught fire, and Sec. -Lieutenant Goldsburg, 
who was in command of the patrol, took full advantage of this 
fact, not only to make his captures but to inflict heavy loss on the 
enemy as they retired. 

Fighting patrols of the 6th and 8th Battalions also did very 
useful work in attacking enemy posts, and carrying on the principle 
of giving the Germans opposite to the Division no rest. One 
specially good minor operation was carried out by Sec. -Lieutenant 
Sampson and thirty men of the 6th Battalion, who, advancing very 

io6 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [August 

closely under an artillery barrage, completely surprised the enemy 
in Oblique Trench, and captured twenty-nine prisoners. 

On July 25th, after just four weeks of holding the line, the 
Division received orders for relief by the 41st Division, and so 
ended a tour of duty chiefly memorable for its night patrol work, 
several small but very successful raids, and heavy gas-shelling 
of both trench and back areas by the enem3^ 

After being relieved by the 41st Division, we moved back only 
as far as the Westoutre area, as the Division was in Xth Corps 
reserve for eventualities in the offensive of the Second and Fifth 
Armies, attacking in conjunction with the French troops farther 
north of Ypres, which was launched on July 31st. This offensive 
met with considerable success, and by August 8th the Division 
received orders to move back into the Wizernes area for a further 
period of training and reorganisation. 

The 140th Infantry Brigade had to be left behind, when the 
Division moved back, to undertake certain work on defences, and 
also to be in close support of the Xth Corps front in case of emer- 
gencies ; but on August 15th they were relieved from these duties, 
and rejoined the Division after their extra stay in the unpleasant 
forward areas. 

On August i6th the Division was transferred from Xth Corps, 
Second Army, to Xlth Corps, Fifth Army. This change showed us 
that before long we should probably be called upon to go into the 
line somewhere east of Ypres to take part in the Fifth Army 
offensive, which was still in progress, and gradually gaining ground 
over the waterlogged and desolate country in the neighbourhood 
of the Westhoek Ridge, whose acquaintance we were shortly to 

On August 17th the Division, less Divisional Artillery, 140th 
Infantry Brigade, and 4th R.W.F., moved up by tactical train to 
the Ilnd Corps area, preparatory to relieving the 8th Division on 
the night of August i8th-i9th, in the front-line defences between 
the Westhoek-Zonncbeke road and the Ypres-Roulers railway. 

During the winter we had all seen much of Ypres on our way 
up to the trenches, but we were now to become more intimately 
acquainted with it and its wonderful ramparts, the Mcnin Gate, 
Hell Fire Corner, and many other well-known landmarks. We 
were also to get to know the sensation of marching up the Mcnin 

> 1 > T 7 


Facinti page 106 


road on a pouring wet night, with its mass of transport, its mud, 
and the enemy's shells trying to prevent any horse, wagon, or man 
arriving at his destination that night. 

Gas-masks were in constant use, and everybody became an 
expert in the rapid adjustment of these valuable items of our kit. 
The journey through Ypres, too, was always a trying time for troops 
moving up the line, as frequent halts were necessary in the narrow 
street ways, and it was very seldom that some part of the poor, 
battered town was not being shelled. But the traffic control was 
most efficient, and the Military Police seemed always to be standing 
at their allotted corners, no matter how hot the shelling was, 
ready to help with all kinds of information, military and otherwise. 

We found our old friends of Loos, the 15th (Highland) Division, 
on our left when we went into the line, and on August 15th this 
Division attacked with some success, and our front-line troops 
pushed forward posts in conjunction with their advance to the line 
of the Hanebeek, a small stream, which our shelling had turned 
into an absolute morass. 

The rain was our chief enemy in these trying days, when to get 
off the duckboard tracks often meant sinking up to one's knees 
in the sodden ground. It seemed to rain every day and every 
night, and on the night of August 26th there was a perfect deluge, 
which filled every shell-hole — the ground seemed to consist of little 
else — with water up to the brim, and made the roads and tracks 
more difficult than ever. 

Offensive operations under these climatic conditions were ex- 
tremely trying, the deep dugouts often being inches deep in water, 
and anybody in possession of a concrete German pill-box was 
much to be envied. Derelict Tanks were to be seen in all directions, 
and generally the state of the forward areas was anything but 

Communications were extremely difficult, as we had no buried 
cable systems to rely on, and wires laid over the open were con- 
tinually being cut by the enemy's shell-fire or damaged by the 
weather. Trenches, as such, were practically non-existent, and a 
series of fortified shell-holes with occasional pill-boxes acted as our 
defences. Practically all communication up to the front line was 
over the open, and in many cases under enemy observation, so 
that visits to the front line by day were not joy trips. Pigeons 

io8 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 

were of great use in sending back messages, and our infantry made 
frequent use of flares for showing their positions to our areoplanes 
when other means of communication failed. 

On August 30th the Ilnd Corps, of which we formed part, was 
transferred to Second Army, and on September 3rd the Division 
was relieved in the line by the 25th Division. During this tour of 
duty our right was on the high ground in front of Inverness Copse, 
where we joined up with the 23rd Division. The enemy's observa- 
tion from the vicinity of Polygon Wood and the high ground towards 
Hollebeke enabled him to bring accurate artillery fire to bear on 
any movement by day in the forward area, but the Division had 
advanced the front line at many points, and considerably improved 
our line for any troops which might have to make an attack from 
it. The enemy opposite to us was only holding a series of outpost 
positions very lightly, with the main body of his troops in rear in 
natural features, such as woods and small valleys, and this made it 
difficult for our artillery to inflict much damage on his front-line 
troops, as their positions were continually moving. The state of the 
ground, too, was greatly in the enemy's favour, and with a Uttle wire 
and a few fortified shell-holes his position was not an easy one to 
attack except on a wide front. 

On relief by the 25th Division, the 142nd Infantry Brigade moved 
to Steenvoorde on September 5th, and the 141st Infantry Brigade 
to the Busseboom area. The 140th Infantry Brigade had been in 
Divisional reserve in the Winnipeg Camp area, where it remained. 

Brigades only remained in these areas for a very short time, for 
on September 8th, 9th, loth, the 140th and 141st Infantry Brigades 
moved up and relieved the 25th Division, and on September loth 
the G.O.C., 47th Division, assumed command of practically the 
same front as was held b}' the Division before, but under the orders 
of the 1st Anzac Corps, to which we had been transferred on 
September 5th from llnd Corps. Our main task was now to make 
the preparation on the front of the Anzac Corps for tlic offensive 
timed for September 20th, in which they were taking a leading part. 
This included the construction of several cross-country tracks in 
the forward area, and a road and trench railway track to Bellewarde 
Ridge. The heavy enemy shelling by night and their good observa- 
tion by day made this extremely difficult, but the Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers, then under command of Lieut. -Colonel W. H. Matthews, 


succeeded in carrying through this work up to time by adopting the 
principle of spreading their men out in pairs at intervals of some 
twenty yards or so. Thus they were able to work in broad daylight 
in an area directly under enemy observation without attracting his 
attention and with but few casualties. 

The 142nd Infantry Brigade moved up into reser\^e in camps 
around Dickebusch. Our orders were to keep up a continuous 
pressure on the enemy in the hope of inducing him gradually to 
give ground, and we were continually carrying out small raids at 
night, not only to keep up the offensive spirit of our men, but to 
break down the already weakening moral of the enem3^ One very 
successful raid was carried out by troops of the 7th Battalion, 
commanded by Lieutenant B. N. Cryer, against a Genuan strong 
post near Inverness Copse, at dusk, on September 15th. This enemy 
post was on the top of, but just over the crest of the high ground at 
Inverness Copse. During previous attacks by the Ilnd Corps it had 
held out stoutly and resisted all previous attempts to capture it. 
It formed a small but dangerous salient into the front we took 
over, and from it withering fire had been brought to bear during 
previous attacks on our troops in their attempts to seize the high 
ground at Inverness Copse. To ensure a good start for the leading 
waves in the next attack it was imperative for us to gain possession 
of it and thus straighten out our front hne. 

After carefully studying the ground for several nights before, 
by means of patrols, the raiding-party, under cover of a hurricane 
artillery barrage, rushed the post, killed ten of the enemy, and 
captured thirty-six prisoners and a machine-gun, with compara- 
tively light casualties. This operation earned the troops concerned 
the praise of the Army and Corps Commanders, who considered it 
a really first-class piece of work. An enemy counter-attack against 
this newly-established post, which had been consohdated, was 
driven off early on the morning of the i6th, with heavy loss to the 
enemy, but the gallant Cryer, to the regret of all, was killed. In 
his memory the captured post was named " Cryer Farm." 

There were many other offensive incidents of this nature, some 
successful, others unsuccessful, but the Division advanced its line 
considerably during this tour in the trenches, and handed over 
much newly-won ground when it was relieved by troops of the 
ist and 2nd AustraHan Divisions on September iGth to i8th. It 

no THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 21 

had been a trying time for all troops in the forward area, and it 
was with relief that the infantry moved back into camps in the 
support area, and thence to the Eecke area, for an easier spell. 
The artillery once more were left behind in action, and did not 
rejoin the Division until its rest was ended. 

On September 21st the Division started entraining at Godewaers- 
velde, Caestre, and Cassel, for transfer to General Home's First 
Anny farther south, where on arrival it came under orders of the 
Xnith Corps (Lieut.-General McCracken), and remained for a few 
days in villages round Maroeuil before taking over a quiet sector 
of the line from the 63rd (Royal Naval) Division. 

To say that the Division was sorry to leave the Ypres sahent 
would not be true, but on leaving it could look back on many 
successful operations carried out, many weary months in which 
we held intact the front of line entrusted to our keeping, and much 
useful knowledge obtained as regards all branches of a soldier's 
training. We considered ourselves experts at all kinds of drainage 
systems, even to making liquid mud and water run up hill, 
apparently, under the careful and never-failing instruction of the 
Divisional Commander. 

That the services of the troops of the Division were appreciated, 
not only by our own Commander, but by the Army and Corps 
Commanders under whom we served in the salient, is testified by 
the following order issued on September 22nd, as we were about 
to quit the Second Army : 

The following extracts from letters received by the Divisional Commander from 
General Sir Herbert C. O. Plumer, G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., .\.D.C., Commanding 
Second Army, and from Lieut.-General Sir W. R. Birdwood, K.C.B., K.C.S.I., 
K.C.M.G., C.I.E., D.S.O., Commanding 1st Anzac Corps, are forwarded for information 
and communication to all concerned : 

1. From General Sir Herbert C. 0. Plumer, G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., K.C.B., A.D.C. 

" Before your Division leaves the Second Army I should like to express to you, 
and to ask you to convey to all Commanders and Statf, my appreciation of the 
excellent work the Division has done and of the way in which they have carried 
out all the duties assigned to them. 

" They have taken part in a highly creditable manner in an important 
offensive operation, they have carried out some successful raids, and have 
throughout the whole pcri(jd maintained their positions efficiently. 

" I am sure thov will do well wherever they may be sent, and I wish you all 
the best of luck."' 

2. From Lieut.-General Sir W. R. Birdwood, K.C.B., K.C.S.I., K.C.M.G., CLE., 

" I must write, however, to thank you again so very much for all the real 
cordial and great help which you have uiveu us while your Division has been 
with me. All my people have recognised this so very fully, and we are one and 


all most grateful to you for it. If you will let your Brigadiers and Regiments 
know this, and how gladly we shall welcome the opportunity of having the 
47th Division with us again one of these days, I shall be grateful. 

" I went round this morning to see what I could as to how things were going 
on, and was delighted to see the real progress which has been made in every 

The Divisional Commander, in publishing the above, desires to express to all undei 
his command his grateful thanks for the loyal help and support which he has at all 
times received from them, and his high appreciation of their gallantry and devotion 
to duty since taking over command of this Division. 

One and all have carried out the duties with which he has entrusted them in a 
highly creditable and soldierly manner. 

He congratulates them most sincerely on the splendid record and successes which 
they have achieved, both in the various operations and in the different branches of 
work, no matter how difficult or dangerous, which they have so devotedly carried out 
during the past eleven months in the Ypres salient — a record of which they may 
indeed well feel proud. 

(Signed) S. THUNDER, Lieut.-Colonel, 
September 22nd, 191 7. A. A. & Q.M.G., 47th (London) Division. 

^^]Vre (S^ -Trrei, -Wfgl/ OL-^r^ 

Chapter X. 

THE hope indulged in for many a past month of a change 
of scenery from the dreary wastes of Flanders, and the 
dream of rest billets which might justify their name in 
back areas which enemy aeroplanes would not bomb every night 
without respite, of trenches which were not merely connected 
shell craters, and of villages which, though evacuated by their 
inhabitants, might still bear some resemblance to the normal haunts 
of men, were at last to be realised. 

It was a cheery Division that detrained in the vicinity of Marceuil, 
near Arras, and relieved the 63rd (R.N.) Division (including the 
28th London Regiment — the Artists Rifles— old comrades of the 
2nd London Division) on the Gavrelle-Oppy front, with head- 
quarters at Victory Camp, Ecurie. Up till a short time previously 
the Xlllth Corps front had been an uncommonly active one, but 
at the end of September, 1917, all was quiet, and, with a view 
to providing the maximum of comfort and health for man and 
beast during the coming winter, both in the hne and back areas, 
a scheme of work was initiated under Corps instructions, and was 
forthwith put into operation. The trench system taken over 
by the Division was an extensive one. Dug deep in the rich loam 
some distance down the forward slope, it required an enormous 
amount of labour for its maintenance in winter. 

The system adopted in the line was that of a series of defended 
localities, strong posts from half a mile to three-quarters of a mile 
apart, garrisoned at first by platoons, and intended when finished 
to be garrisoned by companies. The gaps in the line of posts were 
covered by artillery and machine-gun fire from the rear. Orders 
were issued that no attempt should be made to maintain lateral 
communicating trenches between these posts, the necessary labour 

Photo by] [Lambert Weston. 

Major-General G. J. CUTHBERT, C.B., C.M.G. 

Commanding 140th Infantry Brigade, 1914-1916. 

Facing pane 112 

Sept. 1917] OPPY AND GAVRELLE. 113 

and material not being available. About half a mile in rear of 
the posts ran the line built by our predecessors, and known as 
the Naval and Marine Trenches, while behind that again lay the 
Red Line. In rear of this rose a prominent ridge behind Bailleul 
village, which made it possible for our forward areas and the enemy 
trenches to be under complete observation. 

While this system of forward posts certainly enabled work to 
be concentrated with a gain in time, labour, and material, it had 
the disadvantage of affording a series of admirable targets to the 
enemy artillery and trench-mortars, especially in the case of those 
posts situated on commanding and consequently relatively high 
ground, as, for instance, Mill Post, or those forming a distinct 
salient in the line of posts, as, for instance, Bradford Post. This 
system was no doubt only intended to be emploj^ed during the 
winter months, a modern version of the old-time " winter quarters," 
and as such it possessed not only the advantage of economy of 
forces already referred to, but had the added advantage of practising 
all ranks in the infantry units in constant patrolling in the open 
or semi-open between the posts.* 

In the back areas much useful work was carried out by the 
construction of drainage schemes, the erection of cook-houses, 
the improvement of huts used for billets and the building of horse 
standings, but, as was almost invariably the case during the whole 
war, all work done was on the point of completion just in time 
to be enjoyed by our successors, for the Division appeared ever 
to be fated to move on before enjoying the fruits of its labours. 

Although all ranks set to work at once with the determination 
to get on with the job, progress, except in the back areas, was slow, 
owing to the constant retaliation to our shelling, the bad weather, 
and dark nights, which made working-parties in the line of small 
avail ; the most useful work was done by the actual trench garrisons. 
The enemy artillery were peaceably inclined during the early weeks 
of the Divisional tour, but when our Divisional Artillery came into 
the line, after having stayed on in the Ypres salient for a short 

*These posts were, unfortunately, held by the British garrison in March, 1918, at 
the outbreak of the German offensive, when they were simply treated as buUstye 
targets and received specially accurate fire, the entire garrisons being put out of 
action. (See " History of the London Rifle Brigade," page 226.) This confirmed 
the fear of the critics at the time of their construction, that when the " winter 
garden " period was reaching an end, the opportunity would be lacking to construct 
a fresh system of defences capable of resisting a possible attack by the enemy. 

114 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

time, they began to " strafe " the enemy on every possible occasion 
with their usual promptitude. 

Not since the Division had left Vimy Ridge, when the observation 
from Notre Dame de Lorette rendered it possible to initiate retalia- 
tion under almost ideal conditions, had there been such oppor- 
tunities for artillery and infantry co-operation ; it was again 
possible to economise the time taken by artillery liaison officers 
with infantry units in sending back reports, batteries frequently 
being able to retaliate when necessary on enemy trench-mortar 
emplacements almost before the enemy bombs hit the British 
lines. The infantry of the Division always held the opinion that 
whenever their own artillery supported them, liaison was as com- 
plete as possible, and invariably supported the tendency of the 
Divisional Artillery to make the war as unpleasant as possible for 
the enemy, even though the penalty of retaliation (prompt or 
deferred) was the inevitable consequence. How frequently were 
requests sent to artillery for retaliation when in fact the enemy's 
fire was actually retaliation for that of our own gunners. 

There was never any intention, however, on the pait of the 
Division to give the enemy a rest, and as soon as our own artillery 
took over they started wire-cutting, to enable a series of raids to 
be carried out in conjunction with similar or larger enterprises 
on other fronts. The enemy was well wired in ; the artiller}^ gave 
necessary attention to that matter. The British lines were also 
well wired in, so much so, indeed, that in some sub-sectors infantry 
battalions were under the necessity of cutting lanes through their 
own wire during their first tour in the line so as to furnish an exit 
to their patrols. A novelty at this time was the supply of smoke 
and incendiary shell to lield-guns. The former ga\e promise of 
most useful results, but the latter, though wonderful to look at on a 
dark night and warnmted " to set fire to a trtnch-board under a foot 
of water," were of more doubtful effect, and were later little used. 

The first organised " hate " in this sector took the form of a 
discharge of 710 gas projectors into Oppy village on October nth 
at 3 a.m., shortly after, or perhaps during, a relief by the enemy 
division opposing us. Ai)art from minor patrol engagements, our 
first raid was carried out by a party of the 17th Battalion London 
Regiment at 3.30 a.m. on October 18th north of the Arras-Gavrelle 

ii6 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 4 

Frequent raids by divisions on the flanks during the ensuing 
fortnight, further gas projections, the activity of our patrols and 
the policy of constant annoyance to the enemy had some visible 
effects, for desertions from the enemy became more frequent, 
showing that his moral was becoming affected to some extent. 

The chief event of the Divisional tour on this front took place 
on the afternoon of November 4th, in the form of a combined raid 
over a flagged course on a frontage of about 1,000 yards and a 
depth of about 500 yards immediately south of the Arras-Gavrelle 
road by two companies each of the 23rd Battalion London 
Regiment (Major T. C. Hargreaves, D.S.O.) and the 24th 
Battalion London Regiment (The Queen's) (Lieut. -Colonel G. E. 
Millner, D.S.O.). In all about 500 of all ranks were engaged, 
including attached R.E., with explosives for demolitions, specially 
trained for the purpose by Major S. G. Love, D.S.O. , R.E. 

The raiding companies moved out of the line four days before 
the attack to train for the event at St. Aubin. The remaining 
companies took over the line as a composite battalion under the 
command of Major T. O. Bury, 4th R.W.F., and made all the 
necessary preparations on which success must largely depend, 
including continuous Lewis-gun fire on the gaps made by the 
artillery in the enemy's wire, in the course of reported practice 
barrages, cutting twenty-four gaps in our own wire, labelling 
these, fixing guiding marks and making steps in the fire bays. 
Similar tactics were carried out by the other divisions on the flanks, 
so as to keep the enemy guessing. 

Before the event every officer and man had patrolled No Man's 
Land, so as to become familiar with the ground. 

At 4.30 p.m. every man was in his assembly position when rockets 
of every description were sent up on the whole Corps front. This 
so puzzled the enemy that his barrage was dispersed, spasmodic 
and ineffective. Our artillery barrage was excellent, so accurate, 
indeed, that our men were at one time unable to get at the fleeing 
enemy. Major F. G. Stapley, R.F.A., was actually in the line 
and afforded invaluable assistance throughout the operations. 
Triplicated wires running by alternative routes enabled communi- 
cation between each of the raiding companies and advanced 
battalion headquarters and thence to brigade headquarters to 
be maintained uninterrupted. 

« fc 9 > « 9 

> , 'J ^ • » "> 



F'iciiiii tiiifie 1 16 


The enemy front-line was carried within five minutes of zero 
hour, and his support-line five minutes after that. The enemy was 
overwhelmed and offered little resistance. The garrison, including 
a large working-party, probably numbered about 150 or 200 men. Of 
these over 100 were killed, and fifteen, belonging to the 459th Infantry 
Regiment, 236th Division, were captured, along with four heavy 
machine-guns, a number of light machine-guns, and two trench- 
mortars. In the half-hour that the raiders spent in the German 
trenches over nine dugouts were destroyed or set on fire (in some 
cases with their garrisons, who would not come out of them) together 
wuth numerous stores and ammunition. One man accounted for 
nine of the enemy single-handed ; one officer for four or five. The 
small number of prisoners captured, as compared with the number 
of enemy killed, is explained by the receipt of news shortly before 
the raid that some enemy bombing aeroplanes flying over South 
London had killed the relatives of some of the men. In fact, a 
notice-board was left in the raided area : " We'll teach you to 
bomb London." Our casualties were very slight : 23rd London, 
9 other ranks killed and 32 wounded (including one officer) ; 24th 
London, 2 other ranks killed and 10 wounded (including 2 officers). 

Everybody was very much pleased with everybody else, in- 
cluding the Army, Corps, Division, and Brigade commanders. 
General Home himself attended a special parade of the units who 
carried out the raid and specially praised their work, as well as that 
of the staff of the 142nd Infantry Brigade, under Brigadier-General 
Bailey, who were responsible for the preparations. 

The much-discussed " winter post scheme " came into full 
operation on November 19th, by which date orders had been 
received for relief by the 31st Division and concentration in the 
Aubigny area. Our destination was the XVI I th Corps, Third Army, 
and active operations on the Cambrai front, where General Byng 
launched his attack with Tanks on November 20th, were the 
magnet to which we were being drawn. 

" Bedford House". Tpres , 1917. 

Chapter XI. 

" rx^OO good to last ! " There spoke the cheerful pessimism 
J_ of the " other ranks " when they heard that another 
move was imminent. For we had begun to assume 
a certain permanence in our positions on the Oppy front, 
and to regard them as affording the promise of a quiet winter 
broken only by a merr}' Christmas. 

But by the beginning of November the field-kitchen, most 
fertile handmaid of rumour, was busy with strange stories 
of a journey to the far south. The censor was troubled 
with letters that made indiscreet reference to ice-cream and 
barrel-organs. The wise men, with whom the instinct of 
prophecy never dies, spoke of our transference to the Italian 
front as a matter of certainty. 

Speculation was rife not so much as to our share in the 
tactical operations to be undertaken there, but rather as to 
the amount of transport available, the chance of good billets, 
and the opportunity for leave. For a few days every thought 
was of Italy. But soon the news of the retreat of the Italian 
Army was balanced by that of a great advance on the Cambrai 
front, and we began to realise that we might be destined 
for battle in a far less distant field. 

On November 19th the 31st Division, who had been holding 
the line on our left, threw in their reserve brigade to take 
over our front trenches, while the positions in rear were 
occupied by troops of the 21st Division, returning from the 
Ypres Salient. We said good-bye with some regret to the 
security of the sunken road, to the wooden cities that were 
growing by the side of the Arras-Lens Road, to the gay haunts 
of Amiens, and the sixty-five estaminets at Maroeuil. For 

120 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 25 

the next ten days we travelled in a semi-circle, north-west 
and west and south-west of Arras, until, on November 25th, 
we crossed the Bapaume-Peronne Road, and then moved 
due east towards the new battlefield. During this time Captain 
J. C. D. Carlisle (whose advancement had been rapid and well 
deserved) was appointed G.S.O.2 of the Division. 

The movement of the division was not an easy one for 
the officers or men. In order to become mobile, the transport 
of every unit had to be lightened. Surplus stores were 
dumped at Acq — so generously that twenty-two lorries 
were subsequently employed in removing them to Albert. 
Cherished plans for Christmas which had involved the purchase 
of pigs and geese, the erection of a soda-water factory, the 
assembling of all lu.xuries which had become necessaries at 
this time, were all recast by this sudden turn of destiny. 
Valises were reduced in many cases to 35 lbs., spare suits of 
khaki, and football boots rooted from old hiding-places on the 
limber ; comfort gave way to mobility. 

For a week the Division moved almost daily. Motor- 
omnibuses were onh' once available, and then but for one 
brigade ; the roads were congested with other troops and transport 
moving in and out of the battle. As a result the men marched 
long distances and suffered many hardships. The weather 
was intensely cold, and the billets where units rested for the 
night were not always proof against the rain and sleet. For 
many this was the first glimpse of the country which the 
enemy had devastated before his retirement in the previous 
winter. We had seen the indiscriminate wreckage which the 
fury of the Somme battle had wrought upon woods and 
grassy slopes ; we had endured the clammy mud of the 
Ypres Salient, where country that could never have been 
very beautiful was furrowed with trenches, pitted with shell 
holes, and fouled by the dcN'il's embroidery of barbed wire. 
But here we faced a new order of desolation, complete and 

Village after village had been wrecked in order that the 
country might not be habitable for the troops that followed 
the retreating enemy. The ground was barren, the only 
landmark a ruin rather larger than the others. 

1917] BOURLON WOOD. 121 

In all these facts there was something to depress the soldier 
as well as to fatigue his body. But the spirit of the men 
prevailed. The Territorial is a soldier by choice, but not by 
taste. He does not like war, and the ways of the Army 
are not to his fancy. But the Londoner finds an inconsequent 
happiness in the trifles and details of life, extorting comedy 
from a rissole and farce from a " little black hat," so that 
for the greater part of his day he forgets he is in the Army. 

Thus it fell out that though the call to battle was sudden, 
and the way to it not an easy one, all ranks entered the 
field with brave and determined spirit. Football was played 
on the dry ground by Barastre when three days' hard marching 
lay behind them and action faced them on the morrow. 

The Division left the Xlllth Corps and First Army on November 
22nd, and were posted to the XVII th Corps in the Third Army 
for two days. They then passed to the IVth Corps for three days, 
and on November 27th came under orders of the Vth Corps, who 
were responsible for the operations in Bourlon Wood. The position 
here was extremely critical. 

In order to make the situation clearer it is necessary to go back 
a little and trace the events which produced the first battle of 

In the spring of 19 17 the Germans found their position on the 
Somme untenable in view of the successes gained by us in the 
summer of 1916, and they retired to their newly-constructed 
Hindenburg Line, methodically blowing-up every building and 
cutting down every fruit-tree in the country they abandoned. 

No cultivation had gone on in this devastated area for the past 
two years, and the country now looked like open chalk downs 
covered with rough grass. 

The Hindenburg Line had been laid out with the greatest of care 
to utilise all commanding ground, and had been most elaborately 
fortified with deep dugouts, belts of wire many yards thick, and 
well-built gun-pits, but in leaving the large Havrincourt Wood, 
whose front edge was within 1,000 yards of their line, the enemy 
gave us the chance of collecting a large force completely concealed 
from observation. 

In the spring of 1917 our troops, following up the retiring 
enemy, found themselves up against this heavily-wired and 

122 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 20-29 

continuous line of entrenchments which comprised all the high 
ground west of Cambrai. 

After pushing back the enemy into his trench line, little was done 
all the summer bej'ond making certain preliminary arrangements 
of light railways and roads suitable for an attack on a large scale. 
The sector from Moeuvres, where the Drocourt-Queant switch-line 
joined the Hindenburg Line through Havrincourt, Trescault, 
Gonnelieu, and Honnecourt, was left particularly quiet, and the 
enemy's whole attention was devoted to the Ypres salient, where 
battle raged incessantly after July 31st. 

Suddenly, on November 20th, \\'ithout the slightest warning or 
sign of preparation, we opened an attack on the Hindenburg Line 
between Hermies and Gonnelieu, supported by an immense mass of 
tanks which swept through all the belts of wire and over trenches 
twelve feet deep, so that at the end of the four days we had formed 
a great salient four miles in depth, reaching to the old Canal de 
I'Escaut at Marcoing and spreading northwards along the ridge of 
Bourlon Wood and southwards along the ridge which runs from 
Bois Lateau to Gonnelieu and looks steeplj^ down to the canal about 

This newly-won territory is characterised on the north by the 
wide valley between Flesquieres and Bourlon Wood, but on 
the south is divided into nmch narrower and steeper valleys 
separated by high ridges like the fingers of an outstretched 
hcind pointing towards Cambrai. Gonnelieu and the Bois 
Lateau crown the most easterly ridge. La Vacquerie the next, 
which we afterwards called Welsh Ridge, with Gouzeaucourt and 
Villers Plouich lying in the valley to the west of it ; then came 
Highland Ridge, with Beaucamp behind it, and most westerly of 
all the ridge from Queen's Cross to Trescault, behind which lay 
Gouzeaucourt Wood and the ruined village of Metz-cn-Couture, 
a place of great importance, as all the roads into the salient 
passed through it. 

The enemy had lost valuable ground in Bourlon Wood and 
village. Its retention by us threatened his line to the north, 
enabling us to observe and enfilade his trenches as far as Oppy 
and Gavrelle, From the high ground at Bourlon Wood, too, we 
had excellent observation of Cambrai and the intervening country, 
as well as of that to the north towards Douai. 

igiy] BOURLON \\00D, 123 

In consequence, attack and counter-attack had followed each 
other almost without cessation for a week, the village changing 
hands each day. The casualties on both sides had been heavy ; 
the issue still hung in the balance. 

When the Division took over the Bourlon Wood Sector at 
10 a.m. on November 29th, the greater part of the wood 
was still in our hands, the British line running from west to 
east a mile to the north of the Bapaume-Cambrai Road. 
We relieved the 62nd Division on the night of November 28th- 
29th, the three dismounted regiments of cavaliy, who were 
reinforcing them, remaining with us for twenty-four hours. 

This relief was not carried out without considerable difficulty, 
owing to heavy shelling by the enemy, who continually barraged 
all approaches to Bourlon Wood. The guides were late, but the 
relieving battalions, led by Lieut.-Colonel Mildren, commanding 
the 6th Battalion, pushed on without waiting for them and com- 
pleted the relief at the cost of several casualties. 

The 141st Brigade took the right sub-sector, with the 140th 
Brigade on the left, and the 142nd in reserve in the Hinden- 
burg Line. The 62nd Division, acting under orders from the 
Corps, insisted on the whole of the 141st Brigade being sent 
into Bourlon Wood to relieve their brigade. In protest 
against this Major-General Gorringe urged that to crowd 
seven battalions (four of 141st Brigade, one of 140th Brigade, 
and two of dismounted cavalry) and forty-seven machine- 
guns into the wood, which already contained one battalion 
of the 59th Division on the right, would only invite excessive 
casualties without increasing the adequacy of the defence. 
For a wood in modern warfare is more safely held by rifle 
and Lewis gun posts, suitably placed on the forward edge of 
the area under some sort of cover, and machine-guns in depth 
outside the wood, with a fair field for fire and observation, than 
by a mass of units struggling in the undergrowth, half-blinded 
by the gas that clings to every bush. 

The protest was overridden, and on the night of November 
28th-29th seven battalions were all in position in the wood. 
The enemy bombarded heavily with gas-shells during the 
night, and the 141st Brigade suffered many casualties. On 
the following morning the command of the sector passed to 

124 THE 47rH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 30 

cur Division, whose advanced Headquarters were in Havrincourt 
Chateau, and steps were taken to thin out the troops in Bourlon 
Wood so that, by the 30th, only four battaUons remained 
there (one of the 140th Brigade and three of the 141st 
Brigade), with twenty machine-guns, the remainder being sited 
in depth, in positions whence they could bring effective direct 
fire on the ground on our left an'd on both flanks of 
Bourlon Wood. 

The disposition of the battalions on November 30th will be 
observed in ]\Iap VII, the second position of the 20th Battalion 
being that taken up on the reduction of the garrison in the 
wood. The 7th Battalion was lent to tlie 2nd Division on 
our left in order to help them to hold their line. Later 
in the day it was recalled to the assistance of its own brigade, 
and the 23rd Battalion took its place near the canal, and 
held the front line for a few hours. 

The artillery covering the front held by the 47th Division consisted 
of the 62nd Divisional Artillery and the 40th Divisional Artillery, 
and the batteries were all well forward on the ground between 
Havrincourt and Graincourt. The positions were more suitable 
to the continuance of the attack than to defence, and if the enemy 
had been successful in capturing the ridge on which Bourlon Wood 
stands, and establishing observation posts, the situation of the 
artillery would have been precarious, as all the gun positions would 
have been overlooked. 

Command of the artillery covering the Division passed at 
noon on November 30th to the C.R.A., 47th Division. 

On the right of the 47th Division the line was held by the 5gth 
(North Midland) Division, commanded by Major-General C. F, 
Romer, and on our left was the 2nd Division, commanded by Major- 
General C. E. Pereira. 

The 56th (London) Division, which lay beyond the 2nd, was, like 
the 47th, composed almost entirely of London Territorials. It was 
formed from the ist London Territorial Division and included 
our three battaUons — the 13th (Kensingtons), the 14th (London 
Scottish), and the i6th (Queen's Westminsters) — which had preceded 
the 2nd London Division to France, while we had the 6th (City of 
London Rifles), 7th (Royal Fusiliers), and 8th (Post Office Rifles) 
which had joined us at St. Albans from the ist London Division. 

1917] BOURLON WOOD. 125 

On the morning of Friday, November 30th, the enemy made 
a counter-attack in force, directed chiefly against the haunches 
of the new sahent, and he renewed his efforts to recapture the 
wood. Our troops found themselves in circumstances pecuHarly 
unfavourable for defence. The trenches, when taken over, were 
barely 4 ft. deep ; there was no wire, and few tools. In the sector 
held by the 24th Battalion there were no trenches at all. The 
support trenches were not continuous ; the trees obscured the 
situation ; the gas hung in the thick undergrowth. Efforts had 
been made during the twenty-four hours of our occupation to get 
wire set out in front, and the trenches fire-stepped and dug to 6 ft. 
in depth. The enemy had shelled heavily during the night, but 
the guns rested before dawn, breaking out again about 8.30 a.m. 
into a heavy bombardment of our lines from Mceuvres, in the 
west, to Fontaine Notre Dame, in the east. Meanwhile, Bourlon 
Wood was treated to an intense gas-shell bombardment. 

Our artillery replied with equal violence of fire, and the 
duel continued till ten o'clock, when the enemy were observed 
to be advancing in two waves over the crest of the hill 2,000 
yards to the east of Mceuvres. At the same time the enemy 
was occupying the village of Mceuvres and threatening the 
exposed left flank of the 6th Battalion. Three hostile balloons 
were seen in position over Bourlon village throughout the day, 
and aeroplanes flew unchecked along our lines directing the 
fire of the enemy upon our positions. The front line of the 
battalions on the left was continuously harassed by the 
enfilading fire of a field-gun from Bourlon village on the right, 
and a small man-handled gun on the left. 

Heavy casualties resulted among the defending troops. 
The enemy continued to advance in waves from Quarry Wood 
in a southerly direction, but their advance was checked for 
a while by the accurate fire of our artillery and machine- 
guns. The latter were arranged in batteries of four, thus 
facilitating control, and giving a heavy volume of fire with 
a maximum of surprise. The enemy advancing were thus 
enfiladed from positions north of the sugar factory, and the 
attack driven westward. Soon after midday the enemy were 
seen retreating in disorder over the crest of the hill. It was 
agreed by all observers of this stage of the battle that it was 

126 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 30 

the disposition of our machine-guns which saved our Une. The two 
batteries on the left of Bourlon Wood fired westward and enfiladed 
the advancing enemy, while the frontal fire of the three batteries 
near the sugar factory, and a fourth battery on the left, caught 
each wave as it appeared over the crest of the hill. 

About 2 p.m. the enemy assaulted again after a heavy 
bombardment of our lines on the west of Bourlon Wood. The right 
flank of the 2nd Division, on the left of our 6th Battalion, gave 
ground at the same time, and the enemy drove in a wedge 
between our left flank and the right of the 2nd Division. 

A gap formed between the 6th Battalion and the 15th 
Battalion, and the enemy forced our left flank to a position a 
few hundred yards in rear. Lieut. -Colonel Mildren, commanding 
the 6th Battalion, thereupon counter-attacked with his reserve 
company, reinforced by all the runners, signallers, and orderlies 
at Battalion Headquarters, and restored the Une. 

At 5 p.m. another counter-attack was made by two com- 
panies of the 8th Battalion, together with the remnant of 
the 6th Battalion, and a line was established on higher ground, 
which was held without incident that night. The 15th BattaUon 
had, however, been forced to yield a little ground. Lieut. -Colonel 
Segrave formed up A Company, reinforced it with all his head- 
quarters personnel, and led a counter-attack, regaining a considerable 
part of the lost ground. Wlien dusk came communication with the 
troops on the left was re-established, and a quiet night ensued. 

Meanwhile, attacks against the 141st Brigade on the right were 
launched by the enemy, but were broken up before they 
reached our trenches by our Lewis gun and rifle fire, supported 
by the artillery and machine-guns. The hostile bombardment 
which preceded them was very severe, and the 19th Battalion 
suffered many casualties from gas, their strength being ultimately 
reduced to 9 officers and 61 other ranks.* 

• "During the afternoon a strong hostile attack was made upon the i-jist 
Brigade, on the right of the 47th Division. Tor some days the German artillery 
had been steadily pouring gas shell into Bourlon Wood, until the thick undergrowth 
was full of gas. Many casualties were caused to our troops, and gas masks had 
to be worn continuously for many hours. None the less, when the enemy att.icked, 
he was again hmled back with heavy loss. A distinctive feature ot tlie defence 
was the gallantry of the Lewis gunners, who, when the attack was seen to be 
beginning, ran out with the guns in front of our line, and from positions ot advantage 
in the open mowed down the advancing German infantry." — I'rom " The Story of 
a Great l-ight," issued by the General Staff, February, 191 8. 

1917J BOURLON WOOD. 127 

While our troops were holding Bourlon Wood against such 
odds, the enemy had broken through to the south of us 
and captured the village of Gouzeaucourt. They approached 
at one time to within a mile of our refilling point, east of 
Metz-en-Couture. The Divisional Train received orders to 
cease issuing supplies and to withdraw to Neuville Bourjonval, 
where Rear Divisional Headquarters were established. Advanced 
Divisional Headquarters were in Havrincourt Park. 

Meanwhile, the 235th Brigade, R.F.A., which was about 
to come into action on our divisional front, was diverted 
and sent to the south of Havrincourt Wood to support a 
counter-attack on the part of the Guards Division,* Although 
the Guards had only recently come out of action, after 
experiencing severe casualties, this sudden counter-attack was 
brilliantly successful, and the village was retaken. The Guards 
expressed their warmest appreciation of the promptness with 
which our gunners had come into action from the line of 
march, and for the accuracy of their fire on points which 
they had had no chance to register beforehand. 

It was a hard day for the 47th Division. More than 
eighteen months had passed since we had been on our defence. 
We were lighting in unknown country which we had had 
little opportunity to reconnoitre, and communications were 
extremely difficult, the S.O.S. being at times the only signal 
that did not fail. Our casualties were heavy : 

6th Battalion . . 13 officers and 369 other ranks. 
15th Battalion . . 11 „ „ 288 „ 

141st Brigade . . 69 „ ,, 1,939 

It was subsequently ascertained from prisoners that the 
enemy had intended to attack simultaneously from the north 
and from the east, and so drive us from the Bourlon Salient. 
In some quarters it was maintained that the main attack was the 
one from the north which our troops faced, and that the attack from 
the east, though more successful on the issue, was originally intended 
as a feint to distract our troops from the main operation in Bourlon 
Wood. Whatever the relative strength and importance of the two 
attacks may have been, the one from the east did not meet with 

♦ The work of the Artillery in these operations is described on pages 137 to 141. 

128 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. LDec. 2-4 

so stout a resistance, and the enemy advanced as far as 
Gouzeaucourt very quickly, capturing men and guns in large 
numbers, and menacing our communications in the rear. 

But the honour of the London troops was worthily upheld. 
Ground was only yielded under extreme pressure, counter-attacks 
were immediate, determined, and successful. Those who 
suffered from the intense fire and the suffocating gas will 
look back upon the day with horror not unmixed with pride. 

In thanking the 47th Division for the " magnificent defence of the 
important position entrusted to them," Sir Douglas Haig wrote : — 

Thoush exposed throughout the dav to the repeated assaults of superior forces, 
they beat oflf all attacks with the heaviest losses to the enemy, and by their gallant 
and steady conduct contributed very largely to the security of the Divisions engaged 
on the whole front of attack. 

The line on the north and noi th-west of Bourlon Wood could not be 
regarded as a permanent position. There was higher ground in front 
of us still to be regained. From defence we must turn to attack. 

The 140th Brigade was ordered to retake the original line 
held before the attack on November 30th. Two companies 
of the 8th Battalion on the right, and two companies of the 
7th Battalion on the left, advanced at 8.10 p.m. on the 
evening of December 2nd under cover of artillery fire. 
Simultaneously the 2nd Division on our left advanced their 
light flank. The 7th Battalion experienced some opposition 
in the form of heavy machine-gun fire, and sustained heavy 
casualties. The 8th Battalion were more fortunate, en- 
countering no organised line of enemy resistance, but fighting 
with small parties in shell holes. Both battalions reached 
their objectives, consolidated, and held them, thus restoring 
the line as first taken over by the Division. In this advance 
of 300 to 400 yards, 52 prisoners and 18 machine-guns were 
taken. Officially described as a " minor operation," colloquially 
dismissed as "a good show," it was in reality an effort at 
a time when troops were tired, which reflected great credit 
and produced valuable results.* 

• The following message from the Army Commander, dated December 3rd, 1917. 
was forwarded by Lieut. -General Tanshawe the same day : 

G.O.C., V. A.C. , . 

Will you please convey to the G.O.C., 47th Division, my very best congratulations 
on liicir excellent achievement last ninht. 

This operation was of the greatest value to the situation and reflects the greatest 
credit on those who carried it out. J. Byng (General). 




- ■■Si 



h'acing page 128 


The third task of the Division was the evacuation of Bourlon 
Wood and the withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line. This 
is not the place in wliich to discuss at any length the reasons 
which caused the higher command to favour a withdrawal. 
It is, however, obvious from a study of the map (see Map VII) 
that our retention of the southern half of Bourlon Wood was 
likely to prove a very uncertain and expensive proposition. 
The Hindenburg trenches running north and south, and facing 
the enemy, offered a far better line of permanent resistance 
for the winter. A withdrawal from one position to another, 
however obvious the advantages it may offer, demands two 
necessary factors — a considerable amount of detailed staff 
work, and a very real confidence in the moral of the men. 

It was decided that our Division should withdraw, with 
the 2nd Division on our left, and the 59th Division on our 
right during the night of December 4th-5th from the wood 
to the Hindenburg support line, a total distance of nearly 
5,000 yards. The 142nd Brigade had taken over the Bourlon 
Wood Sector on December 3rd, so upon them fell the main 
burden of withdrawal. To the 140th Brigade was allotted 
the task of providing an outpost line between Graincourt and 
La Justice, which was to be held for twenty-four hours in 
order to cover the withdrawal of the 142nd Brigade and to 
allow them time for the consolidation of their new positions. 

The 4th R.W.F. were responsible for establishing and 
garrisoning four strong posts in front of the Hindenburg Line at 
places marked " S.P." on the map. A brigade of the 62nd Division 
came forward and held this section of the Hindenburg Line 
while our troops were retiring from the wood, as a precautionary 
measure against any attempt of the enemy, should they learn 
of our withdrawal beforehand, to hasten its progress. The with- 
drawal involved the moving back of all the batteries behind the 
Havrincourt-Flesquieres ridge, and this was carried out successfully 
on the night of December 4th. As soon as the withdrawal was 
completed, the 40th Divisional Artillery was relieved by the 77th 
Army Brigade, R.F.A. The 62nd Divisional Artillery was not 
relieved by our own gunners until December nth. 

At II p.m. on the 4th, the battalions of the 142nd Brigade 
began to withdraw, leaving in each case two or four platoons to hold 

130 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 4 

an outpost line through the wood. They reached their new 
position in the Hindenburg Line without incident, the enemy 
apparently having no idea that we were in process of with- 
drawal. The platoons left behind in the wood iired Verey 
lights and rifles at normal intervals, and assisted a body of 
Royal Engineers in the destruction of dugouts, derelict tanks, and 
useful material which could not be carried back. Signallers 
recovered the cables as far as possible, and elsewhere cut them 
and insulated the ends, to hinder their use for overhearing. 

So far as time allowed, contrivances to dela\' and injure 
the enemy in his re-occupation of the wood were set in position, 
and trip-wires hidden in the undergrowth. At 4 a.m. these 
small bodies of infantry evacuated the wood and rejoined 
their units in the new line without loss. The last to quit 
the wood were the Engineers, who destroyed such of the 
enemy guns as had not been salved, and rendered uninhabitable 
the catacombs in Graincourt. 

More would have been done in the way of destruction if 
greater notice could have been given. But the Division only 
received orders to evacuate on the morning of December 4th, 
and the orders only reached battaUons at 4 p.m. on the same day 
for a withdrawal to be effected seven hours later. 

Throughout November 30th and the following days our field 
ambulances carried out the evacuation of the wounded under great 
difficulties, but with unwearying gallantry and marked success. 
The 4th Royal Welsh Fusiliers especially distinguished themselves 
by carrying up ammunition through the gas-infected area, working 
hard all night in improving the line and carrying back all wounded 
who remained in the aid-posts and advanced dressing-stations in 
Bourlon Wood at dawn. 

By 4.30 a.m. there were no British troops left in the wood. 
Before 10 a.m. it was again occupied by the enemy. At 
dawn on December 5th the 142nd Brigade were holding the 
main line, the R.W.F. occupying the four strong points 1,000 
yards in front of them, while the 15th Battalion held covering 
positions to the west and east of Graincourt. The strong points 
were to be a permanent feature of the defence, but the positions 
of the 15th Battalion were only temporary, and the order for their 
evacuation was received on the night of December 5th-6th. 

1917] BOURLON WOOD. 131 

The i5tli Battalion was only 200 strong at this time, and 
still suffering from the effects of gas poisoning, but inasmuch 
as the 141st Brigade was practically out of action, and the 
140th Brigade seriously weakened, they were the only troops 
available for the holding of the Graincourt-La Justice Line. 
They were insufficient to garrison the village of Graincourt, 
as well as the high ground on both sides of it, and were therefore 
posted on the higher ground to cover the flanks of neighbouring 
divisions. A and B Companies, on the left of the village, received 
the order to retire and did so at 5.30 p.m. During the day the 
enemy had made several attempts to enter Graincourt, but they 
were beaten back by machine-gun fire, and our positions on the 
left were maintained. A certain number of Germans did filter 
through to the village, which was then bombarded by our guns 
with good effect. 

On the right, however, the position grew more serious as 
the day advanced. 

At dawn on the 5th, Sec-Lieutenant Aylmore had taken a 
Lewis gun and team to a position marked " L.G." on the 
map, to cover the withdrawal of C and D Companies. Un- 
fortunately, before the order to withdraw reached the com- 
panies, the outposts of the division on our right had been 
driven back, and the enemy began to envelope the right of 
the 15th Battalion. They had received a warning order 
beforehand that if after the night of December 5th-6th it was 
impossible to hold their position, they were to withdraw to the 
southernmost of the four strong points. When the enemy faced 
them in front and rear they cut their way through with great spirit, 
Sec-Lieutenant Lacey giving the order " make for the sun." 

It was now about 4 p.m., and the sun guided them at 
length to the strong point. But before they reached there 
they fought hard against an enemy that pressed on all sides 
at once. Sec-Lieutenant Lacey was brought in wounded. 
Sec-Lieut. King was last seen tending a wounded sergeant. 
He and Major Warne, Captain Burtt, Sec. -Lieutenant Potts, and 
Sec-Lieutenant Houslop were all fighting in the rear of the with- 
drawal, and were captured by the enemy. Sec-Lieutenant 
Chambers, of the 140th Machine-gun Company, and his team were 
also wounded and captured after doing brave work with their gun. 

132 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 5 

It had been impossible to communicate what was happening 
to Sec-Lieutenant Ayhnore and his gun team in their isolated 
position. They also had been surrounded by a force of 150 
to 200 Germans. After firing the gun for some time they 
were enveloped and compelled to retire. On their way they 
encountered several parties of the enemy and used their one 
gun with effect. They surprised some of the enemy in the 
act of digging, and fired on them. The Germans attacked 
with shovels and wounded one of the team in the back. On 
they went, an officer, three men, a wounded man, and a gun, 
fighting all the way, arriving at last at the same strong point. 

So ended the withdrawal, the last stage being as full of 
daring and incident as anything in the whole chapter of the 
Cambrai battle. The 15th Battalion suffered heavily, but 
they could recall no episode in France or Belgium so full of 
fire and spirit as this refusal of their troops on the outpost line 
to surrender to an enemy that had already surrounded them. 

The four strong posts were handed over by the R.W.F. to 
parties of the 142nd Brigade on December 5th, and were held 
without incident till the 9th. On the early morning of that da}' 
the enemy made a determined attack on Post No. 2 {vide Map VII), 
which was garrisoned by Captain A. W. Durrant (23rd London) 
and ninety men. The enemy assembled 400 strong in a trench 
200 yards in front of our post, and soon after 7 a.m. attacked 
across the open. They were beaten off by rifle fire. Other tactics 
were tried. Taking advantage of cover offered by the sunken 
road and disused trenches, they bombed their way forward and 
gained a footing in the south of the post. The garrison countered 
and drove them out, re-establishing their communication with 
the 2ist Battalion on the right by 8.30 a.m. 

But at 9 a.m. the enemy again succeeded in bombing their 
way into the post, this time bringing a light machine-gun 
with them. A wedge was driven into the small garrison, 
and Captain Durrant was left with only thirty men in the 
centre of the post, the remainder of his company being forced 
to join the 21st Battalion on their right. The machine-gun 
prevented the arrival of reinforcements ; the S.O.S. signal 
received no answer. At 11 a.m. an attempt was made by the 
enemy to reach the centre of the post. Captain Durrant 

1917] BOURLON WOOD. 133 

shortened his Hne, concentrated his thirty men, and held up 
the attack. Two hours later the 21st Battahon counter- 
attacked, but insufficiency of troops and the hostile machine- 
guns rendered the effort fruitless. The artillery behind us 
began to bombard the post, and Captain Durrant was compelled 
to retire. He and his httle force crawled back under the 
wire and, by dusk, were in the comparative safety of our 
trenches. His pluck in holding to his post so long, and his 
judgment in retiring at the last possible moment, were subse- 
quently marked by conferring on him the D.S.O. 

These three phases of our share in the Battle of Cambrai — 
a stout defence, a successful attack, and a skilful withdrawal — 
formed a complete test of the powers and moral of the 
Division. In this narrative no judgment can be attempted 
of the conduct of affairs by the Higher Commands, 
Posterity will doubtless find someone to blame for that costly 
acquisition and retention of ground from which withdrawal 
was found to be necessary but a few days later. We may 
rest assured that the 47th Division has no need to defend 
its share in the operations. Orders to do difficult things at 
short notice were received and obeyed. We lost no ground 
that we did not retake. A special message of congratulation 
and thanks was received from the Commander-in-Chief, and 
in forwarding it to the units of the Division, the Divisional 
Commander added these words : 

" England, and London especially, may well be proud of 


The Division was considerably below full strength when 
it entered the battle, and during the operations the casualties were 

The 19th Battalion suffered particularly heavily. Fifteen officers 
and over 600 men took up a position in the wood. Ten officers were 
sent down gassed, five died within a few days, and the battalion 
left, the wood with a strength of five officers and sixty-five other 
ranks. Of these, only one officer and between twenty and thirty 
of the men remained a few days later, the others being sent to 
hospital suffering from the effects of gas. 

Where so many of the brave have fallen, it is invidious 
to think that one is missed more than another. But it was 

134 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 

unusually tragic, even in the bitterness of war, that Lieut.- 
Colonel Adrian G. Gordon, D.S.O., who had led the 235th 
Brigade R.F.A. with such skill and courage on November 30th, 
should have been killed on December 12th by a chance shell in 
front of Havrincourt,* and that so gallant a young officer as 
Captain L. E. Rundell, M.C., of the 7th Battalion, then acting 
staff-captain of the 140th Brigade, should have fallen on 
December loth. 

Both brigades of the Divisional Artillery were throughout 
the early days of December constantly in action and under 
fire, the men in the battery positions living in shell holes in 
bitter weather, rain alternating with frost, and the diivers 
working day and night in bringing up ammunition and moving 
waggon hues. The 235th and 236th Brigades R.F.A. rejoined 
the Division on December nth, but on the relief of the 
infantry on December i6th they remained in action, covering first 
the 59th and then the 17th Division, until the 47th again took over 
the line early in January. An account of the Brigades' adventures 
while detached from the Division will be found below. 

The Royal Engineers played many parts. They were 
responsible for the demohtions during the withdrawal, and did 
much in little time. One party of them returned to Graincourt 
after it had been partially occupied by the enemy to make 
further demolitions, and on meeting Germans, destroyed them 
also. Some acted as stretcher-bearers on November 30th, others 
as reinforcements to the 15th Battalion when they were hard 
pressed on the same day. Throughout the battle the devotion of 
the sappers to whatever duty they were called upon to undertake 

* Major E . R. Hatfield, D.S.O., who had served with a battery of the 
Division since mobilisation, was seriously wounded by the same shell. The 
following letter was received by General Gorringe from General Fielding, who 
was commanding the Guards Division when our artillery supported their 
countci -attack on November 30th : 

" December 2nd. 

" Dear Gorringe, — I write to tell you that I had two brigades of artillery 
sent to cover me without a C.R.A., and I had therefore to make one of them 
acting C.R.A. His name was Lieut.-Colonel Gordon, conunanding 235th 
Brigade, 47th Division. He had a difficult job to do, having no staff ; but 
he did exceedingly well, and had a great grasp of the situation— full of ideas 
and very sound. In mv opinion well fitted for C-R./X. ol a division. 1 
should hke you to thank' him for his services, and to tell him that they were 
much appreciated. — \oiirs sincerely, 

G. Fielding." 

" Guards Division." 

1917] BOURLON WOOD. 135 

was conspicuous and among their commanders Major S. G. Love 
won especial distinction in these operations. 

The work of the R.A.M.C. was made more difficult by the 
circumstances of the battle. The gas in Bourlon Wood hung 
in the trees and bushes so thickly that all ranks were compelled 
to wear their respirators continuously if they were to escape 
the effects of gas. But men cannot dig for long without 
removing them, and it was. necessary to dig trenches to get 
any cover from the persistent shell-fire. Throughout November 
30th there was, therefore, a steady stream of gassed and 
wounded men coming to the regimental aid-posts. Their 
clothes were full of gas, and as the medical officer could not 
dress wounds without removing his respirator, he, too, felt 
the effects. No fewer than seven medical officers went to 
hospital gassed as the result of this dilemma. During the 
afternoon the few roads that led into the salient became so 
congested that the motor ambulances returning for more 
cases could not reach the dressing-stations. Wounded were 
sent by horse ambulance and limber and the broad-gauge 
railway in order to avoid congestion. 

The disposition of the front and the consequent lines of evacuation 
caused the old practice of having two field ambulances clearing the 
line again to be resorted to. Under this scheme the 4th London 
Field Ambulance became responsible for the left, and the 5th London 
Field Ambulance for the right front. 

During this battle the chain of evacuation took a new turn, for 
after treatment at the advanced dressing-station, cases were trans- 
ferred direct to the Corps main dressing-station. The collection 
of the wounded presented features of extraordinary difficulty. As 
a general rule, the walking wounded cases are greatly in excess of 
the stretcher cases, and are dealt with fairly rapidly ; but in this 
instance, as the majority of the walking wounded were blinded by 
the gas, their collection and evacuation made as great a demand on 
R.A.M.C. personnel and vehicles as it would have done if all had been 
stretcher cases. Every form of vehicle was impressed, and even 
empty water-carts carried their quota. 

One of the most pitiful sights of the war was to see the long 
queues of forty to sixty temporarily blinded men linked up, slowly 
wending their way through the wood guided by R.A.M.C. orderlies. 

136 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 

In the first twenty-four hours of the battle 4,700 casualties 
passed through the dressing-stations. The route along which the 
wounded had to be evacuated passed through an area heavily and 
continuously shelled with both H.E. and gas shell, for the enemy 
persistently barraged the approaches to Bourlon Wood. Three 
of the ambulance drivers were killed, and the R.A.M.C. suffered 
70 casualties. Rarely have the medical services of the Division 
been called to face more sudden, difficult, and perilous tasks. 

As an inevitable result of driving this narrow salient into the 
enemy's front without having adequate troops available to relieve 
the pressure by attacking elsewhere, all communications became 
difficult. The few roads which existed were intermittently but 
heavily shelled, especially at night, with the inevitable result of 
long delays and considerable casualties among both men and 
animals. All these difficulties were cheerfully overcome by the 
transport services. 

The Signal Company also was faced with great difficulty in 
maintaining communications. Visual signals and pigeons often 
were the only means. 

The enemy attacked twenty-four hours after the Division had 
taken over the line and before any serious improvement in com- 
munications could be effected. At the time there was one line to 
each infantry brigade and only one line serving six artillery brigades ; 
no lines nor any power-buzzer communication to battalions, in 
spite of the fact that this chalky country was ideally suited to the 

Divisional Headquarters, under canvas at Havrin court Chateau, 
were out of comnmnication with the Corps for most of the time during 
the first few days. The heavy shelling round Havrincourt and the 
absence of communication trenches, with the addition of several 
stretches behind battalion headquarters which were exposed to 
machine-gun fire, made the maintenance of lines very difficult 
when they were laid. The retirement on December 4th eased 
matters considerably for the signal service. 

The 4th Battalion R.W.F. were on their way from Bertincourt 
to Trescault, when the enemy attacked on November 30th. 
The roads were blocked and under heavy fire, but the com- 
panies plodded through, and on arriving at Havrincourt were 
sent forward to gairison the Hindcaburg support line. The 

• <1 J O It 

CrowM copyright.] 

[I iiipci itil W'ui Miiscuin. 


Facinn page 136 

1917] BOURLON WOOD. 137 

next few days and nights were times of strenuous and con- 
tinuous work. They carried ammunition up to Bourlon Wood 
each evening, stayed to dig communication trenches, to put 
a firestep in the front Une, to consohdate the trenches we 
regained on December 2nd, to salve a German railway and 
its rolling-stock, finishing their night's work by carrying back 
the wounded. This was the nightly programme till December 
4th, when they went forward to the four strong points. These 
they put in some state of defence, and then held them against 
the attacks of the enemy till they were relieved on December 
6th. The Battle of Cambrai was a great episode in the 
history of the regiment. Fear and fatigue were conquered by 
spirit and discipline. 

The officers and the men in the trenches surpassed them- 
selves, rations were not so good as they had been a month 
before, there was little shelter from the weather, much work 
to be done, and the nights long and cold. Wearily, cheerily 
they crawled to the slow trains that took them back beyond 
Albert for a snowy Christmas. But what happened there must 
form the subject of another chapter. 

3|C JfC SjC 3|C S|C Iff 

The 47th Divisional Artillery, whose movements have hitherto 
been only briefly outlined, played no less important a part than the 
rest of the Division in repelling the German counter-attacks of 
November 30th and the succeeding days. The story of their share 
in the operations is told in the following narrative by the C.R.A., 
Brigadier-General Whitley : 

On the early morning of November 30th the enemy made a 
counter attack in force to recover his lost Hindenburg Line, the chief 
weight of the attack being directed against the haunches of the salient 
where our new front line joined the old. 

As has already been told, the attack on the north faces of the 
salient, though made by five German divisions, was beaten off, 
thanks to the splendid steadiness of our 47th Divisional Infantry, 
and those of the 2nd and 56th Divisions on their left. The front 
of the salient towards Cambrai was also held intact by the 29th 
Division, but on the southern face of the salient the 55th and 20th 
Divisions were driven in, and before noon the Germans had overrun 
Bois Lateau, Gonneheu and Villers Guislains, and had entered 

138 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 25 

Gouzeauconrt and Gauche Wood. If they succeeded in pushing 
forward to Queen's Cross they would look into Metz and thus 
command the bottle-neck on which the whole of the troops in the 
salient depended. 

Fortunately, the Guards Division, which had been relieved on the 
previous day in the northern part of the salient, had only gone as 
far back as Fins, and was now turning about and marching up to 
Queen's Cross. 

Our two Artillery Brigades (the 2j5th and 236th) had spent the 
last four nights on the site of the village of Bus, crowded into accom- 
modation that was only built to hold half their number, and were 
engaged in calibrating some of their guns on the ranges at Fricourt 
in the old Somme battlefield, while parties of officers were out 
reconnoitring the German guns which had been captured in the 
advance on November 20th, and were now to be brought into the 
IVth Corps Headquarters at Villers-au-Flos. 

At 9.30 a.m. a Staff car from the Coryjs brought an order to the 
235th Brigade R.F.A., to "stand to" ready to move in any 
direction. Lt. -Colonel Gordon was out reconnoitring, but the 
adjutant of the Brigade, Captain S. T. Davis, rode at once to 
Corps Headquarters and received orders to march immediately to 
Neuville Bourjonval, where they would report to G.O.C. Guards 

The 236th Brigade R.F.A. (Lt.-Colonel A. H. BowTing) were 
awaiting the return of several of the guns from the ranges, and did 
not get orders to move till late in the afternoon. 

The 235th Brigade were on the move in ten minutes, the colonel 
had got back, and with his Staff rode ahead to the Guards Division, 
whom he found at Metz. The infantry were not yet up from Fins, 
and the roads were filled with wounded soldiers, gunners carr^ang 
dial sights and other gun stores, and transport streaming back in 
a considerable confusion. The Brigade was ordered to go into 
action covering Gouzeaucourt, and, for the first time for many a long 
month, carried out the procedure laid down in Field Artillery 
Training for quickly reconnoitring and taking up a position, just 
outside Metz. 

The men were full of spirit, and our batteries cheered as they drove 
up into action, the only troops in that part of the field who were 
facing the right way. It was now after 2 p.m., and as information 

igi;] BOURLON WOOD. 139 

was scanty, the adjutant of the Brigade was sent forward to find 
out the situation. He rode over Highland Ridge and down into 
Villers Plouich, in spite of rifle-fire, and satisfied himself that the 
enemy were at any rate not advanced across the valley towards 
Queen's Cross. An hour later he found the Guards Infantry assem- 
bling about Queen's Cross to attack Gouzeaucourt. The attack 
was supported by the 235th Brigade R.F.A., and was completely 
successful, but an attempt to push on and recapture Gonnelieu was 
beaten back with serious casualties to the Guards. 

Prisoners reported that the German attack was to be renewed the 
next day, and the 235th Brigade, who alone were covering the 
Guards Division on a front of three miles, had a busy night harassing 
all likely approaches and advancing in succession to new positions 
just below the crest of the Queen's Cross-Trescault Ridge in front of 
Gouzeaucourt Wood. 

During the night November 3oth-December ist the Guards 
Divisional Artillery arrived, and went into action under Lt. -Colonel 
Gordon's command, the 75th Brigade R.F.A. behind Gouzeaucourt 
Wood, and the 76th near Heudecourt. The 235th Brigade, R.?\A., 
was led during this period, when Colonel Gordon was acting C.R.A. 
to the Guards Division, by Major A. J. Cowan, D.S.O., of 
D/235th Battery. 

On the morning of December ist the enemy did not resume his 
attack from Gonnelieu, and the day was spent by 235th Brigade 
R.F.A. organising the position and settling down. 

The 236th Brigade R.F.A. received orders late in the afternoon 
of November 30th to move up as soon as their guns arrived from 
Fricourt, in support of the 20th Division, who had been driven off 
the Gonnelieu-Lateau Wood ridge and were holding somewhat 
precariously the Welsh Ridge about La Vacquerie. At 4.30 a.m. on 
the ist the 236th Brigade moved off, and just as dawn was breaking 
crossed the Queen's Cross-Trescault Ridge, just north of the 235th 
Brigade. They came into action on the forward slopes above Villers- 
Plouich, looking across to La Vacquerie at only 3,000 yards range. 

During the day the enemy tried hard to get forward from Lateau 
Wood to La Vacquerie, but the observers of the batteries were able 
to get their guns on to these attacks and broke them up. The enemy 
supported his attacks with artillery fire, and the barrage came 
forward as far as the battery positions of the 236th Brigade, 

140 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec. 

causing some casualties, as every one was in the open without 
cover, except a very few shallow trenches. 

On December 2nd the C.R.A. of the Guards Division took over 
command of the artillery covering his infantry, and Lieut-Colonel 
Gordon became Group Commander, with headquarters at the 
south-east edge of Havrincourt Wood. Meanwhile, the enemy 
persisted in attacking La Vacquerie, five batteries of the 20th 
Divisional Artillery were added to Lieut. -Colonel Bowring's 
command, and protective barrages were called for frequently. 

Down in Villers Plouich a quantity of ordnance stores had been 
collected as well as provisions, and any spare time the batteries 
had was well spent in salving part of these stores. 

Fightmg for La Vacquerie continued, the battery positions were 
becoming known, and on December 5th, A /236th Battery (Major 
W. Coopei, M.C.), and D/236th Battery (Major Duncan, M.C.), 
were withdraun to the Beaucamp Valley, while Brigade headquai ters 
moved back to a chalkpit east of Havrincourt Wood. This day the 
Germans hnally got possession of La Vacquerie Farm which com- 
manded the positions of the batteries still in the Villers Plouich 
valley, and by the 8th, B /236th Battery (Major W. J. Barnard, 
M.C.), and C/236th Battery R.F.A. (Major Carey-Morgan) were 
withdrawn undei heavy shell-fire to positions behind the Queen's 
Cross-Trescault Ridge near the Brigade headquarters. 

Meanwhile, 235th Biigade R.F.A. had been relieved by the 9th 
Divisional Artillery, and after one night in waggon lines at Fins 
had moved up to the north of 236th Brigade R.F.A. in Boar Valley, 
the valley in which Beaucamp stands, facing almost due east. 

On December nth a triangular exchange of artillery was arranged 
between 32nd, 36th, and 47th Divisions, under which our own 235th 
and 236th Brigades R.F.A. rejoined the 47th Division in the 
Havrincourt-Flesquieres sector after a short but ver}' arduous battle. 

The discomfort of officers and men in the battery positions, living 
in shell holes in bitter weather, rain alternating with frost, with 
almost continuous firing, was rivalled only by that of the drivers, 
with their horses always in the open and kept in incessant work, 
bringing up ammunition at night to the guns and changing the 
position of w^aggon lines by day. The 236th Brigade, for example, 
placed their waggon lines on December ist behind Gouzeaucourt 
Wood, but were shelled out on the 6th, and went to the west of 

1917J BOURLON WOOD. 141 

Metz, thence to Fins three miles further south, to Bertincourt five 
miles to the north, and finally back to Bus, being much worried 
during the whole period by enemy bombing. 

It was the nearest approach which the Brigades had had to moving 
warfare, with most of the impedimenta of trench wai fare discarded, 
the Brigade office established in a shell hole and paper limited to 
the ordinary signal message pad, but throughout the whole battle 
the batteries showed themselves ready to accept novel conditions 
and quick to grasp essentials. 

■^ r I 


Designed by Rfn. C. R. Stanton, 21st London Regt. 

Chapter XII. 

CHRISTMAS, 1917, was spent by the greater part of the 
Division, except the artillery, under tolerably comfortable 
conditions. The brigades were billeted in villages behind 
Albert— the 140th round Ribemont, the 141st round Bouzincourt, 
and the 142nd round Lavieville. The Divisional canteen did a big 
business in pork and turkeys and such other delicacies as could be 
obtained, and everybody settled down to enjoy a peaceful Christmas 
after the stress of the past month. 

There was little rest, however, for the transport. A heavy 
snowfall and continued frost had made the roads and places almost 
impassable, and the long journeys with supplies to outlying villages, 
together with the insatiable demand for fuel, meant a long day's 
work for the Divisional Train and Supply Column. 

During this period the original Supply Column of the Division, 
the 47th, which had accompanied it from England, was restored 
to it for good, the system of changing over the mechanical transport 
with every change of area having been found unsatisfactory. 

Brigade training began directly after Christmas, but it soon 
became clear that a return to the line was imminent. On December 
29th orders were issued for the Pioneers and two field companies 
to move up to the Vth Corps area on New Year's Day. On the 
following day the enemy attacked on the Vth Corps front, and the 
142nd Brigade was moved up by train at a few hours' notice. On 
January 4th it relieved the left brigade in the Flesquieres sector, 
which was already covered by our own Divisional Artillery. In a 
raid on the 24th Battalion on January 6th, one prisoner was taken 
by the enemy. 

Meanwhile, the whole Division had been transferred from Ilird 
to Vth Corps. Divisional Headquarters left the chateau of Baisieux 

144 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Jan. 

on January 6th for the Nissen huts of Ncuville Bourjonval ; on 
the yth the I4i5t Brigade, who had moved into the Bertincourt 
area two days earlier, took over the right brigade front of the 
17th Division, and Sir George Gorringe took over the command 
of the whole Division^ front. The 140th Brigade remained in 
the rest area until January loth, when they rejoined the Division 
at Bertincourt. 

Intense cold, followed by a thaw which rendered the trenches 
almost impassable, added greatly to the hardships of the troops 
in the line. Except for normal artillery activity, however, the 
days passed quietly. It was decided to evacuate the Havrincourt- 
Premy salient, including Dago Trench and Premy Switch, and this 
was done on the night of January i4tlT^i5th. 

The evacuation of the salient by the 140th Brigade involved a 
demolition of eight dugout systems, with twenty-four entrances, 
and in making these uninhabitable and otherwise making things as 
uncomfortable as possible for any Germans who might seek to take 
up their abode there, 1,505 slabs of gun-cotton, and 108 gallons of 
petrol or paraffin were used. 

Work on the Beaucamp-Trescault-Hcimies line was begun on 
January 24th, and a working party of 300 infantrymen was employed 
on it daily. A great deal was done by all arms in preparing rear 
lines of defence. Batteries were arranged in depth ; anti-tank 
guns were placed on the Flesquieres Ridge, and alternative systems 
of communication from front to rear were practised. 

The Chaplain-General (Bishop Taylor-Smith) visited Divisional 
Headquarters, which were now established in Ytres, on January 
26th, and on the Sunday officiated at a church parade of the 
140th Brigade. 

A 47th Divisional memorial cross was erected at Eaucourt 
I'Abbaye on February 3rd, 1918, when Major L. Boosey, of the 
22nd Battalion, the senior officer present, read the following words 
of dedication : • 

We set up this memorial to the honour of our brave comrades who fell in the battle 
of Eaucourt L'Abbaye on October ist, 1916. Tlieir names are too many to repeat, 
but not one of them shall be forgotten. For in the face of a powerful enemy they 
continued to go forward, giving their lives for England and for London, for all they 
loved best at home. 

Peace has come to this \ illage ; its trees and houses shall grow again. So we 
have placed a cross on the place wlicre our soldiers fell, as a sure sign that they, too, 
rest in peace, and have the certaia hope of a glorious resurrection in Jesus Christ, our 

> o 

Brig.-Gexekal \V. F. MILDREN, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. 
Commanding 141st Infantry Brigade, 1917-1019. 

Vacina paqe 144 


A memorial cross was also erected in High Wood in commemora- 
tion of those who fell in the successful attack of September 15th, 

Two important changes in organization, which were being put 
into effect throughout the British armies in France, resulted in 
great changes within the Division during the next few weeks. 
These were the reduction of the strength of infantry brigades 
from four battalions to three, and the combination of the four 
machine-gun companies into one machine-gun battalion. 

The reorganisation of the infantry resulted in the loss to the 
Division of the 6th Battahon (City of London Rifles), the 7th 
Battalion, and the 8th Battalion (Post Office Rifles). These three 
City battalions, which had joined the Division some months before 
it embarked for France, had played a leading part in most of the 
big operations in which it had been engaged, and their loss to the 
Division was a heavy one. They were ordered to join the 58th 
(London) Division, where they were to be amalgamated respectively 
with the 2-6th, 2-7th, and 2-8th Battalions, London Regiment, 
which were already serving there. A large proportion of their 
personnel, however, was retained with the 47th, and was sent 
as drafts to other units of the Division. The 6th Battalion, for 
example, received orders to dispose of its personnel as follows : 14 
officers and 250 other ranks to the 2-6th Battalion London Regiment ; 
8 officers and 250 other ranks to the i-i5th Battalion, and 6 officers 
and 170 other ranks to the i-i8th Battalion. The 8th Battalion 
sent its headquarters and 200 men to the 2-8th; 7 officers and 250 
men to the i-24th, and 8 officers and 300 men to the i-i7th. 

As might be expected, there was no little heartburning over 
the question who should be taken and who should be left. There 
was much making of nominal rolls (in triplicate), much hurried 
transferring of indispensable clerks and mess-servants at head- 
quarters who were suddenly found to belong to one of the doomed 
battalions, and much quiet horse-coping and camouflaging of 
transport and equipment. 

At last the tangle was more or less straightened out, and on 
February 2nd the Divisional and Brigade Commanders bade farewell 
at Eertincourt to the headquarters and nucleus detachments of 
the " Cast-iron Sixth." the " Shiny Seventh," and the Post Office 
Rifles as they left in omnibuses to join the 58th Division. 


1^6 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Feb. 

The 47th Division owed to these " lost tribes " several dis- 
tinguished commanders and Staff officers who remained with it, 
among them Brigadier-General Mildren, a former Commanding 
Officer of the 6th, who had succeeded Brigadier-General Erskine 
on January 2nd, 1918, in command of the 141st Brigade ; Lieut. - 
Colonel (afterwards Brigadier-General) Maxwell, of the 8th, and 
Lieut. -Colonel C. Salkeld Green, of the 7th, while others, such as 
Lieut.-Colonel W. B. Vince, afterwards returned to us. 

In the war diary of the 8th Battalion the closing entry, written 
almost three years after the landing of the unit in France, runs 
as follows : 

The battalion is gone, and its officers and men scattered abroad. But the spirit 
of the battalion — that spirit which carried it through over two and a half year> of 
bard fighting — will always remain in the hearts of those who have served in and for it. 
HcBc ohm meminisse juvabii. 

To fill the gap thus made in the 140th Brigade, the 17th Battalion 
was taken from the 141st Brigade and the 21st Battalion from 
the 142nd. The new order of battle, therefore, was : 

(Brigadier-General H. B. P. L. Kennedy, D.S.O.) 

15th Battalion, London Regiment (Civil Service Rifles). 

17th ,, „ „ (Poplar and Stepney Riflesj, 

2ist ,, „ „ (First Surrey Rifles), 

(Brigadier-General W. F. Mildren, C.M.G., D.S.O.) 

i8th Battalion, London Regiment (London Irish Rifles). , 

19th ,, „ ,, (St. Pancras). 

20th ,, ,, ,, (Blackheath and Woolwich). 

(Brigadier-General V. T. B.mley, D.S.O.) 

22nd Battalion, London Regiment (The Queen's). 


24th ,, „ ,, (The Queen's). 

The reorganisation of the machine-gun companies took place 
towards the end of the month of February, which passed without 
incident of importance on the Divisional front. An enemy raid 


on the front of the 17th Division on our left and a great increase 
of patrol activity, however, were among the many indications that 
the expected German offensive would not be long delayed. 

On February 22nd and 23rd the Division was relieved by the 
63rd (Royal Naval) Division. The 141st Brigade went back to 
Lechelle, and the 142nd to Rocquigny. The machine-gun companies 
were also concentrated at Rocquigny under the Divisional machine- 
gun officer, and at midnight on the last day of the month the 47th 
Battalion, Machine-gun Corps, officially came into being. Its first 
commanding officer was Lieut-Colonel H. J. N. Davis, D.S.O., who 
was succeeded a few weeks later by Lieut. -Colonel Wyndham 
Portal, D.S.O., M.V.O. The latter, who had previously commanded 
the Household Battalion in France, remained with the Division 
until after the Armistice. 

Another change in the Divisional Staff had taken place a few 
days earlier, when Lieut. -Colonel A. J. Turner was appointed to 
conimand a brigade of another division. He was succeeded as 
G.S.O.i by Lieut.-Colonel C. M. Davies, D.S.O. 

On February 27th the 4th Royal Welsh Fusiliers, like other 
Pioneer battalions, was reorganised into three companies instead 
of four. 

In some of the artillery units also reorganisation was in progress. 
From December onwards the water supply for wagon lines was so 
small that the Divisional Ammunition Column, with the exception 
of the S.A.A. Section, was sent right back to Pont Noyelles and 
Querrieu Chateau, half-way between Albert and Amiens. Here 
preparations were made for the reception of 150 Indian native 
drivers, with a view to replacing a similar number of British. 

The three medium trench-mortar batteries were reorganised as 
two batteries each of six 6-in. Newton mortars, X-47 under Captain 
J. G. Blaver, and Y-47 under Captain A. L. Hope. In addition 
to the preparation and occupation of positions in Flesquieres, 
from which they could support the infantry in our existing line, 
positions were prepared and manned in some of the rear lines. 

On March 7th the Divisional Artillery was relieved, and the 
whole Division was out at rest together for the first time since 

Training in the field, in which all arms combined, and musketry 
on the range at Le Transloy, interspersed with gymkhanas, boxing. 

148 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

and football matches, occupied the first three weeks of Marcii. 
Just outside the village of Bus an excellent racecourse had been 
laid out by a division which had previously been in possession of 
that desolate area. The jumps — which were vigorously shelled by 
the Germans later during their advance, under the impression 
that they were gun positions — were still in good repair, and two 
most enjoyable gymkhanas were held there on March 9th and i6th. 

Meanwhile, the shelling of back areas, and the bombing by 
night, became daily more persistent. On March 12th, Divisional 
Headquarters, in the remains of the chateau at Ytres, was heavily 
shelled. Captain Arthur Gorringe, the camp commandant, and a 
brother of the Divisional Commander, who had won the affection 
of all with whom he came into contact during the short period of 
his service with the Division, was seriously wounded in the hand. 

Sunda}', March 17th, was the third anniversary of the Division's 
first landing in France. A special service of thanksgiving, remem- 
brance, and self-dedication was held in the evening in the large 
theatre at Lechelle. So many of the original members of the 
Division desired to attend that it was impossible to accommodate 
them all, but the theatre was crowded with representatives from 
every unit of the Division. The Divisional Commander and his 
Staff were present. The service was conducted, and an address 
was given, by the Senior Chaplain, the Rev. A. E. Wilkinson, M.C., 
and the music was provided by the band of the 19th Battalion. 

On the same day orders were received for the Division to relieve 
the 2nd Division in the La Vacquerie sector, south-west of Cambrai, 
on the right flank of the Third Army. The 2nd Division, as well 
as the 63rd (Royal Naval) Division had suffered heavy casualties 
during the recent gas-shell bombardment by the enemy. Its 
replacement in the line at this stage by the 47th Division, which 
had been in training as a counter-attack division for the right 
flank of the Vth Corps and the Third Army, was a change of 
Corps plan which had far-reaching results. 

Chapter XIII. 

ALTHOUGH the big German attack was expected in 
March, 1918, the exact day and hour when it should 
be launched was not known. The night of March 
20th-2rst was quiet. This was not unusual as, with the excep- 
tion of aeroplane bombing raids and an artillery bombardment 
early every morning, the enemy had of late refrained from great 
annoyance in the forward positions at night. The world, how- 
ever, woke up at 4.15 a.m. on the 21st to excessive noise of shells 
and guns. Alert sentries sent up the S.O.S., and our artillery 
soon replied. " The usual morning strafe," said someone, and 
snoozed down into his blankets again. His composure was 
short-lived, however, for the enemy fire increased in intensity, 
and gas-shell was fired in particularly heavy concentrations ; 
heavy trench mortars joined in with a nasty, thick, methodical 
bombardment of our front line posts and sapheads, long- 
range guns sent high-bursting shrapnel over the headquarters 
and villages miles behind the line. The staffs turned out — 
in pyjamas first — and telephones were soon busy. It was 
soon realised that this was no ordinary bombardment, and that 
at last the great attack had come. 

The 47th Division, part of the Vth Corps (Lieut. -General Sir 
E. A. Fanshawe), had relieved the 2nd Division in the La Vacquerie 
sector on March 19th and 20th. The 141st Brigade took over the 
left front on the night of the I9th-20th, and the 140th Brigade 
were to hold the right front from the night 20th-2ist. The 
142nd Brigade was in reserve. On our left was the 63rd 
(Royal Naval) Division (Major-General C. Lawrie), also in the Vth 
Corps. On the right was the 9th (Scottish) Division, temporarily 
commanded by Brigadier-General H. H. Tudor. This division 

150 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 21 

was in the Vllth Corps (Lieut. -General Sir W. N. Congreve, V.C), 
and formed part of General Sir Hubert Gough's Fifth Army. 

The important factor in these dispositions was that the 47th 
Division was on the extreme right of Byng's Third Army, and the 
task of defending the flank of the army fell to the 47th. 

The front line which the Division took over was on Welsh Ridge, 
the left sector of it being on the reverse slope. Observation was 
bad. The reserve line was on Highland Ridge, some 2,000 j-ards 
behind, and from this an excellent field of fire was obtainable. 
Between the two ridges was the narrow Couillet Valle}', which, 
with its steep sides, was a regular gas-trap. Here the troops of 
the 2nd Division in support had suffered scverel}^ from gas-shell 
on March iSth and 19th. 

Thus it happened that on the very day when the German 
offensive began the 2nd Division, which had suffered heavy casualties 
and was comparatively weak in strength, went into Corps Reserve, 
while the 47th Division, which was not only stronger in numbers and 
fresher, but had for the past week or two been undergoing special 
training as a counter-attack Division, took its place in holding the 

According to orders, the command of the La Vacquerie Sector 
was to pass to Major-General Sir G. F. Gorringe, our Divisional 
Commander, at 6 a.m. on March 21st, but in view of events, 
he assumed responsibihty for the front at five o'clock — after 
the bombardment had started, and before the scheduled time 
for taking over had arrived. The divisional relief was not 
yet complete. We had the 2nd Divisional Artillery still 
^vith us, and only part of the Machine-gun Battalion had been 
relieved. This state of things was inconvenient, for mis- 
understandings and delay may often arise when units are 
strange to one another. Throughout the whole of the next 
anxious days the work of the 2nd Division units with us 
was excellent and deserving of the greatest credit ; their 
loyalt}^ and eagerness to assist and obey orders of commanders 
strange to them (our C.R.A. and O.C. Machine-gun Battalion 
took over command during the day) left nothing to be desired. 

Our own artillery, whose wanderings aie briefly described else- 
where, left the Division on March 21st, and moved northwards. 
They were not restored to it until May 22nd. The field artillery 


covering the sector held by the 47th Division at the opening 
of the attack consisted of the two brigades of the 2nd 
Divisional Artillery — the 41st Brigade R.F.A. under Lieut. - 
Colonel Barton, and the 36th Brigade R.F.A. under Lieut.- 
Colonel Goschen, the 34th (Army) Brigade R.F.A. under 
Lieut. -Colonel Parry, and the 87th Brigade R.F.A., from the 
19th Divisional Artillery, under Lieut. -Colonel Peel. The 
36th Brigade, R.F.A., was transferred to the 63rd Division on the 
night of March 22nd-23rd. On March 23rd the remaining 
three brigades were affiliated respectively to the 142nd, 140th, 
and 141st Infantry Brigades, and acted in conjunction with 
them during the greater part of the retirement. 

Meanwhile, our men in the front line were having a horrible 
time. It was not, apparently, the enemy's plan to launch a massed 
attack on our front. He seemed to rely on the main attack 
farther south, assisted by strong and continual pressure on 
our immediate front, to force us out of our positions. The 
bombardment grew more intense, and by nine o'clock we had 
suffered heavy casualties. The gas-shell was especially deadly, 
and for hours our men had to wear their masks, and while 
thus handicapped, continually to repel the enemy's fighting 
patrols. Later in the day the enemy advanced under a smoke 
screen, and only after repeated efforts and wearing our troops 
down by trench-mortar fire and gas did he succeed in gaining 
one or two isolated positions in our front line. Local counter- 
attacks by the 18th and 19th Battalions drove back the enemy, 
who had in some places reached our second-line ti'ench — a very fine 
piece of work after the drubbing they had received from the enemy's 
guns and mortars. 

Reports received showed that the enemy had made progress 
on our right and had occupied the front-line system of the Division 
on our right. On the left the 63rd Division had had similar ex- 
periences to our own, and had also held their ground. Farther 
north, Doignies had been lost, and it became evident that if more 
progress were made against the corps north and south of us, the 
47th and 63rd would be forced to fall back. The 4th R.W.F., the 
Pioneer Battalion, had been ordered up to Metz from Lechelle, 
and the remainder of our Machine-gun Battalion, which was back at 
Rocquigny, had come forward into reserve. Such was the situation 

152 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 21-22 

in the evening. The Division could well feel proud that the 
hont was still intact, especially in the light of the terrific 
bombardment. Reports showed that, in spite of a day under 
continual fire, the men were still confident and in good spirits. 

During the night the situation on our flanks became worse. 
At 7.48 p.m. the 47th and 63rd Divisions were ordered to leave their 
front line and take up a position along the Highland Ridge, 
in accordance with the prearranged plan of the Third Army. 

This withdrawal under the nose of the enemy was made 
unknown to him and without mishap. The signal service had 
remained good throughout the day, the buried cable being the 
strength of the system. 

Eleven prisoners had been taken, and these stated that 
the objectives of the attack were unlimited. So we were to 
expect another hard day. 

The night was quiet. Hostile artillery was evidently busy taking 
up new positions, and firing was spasmodic. As soon as daylight 
appeared, the enemy crept cautiously forward, only to find the 
position vacated. Strong patrols were pushed out down the 
southern slopes of the Welsh Ridge to disco\'er our whereabouts, 
and many endeavours were made to reach our j)ositions, but our 
machine-guns, Lewis-gun posts, and snipers had been well placed, 
and all day the enemy was prevented from crossing the Couillet 
Valley. Our position, and the fine obstinacy of our men, gave us an 
oppoitunit}' of inflicting heavy casualties. 

Again and again the Germans tried without success to get across 
to Highland Ridge. The situation gave encouragement to the 
infantry, who had no doubt of their ability to hold the position 
indefinitely. But south of us things were going badly. As early 
as 7.30 a.m. the Divisional Commander realised the danger on our 
right flank, caused by the withdrawal of the 9th Division. During 
the morning the situation became more and more dangerous, and 
this was represented to Vth Corps. By midday the 9th Division 
was already back on its second system {i.e., our Metz Switch 
system) and an extension of our right was necessary. The R.W.F. 
were ordered to occupy the Metz Switch on the right of the 
142nd Brigade. The situation was becoming an anxious one. The 
right of the 140th Brigade was already in the air, although the 
position of the Pioneer Battalion formed an echelon, and thus 


prevented the enemy from cutting in behind our front system. 
During the afternoon things on our right grew still worse. The 
Fifth Army were rapidly falling back, and at 4.10 p.m. a Staff officer 
from the 9th Division reported that they were leaving their second 
system at 4.30 p.m., and in the evening intended to retire behind 

This, of course, made our Highland Ridge position quite 
impossible. Orders had been issued for a withdrawal that night to 
the second system, which the 142nd Brigade was to hold. 
The 141st Brigade was to pass through and concentrate west 
of Metz, and the 140th Brigade was to occupy the Metz 
Switch as far as Fins, so as to foiTn a long defensive flank, 
and, if possible, get into touch with the 9th Division. This 
difficult operation was very successfully carried out, and 
considering the continuous pressure of the enemy and the 
uncertainty of the situation of the 9th Division, was a very 
creditable performance. Mention, however, must be made of 
the splendid stand made by the i8th Battalion on the Highland 
Ridge. As soon as dusk fell the Germans attacked from 
Villers Plouich. The London Irish stood calm and, by rifle and 
machine-gun fire, beat off the enemy, who left many dead and 
wounded before our trenches. A second attack was launched. 
This, too, was misuccessful. A third and a fourth time the 
enemy attempted to reach our position, but each time he was 
repulsed with great loss. The men of the i8th, anxious 
to convince the German he was trying an impossible thing, 
counter-attacked and cut off the hostile attacking party, 
and then proceeded to annihilate it. Seven Germans were 
spared and brought in as prisoners. Not one escaped. 

It was clear by the evening that not only must we give up 
the ridge, but the second system was also rendered untenable, 
and as soon as the 140th and 141st Brigades were in their 
allotted positions the 142nd returned to the trenches covering 
Metz, known as the Metz Switch. The Divisional frontage 
was now 8,000 yards. The trenches were only half dug, and 
there was little wire. The artillery were moving to new 
positions, and a protective barrage during the night was out 
of the question. No sooner had all preparations been made to 
defend this long line than the 9th Division reported they 

154 THE 47fH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 22-23 

would have to leave their position in front of Equancourt 
before daylight. This left the 47th Division holding a four- 
and-a-half-mile front from Metz (inclusive) to Fins (exclusive), 
with an exposed right flank, and the enemy advancing in a 
north-westerly direction. Should the enemy succeed in turning 
the flank, the disaster would be incalculable. By 10 p.m. 
the Germans were in Fins. A Company of the Pioneer 
Battalion (now under the command of Brigadier-General 
Kennedy of the 140th Brigade), hastened to strengthen the 
end of the line ; No. 11 Motor Machine-gun Battery, which had 
that day been attached to the Division, was sent there, too, and, 
with the help of an additional section of our own machine-gunners, 
covered all the western and northern exits of the \illage. The map 
(No. VIII) shows the position at 10 p.m. on March 22nd, and 
illustrates how the Division changed front and defended the right 
flank of the Third Army that night on the line of the Metz 
Switch. The 99th Brigade of the 2nd Division was placed 
under the command of the 47th Division at 10.30 p.m., and 
ordered to advance from Ytres and reinforce our right. This 
brigade never reached or established connection with the 140th 
Brigade on this line of defence, however. It was very much 
reduced in strength, having suffered hea\-y casualties in the gas 
bombardment a few days earlier. 

Communications had become worse, as we were getting off 
the front network of telephone lines, and much had to be 
done by means of runner and despatch-rider. During the day 
much visual signalling had been done, the 140th Brigade 
keeping up communication all day with the Metz exchange 
by this means. The 15th Battalion, on the extreme right, 
had an anxious and heavy task to perform, and the fact that 
no Germans filtered through the gap throws great credit on 
the way in which the patrols and machine-gunners did their 
work that night. One of the officers attached to the 140th 
Brigade Headquarters (Lieutenant H. A. Gilkes, M.C.) went out 
alone to Dessart Wood and brought in two German prisoners, 
a piece of work typical of this gallant young officer, who won the 
rare distinction of three bars to his Military Cross. 

All the other services of the Division were also in the 
picture. The Field Companies, R.E., which were working all 


over the divisional area when the attack started, were, after 
many difficulties, now concentrated behind the Metz Switch. 

A httle note in the official records reads : " A.D.M.S. reports 
communication established Avith all battalions. Aid-posts all 
clear by 4.30 p.m." Those who were with the Division on 
March 21st and 22nd and the following days know that to 
get the wounded dressed and awa}' to safety on such occasions 
implies hard work, continuous devotion to duty, and the 
highest efficiency. 

Not one machine-gunner was idle ; all were in position 
along and immediately behind the Metz and Dessart Switches. 
The artillery no sooner took up a position to support the 
infantry than the situation changed, and guns had to be moved. 
All through the night and day guns were moving from position 
to position, laying out the lines of fire, only to find when all 
was ready that new situations necessitated new moves. A 
good deal of firing was done on the enemy roads at night, 
but the constant changing prexented combined firing programmes. 

It is well to pause here, for after that night the nature of 
the operations changed. From now on the fighting was more open. 
Co-ordination became more and more difficult, communication 
more hazardous. Up to this point we had been prepared to 
defend for a long period every position taken up. It was known 
that the enemy had penetrated the Fifth Army front, but how- 
far he had progressed was not known. One expected at any 
moment to hear that the limit of retirement on our right had 
been reached. Each successive position to which the 47th Division 
had been ordered to withdraw had been organised in depth with 
a view to defence, and there we had been prepared to stand. 
But the operation was vaster than we knew, the enemy's success 
more penetrating than we could have imagined, and from now 
on the task of the Division was not to hold definite positions to 
grim death, but to keep the enemy's advance in check, and at all 
costs to prevent him striking in behind us, thereby cutting off 
our troops and subsequently rolling up the flank of the army to 
which we belonged. 

The 142nd Brigade, acting as rearguard to the Division, 
withdrew during the night 22nd-23rd to the Metz Switch, 
having the 63rd Division on their left and two companies of 

15C THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 23 

the R.W.F. on the right. Dawn of the 23rd found the 140th 
Brigade with its right flank exposed, and a nasty gap had been 
made more dangerous bj- the further retirement of the gtli 
Division from Equancourt to Manancourt. The Germans were 
now seen west of Fins ; their machine-guns were thus able 
to enfilade our right battalions. The situation was again 
growing impossible, and the withdrawal to the Green Line 
(an old line of German trenches running east of Etricourt 
and Ytres) was inevitable. The 141st Brigade was ordered 
to occupy this line with two battalions ; the third battalion, 
with the R.E. Companies attached, were to face south and 
form a connecting-link between the Green Line and the right 
of the 140th Brigade. The 140th and 142nd Brigades were 
then to fall back to the high ground west of Ytres and covering 
Lechelle. The enemy had evidently realised the situation, 
and now made desperate efforts to get through the gap and 
behind tlie 140th Brigade, and it was due to the prowess of the 
15th and i8th Battalions and R.E. Companies that he was pre- 
vented from doing so. Heavy fighting took place. The enemy 
advanced, supported b}^ trench-mortar, machine-gun, and artillery 
fire ; close fighting ensued, in which one company of the 15th 
was surrounded and, unfortunately, never extricated. The 
R.E.'s, under the fine leadership of Major S. G. Love, D.S.O., 
proved that they were as good fighters as they were engineers. 
There is no doubt that the frustration of the enemy's plan 
of rolling up our line from the position to which he had penetrated 
on our right rear on this occasion saved the Di\'ision and the right 
of the Third Army from disastrous results. 

Meanwhile, the enemy had not confined his efforts to this 
•sector alone. All along the Metz Switch, determined attacks 
•were launched. The line was not strongly held owing to the 
length of front the Division was occupying. Heavy casualties, 
too, had further reduced our powers of resistance. A very 
determined onslaught was made on the position held by the 23rd 
Battalion near the Metz Cemetery. Dense masses of Gennans 
had been seen at eight o'clock advancing a mile away. Machine- 
guns opqned fire, .aiud even at this range inflicted many casualties. 
The (two companies ((uf the R.W.E. wliich were on the right of the 
23!Pd had been orderqjj to reinforce the exposed flank of the 140th 


Brigade, thus leaving a gap of 300 yards between the 23rd and 21st 
Battalions. The attacks of the enemy prevented this gap being 
filled, although gallant attempts to do so were made bv the 21st 
Battalion, who suffered thereby many losses. The 23rd Battalion 
threw out a defensive flank and prepared to withstand the enemy. 
The vacated trench was soon occupied by him, and he pro- 
ceeded to open heavy lire on our men. Captain Brett, who 
commanded the 23rd Battalion in this position, sent a fighting 
patrol along the trench to try and get in touch with the 
2ist, but the enemy was in too great numbers, and well supplied 
with bombs. 

The Germans continued to advance, but still the 23rd Battalion 
held on, and prevented the enemy from getting possession of this 
piece of high ground on the right flank. This state of affairs lasted 
until the zero hour for the prearranged retirement of the 142nd 
Brigade arrived. The defence of the Metz Switch by the 23rd 
London Regiment under Captain Brett stands out in the history of 
the retreat as one of the most gallant and determined examples of 
refusal to give way before strong and well-nigh overwhelming 
attacks. Four waves of the enemy attacked the trenches ; counter- 
attack followed attack ; our artillery supported with continual 
heavy fire, and the Germans lost heavily. When the hour arrived 
for the 23rd Battalion to withdraw from the trenches, they 
did so in their own way, in their own time, and unmolested 
by a defeated and disheartened foe. 

In the afternoon the 140th Brigade retired from the Dessart 
Switch to the high ground east of Lechelle, but leaving some 
men on the right of the front in the Green Line. Near 
Lechelle they were joined by elements of the 99th Brigade, of the 
2nd Division, who then assisted in checking the enem.y's advance 
from the south-east. 

These troops of the 140th Brigade who had withdrawn were 
collected at Four Winds Farm about 2.30 p.m. on March 23rd. 
As they were being got into line across the Lechelle aerodrome 
the enemy attacked the troops of the 9th Division south of the 
Rocquigny-Manancourt road and forced them back. The 
Berkshires, of the 99th Brigade, who were on the right of the 140th 
Brigade, were also compelled to fall back, but halted on the con- 
tinuation of the line held by the 140th. The enemy advanced 

158 THE 471 H (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 23-24 

over the ridge from the direction of Etricourt, but was stopped 
by the small force which had been collected on the aerodrome. 

This force consisted largely of odd headquarters details, and 
totalled about 300 men from different battalions of the 140th 
Brigade, of which the greater part was still in the Green Line. 
It stood firm in its position in the open near Four Winds Farm 
until 7.30 p.m., when the enemy attacked under a heavy barrage 
and drove our troops back. It was here that Captain R. de 
Saumai-ez, who had recently been appointed Staff Captain of the 
140th Brigade, was killed while passing up ammunition. The 
troops were reformed in the valley near Lechelle Wood and 
withdrew to the Rocquigny area. 

The 142nd Brigade retired from the Metz Switch area, but were 
closely followed and harassed by the enemy. Near Vallulart Wood 
the brigade made a stand, but the enemy were in great strength, 
and our men, tired after the strenuous fighting in the morning, 
were forced to fall back on Ytres. All day the artillery had been 
in action, covering the infantry's withdrawal. Batteries " leap- 
frogged " back to new positions west of Ytres. The heavy trench- 
mortar batteries had buried their weapons, and the personnel were 
now used as runners and observers, and worked on temporary 
lines of defence. 

It was a hard day, March 23rd. On our left the 63rd 
Division was also holding the enemy, and touch was always 
maintained, but on the right there was ever danger— for the 
Fifth Army continued to retire faster and farther, ever widening 
the distance between our junction with the 63rd Dixdsion on our 
left and the left of the 9th Division to the South. 

The enemy again remained quiet during the night, except for 
spasmodic artillery fire. As the 141st Biigade had been ordered 
to take up a new line east of Le Mesnil, it was essential that 
the 142nd Brigade should fall back to the west of Ytres. 
The 23rd Battalion had already proceeded westwards, and the 
22nd and 24th Battalions were about to follow, when the 
startling rumour reached them that the Germans were in Bus. 
A hurried consultation between the commanders took place in 
Ytres, and it was decided to make for Rocquigny via Berlin- 
court, and so to circumvent Bus. It might mean cutting a 
way through the German line, for it looked as if these two 


battalions had been cut off. Advanced guards were thrown 
out, and all through the night the men marched, expecting at 
any moment to run into the enemy, anxiously approaching 
first Bertincourt then Barastre. It would not have surprised 
them if enemy machine-guns had opened on them at any 
point ; the Germans might have been anywhere about them. 
But they got through without mishap, and Rocquigny was 
entered at 7 a.m. of March 24th. It is still a mystery how the 
Germans got into Bus that night. That they were there 
there is no doubt, for reports came from many sources that 
our troops had been fired on from the village. The only 
explanation is that an enemy patrol must have filtered through 
from the south-east. But, however simple the explanation now, 
it does not diminish the tension and anxiety of that eerie 
march through the night of the 22nd and 24th Battalions. 

For three days the troops of the 47th Division had been 
fighting and marching, digging and manoeuvring without ceasing. 
From now on the operations were of a still more open nature. 
The men adapted themselves weW to the new conditions, and 
Lewis gun and rifle fire were very effectively maintained 
throughout. The men were still unshaken, but tired. There 
had been no sleep ; food had been eaten when and how it 
could. Casualties had been heavy, and many men had become 
separated from their units. The consolidation, therefore, of a 
definite line of defence was a practical impossibility. 

Dawn of March 24th found the 141st Brigade in line by Le 
Mesnil. The 140th had withdrawn from Lechelle Aerodrome, 
where they had harassed the enemy's advance from Etricourt. 
The 142nd were marching into Rocquigny. Divisional head- 
quarters was at Combles and moved early to Les Boeufs ; the 
gth Division was back at Bouchavesnes, thus lea\ing our right 
still exposed. We were in touch with the 63rd Division on 
the left, and the 17th Division was reported to be coming up 
to fill the gap between us and the gth Division. 

The Germans wasted no time after darkness had disappeared, 
but advanced in some strength towards St. Pierre Vaast Wood, 
and, meeting with no opposition, pushed on to Combles and 
thence in the direction of Morval. A glance at the map will 
show the precarious position of the 47th Division, and will 

i6o THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 24 

account for subsequent events. Massed attacks were made 
against the position round Mesnil where the 141st Brigade 
offered a stout and well-maintained resistance. Fighting was 
severe, hand-to-hand encounters taking place in Loon Copse. 
The 51st Brigade (17th Division), which had arrived about 
6 a.m. on the right of the 141st Brigade, was forced to retire, 
and the enemy advanced round our flank on Rocquigny. 
The 2ist Battalion of the 140th Brigade, and the 20th Battalion 
of the 141st Brigade, under Lieut. -Colonel F. R. Grimwood, still 
held on, however, and kept the enemy at bay east of the village 
all the morning. Attack after attack was repulsed with a vigour 
that must have surprised the enemy, and it was not until 2 p.m. 
that most of our men left the village. Lieut.-Colonel G. Dawes, 
D.S.O., M.C., commanding the 21st, with a few headquarter details, 
remained in Rocquigny until 3.30. 

The remains of the 20th Battalion held the line in front of 
Rocquigny alone after the rest of the 140th and 141st Brigades 
had left. The enemy were round their right flank and in the 
village behind them, but the 63rd Division were holding the line 
to the left, and they decided to protect the right flank of that 
division as long as they could. The 20th manned both front and 
rear of the shallow trench and were heavily engaged, suffering 
many casualties. The Battalion was under direct artillery fire 
from Mesnil. At 4 p.m. the 63rd Division unexpectedly retired, 
and the 20th Battalion were left practically surrounded. They 
then fought their way back towards Le Transloy, but were under 
close-range fire from three sides and very few of the battalion 
reached Le Transloy at dusk. Lieut.-Colonel Grimwood and his 
Adjutant were entirely cut off and captured. The remnant of the 
battalion from Le Transloy joined the 141st Brigade at High Wood. 

The advent of the 51st Brigade on our right eased matters 
considerably, and it was no doubt due to its presence and 
resistance that the rest of our Division was able to get away 
safely and reassemble by Le Transloy. 

Meanwhile, the advance on Morval threatened the Les 
Boeufs-Guinchy Road, along which all the divisional transport 
was moving. The R.E. Companies and Pioneers under Major 
Love and Mnjor J. H. Langton, 4th R.W.F., were ordered to 
defend this road until the transport should ha\e passed. Here 

» -> > ) 

• ♦ , • • 1 » 

• • • « • 

. • . ' • • • ' 

t • J • • * f » 

f/ioio 6y] [Langfier. 

Brig.-General H. B. p. L. KENNEDY, C.M.G., D.S.O. 
Commanding 140th Infantry Brigade, 1917-1919. 

Facinn ViJi' 160 


the Germans received another surprise, for our men, admirably 
placed, took advantage of the targets offered, and hundreds of 
the enemy were mown down by rifle and machine-gun fire. The 
Motor Machine-gun Battery joined this gallant force later on, 
intensified the resistance, and increased the slaughter. 

The 34th (Army) Brigade R.F.A., which was under the orders of 
Brigadier-General Whitley, our C.R.A., supported this rearguard, 
and got some good shooting over open sights at the enemy as 
they attempted to advance from Morval and from Leuze Wood. 

All the transport was withdrawn in good order. Too high praise 
caimot be bestowed on the spirit of men who had fought for three 
days, who had fought over some fifteen miles of country, and yet 
who were still ready, indeed anxious, to dispute every inch of ground. 
The speed with which the enemy came up towards Les Boeufs 
prevented our infantry forming a line of resistance near Le 
Transloy, and orders were sent from divisional headquarters 
that the retirement must be by Gueudecourt to High Wood, 
thence in the direction of Albert. The officers commanding 
brigades had, however, realised the urgency of such a move- 
ment, and were already taking their troops in that direction. 
Meanwhile, the enemy pressed on towards Flers, and urgent 
orders were sent out that the infantry must make a still 
wider detour to Eaucourt I'Abbaye, thence to Bazentin. These 
orders were, unfortunately, delayed owing to the Germans 
being in possession of the only road eastwards. Brave efforts 
were made by despatch-riders, now the only means of communi- 
cation, to get through. Major W. F. Bruce, D.S.O., M.C., command- 
ing the Signal Company, went out himself to take the messages, 
and the 140th and 141st Brigades received the orders. Major 
Bruce, however, had the bad luck to be taken prisoner in his 
efforts to reach the 142nd Brigade. The G.O.C.'s 140th and 
141st Brigades had conferred, and previous to the arrival 
of the divisional orders had decided that the retirement must 
be by way of Martinpuich. The 142nd Brigade made for 
High Wood, where remnants of the battalions arrived at dusk 
after a trying march. Brigadier - General V. T. Bailey and 
some of his staf? were captured in the vicinity of Flers. 
The general himself was wounded, and the brigade-major, 
Captain H. Peel, D.S.O., 8th London Regiment, was killed. 

i62 THE 47T11 (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 24 

When night fell the tired troops of Brigadier-Generals Kennedy 
and Mildren arrived at the woods above Bazentin-le-Petit. Lieut. - 
Colonel ]\Iaxwell assembled the remaining men of the 22nd, 
23rd, and 24th Battalions in High Wood. Here also were the 
R.E.'s and Pioneers who had done such briUiant work in the 
afternoon. Major-General Gorringe and his staff were at Contal- 
maison, and everyone set to work to reorganise, to get food and 
ammunition to the troops, and to prepare one more check to the 
enemy's advance. 

High Wood ! The words will bring poignant memories to 
many in the 47th Division. An ironic joke of Fate, surely, 
to send us back through High Wood. Our troops passed the 
cross erected there to those brave fellows of the 47th who 
had succeeded in 19 16 where others had failed, and many 
vowed that we would have no peace till High Wood had been 
wrested again from the hands of the Germans. 

The desolation of the Somme country was in keeping with 
our feelings. Feet were sore with marching over rough country ; 
stomachs were yearning for nourishment ; mouths parched ; 
bodies tired with a heavy, numbing fatigue ; these things 
produced a desolate feeling akin to the quiet sorrow of the 
surrounding country. It was a sharp, cold night. A brilliant 
moon shone overhead, and one shivered after the heat and 
toil of the day. German aeroplanes had been flying low 
all the afternoon, firing machine-guns on the retreating infantry, 
and bombing the transport and areas where men assembled. 
A convoy of ration carts loaded with hot drink, food, and 
ammunition was organised at the Contalmaison crossroads, and, 
escorted by the Motor Machine-gun Battery, it moved forward 
towards Bazentin. The rumble of wheels was the only sound to be 
heard. Occasional Verey lights reminded us that the enemy was 
very near ; where, exactly, no one knew — nor did one worry, for 
what was uppermost in the mind then was food and sleep. Food 
there was — for the convoy got through safely — but very little 

The Germans remained quiet all niglit. The troops in 
High Wood were withdrawn to the west of Bazcntin-le-Petit, 
and there the whole remaining force of the Division was 
organised, and took up a strong position to meet the further 


attacks of the enemy. This force was placed later under the 
command of Brigadier-General Kennedy. 

During the morning of the 25th a determined attack by the 
enemy was repulsed with rifle, Lewis-gun and machine-gun 
fire. After this, the Germans did not press home their attacks, 
and General Kennedy's force held the position all day. In 
the afternoon many Germans were seen in and about Bazentin 
Wood, and we were able to inflict many casualties. On our 
right the 17th Division had taken up a position covering 
Mametz Wood and Montauban, and successfully resisted the 
enemy's attempts to move forward. There was — the first time 
since March 21st — no need for us to fear a big outflanking 
movement from the right ; we were at last able to face east, 
and we knew whence to expect the attack. This fact alone 
caused a great feeling of relief to all commanders, for all had 
had sharp experience during the last few days of being attacked 
from all directions. 

During the day, Major-General Gorringe had collected many 
stragglers from all units and divisions and formed them up 
along the railway west of Contalmaison. This force was 
given over to Brigadier-General Mildren, who organised it, 
and occupied a strong position east of La Boisselle. This was 
to be the next line of defence if the enemy forced us from the 
Bazentin position. 

Our left flank now became exposed. Touch was lost with 
the 63rd Division, who were already retiring across the River 
Ancre, and to cover the flank, the R.E. Companies and Pioneers, 
with No. II Motor Machine-gun Battery, were posted to prevent 
an advance from the north-east. The good news now reached 
us that the 12th Division was coming up in support, and in the 
late afternoon these fresh, strong troops came swinging up the 
La Boisselle Road. The 37th Brigade was the first to arrive, 
and immediately went out to extend our left flank towards Pozieres. 
But here things had not gone well. 

At 6 p.m. the enemy entered Pozieres, but not before the 
ammunition dumps there had been set on fire by the 37th Brigade, 
and during the evening ammunition exploded aJl over the area 
where the village had once been, and a great fire lit up the sur- 
rounding country. The retention of Pozieres was necessary if 

i64 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 25-26 

we hoped to hold on to our Bazentin position, and on General 
Gorringe's orders the 37th Brigade prepared to counter-attack, and 
so clear our left flank. These preparations were in progress when 
word arrived that the 63rd Division had decided to retire west of 
the Ancre, and their troops were already on the move. The 
operation was, therefore, cancelled, and orders were given to 
the 47th Division to retire during the night (March 25th- 
26th) to the other side of the Ancre. General Mildren's force 
was to go first and take up a position below Bouzincourt, 
covering the crossings of the river. The 37th Brigade was to 
hold the La Boisselle position until General Kennedy's force 
had passed ; then it was to fall back and relieve General 
Mildren. This operation was successfully carried out, and at 
dawn the forces of Brigadier-Generals Kennedy and Mildren 
were relieved and entered Senlis and Bouzincourt. 

An officer, writing afterwards, thus describes that last 
march back : 

" We came out at 3 a.m. leaving a small rearguard to hang 
on till 4 a.m. We collected together and marched under the 
moon via Aveluy to Bouzincourt. It was an extraordinary 
experience. With want of food and sleep, everyone was dog- 
tired. Still we kept on slowly moving. We passed outposts of 
another division forming a protective screen. A great fire of an 
ammunition dump was burning on Pozi^res Hill, and four more 
fires further back flickered in incandescent streaks. It was 
glorious to cross the Ancre River, and get once more among 
trees and unshattered houses. Slowly we crept on, and the cold, 
grey morning revealed us, unshaven and weary, marching on . ." 

Indeed, this was no ordinary relief. It embraced something 
more than the mere handing over of the battle-front to another 
division. It meant that at last the anxiety of having to protect 
the flank of the great Third Army was over. It meant rest, food, 
shelter, and — sleep. 

The troops were now exhausted. Everywhere men slept — 
in stables, barns, beds, wagons, and even by the roadside. 
Wherever a man could find a quiet place, he slept, not caring 
where the other man was, or what was happening. There was, 
for the moment, no longer need to care. Many had not slept for 
six days. After the day's hard fight was over there had been no 
rest. Night after night the troops had had to march back to the 
new position assigned them for the morrow's fighting. 


The casualty list was a heavy one. The total losses of the 
Division had been : 

Officers. Other ranks. 

Killed 16 166 

Wounded .. .. 75 985 

Missing 70 i»079 

Total . . . . 161 2,230 

A more strenuous six days had never been endured by the 
Division. Against the will of everybody, the Division had been 
forced to retire. Every position taken up had been hotly 
contested. Had the operation been on a divisional scale, we 
could have held the Highland Ridge, the Metz Switch, the 
Lechelle position, Rocquigny and Le Mesnil, the Bazentin Ridge, 
the La Boisselle heights. But the German break-through north of 
St. Quentin made all our forward defensive lines impossible, and the 
wedge which the enemy was able to drive in behind us at Combles 
forced our further retreat. 

The conditions under which the retirement was carried out, 
especially on the fourth day, prevented the collecting of all the 
wounded, and although the medical service did wonderful work 
under most difficult conditions, it was inevitable that many brave 
fellows were left. But no man who was admitted to an 
ambulance fell into the hands of the enemy. 

The scarcity of roads and the impossible country of the 
Somme " prairie " made the retirement of artillery and transport 
especially difficult. The guns and firing battery wagons had 
to be taken on the roads, where quick movement was hampered 
by the transport of all other units. But the batteries missed no 
opportunity of coming into action. There were even times — at 
Morval, Bazentin, and Pozieres, for example — when the fire became 
concentrated or evenly distributed along the front at will. 

The 47th Division may well be proud of the part it took in 
the retreat, one of the most difficult and nerve-racking opera- 
tions it was called upon to carry out in the whole war. 
The task on the right of the Third Army was not an easy 
one, for the way in which, time after time, the troops had to 
change front and beat off flank attacks made it doubly difficult. 

i66 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 26-APL. 3 

After the operation, Major-General Sir George Gorrin^^e, the 

Divisional Commander, who all through set a splendid example 

of coolness and determination to resist, wrote an inspiring 

message to the troops. After briefly reviewing the operations, 

he said : 

" No words of mine can adequately express to you my admira- 
tion for the gallantry, determination, and endurance of all ranks 
during the above tr>'ing ordeal. We have lost many gallant 
comrades, but the magnificent spirit of the Division remams, 
and those of us still left must fight on with determmation and now 
hold on at all costs to the Sector allotted to us, from which, please 
God, there will be no withdrawal. I thank you one and all for your 
loyai and untiring energy, with which you have earned out all the above 
difficult operations ; it has been a trying ordeal, but you have come 
through it with enhanced credit and honour, and have done your 
duty to your King and Covmtry in a manner beyond all praise." 
i^ * * * * * 

The Division's respite was a brief one. It was destined to be 
tried in the fire once more before being given a chance to recuperate 
and make good its losses. From Senlis the Division moved, on 
March 26th, to the Louvencourt area, the 140th Brigade, Pioneers, 
Machine-gunners and Engineers being in Louvencourt itself, and 
the other two infantry brigades in the neighbouring village of 

In order to ensure that the enemy should not penetrate the 
Vth Corps front. General Fanshawe decided that the 47th Division 
should take up a line in rear, running through Vadencourt, Harpon- 
ville, Lealvillers, and Louvencourt, through which the troops then 
holding the front line could retire in case of necessity. This line 
was to be held in depth, the bulk of the 47th Division being disposed 
in the southern half, since the 2nd Division, holding the northern 
sector of the Corps front line, was not expected to be heavily 

This defence line was occupied on the morning of ]\Iarch 27th, 
but in the evening it was considered safe to withdraw the troops 
to billets at Toutencourt and Warloy. That night each unit 
received a copy of Sir Douglas Haig's famous order, and learnt that 
at last the withdrawal was to cease. The present line was to be 
held at all costs. Our backs were to the wall. 

On March 28th the 141st Brigade moved up to Senlis. The 
other two brigades, with the Machine-gun Battalion and the nth 
Motor Machine-gun Battery (which left us a few days later) were 


concentrated in the deserted, but still almost intact, village of 
Warloy. Advanced Divisional Headquarters were also in Warloy 
and the rear echelon at Rubempre. Hopes of a longer rest, however, 
were dashed by the receipt in the evening of orders to relieve the 
36th and 37th Infantry Brigades of the 12th Division in the sector 
in front of Bouzincourt and Martinsart on the following night. 

The reliefs were completed by the 142nd and 140th Brigades by 
2.15 a.m. on Saturday, March 30th. The Pioneers and Engineers 
also moved up from Harponville, where they had been working 
on rear line of defence to Senlis, with a view to consolidating the 
support line in rear of the 140th Brigade front. 

Sir George Gorringe assumed command at 6 a.m. on March 30th 
of the front held by the 140th and 142nd Brigades. The enemy 
had succeeded in crossing the River Ancre and our line ran through 
Aveluy Wood, where it joined that of the 63rd (R.N.) Division, 
and up the slopes to the high ground east of Bouzincourt. 

A few days of comparative quiet on the divisional front followed, 
but the shelling of the forward area, and especially of Martinsart 
and Bouzincourt, became more heavy as the German artillery settled 
down on the other side of the Ancre. 

During the night of March 31st the 140th Infantry Brigade 
took over an additional piece of the front line from the 17th 
Division (Robertson) on our right. On the night of April 3rd 
a patrol of the 142nd Brigade blew up Black Horse Bridge over the 

The battalions were very much reduced in strength and the men 
weary. The 141st Brigade, however, had had a few days in which 
to reorganize, and on April ist a composite battahon formed from 
the remnants of the igth and 20th relieved the 15th Battalion of 
the 140th Brigade, as well as the left company of the 21st, in the 
line. The 15th moved back to Senlis for a few days' rest before 
again returning to the line. 

The artillery supporting the Division, under the command of our 
own C.R.A., consisted at this time of two Army Field Artillery 
Brigades, the 77th and the 48th. The latter, in the valley behind 
Bouzincourt, had many casualties from mustard gas. 

Brigadier-General R. McDouall, who had returned to the Division 
to replace Brigadier-General Bailey, took over command of the 
142nd Infantry Brigade on April 3rd. 

i68 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [April 5 

The I2th Division had now taken over the Hne on our right. 
After a bombardment on April 4th the Germans attacked them in 
two waves, but were repulsed with heavy losses. Information 
was received from the Vth Corps at midnight that an attack on the 
47th Divisional front was expected to follow next day, and the 
brigades were warned accordingly. 

On the morning of April 5th the infantry of the Division was 
disposed as follows : 

Right Brigade .. .. 140th Infantry Brigade. 

Left. Battalion — 20th London 
Regt. (with one company, 
19th London Regt. attached) 

Support BattaUon i8th London Regt. 

Right BattaHon— 15th London 

Left Brigade . . . . 142nd Infantry Brigade. 

Left Battalion— 24th London 

Right Battalion — 23rd London 

Support Battalion 22nd London Regt. 

Reserve Brigade . . . . 141st Infantry Brigade, 
consisting of the 17th, 21st, and 19th Battalions, London Regt., 
all concentrated in Senlis. 

From this it will be seen that in several cases battalions were 
not under the command of their normal brigade. 

The storm broke soon after dawn. At 6.30 a.m. the enemy 
placed a heavy barrage on the left of the divisional front and this 
shelling quickly spread southwards. Soon the whole of the 
divisional front and the back areas were being shelled at intervals, 
special attention being paid to Senlis, Bouzincourt, and Martinsart. 
There was also some shelling of Warloy. 

By 8 o'clock the bombardment was intense, and the enemy 
had launched an attack with three divisions through the clouds of 
gas and smoke on the IVth Corps front. The attack came from a 
south-easterly direction. It was ascertained from prisoners taken 
during the operations that its objectives were Bouzincourt and 
Mesnil, thus includmg the fronts held by the 12th, 47th, and 63rd 

> » > J > ■• 
* J 1 - » 1 

^ > » ' 


FaciuQ pape 168 


The attack fell first on the 142nd Brigade, whose left battalion 
(the 24th) was attacked at 7.20 a.m., and the other shortly after. 
Here the enemy met with some little success, forcing back the left 
flank of the 23rd Battalion, and contriving to get in behind some 
of our posts in Aveluy Wood, but his advancing masses were met 
with sustained rifle, Lewis-gun, and artillery fire which caused 
tremendous losses. 

At 9.48 a.m. the 20th Battalion, on the left of the 140th Brigade, 
were also attacked, but held their ground. Owing to his success 
in the S.W. corner of Aveluy Wood the enemy was able to enfilade 
their position, and as the right of the 142nd Brigade had been 
driven in somewhat, it became necessary for the 20th Battalion to 
form a defensive flank northwards towards Northumberland 
Avenue. Though every one of its Lewis guns was put out of 
action, the 20th held firm. 

The whole line of the Division was now engaged, although no 
attack had yet been delivered against the 15th Battalion on the 
extreme right. About 10.30 a.m. the enemy, by a sudden rush, 
succeeded in breaking the Une of the 142nd Brigade in Aveluy Wood 
between the two battalions, the left company of the 23rd being 
surrounded and almost annihilated after a desf>erate resistance. 

Orders were given by the Brigadier to the 22nd Battalion, which 
had been in reserve, to counter-attack and to try to re-establish the 
line. The counter-attack was delivered by A and D Companies at 
4 p.m., but failed to get back to the original line, for the battalion, 
which had suffered heavy losses, including eight officers, had no 
longer sufficient weight. Some ground, however, was regained 
and a continuous line established along the slope above the western 
edge of Aveluy Wood. A threatened gap between the 24th Bat- 
talion and the right battalions of the 63rd Division, which was also 
exhausted and holding its line with difficulty, was closed by 
reinforcements from the 22nd Battalion and two companies of 
Marines. By six o'clock the shelling, which had been incessant 
since early morning, died down. 

General Gorringe decided that a further effort to restore the 
original line must be made on the following morning, and for this 
purpose he placed at the disposal of the 142nd Infantry Brigade 
the only battalion which remained in reserve — the 4th Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers. The latter were to be used in support of the remaining 

lyo THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [April 5-6 

troops of the 22nd Battalion, who were to attack in a southerly 
direction as soon after dawn as observation permitted. 

Orders to this effect, in confirmation of verbal orders by tele- 
phone, were sent to the 142nd Infantry Brigade at 9.30 p.m., but 
did not reach the brigade until 12.40 a.m. In the meantime, 
Brigadier-General McDouall had already discussed the proposed 
counter-attack with the commanders of the left artillery group, 
the Machine-gun Battalion, and the 4th R.W.F., and had decided 
to carry out the attack forming up along our own front line in 
front of the railway. This frontal attack was decided on as 
affording the simplest forming-up position for the Pioneer Bat- 
talion, who had no previous knowledge of the country. Orders to 
this effect were issued to the 4th R.W.F. by the Brigade. 

A copy of these orders reached Divisional Headquarters at 
4.15 a.m., and although they were not in accordance with the 
divisional orders mentioned above, General Gorringe decided that 
it was then too late to make any alteration, and that the attack 
should be carried out as arranged by the 142nd Brigade. Owing 
to the whole of the 22nd Battalion having been used, it was found 
necessary to carry out the counter-attack with the 4th R.W.F. only. 

The Pioneers had been moved forward during the afternoon 
of April 5th from Senlis to a temporary position along the Bouzin- 
court-Martinsart road, where the}' were in support to the left brigade. 
Here they received at 10 p.m. a warning order from the brigade that 
they were to be prepared to attack at dawn. A hasty move 
forward was then made, and by 4 a.m. A and B Companies were 
assembled for the attack along the bank to the west of Aveluy Wood. 

At 5.55 a.m. this desperate attack was launched by the Welshmen. 
As the official narrative states : "No troops could have deployed 
better or advanced more steadily under such intense fire, and the 
leadership of the officers could not have been excelled." But the 
hostile machine-gun hre made progress impossible for even the 
most gallant troops. 

Two platoons of A Company were able to hold on to one 
corner of the wood and to silence one enemy machine-gun by 
bombing and killing the crew, but no further advance could be 
made in face of the withering fire which came from the wood. 

The casualties among the two attacking companies had been 
heavy, including 9 ollicers and 65 other ranks killed and 2 officers 


and 81 other ranks wounded. Lieut. N. I. Wilson, M.C., who led 
B Company, was hit twice in the first few seconds, but stas^gered 
on at the head of his men to the fringe of the wood, where he fell 
riddled with bullets.* 

During the same morning (about 10 a.m. on April 6th) the enemy 
renewed his attack on the junction between the 47th and 63rd 
Divisions. Here he not only made no progress, but lost heavily 
from our niachine-gim lire. The left company of the 24th Battalion 
took advantage of his discomfiture to make a sudden local advance, 
and captured two machine-guns and 21 prisoners of the 227th 
R.I.R., 107th Division. During this operation Lance-Corporal 
March, one of a patrol sent out by the centre company, went 
forward and personally entered into an engagement with a hostile 
patrol. He shot the officer commanding it and brought back his 
maps and papers containing information of importance. 

In the evening the enemy attacked on the right front of the 
142nd Brigade, but were completely repulsed, and the line, as it 
then stood, was the high-water mark of the German advance 
north of Albert. 

The 142nd Brigade, with the 4th R.W.F. and 20th London 
Regiment attached, were relieved that night by the io6th Brigade, 
35th Division, and withdrew to Warloy and Senlis. The 140th 
Brigade remained in the fine, without further incident of importance, 
until the night of April S-gth, when they were relieved in the right 
sector by the 105th Infantry Brigade, and withdrew to Hedauville, 
marching thence to Acheu.x, where they " embussed " for Beauval 
— the first stage on the journey back to the rest area round Canchy, 
Le Titre, and the Forest of Crccy. Here the infantry was left to 
reorganise, refit, and train until the end of April. 

By the appointment of Major J. C. D. Carhsle, D.S.O., M.C., 
to be G.S.0.2, Intelligence, at Vlllth Corps, the Division lost, on 
April loth, an officer who had done distinguished service with it 
since its first arrival in France. As regimental officer, as adjutant of 
the Civil Service Rifles, as G.S.O.3, as Brigade Major of the 142nd 
Brigade, and finally as G.S.O.2 through the trying times of the 
last winter he had become known to must of the Division. In 

♦ Subsequent attack* were made on Aveiuy Wood in much greater torce by other 
divisions but with unvarying failure The enemy continued to hold it till forced to 
withdraw before our general advance in the following August. 

172 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [April, 1918 

him we lost not only an imperturbably cheerful and efficient Staff 
officer, but one of the last remaining members of the Divisional 
Staff who was entirely one of ourselves, a Territorial and an original 
member of the Division. No division, however, could have been 
more fortunate in the Regular officers on its Staff, or have found 
men who adapted themselves more readily to the strange ways 
of the Territorial soldier. 

Chapter XIV. 

NO account of the work of the 47111 Division during the German 
offensive of March, 1918, would be complete without some 
record of the part played by its gunners, who were separated 
from the remainder of the Division on the first day of the attack, 
and spent the next few weeks fighting with the IVth Corps, further 
north. Their wanderings may well form the subject of a separate 

For the following brief account of the adventures of the Divisional 
Artillery between March 21st and May 22nd, when they rejoined 
the Division, we are indebted to the full narrative compiled by 
Brigadier-General Whitley from reports supplied by the two brigades. 

On the morning of March 21st the 235th and 236th Brigades, 
R.F.A., were at Bus, where they had enjoyed a fortnight out of the 
line, spent chiefly in training in mobile warfare. Nos. i and 2 
Sections of the Divisional Ammunition Column were at Pont 
Noyelles, between Albert and Amiens, where they had lately 
acquired from Marseilles 150 Indian native drivers. These proved 
to be quite untrained. Riding and driving had to be taught, and 
the men's strength built up before they could possibly take the place 
of British drivers. 

In view of the probability of attack the two brigades had worked 
out a number of schemes and reconstructed many positions to 
support counter-attacks both on the north and south sides of the 
Flesquieres salient, and A/235 Battery, R.F.A., had been detailed 
to find sections ready to move up at fifteen minutes' notice for the 
purpose of dealing with any hostile Tanks which might be used. 

It will be remembered that the Vth Corps was holding the Cambrai 
salient, with the IVth Corps on its left, and the Vllth Corps of the 
Fifth Army on its right. The whole of the 19th Division and the 

174 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar. 21-24 

infantry of the 2nd Division, with the 235th and 236th Brigades, 
R.F.A., were in the Vth Corps reserve. 

From this point the story of the two brigades must be taken 

On March 21st the 235th Brigade was to have reheved the 41st 
Brigade of the 2nd Division about Beaucamp. Guns were to be 
handed over in position and the rehef completed by noon. At 
6 a.m., however, this relief was cancelled, and the 235th Brigade 
was ordered to " stand by." 

At noon, its commander, Lieut-Colonel S. W. L. Aschwanden, 
D.S.O., received orders from the Vth Corps to report to the C.R.A., 
19th Division, and for the batteries to rendezvous near Ilaplincourt. 
On arrival, he found that the orders had been cancelled, but that 
his brigade, with the 236th Brigade under Lieut. -Colonel Bowring, 
was to come under the command of the C.R.A., 17th Division, then 
at Bertincourt. Here, Lieut. -Colonel Aschwanden was informed 
that the 235th Brigade would not be required, and the batteries 
were ordered back to Bus. 

At 5 p.m., after another conference at 17th Divisional Artillery 
Headquarters, the brigade was ordered to occupy a position of 
readiness in Velu Wood, and the batteries moved into it about six 
o'clock. No further instructions were received, and two hours 
later, in response to a telephone message, the brigade commiinder 
was informed that he no longer came under the orders of the 17th 

During the night orders were received from the 51st (Highland) 
Divisional Artillery (IVth Corps) at Fremicourt, to whom the brigade 
had been attached, instructing it to move northwards, where it 
came into action early on March 22nd in positions indicated by 
guides about Bcugny. 

Lieut. -Colonel Aschwanden was ordered to report to Lieut. -Colonel 
F. Fleming, D.S.O., who would conmiand a group consisting of the 
235th Brigade, and the remnants of his own brigade, which had been 
roughly handled on the 21st. 

Accompanied by his adjutant, the brigade commander went to 
the map location of group headquarters given to him by the 51st 
Divisional Artillery, but found that by now it was in front of our 
front line and that the group commander had left some hours 
previously. It was now 6 a.m. on the 22nd, and no information 


could be gleaned as to where the group had gone. After a long 
search, however, they were located at the old sapper camp near 
Lebucquiere, with no signals, no batteries, and no communications 
of any kind. The 235th Brigade lent them telephones, and Lieut.- 
Colonel Aschwanden established his headquarters in close proximity, 
laj'ing out lines to his batteries which were covering the front of one 
of the infantry brigades 51st Division, which was being heavily 
attacked on the front about Beugny. 

During the afternoon of March 22nd, as the enemy were advancing 
in great strength on the line Beaumetz-Morchies, it was decided to 
withdraw the batteries one at a time to a position of assembly about 
Haplincourt. The withdrawal was effected before dark with the loss 
of one gun of B/235 Battery, of which the teams were killed. After 
two vain attempts to get it away the gun was destroyed. 

Each battery remained in action until the last moment and did 
good work in covering the infantry withdrawal. Lieutenant W. E. 
Brown, A/235th Battery, gained an M.C. for specially gallant work 
with his section, which remained in action firing at the advancing 
Germans over open sights and eventually got clear. 

During this phase large numbers of hostile aircraft came over and 
attacked our infantry positions and the gun teams. The infantry 
on the right were now coming back fast, and our guns had to drive 
through them. Owing to large belts of wire few tracks were avail- 
able for wheeled traffic, and the brigade consequently got badly 
mixed up with transport and cookers, and it was nearly midnight 
before the brigade was finally assembled near Haplincourt Wood, 
C/235 Battery being near Bancourt. 

Early on March 23rd the batteries again went into action, covering 
the line Beugny-Lebucquiere, to which the 51st Divisional Infantry 
had withdrawn. Heavy attacks on both villages were driven off 
during the day. Late in the afternoon Lieut. -Colonel Aschwanden, 
after consultation with the group commander, decided to withdraw 
the batteries, which — especially A/235 and C/235 — were now in very 
forward positions near Riencourt. All the guns were got away with 
very few casualties during the night, which was comparatively 
quiet, except for desultory shelling of back areas. 

At dawn on March 24th heavy shelling began again, especially 
on the battery positions and headquarters. Most of the headquarters 
transport horses were killed and several men wounded. Reports 

176 THE 471H (London) DIVISIOiN. [Mar. 24-27 

were insistent that Le Transloy, on the right, was in enem}' hands, 
and during the afternoon the batteries were withdrawn to a position 
of assembly at Ligny-Thilloy. Here Colonel Aschwanden learnt 
from Brigadier-General T. A. Cubitt, the commander of the 57th 
Infantry Brigade, 19th Division, that the 19th Division had taken 
over almost the whole front of the 51st Division, which had lost 
very heavily in its gallant resistance of the past three days. He 
was also able at last to obtain a general outline of the situation, and 
was told that it was intended to withdraw west of Bapaume during 
the night and to occupy a prepared line. 

At about 8.30 p.m. the brigade received orders to move to Loupart 
Wood and get into action by dawn, covering the line Grevillers- 
Thilloy. Orders were issued to the batteries, and the brigade 
commander went in advance to meet battery commanders and 
reconnoitre positions. On arrival at Loupart Wood he received 
instructions that all previous orders were cancelled, and that he was 
to take the brigade to Achiet-le-Petit and to report there to the 51st 
Divisional Artillery. The batteries were stopped just before it was 
too late to divert them, and moved by way of Pys, Irlcs, and 
Miraumont. From Miraumont, which was reached about midnight, 
the disorganisation of all trafhc control made it impossible to move. 

At 10 a.m. on March 25th the traffic was still at a standstill, and 
it was impossible therefore to carry out orders which had been 
received from the 51st Divisional Artillery to be in action by dawn 
covering the line Biefvillers-Loupart Wood. An hour later, however, 
a move was made and the brigade was brought into action. 

Soon after noon Bihucourt and Grevillers were captured and the 
brigade was ordered to withdraw to PuisielLx through Bucquoy. 
While going through the village of Achiet-le-Petit the batteries came 
under very heavy and accurate fire, evidently directed by observa- 
tion, from 8-in. howitzers. The brigade suffered many casualties, 
but the behaviour of all ranks was excellent and the batteries were 
collected near Bucquoy. 

In accordance with orders received from the 51st Divisional 
Artillery the brigade came into action just north of Puisieux, but 
touch could not be established with the infantry and no information 
could be obtained. At 6 p.m. the brigade commander reported at 
51st Divisional Artillery Headquarters, in response to an urgent 
message. Here he met the C.R.A., 19th Division, who instructed 

» • - • • • » 


» » ••««! Ill ■>! f 

Photo by] [Mciido:a Galleries. 

Brig.-General Sir EDWARD N. WHITLEY. K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. 

C. R. A., 1917-1919. 

Facing page 176 


him to take the 235th Brigade at once to Fonquevillers, and told him 
that the enemy had taken advantage of a gap between the IVth and 
Vth Corps and were pushing forward towards Serre and Puisieux. 

At Fonquevillers, which was reached about 11 p.m., the brigade 
bivouacked for the night — the first on which they had been out of 
action since March 21st. This was also the first time the harness 
had been taken off the horses since the beginning of the withdrawal. 

On the mornmg of March 26th the brigade took up positions 
covering the line Hebuterne-Gommecourt, to which the infantry of 
the 19th Division had retired. Officers' mounted patrols were 
organised and brought back much useful information of enemy 
movement. Five attacks were made on Hebuterne during the day. 
All were repulsed with heavy losses, our guns doing enormous 

During the morning it was reported that the enemy had occupied 
Colincamps and were attacking from there in a north-westerly 
direction, and for a time the situation was critical. All transport, 
including the 47th D.A.C., which was in the vicinity of Sailly- 
Fonquevillers-Souastre, moved back, with or \\dthout orders, and 
for a time complete chaos existed. It was said that orders had been 
given to different units by spies dressed as British staff officers, 
and that the execution of these orders had become infectious. Two 
cases, which were fairly authenticated, of orders given by alleged 
staff officers came to the notice of the O.C. 235th Brigade, R.F.A. 

It was afterwards learned that only small parties of the enemy 
had entered Colincamps and had been quickly driven out. 

In the afternoon a flight of seven German aeroplanes attacked the 
gunners and teams of 235th Brigade for about a quarter of an hour, 
and were heavily engaged with Lewis-gun and rifle fire. Our losses, 
however, were only two horses killed. 

At dusk the line was still held and normal communications were 
established. During the night the 19th Division were relieved 
by the 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, in the sector covered by 
our guns. 

The Australians had only just arrived from the north, fresh and 
full of vigour, and at once adopted offensive tactics, as did the 
New Zealand Division on their right. 

On March 27th an artillery group was formed, consisting of the 
235th Brigade and our old friends of Messines days, the 104th Army 

178 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [March 

Field Artillery Brigade, now commanded by Lieut. -Colonel Ward, 
who took command of the group with the 235th Brigade as a sub- 
group. A regular defence scheme was prepared, observation posts 
were permanently established, telephonic communication improved, 
and the situation began to stabilise. 

The batteries remained for the next few days in fairly comfortable 
positions in old gun-pits built in 1916 for the first battle of the 
Somme. Gun-limbers and teams were kept near the guns, but the 
remainder of the transport was sent back to waggon lines and billets 
in Henu. Here they were joined on March 29th by No. i Company 
of the Divisional Train, and the normal system of supply was 
restored. For more than a week, owing to the continual movement 
and frequent changes of orders the brigades, like most other artillery 
imits, had been living more or less " from hand to mouth." 

About the end of the month the 104th Army Brigade was with- 
drawn and replaced by the 93rd Army F.A. Brigade, command of 
the group passing to Lieut. -Colonel Aschwanden. Fresh positions 
for the batteries were selected and occupied, and headquarters 
moved to Chateau-de-la-Haie, the 93rd Brigade as a sub-group 
also being located there. 

On April 5th the enemy's attack, which fell so heavily on the 
47th Division near Aveluy Wood, extended also as far north as 
Hebuterne. His plans on this part of the front, however, were 
completely disorganised by a minor operation by the 37th Division, 
to which the 4th Australian Brigade and the 235th Brigade, R.F.A., 
were now attached. This operation against enemy positions about 
Rossignol Wood and Bucquoy was timed for 5.30 a.m. Though 
it was not entirely successful, as far as objectives were concerned, 
it resulted in the failure of the German attack and the definite 
relaxation of all pressure for the time being. 

The 235th Brigade experienced five hours of the heaviest hostile 
shelling. The adjutant and clerks on headquarters staff were all 
wounded ; Lieutenant Green, A/235 Battery, was severely wounded, 
three men were killed, and a number wounded, and the advanced 
horse lines suffered severely. 

On April loth the 93rd Brigade was relieved by the 236th Brigade, 
R.F.A., and the two brigades of the 47th Divisional Artillery were 
combined in one group, covering first the 37th and later the New 
ZciUand Division. On May Cth the 235th Brigade was relieved by a 


brigade of the 41st Divisional Artillery and went back to rest at 
Erondelle, near Abbeville. 

The adventures of the 236th Brigade, R.F.A , under Lieut .-Colonel 
A. H. Bowring, must now be briefly recorded. 

By midday on March 21st this brigade was on the road to Haplin- 
court with orders to report to the C.R.A. of the 19th Division, IVth 
Corps. But after it had passed Barastre later orders diverted it to 
Bertincourt, where the C.R.A., 17th Division, allotted positions near 
Velu Wood. By 5 p.m. the batteries were shelling the Germans 
in Doignies. From six o'clock an hour's barrage was fired to cover 
a counter-attack by the 17th Division on Doignies, in spite of enemy 
counter-battery fire. 

Towards midnight the batteries were moved back through 
Bertincourt to Bus, where the transport was picked up, 
and the whole brigade marched on through Bapaume to 
reinforce the 6th Division, hard pressed on the north side of the 
Cambrai road. At Bapaume, A/236 Battery (Captain A. F. R. D. 
Ryder, M.C.) and B/236 (Major W. J. Barnard, M.C.) were 
sent north to positions east of Sapignies, M'hile C/236 (Major 
H. Carey-Morgan) and D/236 (Captain S. TaN^or) with Brigade 
Headquarters took up positions at dawn east of Fremicourt, 
where barrages had to be carried out at once, as the enemy 
was approaching Beuguy. 

Throughout March 22nd the Germans pressed, and during the 
night on orders from the group commander, Lieut.-Colonel Weber, 
of the 6th Division, " C " and " D " batteries were moved back 
into positions west of Fremicourt. 

The brigade now came under the 41st Division and the next day 
(March 23rd) was an anxious one, as the enemy under cover of smoke 
screens continually forced the infantry to retire. In spite of the 
ceaseless barrage fire from our guns he was, towards midday on 
March 24th, established in Vaulx-Vraucourt to the north, from which 
our batteries were in full view. Under heavy shell-fire the guns were 
withdrawn to positions nearer Bapaume. 

A further retirement was carried out during the night to 
positions under the shelter of the railway embankment east 
of Achiet-le-Pctit. Major Barnard, of B/236 Battery, had been 
wounded, and several men killed and wounded during the 

i8o THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [MAR.25-MAY9 

afternooiL Lieutenant C. H. de Wael. of " D " Battery, was 
mortally wounded in Achiet-lc-Grand during the night. 

Morning of the 25th saw the infantry streaming back over the 
Bihucourt Ridge in front, and the group commander, from a position 
of observation forward, ordered the brigade again to retire. The 
teams arrived at the gallop from Achiet-le-Petit, and covered by 
Tanks and a battery of the 235th Brigade. R.F.A., the guns were 
pulled out through Achiet and new positions on the eastern outskirts 
of Bucquoy were taken up, after masses of retiring infantry transport 
had been cleared away. The enemy was by this time on the positions 
just vacated, and as the night drew on, by his Verey lights he could 
be seen to be pushing forward up the Puisieux Valley through the 
gap which it was now very apparent existed on the immediate right. 
The teams were shelled out of their lines, and following on this 
outflanking, by midnight, orders had been received from the C.R.A., 
41st Division, who was also in Bucquoy, for a further retirement to 
the west of Essarts, three miles away. 

As dawn broke on March 26th the batteries were coming into action 
in the original No Man's Land north of Gommecourt Wood, with 
teams near by in case of a further retu-ement. But reinforcing 
infantry of the 4th Australian Brigade came up and hlled the gap 
on the right and the Bucquoy-Rossignol Wood line held firm, 
protected by frequent barrages, and a determined attack by the 
enemy at 5 p.m. failed. 

The enemy now appeared to be held up and the teams were sent 
back to the lines in Bienvillers, where some of them were able to get 
the first rest they had had from the constant marching and extra- 
ordinarily difficult ammunition supply of the last six days and nights. 

During these last days of March, although the main retreat was 
over, continued attacks on Rossignol Wood were held, but there was 
much shelling, and Lieut.-Colonel Bowring, who was now conmianding 
the group, consisting of his own brigade and two of the 41st Division, 
was forced to move his headquarters back to the old front line at 
Gommecourt from a temporary lodgement at the Hannescamps 
cross-roads ; while " D " Battery, with Major H. S. Duncan, M.C., 
returned to it, moved to better positions under the western trees 
of Fonquevillcrs. 

On April 5lh the 236th Brigade was, like the 235th Brigade, 
under the orders of the C.R.A., 37th Division, and was supporting 


the 63rd Infantry Brigade in its counter-attack on Rossignol Wood. 
On this part of the front the enemy's strong attack which was 
deHvered the same morning was completely foiled, and many 
prisoners were taken. 

From this time the line became stable and trench warfare 
conditions set in again. The 236th Brigade remained in action with 
the 42nd and later the New Zealand Divisions until it was finally 
relieved by the 104th Brigade, R.F.A., pulled out its guns, and 
marched back by easy stages to the Fourth Army rest area, reaching 
Liercourt, near Abbeville, on May gth. Here it enjoyed a well- 
earned fortnight's rest and made good its losses of men and material. 

fled S'illoi ^rrai , . Ocl^,- Ijl/. 

Chapter XV. 

THE success of the German offensive at the end of March 
shocked the Government and the nation at home into 
seeing the urgency of the need for more men, and large 
reinforcements were hastily sent across the Channel, 

During the first week in April over 3,000 new troops, mostly boys 
of eighteen, joined the Division, and had a very uncomfortable first 
taste of active service in improvised camps in the muddy orchards 
of Rubempr^. 

They were absorbed by the brigades on April 9th, when the 
Division began to move back by way of Beauval and Domart to a 
pleasant rest near the forest of Cr^cy. Here for nearly three weeks 
there was refitting and training, on a green and pastoral countryside 
untouched by war, such as we had last seen nine months before 
after the battle of Messines. Time was found for a successful sports 
meeting at Canchy on April 21st, and on the next day the Train 
beat the 17th Battalion in the final for the Divisional Football Cup. 

At the end of the month the Division was transferred to the 
Fourth Army, and got ready to take over a section of the Australian 
Corps front. It was a very different Division from that which had 
come out of the line a few weeks earlier. All the battalions were 
full of new officers and men, many of whom had not seen the trenches 
before, and there had been several changes in command and staff. 

On May 2nd the relief of the Australians was complete, and we held 
a line that ran about 800 yards west of Albert in front of Lavieville, 
Millencourt, Henencourt, Senlis, and Bouzincourt, well known to 
us as the area of our rest billets during the Somme fighting of 1916, 
and again as our Christmas billets in 1917. 

The River Ancre flows southwards past Aveluy and through the 
centre of Albert. Some two miles south of Albert it turns westward 
and flows through Dernancourt, Buire, Ribemont, and Heilly, to 

i84 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [May 

join the Somme at Corbie. The land enclosed by the angle of the 
river rises in a number of spurs to the ridge upon which stand Senhs, 
Henencourt and Baisieux. Between the spurs lie valleys, from 
Albert towards Bouzincourt and towards Millencourt and Lavieville, 
and from Ribemont towards Bresle. The whole ridge was strate- 
gically important, as the northern bastion of the defences of the 
Somme valley and Amiens, and the spurs and valleys running up 
from the Ancre provided an interesting ground for local defence 
schemes and great scope for defensive works, which were the special 
care of the higher commands, of whose anxiety the brigades and 
battalions in the Une were daily remmded by personal visits and 
written orders. 

Soon after the beginning of May the Australian Corps " side- 
slipped " to a position south of the Ancre, and we came under com- 
mand of the Ilird Corps, together with the i8th and 58th (London) 
Divisions, which were our neighbours until we finally left the Somme 
four months later. A regular routine was set up, under which two 
out of the three divisions, brigades and battalions were up and the 
third back ; for brigades this meant sixteen days up and eight back. 
But it was not long before arrangements for further operations began 
to interrupt the regularity. 

May, June and July were in fact very quiet months, but there 
were many alarms. At first it was confidently expected that the 
Germans would make another attempt to capture Amiens and to 
force their way down the Somme. An actual day . fixed for the 
attack was several times mentioned in May. Suspicious sounds 
were heard a few nights after our arrival, and a subsequent aeroplane 
reconnaissance reported objects like tanks visible near Fricourt. A 
few nights later our engineers blew a line of craters across the 
Albert-Millencourt road to act as a tank trap. 

An alarm nearer home occurred on the night S-oth ]May, when a 
strong party of the enemy attacked an uncomfortable salient at the 
north end of our trench-line, Imown by the ill-omened name of 
" The Hairpin." The 23rd Battalion garrison of this piece of trench 
was overpowered, and an immediate counter-attack did not succeed 
in recapturing the position. But a further operation by the reserve 
company, on the following evening, won back the Hairpin with 
several prisoners. In this struggle fell Lieutenant J. D. Reid,: 
known to many as bombing-instructor at the Divisional School. . ..j 


Work of all kinds was plentiful in the sector. It included several 
new trenches, notably a new communication trench in the left 
section, the drainage of which was a matter of much discussion, and 
a support line across the Millencourt valley. The grounds of 
Henencourt Chateau were tremendously fortified with concrete 
machine-gun emplacements, and all over the corps front a number of 
tunnelled dugouts were made. All these forward works and the 
enlargement of headquarters farther back kept all the field com- 
panies and the pioneers busily occupied, and the infantry did not 
forget what a working party is. The work was not interrupted by 
the enemy, and in the back area night bombing was very slight. 
The occasional attention of a long-range gun to Beaucourt Chateau 
did nothing more than interrupt one of several conferences held 
about this time. 

The summer months of 1918, quite apart from the course of 
operations, were remarkable for two new arrivals. The first was an 
epidemic of influenza, which during the following winter spread 
with alarming results to the United Kingdom. The type of fever 
was fortunately not severe, but it had the effect, especially upon the 
younger men, of making them unfit for hard work for some weeks 
after the attack. The effective strength of the Division was thus 
seriously impaired, and it was only by the efforts of the A.D.M.S. 
(Colonel Gibbard) and his assistants, who organised field ambulances 
into convalescent depots to avoid the wholesale evacuation of sick 
men, that our man-power was kept up to a practicable working 
strength. Probably the artillery suffered most severely, since the}' 
were engaged in strenuous operations at the beginning of July, and 
could even less afford than other troops to have their personnel 

The second arrival was as fortunate as the former was unlucky. 
It was the x\merican Army. Parties of American IntelUgence 
personnel had first visited us at the end of May, and later machine- 
gun detachments were sent up. On our return to the Hne,. after 
rest in the Cavillon area, in the middle of July, the whole 33rd 
American Division was concentrated in the corDS area, and the 
66th Brigade of this was attached to us during the following weeks, 
first by companies and later in complete regiments. . . 'j 

The appearance of these new troops, with their fine physique and 
frank ine.Kperience, had a valuable moral .effect- on us all, and .gave 

i86 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [June-Aug. 

us a wholesome sense of being old soldiers. The writer had the good 
fortune to be sent for liaison to the 132nd American Regiment when 
they first took over a brigade sector of the Divisional front. Their 
keenness and their hospitality, and the absence of any ill-founded 
" cocksureness," are a very pleasant memory. It was in the 
allocation of Staff duties and in supply arrangements that they 
seemed to have most to learn, but whether the difficulties in these 
respects were due to any inherent weakness, or rather to the precise 
incompatibility of their organizations with ours, a more competent 
judge must decide. It was no surprise to hear how gallantly and 
well these regiments acquitted themselves in subsequent operations. 

We were lucky enough to be supported by our own Divisional 
Artillery since the end of May, and they moved back with the rest 
of the Division into corps reserve towards the end of June. It was 
a pleasant rest for all and a valuable opportunity for training, for 
the young troops were not fully broken in to active service con- 
ditions, and, although the sector was a quiet one, the strain told 
quickly on them. The rest area was a good one, especially for the 
141st Brigade, who were at Picquigny, and were there able to bathe 
and have water sports in the Somme. 

The gimners were settled north of the river at Argoeuvres on 
June 23rd. Five days later their brigades were on the move forward 
again, to take part in operations by the Australian corps. The 
capture of Hamel and Vaire Wood has since become classical. 
Strictest secrecy was observed in all preparations, and with the aid 
of massed guns and many tanks a completely successful and over- 
whelming attack was laimched at dawn on July 4th. The barrage 
fire of the guns was especially praised, since they had had Httle 
opportunity, in the interest of secrecy, to register upon their barrage 
lines. Our 236th Brigade had the satisfaction of turning against 
the Germans a field gun which was captured in the operations. 
Both brigades returned to the rest area, but after only two days of 
rest they were on the move again to relieve the iSth Division on the 
left sector of the Albert front. The rest of the Division followed 

Several personal changes must be noted here. Early in July, 
Lieut. -Colonel A. Maxwell left the 23rd Battalion to take command 
of a brigade ; Lieut.-Colonel Segrave had left the 15th not long 
before to command a brigade in the 51st Division. About the same 

Crown copyright.] [Imperial ]\'ar Museitni, 



I'acittii pane 186 

I9i8] SUMMER, 1918, AND THE HUNDRED : piys; . 187 

time Lieut.-Colonel C. M. Davies (G.S.O.i.) left.asV apcj hi^.pl:ace 
was taken by Lieut.-Colonel B. L. Montgomery: Major J. T. 
Duffin leplaced Major Alexander as D.A.A.G., and Major M. 
Lewis came to us as G.S.0.2. All these newcomers were with us 
till the end. 

Marshal Foch's great offensive in the Champagne began on July 
19th, and from that time onward it became clear that we must all 
move on soon. We simply had to wait our time. Meanwhile, 
raids (notably by the 22nd Battalion, on July 24th), patrols, 
discharges of gas-drums, and constant harassing fire elicited little 

On August 2nd there were indications that the Germans were 
withdrawing — explosions were heard in Albert, and they began to 
shell their own line. We soon established an outpost line along the 
railway, west of the town, and patrolled freely as far as the Ancre 
and the western outskirts of Albert. There are photographs in 
the Imperial War Museum of the 18th Battalion daylight patrols 
in Albert. 

The British offensive began on August 8th, when very successful 
operations by the Australians and Canadian Corps, south of the 
Somme, started the Fourth Army's " battle of 100 days." On 
the following day at 5.30 p.m. the Hlrd Corps began to attack, and 
the 58th and 12th Divisions made a rapid advance on our right in 
the angle between the Ancre and the Somme, astride the Corbie- 
Bray road. By August 13th we had relieved the 58th Division in 
the line which they had won, just east of Tailles Wood, and our 
brigades succeeded one another in this uncomfortable position until 
the next advance was made on August 22nd. 

On this date the Hlrd Corps, together with the 3rd Australian 
Division on their right, planned an advance of about 3,000 yards 
from a line which ran roughly from the Somme 1,000 yards west 
of Bray to Albert. From right to left the attacking divisions were 
the 3rd Australian, the 47th, the 12th, and the i8th. 

The 47th Division started from the line of the old Amiens defences, 
east of Tailles Wood, about 2,000 yards long, and aimed at a final 
objective, called the Green Line, on the high ground east of Happy 
Valley, about 3,000 yards long. The south and north boundaries 
of the Division were therefore divergent straight lines, running 
roughly east-north-east and north-east respectively. A preliminary 

i$8 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Aug. 22 

objective or Bro.v/n Line, roughly on the line of the Bray-Albert 
road, was first to be seized by the 141st Brigade, and the 142nd 
Brigade was to advance through them on to the Green Line. 

The 140th Biigade was ready further to exploit the advance. 
Tanks were available to assist the two attacks, and two squadrons 
of cavalry (ist Northumberland Hussars), together with a fleet 
of six wliippet tanks, were waiting to break through when the 
Green Line was secured. To give free passage to these the centre 
portion of the Green Line was left to be captured without a barrage. 
This part of the front ran in a salient towards the enemy and, 
moreover, on the reserve slope under his observation. The Corps 
scheme of attack was based on the general idea that the enemy's 
resistance would not be severe, that his reserves were dissipated, 
and that no time would be lost in exploiting further such success 
as we might achieve. This assumption proved to be wrong. 

The 141st Brigade began their advance at 4.45 a.m. and gained 
their objective without any serious opposition. But in the morning 
mist and the smoke of battle it was not easy to identify the ground, 
and most of the Brigade, especially the 20th Battalion on the right, 
began to consolidate somewhat short of the Brown Line. When the 
mist cleared away all movement was heavily and accurately shelled. 

The 142nd Brigade, also advancing on a three-battalion front 
{22nd., 23rd., 24th., from right to left), passed through the 141st 
Brigade up to time. Their further advance met with strong 
opposition, especially in the centre and on the left, from machine- 
gun nests. The 24th Battalion suffered many casualties from an 
exposed left flank ; the 23rd reached the Green Line across Happy 
Valley, but suffered severely, partly from lack of barrage protection, 
and were unable, as the event showed, to hold so long a line against 
a strong counter-attack. The 22nd Battalion made a junction in 
the chalk-pit on the extreme right of their objective with the 
Australians, and Lieut.-Colonel Pargiter succeeded in maintaining 
this position throughout the operation — a most valuable check 
on enemy counter-attacks and a pivot for our subsequent 

Before 9 o'clock the Northumberland Hussars crossed the Une, 
but they met with heavy fire and were compelled to retire at the 
cost of many casualties. None of the whippet tanks crossed the 
Green Line. It seems that this scheme of exploitation rested on a 


miscalculation of the enemy's strength, and the 23rd Battalion 
could ill afford the barrage protection ot which it deprived them. 

The day was intensely hot — the hottest, it seems in retrospect, 
of all the war — and the forward brigades, meeting with unexpectedly 
severe opposition on this wide front and unable to move without 
attracting heavy fire, had a most uncomfortable time. The shelling 
in the forward area also made communication exceedingly difficult 
and defeated efforts to bring up reserves of ammunition. A supply 
Tank sent up to Lieut.-Colonel Tolerton, of the 23rd Battalion, was 
spotted, and became for the time a death-trap to unloading parties, 
and the Brigade Headquarters in Tallies Wood was continuously 
bombarded throughout the day. 

It was afterwards discovered that the Germans had anticipated 
our attack, and that their troops were redistributed in depth in order 
to meet it. A systematic counter-attack had been ordered to start 
as soon as this redistribution was complete. Soon after 2 o'clock 
this counter-attack developed, and finally it dislodged our troops 
from the centre and left of the Green Line. Fortunately the 22nd 
Battalion, under Lieut.-Colonel L. L. Pargiter, held on to the chalk- 
pit, from which they threw back a defensive flank connecting up 
with the rest of the brigade, which rallied on the Brown Line. In 
this fighting Captain C, H. Oakley specially distinguished 

Our operation on August 22nd did not meet with all the success 
for which we had hoped ; but still less did the counter-operations of 
the enemy, whose orders had closed with an assertion that " by the 
end of the day's fighting the outpost zone will again be in our 
hands." And another captured document referring to the same 
day's action indicates, if indication were needed, that it was not the 
quality of our men which baulked us of a full measure of success. 
" The examination of the captured prisoners," it reads, " presented 
great difficulty. Those especially of the 23rd London Regiment 
were apparently excellently schooled in the way they should 
behave if captured, and they gave very clever evasive answers. 
The captured sergeant refused absolutely any information." 

When the situation after the counter-attack was fully known the 
142nd Brigade was withdrawn, and Brigadier-General Kennedy was 
put in charge of the Brown Line, reinforcing it where necessary with 
his own troops from the 140th Brigade. 

igo THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Aug. 24 

A second attack on the Green Line was made at i a.m. on 
August 24th by the 140th Brigade and the 175th Brigade of the 58th 
Division, lent to us for the purpose. The assembly was carried out 
by moonlight, assisted by the capture by the 141st Brigade of some 
offensive enemy machine-gun posts.* Tliis night attack surprised 
the enemy and was a complete success. A little difficulty occurred 
on the extreme left, where the 12th Division was hindered by 
machine-guns, but General Kennedy sent a tank to deal with these, 
and the 15th Battalion filled the gap which threatened between the 
two Divisions. 

After this operation the front was handed over to the 58th 
Division, under whom the 140th Brigade took part in a further 
advance of 2,000 yards on August 25th, and captured many prisoners. 

Then followed three days of rest, refitting, and reinforcement 
from the Divisional camp, and on August 29th we moved forward 
to relieve the 12th Division in the line west of Maurepas, and to 
continue the advance. 

We now took our place in a constantly moving battle. Ordered 
reliefs were impossible, and the 142nd Brigade, which was to lead 
our advance, simply passed through the 12th Division at 6 a.m. 
on August 30th, and moved forward as an advance guard, a brigade 
group complete with R.F.A. and cavalry attached. The line of 
the advance was due east, and on the right the 24th Battalion went 
well ahead, but had to wait for the further advance of the 58th 
Division before they could get over the high ground south-east of 
Hospital Wood. 

The 22nd Battalion on the left met with stronger opposition, 
especially from Priez Farm and Rancourt, as did the iSth Division 
farther north. At the end of the day all three battalions were in 
a line tilted towards south-east and north-west to conform with the 
position of the Divisions on our flanks. There had been some hard 
fighting owing to the presence of a newly-arrived German Division, 
the 232nd. Its quality was not remarkably good, however, and the 
moral of prisoners taken in large numbers later on fell distinctly low. 

But the presence of a fresh Division of the enemy, and his clear 
intention of fighting for the high ground west of the Canal du Nord, 

* This feat was cleverly performed by the i8th Battalion, under command of 
Lieut. -Colonel G. H. Neely. Silently working tiieir way behind tlie line 
of posts, they surrmnulid, captured, and occupied them, without the enemy being 
aware of what had happened. 

» J > 'o 


Facinti iiniie 190 


put an end for the time to the idea of pursuing with an advance 
guard. A methodical advance under barrage was planned instead. 

On August 31st the 47th Division had merely to swing forward 
on the right flank to conform with an advance of the 58th Division 
and Australian Corps. The 142nd Brigade closed in to the left, and 
the 141st Brigade on the right formed the lower end of the pendulum. 
The former gained most of their objective during the night by peaceful 
penetration, and the 141st Brigade moved forward successfully 
at 5.30 a.m. under a creeping barrage, and gained all the ground 
required, together with 184 prisoners. The morning was diversified 
by a determined counter-attack made by a battalion of the German 
13th Reserve Division from Rancourt towards Le Foret and Priez 
Farm. A part of this attack reached our i8th Battahon and a 
company of the 19th which had been hastily moved up, and it 
was completely repulsed after brisk hand to hand fighting ; the rest 
was caught by artillery barrage and direct machine-gun fire and 
did not reach our line. 

The advance went ahead next day, turned slightly north-east to 
prepare for a wide encircling movement from the south intended by 
the nird Corps. The objective was the west edge of St. Pierre 
Vaast Wood. The 141st Brigade on the right, and the 140th on the 
left, successfully took this line with many prisoners, and a motor 
ambulance complete with driver and two doctors, which fell into the 
hands of the 140th Brigade at Rancourt. 

During the morning it was found that the enemy still held Priez 
Farm, which was on the left of our line, at its junction with that of 
the i8th Division. The 142nd Trench-mortar Battery and two 
platoons of the 23rd Battalion were ordered to deal with them. A 
hurricane bombardment by Stokes mortars was directed on the 
point, after which the garrison was captured. Eighty of them were 
taken by Captain Blofeld and one man of his battery. 

The operations of September 2nd were designed on a more 
elaborate plan, in which the role of the 47th Division was subsidiary 
to an extensive attack by the 74th (Dismounted Yeomanry) Division, 
with Nurlu as its objective. The 142nd Brigade was to secure the 
south-west edge of Vaux Wood and Monastir Trench, which ran 
south-east from its lowest point, while the 140th Brigade was to 
form a defensive flank to the 74th Division, running east-north-east 
from the southern end of the 142nd Brigade's objective across the 

192 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 2 

canal towards Nurlu. The Divisional southern boundary thus ran 
clear north of the village of Moislains, but the occupation of their 
objective by the 140th Brigade obviously presupposed the capture 
of that place. 

The preparations of the Division for this operation were unusual, 
but very successful. Brigadier-General Mildren was made responsible 
for holding the existing front and, as his brigade was weak and busy 
with consolidation, he employed four companies of machine-guns 
which were placed at his disposal to hold this line. The 140th 
Brigade moved back west of the Peronne-Bapaume road, where they 
had time for food and a short rest before starting to move forward 
at dawTi. Meanwhile, the 142nd Brigade came up from rest near 
Le Foret and assembled in the line of their advance. A very dark 
night made these moves difficult, but they were accomplished with- 
out mistake. 

The 142nd Brigade started at 5.30 a.m. under barrage, and in 
spite of considerable opposition made good a line of trench (Sorrowitz 
Trench), which continued northwards Moislains Trench, running 
west of the village. They captured many prisoners on their way, 
and a complete battery of 77-mm. guns. Here Captain C. H. 
Oakley, of the 22nd, was killed — a very gallant young officer who 
bad won his way up until he was second-in-command of his 

It was in this advance that Pte. Jack Harvey of the 22nd Battalion 
won the Victoria Cross. His company was checked soon after the 
start by machine-gun fire, whereupon Pte. Harvey ran forward 
through our own barrage and in face of heavy fire rushed a machine- 
gun post, shooting two of the team and bayoneting a third. He 
put the gun out of action, and then made his way along the trench 
until he came to a dugout, into which bedashed and compelled the 
surrender of its thirty-seven occupants. These he relieved of much 
useful property as they filed out of the dugout. In the course of his 
action Pte. Harvey had dropped a bag of rations which it was his 
duty as company cook to carry, but he managed to find another, 
which he duly delivered to his officer some hours later. 

The 142nd Brigade could not make good the last 500 yards of 
their intended advance on the right in face of the opposition from 
Moislains on the flank ; and the fact that Moislains and its vicinity 
were not clear of the enemy prevented the 140th Brigade from 

Sergeant j. HARVEY, V.C, 
22nd Battn. London Regt. (The Queen's) 

Facing page 192 


carrying out the task allotted to them, which was to follow the 
leading brigade of the 74th Division and to make a defensive flank 
across the canal covering their further advance from attack from 
the north. 

As it turned out all three battalions of the 140th Brigade were 
engaged heavily as they moved down the slope towards Moislains, 
and it was with great difficulty that they established themselves in 
Moislains Trench, west of the village. This was indeed some of the 
hardest fighting during the whole advance of the Division, and it 
was all the more difficult owing to the fact that the brigade was 
officially not fighting, but following up a successful attack over 
ground outside the Divisional boundary. 

In the centre Lieut. -Colonel Fielding's 15th Battalion lost half 
its strength in casualties, and was at one time being attacked from 
the left rear and right front, and by a bombing party in Moislains 
Trench itself. Similarly Lieut. -Colonel Dawes, on the right, had to 
meet opposition on both his flanks and from the village at once. 
But the line of Moislains Trench was consolidated, and the exposed 
right flank protected by a battery of machine-guns. 

Further progress north of the Division released the 141st Brigade, 
and the Pioneer Battalion cleared St. Pierre Vaast Wood and 
assisted the 142nd Brigade in their consolidation. The 140th Brigade 
were relieved as soon as possible by the 142nd Brigade and by 
troops of the 74th Division, and withdrew to rest near Maurepas. 

The Hlrd Corps now waited upon developments on the right, 
where the Australians were attacking Mont St. Quentin, and there 
was little activity on September 3rd and 4th beyond active patrolling 
in the neighbourhood of the Canal du Nord — or rather, the canal 
cutting, for it contained no water below the lock north-east of 
Moislains, but seemed rather to be a repository for dead horses and 
other refuse. On the night 3rd-4th the enemy finally left the 

On September 5th the 142nd Brigade was holding the line of the 
Canal due east of Moislains. 

At 5.30 a.m. the 141st Brigade, with gunners, cavalry and cyclists 
attached, started advancing through this line towards the Nurlu 
ridge. A check occurred on the right, and a factory and some 
quarries straight ahead were inconvenient obstacles. It was 
decided to attack again under barrage in the evening, and at 7 p.m. 


194 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Sept. 6 

in a violent thunderstorm the 140th and 141st Brigades pushed on 
without difficulty to the top of the ridge. An enterprising battery 
of the ii2th Brigade R.F.A. had crossed the canal in the afternoon 
and gave the infantry useful support at that range. 

The same two brigades moved on at dawn on September 6th. 
Little opposition was met, and by the end of the day a line was 
established east of Lieramont. Forward sections of guns had good 
targets as the enemy withdrew before our advance. 

That same evening the 58th Division came up by 'bus to relieve 
us, and on the following day the 140th and 141st Brigade were carried 
back to Heilly and Corbie, while the 142nd Brigade miarched to Clery 
and thence by 'bus to Mericourt L'Abbaye. Three days later the 
whole Division was settled in the Fifth Army area. 

The work of the pioneers during these operations was mainly 
conducted under the C.R.E., and consisted in following hard on the 
heels of the advancing infantry and hastily making tracks fit for 
artillery and wheeled transport across the devastated area of the 
old Somme battlefield. 

There were occasional diversions, however — for example, that 
already mentioned, when, on September 2nd, the battle line 
became comparatively stationary owing to the presence of enemy 
machine-guns in the depths of St. Pierre Vaast Wood, and the 
4th R.W.F. were suddenly ordered to desist from their normal 
activities and " mop up " the wood. 

This minor operation was conducted successfully, and by 8 p.m. 
the wood was reported clear. Three snipers were rounded up and 
the advance continued. 

With the construction of crossings over the Canal du Nord, 
and of artillery tracks thence forward towards Lieramont 
and Nurlu, there came an end to a period of three weeks' 
strenuous and highly successful work by the engineers and 
pioneers. Owing to the hastiness of the advance their achieve- 
ments often passed unnoticed, but they were no mean con- 
tribution to the final victory. 

By this time the ranks of the Division were much reduced in 
numbers and further reinforcements were not forthcoming. The 
operations in which it was to take part afterwards, consisting of a 
holding attack on the Lille front, were of secondary importance 
and out of the area of the decisive battle. 


-- 1. *«vr^iw.~ A'J*' I.' 



(Delville Wood in background.) 

Frtciiif/ iiaae 194 


It was appropriate enough that the Sommc should be our last 
battlefield, still more so that it should be the scene of our most 
obvious success, by the crude measurement of ground won from the 
enemy. For we owed the Germans a double debt on that field, 
of six months' and of two years' standing. And it was appropriate 
that it fell to the gunners to fight again over the very ground of 
our old battles, for a greater proportion of them than of the infantry 
knew the ground of old, and their weapons were perhaps the best 
able to pay back with interest what the Germans had given us 
before. There was frequent opportunity for this repayment, and it 
was not neglected. 

From August 13th to September 4th the brigades of the Divisional 
Artillery were supporting the i8th Division in the north sector of 
of the Corps' front. Lieut.-Colonel Aschwanden was commanding 
the 235th Brigade, and Major Cooper had temporary command of 
the 236th Brigade. Brig. -General Whitley and his staff remained 
with the 47th Division throughout. The very successful advance 
of the iSth Division took them approximately due east through 
Albert, and our gunners renewed their acquaintance with La Boisselle, 
Contalmaison, Longueval, Combles and many other such desolate 
spots known by the names of villages. Several officers of the 236th 
Brigade inhabited the same dugouts in Caterpillar Valley that they 
had lived in in 1916, and were there greeted by the same kind of 
barrage that they had met before. 

The battery commanders of the same brigade had a narrow escape 
from capture at Longueval crossroads, when the " village " was 
temporarily retaken by the enemy — an incident strangely reminiscent 
of March, 1918. The tables were very completely turned when the 
Germans were driven in retreat down the Sailly Saillisel valley and 
Captain Ryder was able to turn his guns on their transport massed 
on the very roads along which ours had retreated six months earlier. 

It is difficult to do justice to the great enterprise and energy of the 
gunners during this advance. They never failed to do all and more 
than the infantry asked, and they did this in the face of peculiar 
difficulties. Water was scarce, for the Somme was far from the 
north sector, and the pumping plants supplied only enough to water 
the animals twice a day. At the same time the demand kept all 
available transport working at the highest pressure. In spite of the 
rapid advance, creeping barrages were asked for almost daily, and it 

196 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Aug.-Sept. 

is most creditable to all concerned that the ammunition did not fail. 
Not less creditable was the arrangement of barrage lines at short notice 
which often deprived battery officers of their small chances of sleep. 

Meanwhile, the enemy had abundance of ammunition of all 
kinds, since he was constantly retiring upon his dumps, and a large 
share of this fell on the battery positions during the first few daj'S 
of the advance. On the night of August 2ist-22nd, for instance, 
D/236th Battery had their commander and thirty-five men out of 
action from gas shell poured upon the position from which they 
were bound to support the infantry attack ; two days later the 
235th Brigade needed much skill and some luck to cross the Ancre 
successfully in Albert ; and later on a collection of batteries which 
had converged at Government Farm was drenched with mustard gas. 

There were many smaller instances in which the enemy's harassing 
fire with shell of various weight and type tested the determination 
of the gunners very severely. Among a good many casualties 
mention must be made of the serious loss to the Division in the 
death of Major P. J. Clifton, D.S.O., commanding A/235 Battery, 
who was mortall}'^ wounded early on August 26th, before the attack 
on Montauban. Major Clifton had served with us throughout the 
war, and was well known for his energy and his daring leadership. 

The continued fine weather was greatly in our favour, and 
heightened the contrast between this battle and the muddy fighting 
of 1916. Roads and tracks could be used which rain would have 
turned to quagmires, and the dry ground and shelters offered 
comfortable sleep whenever the chance came. But things moved 
so fast that every man and beast was used to the utmost. The habit 
of fixed warfare was still an impediment to many, and a large part 
of the infantry, now engaged in active fighting for the first time, 
had not in their minds the peculiarly encouraging contrast of present 
conditions with less hopeful times. Yet it was everything to know 
that things were really moving at last. And it was no mere " walk- 
over." The Germans were there in plenty, and they were being 
beaten, and no one dreamed now of settling down again to old 
manners of trench war. A steady flow of prisoners came in, and many 
machine-guns and larger weapons were captured by the Division.* 

♦Prisoners captured .\ugust 22iid — September 6th : — Olficers, 23 ; other ranks, 
I, -142. Material captured August 22ad-3ist: — Machine guns, 158; ininenwerfer, 7; 
field guns, 11 ; trench mortars, 31 ; anti-tank guns, 3 ; 5.910. howitzers, a. 


Perhaps the change in our warfare is best indicated by the fact 
that Divisional Headquarters, generally supposed to be an immobile 
unit, moved forward about every other day during the last ten days 
of the advance, and the Camp Commandant, faced with the problem 
of almost nightly pitching his moving tent, was not the least anxious 
man in the Division. 

Communications were simpHfied by the daily establishment of an 
advanced Divisional Headquarters near the commander of the 
leading brigade, and there was a suggestion of other more normal 
campaigns when, from the high ground west of Moislains, the 
Divisional Commander was able to watch the progress of the 
advance up the further side of the valley. If there has been little 
or no personal reference to General Gorringe in this narrative, it 
is for the simple reason that he throughout so identified himself 
with all the interests of his Division, and was so constantly and 
personally in touch with its operations, that any of us who were 
lucky enough to serve under him associate him inevitably with 
every mention of the 47th Division. 

S' Auu K- 101 

0(u> Piais iv CDiTTMts 

Ltifi4l tt OMtn ifil 




The « Progrds du Nord » first news paper appea- 
ring in Lille, after the Hun's departure is very 
happy to present the grateful hommage of the 
population, to brave english army, in deliberating Lille. 


de la Reconnaissance 

cmp* ■ont venQ5, lc» l.illoi* ion I hftireui 
d oflrif Ihamoia^t recoooatSiint dcs oppnint* 
d'hicr i ccui qui ODt bri6< 1«ut« cbaiocs. 

A fheure tu paraissenl ces lignei, U% tr«u- 
pM inglflise* <l le«r chef cminenl le general 
Birdwood (ont leur eotT*e ofticiclle don« la 
ville de Liile tu milieu d'one foule qui — tl 
eat mi do le devmer — ten i la foi> immcose 
el eQthouiii*te Ceil li journec de J* Recon- 

Let Anjflai* . Mot* e»-'f>n>ire» pour Uu- 
ceux qu' oin «ecu !e» qujtic anno«« ternbles 
Mots qui kijnifient pour tux plus ouepourd'au- 
trr*. moti qui *oni falls de lant o'lHusions, de 
•aot d'iinpatjcnre'' de tint d'csp.'jrA i 

!-«« ABglais ' Mots que nous avons enleoJu* 
•) louvtnt *ur les ievre» de nos bourrejux 
moo doot te Uoehe. alors silr de la »ictoire 
Dousfl£gellaii t ehaque instant 

J'en appelle * tous nos ittrts de dculeur ei 
d« niisire lis n'oal pas oublie, iU n'oublicronl 
jamais cet rtponse* lasoUoies par lesqueilc* 
nos bourreaus iroyaienl liblfcr leur conscience 
L'autOTit* atlemandc voulai^,-cJIe enlever no-^ 
Unmcs «t nos fiUca en avril 1916 ? Sans "cr- 
gogoa cllc dtclarail sur set afGcbcs que let An- 
glais empiabanl le raviiaiHemcnl de !a popula- 
tion, elf* t* *oya<t obiijie. dan* node m- 
/ct«. detidtr le* foyers et de (aire pleurer lc» 
ManquatX-on de tifrei ' Les n*ce»sit4» de la 

fucrre nblipeaicri-ellei nes a^ion* 4 inquieier 
eonemi } Le paix n'ctaii-elle pa- »i(tn<e 
lulgrd It dtbir dM bocbts. doux a«ocdux 
conime cbacno »ai> • C'etjit la Uuie aux an : 

f;laia.lou)Our»! )lX 3i\\s\ lc« allenund^ i^ajmi 
a pr*iention d akcuisr lcur« vol f. leur* dfc*- 
iruciionSi, leurs orune^. sans s'aperce»cir qu il» 
Kunsitsaient *euleincnl li BRgra^er leur C3< en 
«« montrant a la foi* imbtcile* et crrmmela 

Un ioor. CM Anglftn. quon u&ayait de «lir 
aprft* I'oif essay* de les railler cent • ir.tpn- 
uble petite armic ar.^lai-e •. toinine I'avail 
appelte niKutre U KaiMf ou ^n d« scs valet* 
(tificicls. dcbouc^a tous le* mufsdc l.iMe. Ce 
qoe firent les Uoches en ce jour memorable, 
tout le monde le aail Kmpilant en bile It butm 
Rial acquis dan* se* cunioa.* e( *ct chanols, 
it s'cafuii courajeu-cmcfti vti. dt* rtfi'oni 

Que "o* bbtrjuur* it ravhcni biui IU tr'>u- 
vc'it in uni popuUuon qvi.tntl|tf Ic* lentati^c- 
• Ucrrundc*. n a jurai* «eu1<j •* i.usacr trarr^itr 
el qui,»,l"uiDUf* oppo»* 4uk DKnsonpe* de la 
prcsyr eliamanjt unc arm* bicn lian^^s* : If 
aa«rire. :i sourire i|ue le* Huche* ne pouvjicnl 
cnipprcndra et qui Uau |>o«ir nou* uo i'>iJzi|t 
Uient et une vrnceanec 
JitiM% siviotis c« qu'ivjUftn. au debut del* 

fuecre. ladjiiirabie arme* jnjUiM. petit* par 
t nombw tr»»f jrande ,p«r W •alliance. Nnur 
•avion* I'eflort pfi/digieu« atcompli p*ir lAn 
gt«(crre pour loi gcr, ca «i pcu de Vftinpa. Tarmc 
fPicfic* qu'clla iiunia aujourd'hui. Ceci tulQsaii 
Bou' <<>;>ttcr «t pvur aruii« ct * preiiat qy« let 


UneLilloiseau front 

49 la (raoda f oerr. •( ■**• J**oi)-!DtnW <jfi flla a 'u**!- 
i*a ton doi aauMora. niue concitDyvD Ai-lhur Cfllio. 
• qai M D»la*alla tdrataatt I autre )o <r d«« [*hc>la-ion* 
poar las irrricai qri il a rreJoa § la ri-lc Am t.iMa, p*D 
dar>i t ocrepaiion. ma prit • pan «i ma dit * 'at r«ca 
la tiaiM dune )fuDa LiliO^a q«i tioril da 'iodL OU •»• 
Uii oa irrandM choaas VooU-voua la lOtf ^ 

Et. loot Ja ■aiie, )■ r4pan i a oqi 

^I«im kar<uuAa:ApfcJ9 SLwiaa- HI"-'" t;'!* ■») 1.. Rll* 
dun losteiaor •!« nnira «i.|o. Ra mai 1913. blo^ata • 

I Yfc'f D'tfa^a^r* an mmdmoie*. »b mere *i ell* trB»»f- 
•Areol la Salgiqu^ at paaMraul co BQlia»de. apru avoir 
aitUT* In leo d uD- palrouiHa allamaDaa Da Brlgiqo#. 
Ira d*ui fem^l^^ ti r>-ndirvnl oa An{lelaTrit, poia ao 
Franca. rjl*« s^ioWiranl* l'»ri« Au m^n J* mai 1916. 
allvs afprraul la morl de \\. Rhfio. lomba (aea * ' art 
neO'i. dw<aQl Vaidin. Laa daos laii'(i«» a 'nUrmarani 
daiiB 1' nWrn'ti qui r9"TirQi aui sraaJai doeleura 

Kt Miia Suiacnr lUmia contiaua aa* aioJaa aa Lyoaa 
F>«neloo. D«- id.«« lin>d>«a la>a<*[ii ai ell* •• disail 
qiii> le jnur linireit bmn par »eoir eu alia poamit *a 
rsnflrc otile tl y a aii roo'B, *o pairoor-ni ot» joafnal. 
-IU )■ Jul q«'onn inHiioiara •eneil d *ira lof» ear le 
ch*nip da baltiHe Sa r«ieluliuD ful (otillftl yae Ella 
«rra il# liofeai) »n boreaa te beerliol pariool I ■!»• aoo- 
'irei de uraiiiode ait*adna • C«si Iraa bian Made 
moiiella ca que vooi noue propuaat- \ out tiei cgcltiaa- 
r<wi*nieni irO(i jeuec a 

Un Com'ia aoKlaia. peo'iar^t. I'aJOceilHt. •! OB la 
d'riff a. lur la danianda tar* lu Irool. ea qua'ii* <>\r\ 
farniiere du corpt tipeJniornair* briurniqu* tUn iarl. 
depux awn •ti(r»ii'»m'?iH. evt prun-aiea Hitnea. portaoi 
iiaa Uoiuoni ctiaoJea aiu Mmbeiiinu qn a>la r*coo 
Ivi I* Je la «(iix el du tounr* 

La prtience dura feintr* t [loiuniU da la llfn* di 
u a logjour' egi a»fe uo* lau'Jre lor--* tur U wr«l 
do fcorooiei. Happtlu voiu U ncaoa da •<»«■» J A'fsi 
dana In - Cyreno • de .SJ , R^.tltnd et larrnea de 
parint lei cadrla qoi n>n p««»aol ploa Sa^tvroanl o« 
oa tan' p'utd iDno<^aQt*t wo^aqujleri' s qya do<i b<a*or 
iMlra pohls eumpeirioi*. E;ia D*ae It dure »io drt wl 
dait doni Kile parlaaa le* pnnit ti I'n.xtina d«t birkitv 
quaMe porlef|.i. glSruf .a po-i'io* aiiejw (oa pl'.« J uoe 
lota la Ttnt ila la aiarl • v****> *^^ *°'> «M'<ao. L • Dufe 
01) la DillraiU* Uvt rog*. Wla daacroi l>ri*<r» atn* (la 
(Oftuna ou Ut obor parkn. cr.uiai.l t>et brftttet Oo 
n a ■■■cnir* dei carue ae wiiie qui C»»nl le »ou»<mit 
daca* I'euret puil-atiqu«i. Uo>qj»e I'lret de aobtotea 1 
Ltaolficiirt bruenniquaa J Uiiepilaar ad-u'raooo amoa. 
tiwr rafptQl rk*rai4 

a - Lfi bDmbap^iatnla. u>a4«ir>»U*lta. doinnt *ife 
laifiLkt bs d*l>gi 7 

— Am dubut. 001 , ■■■aifi "r, *> laii Ct ] bit >\cr<t<t)Bt 
di be I've oO'iipuA«ai>oa*. Kmwivi ^ou* tjuan )»»r li 
u-atiqu* i'anw diviiioo luii*«na trai a jau*r le 
>irff4>i"a*«e II J *«t t baeu'Ocip I'a frpar ^^it aua •(i»i 
lofit. C»IU i***^*"""". • qetrt^i..- ■.ni«j..eedt a)»lr«t 
de I eniianrj. a'tiati iruOieste. not bomtfi^ an euiertt 

Una autre l«la. ie paaaila prfe d uo kvUh* dt ijn 
oltrpaMenianda f> ' 

n evlua ba^lje rtoua le-iealne U'n 


ivOl-a* tertre, d« ri a ■ 

(ila itt tuwi i Ku nit a»i.far\l U*- Jo il 

)'(.>• *-<D *<**^-i >»praa4 tos ati"***"^" **'ie>.»* 

Ell* n rat plut qu una i-uoa LItv en ntita 

M'l>)* l*»oiju<- e«ln*aJu fa.qow J' fua-i- .ou. i# 

qaal 'ii-v»r«t»e.i.t e^a louida o^»*»ui -9 luiiee aa eaw* 

%*i *00t «*W* 4*k» la iatinaria da U baiaule 



Baif. 2£ aoaohrv — Oo aaaiado 5erlin 

Offl>:iel — S« MajeiU lecnparear •! ro> areaata*' ia 

dasaada da rantiia da reaervl 4 ■elialaMt Ladeednrf quarlier-tctirre faaar*). cemrtnodasl ae Msce 

depaiila2Ae brt^ada 4'iDlaol*rie. la oiiaaladii^ 


St MajaiM. par ardre M r*Btril. a ittii* aa sAae 
tempeqoele recim^al diDltelerie ilq B«a Rbia a i9 
iloot le nanaral «lt<t la cbaf dacQ>i aiaei toogUapa. fOf 
Il dtaoiistit la DOm da Loiaodorl. 

Bila 22 acubri 

Le ac^csmani^oa allveand i 

ipr*>-midi aa liea de la a snaivre b*b>ioalle da f*«- 
aiat qaari>ar mtll'e gaaafaT LfiA««d«t4 forte dee 
comma ti(nt»ar* • La ao«a cbal d*i«t-me>or 4ie er 
m *n caoipcgBa • ^ 

Les Elus de Douai 

▼ oDt se rendro d&na Ik Till* rscoaqnlM 

Le« (.u' luauiciiiaua Ja la I'lla da Doaai. a* 
ltte;lcr«i:<ril a Piria ne i^oi r«anla t.icr apr*t mi4i. dei-t 
I oe tana du Palal* Bourbon, aoa* la pr^aidanea de M 
Frattcit Go.<ia adjoiol. laiaani foaeliOD* d> M*ir« MM. 
Geniaoi dovult. Ma^'ico Maoier prtidtDl la Cooaeil 
d iitoauiawtoesi; t>cn Ktc»(br. e oat* titan maetaipaai 
de la * Il> ra«/<nquita. «a«ieU'««l * t«IM reuoi^n. !*• «■* 
d'ciJ* du aa rendro t Oeaai dan* le plat brel -lalai tS" 
da*>(»ra^i (paaura* d arnaDa* qot > <nipo*«nl *i b U 
rarni* dr la via adm'o>itrtii*' •■ tconecoiqaa de la eUa 

M iV"! fla7« a -aaiaui da Nor* ia* ar*empaffo^« 

La resurrection du Nord 

Cr qu* 4lt M- OuatAe* Dabar 

* lent m'm liYsiiiir ii pin ttt lutiSit • 

roj-» laj Aor.^fi it n'-ire Rtg"*'^ * ^u*;*^/ ci*±i# a» 

(1 ^Arb«n'i(nf. (oai uaiafK/nanl d m<tvi tur •• , m«j >trf 
<'.ii ^li IubI />iirf aur «u«r«rd«iw It ^ut ^^ 4*IA' 
,'a '(frii,- ^ Ja a>a Monarnif a*. 

.VoHt ni^ui p'opoto^s df •■obit' *i#i(iM rt c* »e,*'. 
rapinton tf« i'tmtt ni-labidtdj tfu n*'.^ tt^m^fiTrf at 
f iti'fBr 

A'uui rr;>^i^auaat lu/wartfAui iM rfreijra'tanr ^m 
W. Giuiote X)w(.ir. D-rrti*it> d* ftcbe da .Hotd • 
pK*.'i«dani EievitMr 

• Ni'st loiDmai toa^ pret**! de raprei^Jre la lra«aB 
iniairoffijJu TjqIA la pupoiauoo do .\ard •aol travail ta.'i'il'^l fiOifhit £\ la noilUare Uca. ^ci 
la ■.■eutaroamant frtnctia. d eKordar ooe eoapioaauaa 
a cet popuUitoat qtltabir>oi ^uef anr.Mt de aer 
Ifra. i vii de Iki oiaiire i&ia*.littemitrt en ataida (a* 
leilli-r ai 4e t<tlu«f l*«r aatxlM . c eat da diainbuer r«- 
pideitjanl la f ramitr ai 1 aaeiniM aneni de fftofraaliaa 
«l da via Ubenta.e : laraaol . c 'it de rak^boaiter eaoe 
raiarJ. laa domruaifi creea par la (aerra at dan fiktv 
a**a ia lot de* dommafei. *«(#< gaa pranxara Iota p«* 
leLliauibra. il y a pint duo ae et dami ''-te* d«p«a 
bian de* »io<>. par U Seoal •! ^a> tiiecU •! ai-« ame 
■ lupife du ioor dt It Ctie'oto* Qse catte tai tt.'l vo** 
imiuta^i iMauUquelrt p-atMter* tr«iiipie*t«a«t **rt$* 
rll\>a«-m b Nart r-.tafvo repidemeat .!« *a* foi- 
Jr.i eaui tl V a cbai Ui wa-tlti lei (Ot ..taiwM 4a *au< 
' ttion. •• «ul*i<t*ai 1 triigi.r d-. treoii' • 

Les declarations dc perte 

11 eil rappallq'Jt te (cloittr* Jet ficiBc«« a 4»: d«qe« 
lea pror>iaittre*aa r»ni** ae porveer tar I i^tai. 4*^r 
a*Jca par auiW dt tttU de natre. poerraiesi. oovin- 
PaDlooe tunple d*« aiatioo da p*iie edr«*>*a a It dif«« 
iioo 4a la (^1*4 tiittni* aa mwelara Oa* f aaa<««. Iiir* 
obitada toi oparttiooi aoAcaroBol lean lilroa «*i 
rareieal <ltaiacdM(k- ao Fraeor 

rw* I .iiuqIm u« d*tierai-ao de pttw aoroftl aave|*<« 
■ Ji tBi4r»**ai. awl laar damiade. pt •■ la dir«*i>aa aa it 
Utiia laaentft 



Chapter XVI. 

A TRAIN journey was quite a remarkable occurrence. The 
Divisional Artillery had not travelled by train since their 
first journey up the line in 1915, and now they were being 
carried back to the same area. The Infantry Brigades had made 
one short journey by train (from Albert to Ytres in the snow) 
during the last year. 

We found our old quarters — Chocques, Auchel, Calonne-Ricouar* 
— much changed. Hutted camps had sprung up every\vhere, and 
the inhabitants had naturally long since tired of entertaining the 
British Army. During the last spring the war had come incon- 
veniently near ; Chocques was badly knocked about and Bethune 
was a desolation. Still, it was a very pleasant change after so 
long a stay by the Somme, and, if the artistic eye of a few missed 
the rich colour and soft contours of the southern battlefield, the 
homely sense of most of us preferred the somewhat squalid urbanity 
of a mining district to the desolate rusticity which we had left. 
And in war-time the pleasure of revisiting old haunts is more than 
usually keen. 

It was soon known that the Division was to go to Italy by the 
end of the month to relieve the 7th Division. A small advance 
party was sent off, and arrangements seemed to be complete. 
Days were spent in mild training and lively anticipation. The 
prospect was delightful — a long and interesting journey, a pictur- 
esque country, and, from all accounts, a good kind of war. Apart 
from the distance from home and possible difficulty of leave, the 
only serious drawback was that our horses must be left behind, 
to be exchanged for those of the 7th Division, and the thought 
of this parting was a real grief to many artillery and transport 
drivers. The entrainment was several times postponed, but when. 

200 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 1-4 

on September 27th, the Division moved to the neighbourhood 
of St. Pol, the move seemed quite certain. The 140th Brigade 
were supphed by an enterprising Brigade Headquarters with maps 
of the route and a Hst of useful phrases in Italian. Rations for 
the journey were actually being loaded on the first train, and we 
hoped in a few hours' time to say good-bye to France. 

But plans were changed again. The great success of the 
Allies in France culminating in the capture of the Hindenburg 
Line b}' the Fourth Arm}^ the capture of Damascus in the 
East, and the capitulation of Bulgaria showed that the end 
of the war was near. It was a race against time to settle the 
issue on the Western Front before winter set in, and neither 
the time nor the rolling-stock could immediately be spared for 
our expected move. 

Orders came on October ist, and on the next day the Division 
began to concentrate in the XI Corps area at Lestrem and La 
Gorgue, with a view to relieving the 59th Division on the following 
night. But the Germans were already retreating fast, and the 
141st Brigade was hurried forward to take the place of two pursuing 

The operation in which we now took part was not of a really 
urgent nature, but it was intended to keep in touch with the cneni}', 
to maintain constant pressure, so as to prevent his thinning out his 
line, and to inflict as much damage upon him as possible during liis 
retreat. At the same time our own troops were to be kept from 
engagement in heavy fighting. By the end of the day the 141st 
Brigade had advanced across the Aubers Ridge to a position just 
east of Radinghem. 

There was little fighting except on the right, where the i8th 
Battalion had come up against machine-guns, with which the 
enemy, as so often, skilfully embarrassed our pursuit, but the brigade 
had a difficult job moving forward about four miles on a frontage 
of well over two miles in new and featureless country. All battalions 
were very weak, and two out of the three had a trench strength of 
hardly more than 300. The casualties suffered by the brigade 
on October 3rd and 4th — 120 all ranks — show that the enemy's 
fire was a considerable obstacle. The result of this advance was 
to cause the Germans to hurry up reinforcements which were 
badly needed elsewhere. 


The ground of the advance was full of interest. The Aubers 
Ridge, which now fell so easily into our hands, had been the object 
of repeated costly attacks since the British Army had been driven 
from it in October, 1914. It commands a fine view of the plain 
that stretches far away to the west and north — a very close and 
watery countryside, intersected with dykes and dotted with 
farmsteads, singularly ill-suited to the trench warfare of four 

We could examine at leisure the German defences, the great 
belts of barbed-wire covering breastworks and trenches, and 
immensely strong concrete pill-boxes disposed along their trench 
systems or built into ruined farmhouses. Some of these were 
demolished, but the majority were intact, although often filled 
with explosive charges ready to blow the unwary occupant sky 
high. The sappers made them safe for us, and we were able to 
enjoy the peculiar stuffy security which German dugouts and 
blockhouses afford. 

Apart from this work, the Royal Engineers and Pioneers were 
now and onwards mainly busied with repairing roads and bridges 
to allow transport of all kinds to keep pace with the advance. 
Large craters had been blown at most crossroads, and bridges and 
culverts were generally destroyed. It was only by the untiring 
efforts of sappers and pioneers that supporting artillery and first-line 
transport were always able to keep up with the leading units. 

On October 4th the 142nd Brigade took over the right half of 
the Divisional front, and pushed on with the 141st Brigade. Oppo- 
sition was considerably more severe and the strong wire defences 
of the evacuated trenches were an obstacle. The 22nd Battalion 
succeeded at some cost in forcing the enemy to leave the village 
of Beaucamp on our right, and on the left the 19th Battalion 
secured a footing on the Armentieres-Wavrin railway, which was 
held in some strength, apparently as an outpost position in front 
of the main Lille defences about a mile farther east. 

This was a strong position ; a railway embankment, protected 
by means of wire, gave good advantage to machine-gun posts and 
snipers, and admirable cover for lateral communication along the 
front. A determined attack with adequate artillery support could 
have captured it, but the policy of the Fifth Army was not to 
make a deliberate attack upon the defences of Lille, but merely to 

202 THE ^yjH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 14-28 

follow closely when pressure north and south compelled the enemy 
to withdraw. 

For the next ten days, therefore, while the line of the railway 
was still held, no operations were attempted beyond patrolling 
and raids, to test the resistance of the enemy and to obtain identi- 
fication of the troops opposing us. 

The most considerable raid was made by Captain R. W. Turner's 
D Company, of the 24th Battalion, on the morning of October i4lh 
against the railway embankment opposite Erquinghcm. Artillery 
co-operation was arranged, including the support of 6-in. trench- 
mortars. In reconnoitring for their position the Divisional Trench 
Mortar Officer, Captain J. G. Brown, M.C., unluckily missed our 
outpost line and cycled past Radinghcm into the enemy's country. 
An able and gallant 3'oung officer was thus lost to the Division. 
The raiders reached the railway and sent patrols into the village, 
but they were counter-attacked in unexpected strength and with- 
drew with considerable casualties. 

The enemy, however, had fired his usual Parthian shot, and 
during the next daj^ our line was able to move forward 1,000 yards, 
so that the centre of the 142nd Brigade held the farmstead of Fin 
de la Guerre, a very suitable objective. Early on the i6th the 
advance continued. On the extreme left opposite the 141st Brigade 
was high ground and the tremendous earthwork of Fort d'Englos, 
one of the biggest of the forts that girdle Lille. It was intended 
not to attack this, but to surround it by a forward movement of 
the 142nd Brigade on the right. As it turned out, however, the 
strongest resistance came from the right, where the western edge 
of the suburbs of Lille gave shelter for machine-guns. The direction 
of the advance was, therefore, turned somewhat northwards, and 
by the end of the day we held the village of Hallennes and Englos. 

Meanwhile, orders for relief had come, and on October lyih 
brigades of the 57th Division passed through our line, and were 
able to march straight on to Lille. We thus just missed the satis- 
faction of being the first British troops to reach the city, and the 
duty of carrying out elaborate orders for sealing the exits which 
we had been studying for some days past. Instead, the 47th 
Division moved back by easy stages to the Norrcnt-Fontes-St. 
Hilaire district, and the Artillery to St. Vcnant, all ready once 
again to entrain for Italy. But within a few days the journey to 


Italy was finally cancelled, and the Division was warned to be 
ready to accompany the Army Commander on his official entry 
into Lille on Monday, October 28th. 

The week-end was spent in Lomme and Loos, suburbs to the 
west of Lille, where the magnificence of some of our billets was 
a striking contrast to the hunger and destitution of many of the 
victims of the German occupation. 

There was great pleasure in feeling that we were in quarters 
which the enemy had lived in so long and so securely, and a deeper 
satisfaction in realising to some extent from the appearance and 
narratives of the French the measure of relief that our advance 
had brought them. It needed now no imagination to know that 
it was something more than a few miles of desert that we were 
fighting for, and that we were up against something worse than 
a nation of home-lovmg conscripts driven unwillingly to war. 
For the sufferings of Lille were among the worst consequences 
of a systematic militarism, and many who may have found little 
satisfaction in contemplating wretched groups of tired and dirty 
prisoners on the Somme felt that the joy of a liberated town was 
well worth years of discomfort and danger. 

The procession started on October 28th at ten o'clock from 
the Porte Canteleu. The Army Commander (General Birdwood) 
was preceded by a company of the 22nd Battalion. Behind the 
Army Staff followed the Xlth Corps Commander (Lieut.-Geneial 
Sir R. Haking) and his Staff. 

Then came the 47th Division. The General led the way, followed 
by some of his Staff, and the three Brigade Groups marched in 
the order which they had taken in the last operations — 142nd, 
141st, and 140th. Between the 142nd and 141st Brigades came 
the C.R.A. (Brig.-General Whitley) and Divisional Artillery Head- 
quarters, followed by the 235th Brigade R.F.A. and a detachment 
of the Divisional Ammunition Column. The 236th Brigade R.F.A. 
and the Machine-Gun Battalion marched between the 141st and 
140th Brigades. In rear of the 140th Brigade came the 4th Battalion 
R.W.F. and detachments, mounted and dismounted, of the 
Divisional Train and the Mobile Veterinary Section. Within each 
Brigade Group the affiliated Field Company R.E. followed the 
Brigade Headquarters ; after them the three battalions and Trench 
Mortar Battery, and then the affiliated Field Ambulance. A 

204 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Oct. 2S 

company each from the 140th and 141st Brigades had gone on 
ahead to form a cordon in the Grande Place. 

It was " roses, roses all the w^y." The tricolour was flying 
ever^nvhere (one heard pathetic stories of the careful concealment 
of flags all through the war against the day of victory), with a 
sprinkling of extemporised (and rather inaccurate) versions of the 
Union Jack, and American and Belgian flags. Several hundred 
small flags adorned the rifles and equipment of our units, and 
flowers were on the guns. Brass bands played, and great crowds 
along the road and at every window cheered and sang as the troops 
marched by. A special ovation was given to the Indian drivers 
in the D.A.C. An enterprising printer had produced posters in 
red, white, and blue, some with the inscription " Honneur et gloire 
a la 47me Division, nos Liberateurs," and others with the same 
message in English. 

There was a halt when the head of the procession reached the 
Grande Place. There the Army Commander presented his fanion 
(the small red flag with a black cross which is carried behind an 
army commander in the field) to the IMayor of Lille, ]M. Delesalle, 
and received a flag from the city. Then the Mayor and Corporation 
and the Army, Corps, and Divisional Commanders took their place 
upon the grand-stand, where a large gathering of officers and 
civilians— among them the British Secretary of State for War, 
Mr. Winston Churchill — was assembled. No compliments were 
paid as the Division marched past. Its smart appearance won 
general approbation, and a message of congratulation from the 
Army Commander, with a special word of praise for the Divisional 

After a few days' rest in the eastern suburbs of Lille the Division 
moved up to relieve the 57th Division on the west bank of the 
Scheldt just north of Tournai. The 140th and 141st Brigades 
took their place in the line on October 31st. Two Portuguese 
battalions and a Portuguese brigade of field artillery were here 
attached to us, and the provision for their needs caused no little 
anxiety to the administrative staff and services, in the absence 
of interpreters or of any certainty as to their movements. The 
difficulty was not lessened by the fact that during their 
attachment to us the distinguishing numbers of the two battalions 
were changed. 


Facing piiije 204 


The Germans had destroyed all bridges across the river, which 
was swollen with the recent rain, and could not be crossed without 
a carefully planned operation beyond the scope of our waiting 
tactics. The villages of Froyennes, Pont-a-Chin, and Ramcgnies 
Chin lay on our line. Froyennes is only a mile from Tournai, and 
round it stand comfortable chateaux, the houses of local magnates. 
One of these, a stuccoed building of pseudo-Moorish style, had 
long been the residence of Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, against 
whose army we had often fought. In the villages were neat villas, 
hastily evacuated and very little damaged, and the country generally 
had a trim and prosperous appearance, very different from the 
impoverished French country we had left, as Tournai was different 
from Lille. A good many civilians stayed on in Froyennes. 

For a week nothing was done beyond the usual patrolling and 
reconnaissance of possible approaches to the river when the time 
should arrive to cross it. One day a small patrol of the i8th 
Battalion crossed the river and captured an enemy post. One 
night a party of Germans attacked a post of the 17th Battalion, 
but were driven on the following night from the house they occupied. 

Meanwhile, the enemy harassed us somewhat with field-guns 
and machine-guns. He had excellent observation from the railway 
just east of the Scheldt, and especially from Mont St. Aubert, a 
steep hill which rose 150 metres high less than two miles north-east 
of us, and commanded a wonderful view for miles round. We 
later found a most complete observation-station established here. 

Early in the morning of November 8th civilians entered the 
74th Division line on our right with the news that the enemy had 
withdrawn, and later the part of Tournai west of the Scheldt was 
occupied. Our patrols found the line of the river still strongly 
held, and shelling in the forward area was unusually vigorous. 
Everything pointed to an imminent evacuation, and orders were 
given to arrange for the building of a trestle bridge early next 
morning at Pont-a-Chin, and a footbridge was successfully placed 
there during the night. 

At dawn on November 9th the 22nd Battalion started crossing 
the river and pushed straight ahead without opposition. By 
eleven o'clock the 142nd Brigade reported that Mont St. Aubert 
was in our hands, and at the same hour the 140th Brigade, whose 
advance had been delayed by the difficulty of building a footbridge 

2o6 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Nov. 9-11 

in their sector, were in La Tombc. Both brigades moved rapidly 
forward during the afternoon, and at nightfall wc were in the 
village of Melles and Morcourt, about five miles east of the river. 

The engineers had some difficulty in constructing heavier bridges 
across the Scheldt. The Pont-a-Chin trestle bridge was not finished 
on the 9th, but by 2.30 p.m. a pontoon bridge was ready near 
Froyennes. Forward sections of artillery and infantry first-line 
transport started crossing this at once. The approach to the 
bridge was by a narrow, muddy road with a dyke on either side, 
and in spite of stringent traffic regulations there was a scramble 
to get across. It somehow happened that General Kennedy's 
mess-cart was the first vehicle to cross the river. 

The last casualties of the Division were suffered by the 17th 
Battalion, which lost five men on the night of November 8th. 
On the next day the five bodies lay wrapped in blankets in the 
hall of Prince Rupprecht's chateau, amid rich furniture and gaudy 
decoration. In some such way much that was blatant and insincere 
in the world at war served only to throw into deeper relief the 
simple realities of loyal service and unselfish death. 

The chase was continued on the loth. In front were the 19th 
Hussars with a battery of Royal Horse Artillery, and the 142nd 
Brigade followed as the advance guard of the Division. The cavalry 
met slight opposition from some machine-gun posts which the 
Germans had left behind, but these were soon put to flight by 
the R.H.A. One wounded prisoner was sent back. By the end 
of the day the 142nd Brigade held an outpost Une beyond Frasnes- 
lez-Buissenal and Moustier — a day's advance of between six and 
seven miles. On November nth the 140th Brigade was to lead 
the way, but orders came early to say that the Xlth Corps was 
to be " squeezed out " of the line, and that the Division would 
concentrate near La Tombe. A little later we heard that hostilities 
were to cease at eleven o'clock. 

There was nothing dramatic about the end of the war for the 
47th Division. News of the Armistice reached the troops on their 
march westwards, and it hardly raised a cheer. The 141st Brigade 
took charge of Tournai, and Brig. -General Mildren was for a 
time military governor there ; the rest of the Division kept 
Armistice night as best they could in billets in the northern 
outskirts of the town. 

Chapter XVII. 

THE period which began with the Armistice and ended with 
the return of the " cadres " of units to England may be 
passed over very briefly, although the five months dragged 
M'earily enough for those who were left till the end. " Nothing 
of interest to record " is a phrase that recurs often in the war diaries 
of this time. 

On the day following the Armistice Sir George Gorringe held a 
conference of all commanding officers at La Tombe when plans 
for " educational and recreational training " and for making the 
best of things generally for the troops were discussed. The forma- 
tion of Old Comrades' Associations, which should, in after years, 
provide an opportunity of renewing war-time friendships and 
keeping alive the spirit of the Division, was at once put in hand. 

For a week or so the 140th and 141st Infantry Brigades were 
kept busy working under the direction of railway construction 
companies on the Tournai-Ath railway, to which the Boche had 
done an almost incredible amount of damage on his retirement. 
The 142nd Infantry Brigade and the Artillery moved to Cysoing 
and Bourghelles, on the frontier of France, on November 15th, and 
Divisional Headquarters to Chereng on the next day. The 
Portuguese attached infantry and artillery returned to their own 
division, and everybody settled down to enjoy himself as best he 
might in an area where at least accommodation for men and horses 
was fairly comfortable and the British soldier was still welcome 
after the long German occupation. For it was soon known that 
the 47th Division was not among the fortunate few which were to 
go forward to Cologne. 

A fortnight after the Armistice, however, the Division was 
moved back by road through the devastated country behind Lille 

2o8 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Dec, 1918 

to billets in the familiar area behind Bethune. We were to finish 
the war in the same area in which we had first entered it. 

Divisional Headquarters were established at Lozinghem. The 
Artillery, to which the 189th (Army) Brigade R.F.A. was attached, 
settled in Marles-les-]\Iincs, Lapugnoy, LabeuvTiere, Fouquiercs, 
and Chocques ; the Engineers at Raimbert and Burbure ; the 
Pioneers in Labeuvriere ; the 140th Infantry Brigade Group in 
Auchel, Ferfay, and Cauchy-a-la-Tour ; the 141st Infantry Brigade 
group in Femes and Lieres ; the 142nd Infantry Brigade group in 
Allouagne and Burbure, and the Divisional Train in Lillers, moving 
later to Camblain Chatelain as the railhead changed from Lillers 
to Pernes. 

In these none too cheerful little mining and agricultural villages, 
with Christmas festivities and an occasional move into new huts 
or billets to relieve the monotony, the Division settled down to 
discuss the great topic of demobilization. For some time matters 
did not seem to be getting beyond the stage of discussion and the 
rendering of many returns, except as concerned the so-called 
" pivotal " men. The most unlikely individuals suddenly dis- 
covered that the wheels of British industry could not begin to 
revolve again until they were returned to civilian life. As these 
same individuals — no doubt by reason of their " pivotaUty " — 
were also in many cases those who had most recently become 
soldiers, discussion of the matter among the troops sometimes 
assumed a somewhat acrid tone. 

Early in 1919, however, demobilization began in real earnest 
and the Division grew smaller day by day. There was much 
inspecting and classify hig of horses and mules— some for sale in 
England, some for disposal in France, and a few for retention in 
the Regular Army. There were many touching farewells said as 
men were parted from animals that they had driven and cared 
for, perhaps, for years, or officers from chargers which had served 
with them on many battle fronts. 

The education scheme, on which a beginning had been made in 
the Army even before the Armistice, developed to imposing pro- 
portions — on paper. Each unit had its classes, and although little 
useful work could be done in those arms and services which had 
horses to look after or departmental duties to carry on, a certain 
amount of progress was made among the infantry, and at least 

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facing parje 208 

March, 1919] DEMOBILIZATION. 209 

opportunities were given to those who wished to take advantage 
of them for serious study or technical training with a view to civil 
life. Lecturers visited the Division and held forth on a multitude 
of subjects, from " Exploration in Central Asia " to " World 
Problems after the War." 

Athletics naturally occupied much of the time, although it was not 
always easy to fnid playing fields. Divisional football cup ties 
were played during December and January, and D/236 Battery, 
R.F.A., defeated the Machine-gun Battalion in the final at Auchel. 

Concert parties and theatricals — sometimes sadly disorganised 
by the demobihzation at a critical stage of the leading lady — 
helped to pass away the long evenings. The 15th Battahon pro- 
duced an admirable pantomime with the topical title, " Pack Up," 
at Ferfay, and besides the Divisional Follies, who worked hard, as 
they had done throughout the war, for the amusement of the 
troops, there were a number of " touring companies " who exchanged 

By the end of March, 1919, the units were reduced almost to 
cadre strength, and Major-General Gorringe left us to return to 
England. Shortly afterwards he was appointed to command the 
loth Division in Egypt, where so many years of his career as a soldier 
had been spent. He handed over the command of the cadres to 
Brigadier-General Mildren. 

On the eve of his departure Sir George Gorringe issued the 
following farewell order : 

By Major-General Sir G. F. Gorringe, K.G.B., K.G.M.G., D.S.O. 

Friday, March 28th, 1919. 

The day has arrived for the 47th (London) Division to cease to exist in France 
as a Division and for the remnant to be formed into Brigade Groups of Cadres. 

Tlie occasion is one on which we who liave served in the Division cannot but feel 
a mutual sense of regret, severing as it does ties which have closely united us for so 
long. Most of our comrades have already left us to restart their vocations in civil 
life, others to join the Army of Occupation, and those who remain — the Cadres — - 
wUi shortly be returning to England, there to be demobilized. Many, also, we shall 
never meet again ; their lives have been given for the cause for which we, as the 
47th Division, were formed and have fought together at Festubert, Loos, Vimy, 
High Wood, Eaucourt L'Abbaye, Messines, Menin Road, Bourlon Wood, Welsh 
Ridge, Highland Ridge, Dessart Ridge, Rocquigny to Bouzincourt and Aveluy 
Wood, Bray. Albert Ridge, Le Foret, Rancourt, Moislains, Nurlu Ridge, Lieramont, 
in the advance on Lille and the crossing of the Scheldt, on many a battlefield, in 
minor operations, and in trench warfare. 

Looking back on these past years, we cannot but feel proud and thankful that we 
have been enabled to take such a prominent part in these operations and m building 
up the fine record which the Division has achieved. In fact, no less than 97 D.S.O.'s 

210 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [Mar.-May 

CT bars, 472 M.C.'s or bars, 321 D.C.M.'s or bars, and 1909 M.M.'s or bars have been 
awarded to the Division. But it is not so much this splendid record of rewards 
of which we should be most grateful ; it is what we have been able to do during 
the war and our share in winning victory that we may feel so justly proud of.* 

On relinquishing command of the 47ih Division I desire to place on record my 
very high appreciation of your devotion to duty, discipline, gallantry and loyalty 
at all times. No Commander could have been better or more loyally served than 
1 have been by you. 

Where all have done so well it is difficult to particularise units or individuals ; 
all have worked together so unselfishly. I wish, however, to specially thank 
Brig.-General E. N. Whitley, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., T.D. ; my Brigade Commanders : 
Brig.-General T. W. Viscount Hampden, C.B., C..M.G. ; Brig.-General H. B. P. L, 
Kennedv, C.M.G., D.S.O. ; Brig.-General R. McDouall, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. ; 
Brig.-General V. T. Bailev, C.M.G., D.S.O. ; Brig.-General W. F. Mildren, C.B., 
C.M.G., D.S.O., and their'Staffs ; and the senior members of my Stal!, by whose 
devoted service all duties entrusted to them have been cairied out so efficiently, 
especially Lieut. -Colonel A. J. Turner, C.M.G., D.S.O., R.A. ; Lieut. -Colonel B. L. 
Montgomerv. D.S.O. ; Lieut.-Colonel S. H. J. Thunder, C.M.G., D.S.O., M.C. ; 
Lieut.-Colonel A. B. Carev, C.M.G., D.S.O., R.E. ; Colonel J. D. Ferguson, C.M.G., 
D.S.O.. R.A.M.C. ; Colonel T. W. Gibbard, C.B., M.B., K.H.S. ; Lieut.-Colonel 
W. C. Galbraith, C.M.G. ; Lieut.-Colonel A. H. Maude, C.M.G., D.S.O. ; Captain 
A. Paterson ; Major J. C. D. Carlisle, D.S.O., M.C. ; and the Rev. A. E. Wilkinson, 
M.C. ; also the following battalion commanders : Lieut.-Colonel A. Maxwell, C.M.G. , 
D.S.O., T.D. ; Lieut.-Colonel G. Dawes, D.S.O., M.C. ; Lieut.-Colonel W. H. E. 
Segrave, D.S.O. ; Lieut.-Colonel F. W. Parish, D.S.O., M.C. ; Lieut.-Colonel C. J. S. 
Green, D.S.O., M.C. ; Lieut.-Colonel C. F. H. Greenwood, D.S.O., T.D. ; and Lieut.- 
Colonel W. R. Portal, D.S.O., M.V.O. ; who in their various capacities have given 
me the greatest possible support and have been untiring in carrying out so successfully 
the many operations entrusted to them. 

We do not yet know what has been decided as to the future — whether the Division 
will be re-formed on I'nes similar to those which existed prior to 19141 or otherwise — 
but whatever that decision may be, let the spirit of the Division remain and be 
maintained and fostered by various Old Comrades' Associations which have been 
and are being formed, and by which, I trust, we shall have opportunities to meet 
together during many years to come, to remember our happy relations in the past 
— the splendid co-operation between all branches of the Service in the Division. 

My parting request is that you will all do your utmost to maintain the spirit of 
our comradeship at all times and that it will continue to unite us in future, so that 
we may be a very powerful factor and tower of strength for good in our country, 
that our victories' in war may be consolidated in peace by that happy bond of true 
comradeship which is called co-operation, that discipline in civil life, that best 
of disciplines which we have attained in this war — the subordination of selfishness 
to the benefit of the community. 

G. F. GoRRiNGE, Major-General. 

The debt of the Division to General Gorringe himself it would 
be hard to estimate too highly. His skill as a commander had been 
proved in many difficult operations, his coolness in action and his 
courage were an inspiration to all who served under him, and his 
unceasing thought for the comfort and welfare of the junior officers 
and men of the Division, who probably never realised how much 
they owed to ii, was an example, as well as an occasional cause of 
some anxiety, to the subordinate commanders and staff. 

The 47th Division was fortunate in not suffering from the frequent 
changes in command which were the lot of some divisions. Each 

* The figures quoted above do not include honours announced in the " Peace 
Despatch," 1919. A full hst of honours awarded to the Division will be found in 
Appendix G. 


of its two commanders remained with it long enough to know 
the Division well and to earn its confidence. The achievements and 
the spirit of the Division under their command are the measure of 
their success and their reward. 

Not only in its chief commanders was the 47th Division fortunate. 
It was allowed to remain to the end what it was from the beginning 
— a division of London Territorials, and as such it had a homogeneity 
and a civic patriotism such as few other divisions possessed. The 
only one of its units which was not recruited in London — the 4th 
Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers— was composed of Territorials like 
the Londoners, and quickly assimilated itself. So, too, did the 
occasional drafts for London battalions which were received from 
other regiments. 

Among the brigade and battalion commanders and the senior 
Staff officers were many, like Brigadier-Generals Lewis, Mildren, 
Whitley, and Lord Hampdcti, who were Territorial officers them- 
selves ; and many others, like Brigadier-Generals Cuthbert, 
Thwaites, Wray, and Kennedy, or Lieut. -Colonels Foot and 
Thunder, who, though Regular officers themselves, had served 
long enough before the war as commanders, Staff officers, or 
adjutants in the Territorial Force to understand the Territorial 
soldier thoroughly. 

To the junior officers, the warrant officers, and the N.C.O.'s, 
the backbone of the Division, and to the men themselves, it is 
impossible to pay tribute high enough. The dogged courage and 
endurance of the Londoner, his unfailing cheerfulness and humour 
in adversity, have been the subject of so many panegyrics in official 
despatches, in the Press, and elsewhere, that there is no need to dwell 
upon them here. If in the pages of this history too little mention 
has been made of individual acts of heroism or of the personalities of 
many born leaders of men of whom death or wounds robbed the 
Division before they had attained high rank, it is due chiefly to the 
difficulty of selecting from among such numbers. 

There were a few, but very few, among the cadres which returned 
to England in May, 1919, who had served with the 47th Division 
during all its four years in France and Flanders. The last train- 
load left Pernes on May 10. The Artillery and divisional troops 
were finally demobilized at Shoreham a month or so later, and the 
Infantry brigades at Felixstowe. 

212 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [1920 

But the Division was not doomed to die. On February i6th, 
1920, it was reconstituted as part of the new Tcrritoiial Army, 
under the command of Major-General Sir Nevill Smyth, V.C, K.C.B., 
and the 47th (2nd London) Division hves to carry on the traditions 
of the men who fought at Loos and Vimy, at High Wood, Messines, 
and Bourlon. 

iiorvoiJR ~i, 

and I 







<^^%rifiV,„ , no„ti LOOS ^^ 

Exhibited in Lille, on October 28th. iqi8, when General 
Sir W. Birdwood, at the head of the 47th Division, 
eotered the city after its evacuation by the Germans. 

Appendix A. 



The 2nd London Divisional Transport and Supply Column, A.S.C., of 
which the original first hne unit afterwards became the 47th Divisional 
Train, came into being with the Territorial Force in April, 1908. Its first 
commanding officer was Colonel P. H. Dalbiac, C.B.. T.D. He was succeeded 
in 1912 by Lieut.-Colonel C. F. T. Blyth, C.M.G., T.D., who was commanding 
the column on mobilisation, the Senior Supply Officer being Major W. 
Campbell Galbraith. The latter was promoted to command the Train in 
July, 1916, and on his return to England, in February, 1918, to take up 
work under the Admiralty, he was in turn succeeded by his S.S.O., Major 
A. H. Maude, and Captain G. Farr became S.S.O. 

In August, 1914, the Territorial T. and S. Columns had not yet been 
organised on the new basis as Divisional Trains, and still consisted of a 
Headquarters company and three Brigade companies, from which the 2nd 
Line Regimental Horse Transport was detached to units on mobihsation, 
and which each included a section of Mechanical Transport. The latter 
became the nucleus of the Divisional Supply Column on its formation at 
the end of 19 14, first under the O.C. A.S.C. and later as a separate unit. On 
arrival in France the mechanical transport unit ceased to form part of the 
Division and became " Corps Troops." 

The early days of mobilisation naturally threw a great strain on the 
Divisional A.S.C. In addition to the mobilising of the unit itself, arrange- 
ments had to be made for clearing up the hurriedly evacuated camps on 
Salisbury Plain and for feeding a Division at war strength from local resources 
in the St. Albans area. The derehct rubber works and a part of the adjoining 
golf-links at St. Albans were taken over and a Supply Depot was formed, 
which in a very short time was feeding nearly 20,000 men and some hundreds 
of horses. Supplies were delivered to the more distant units by locally 
hired mechanical transport, and to those at St. Albans and Hatfield by horse 
transport, in impressed vehicles of everj;^ conceivable type. There was little 
opportunity for training of any kind, and as soon as a driver could drive 
a pair of horses— sometimes before — he had to take his share in the never- 
ending work of the companies. 

In March, 1915, the companies entrained with their respective Brigade 
groups for overseas, and the St. Albans depot was handed over to the 2/2nd 
London Divisional T. and S. Column (afterwards the 6oth Divisional Train), 
which had been formed under the command of Colonel Dalbiac. 

The problem of feeding the Division during its concentration in the 
First Army area, complicated as it was by the changes of destination and 
the inexperience of all conccracd of conditions in France, was a seveie test 
of the Train and Supply Column. This was the first war trial of the Army 
Service Corps as reorganised in accordance with the 191 1 War Establishments, 
and things were not yet " cut and dried " and running as smoothly as the 

214 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

later Divisions found them. All fuel, vegetables, straw, bran, and various 
other commodities had to be provided by local purchase, and Requisitioning 
Officers were kept busy. 

Other periods during whicli the work of the Train was carried on with 
the greatest difficulty were during the battles of Loos and of the Somme, 
1916, when the condition of the " German road " and the congestion and 
shelling of Albert railhead rendered the supply situation at times quite 
interesting ; the preparations for Messines, when large quantities of reserve 
rations and R.E. material had to be got up to the line by night, and when 
the railhead at Ouderdom was frequently shelled — on one occasion with 
heavy casualties ; during the march from Arras to Cambrai and the operations 
of November 30th, 19 17, when refilling point was at one time within 1,000 
yards of the front-hne. 

The withdrawal in March, 1918, and the final advance in October, 1918, 
across the barrier of the Scheldt and the mined roads round Tournai were 
the two periods when the greatest strain was put upon all ranks responsible 
for the supply and transport of the Division, but in spite of many difficulties 
rations were delivered throughout both these trying periods without any 
serious hitch. 

The troubles resulting from the stretching out of the line of communications, 
however, did not cease with the Armistice. Delayed pack trains, a wide 
Divisional area, the necessity for consuming supjjlies long stored in reserve 
dumps, and various other causes often rendered the satisfactory feeding of 
the troops more difficult during the six months following the cessation of 
hostilities than when the Division was actually in the line. 

In August, 19 1 6, shortly before the Division moved up to High Wood, 
it was decided that Divisional Supply Columns should no longer move with 
their Divisions from one Army area to another. This resulted in the 47th 
Divisional Supply Column, of which the Divisional Train had been the parent 
unit, being separated from the Division and attached to the 17th Division 
(whose Senior Supply Officer, Major J. H. B. Wigginton, M.C., happened 
to be an old member of the 47th Train and well known to many in the Division). 
It was replaced by the 19th Divisional Supply Column, which did excellent 
work for us until we moved up to the Salient. 

Between August, 1916, and the end of 1917 the Division was served by 
four different Supply Columns : , 

19th Divisional Supply Column. 

5th Australian Divisional Supply Column (British personnel). 

5th Australian Divisional Supply Column (Australian personnel). 

5th Divisional Supply Column. 

This constant changing of columns proved most unsatisfactory from many 
points of view, and this fact was at last recognised by the higher authorities, 
so that in December, 1917, the 47th Divisional Supply Column (which 
afterwards became the 47th Divisional M.T. Company on the reorganisation 
and amalgamation of supply columns and ammunition sub-parks) rejoined 
the Division and remained with it until demobilization. 

Various " side-lines " in which the Train was engaged at different times 
included agricultural operations, forestry, charcoal-burning, and the running 
of the soda-water factory (subsequently handed over, with great relief, to 
the Divisional Canteen). The articles bought by the Requisitioning Olhccrs 
included most things from a dogcart to a lamp wick. 

Special mention should be made of the work of the Transport personnel 
of the Field Ambulances, who were transfeiTed early in the war to the Army 
Service Corps, and reinforced by H.T. drivers from the Divisional Train and 
motor-ambiilance drivers from the Divisional M.T. Company. They did 
most gallant and devoted service often under very trying conditions. 

a 1 -1 ■ 

■> '•.•>•.. 



Some guartei masters and Supply Officers. 

Facinii pane 214 



The part played by the Royal Army Medical Corps in the principal battles 
in which the 47th Division was engaged has already been briefly described 
in the story of the operations. The work of the R.A.M.C, however, contri- 
buted so largely to the fighting efficiency of the Division at all times, and was 
performed with such unselfish devotion to duty, that some fuller account 
of its record must be given here. 

When the three field ambulances accompanied their respective brigades 
to the St. Albans area in August, 1914, each included eight medical officers 
besides the CO., and one medical officer was attached to each of the twelve 
infantry battalions, one to each artillery brigade, and one each to the 
Divisional Train and Royal Engineers. Besides these there were the A.D.M.S. 
(then Colonel Harrison) and the D. A.D.M.S. at headquarters and a divisional 
sanitary officer. Later in the war, owing to the scarcity of medical men, 
this number was very much curtailed. Units such as the Engineers and 
Train, which were at times scattered over a wide area, were deprived of 
their medical officers, and those of other units had to perform this work 
in addition to their own. Corps and army troops in the divisional area 
also came under the medical care of the A.D.M.S. Deficiencies due to 
casualties, leave, and other causes had to be made good within the Division, 
and this threw a considerable strain on the resources of the field ambulances, 
so that at times the CO. was the only officer left at the headquarters of his unit. 

The divisional R.A.M.C, too, were the pioneers in arranging for the bathing 
of the men and the issuing of clean underclothing. This continued from 
the earliest days in France, when the baths at pitheads in the mining district 
round Bethune were available for the troops, till about the end of 1916, when 
the Division was in the Ypres Sahent, and for the first time an officer other 
than a qualified medical man was placed in charge of the laundry and baths. 
In short, it will be seen that the duties of the R.A.M.C. were many and 
varied, and that the demands from all sides for medical officers and other 
ranks were a source of continual anxiety both to the A.D.M.S. and to field 
ambulance commanders. 

Owing to the decreasing numbers of available medical officers from home, 
American M.O.'s were attached to the Division for the first time in July, 1917. 
From the first they proved themselves thoroughly good and efficient ofificers, 
and very popular with all ranks. Their help proved invaluable, and their 
work, under the most trying conditions, was beyond all praise. 

The field ambulances went to France in March, 1915, with their respective 
brigades, having undergone, in the preceding November, considerable charges 
in personnel. One ambulance, indeed, had an entirely new set of officers, 
only three of whom had previous experience in the Territorial Force, and 
great credit is due to the N.CO.'s for the way in which they helped to train 
not only the men but the newly-joined officers. Colonel Harrison and his 
D. A.D.M.S., Colonel Butt, remained in England to take over the medical 
administration of the second line division. Major C J. Martin, medical officer 
of the 23rd Battalion, was appointed D. A.D.M.S., but no A.D.M.S. was ap- 
pointed till the arrival of the Division in France, when Colonel Nicol joined 
the Staff. He remained with the Division only some two months, as did each 
of his successors. Colonel E. L. R. McLeod and Colonel McLaughlin. In 
August, 1915, Colonel J. D. Ferguson, D.S.O., was appointed A.D.M.S. His 
administrative ability, keenness, and personality had a striking and lasting 
effect on the efficiency of the medical services of the Division, which he directed 
for nearly two years. 

From the beginning his chief aim was to ensure the rapid evacuation of the 
wounded from the line. His strong point was the construction of shell- 
proof shelters along the line of evacuation both for wounded and R.A.M.C, 
personnel. Better work could be done in dressing wounded where com- 
parative safety could be ensured, a larger supply of dressings and comforts 
could be stored, and more aseptic conditions could be maintained. 

2i6 THE 47rH (London) DIVISION. 

The evacuation from the line in the early days was an extremely arduous 
proposition, but the use later of wheeled stretchers and light railwaj-s made 
the journey down from the line to the car-loading post quicker and much more 
comfortable for all concerned. In the use of these Colonel Ferguson was 
one of the early pioneers. The construction of the dugouts and shelters 
was carried out by R.A.M.C. labour, sometimes under R.E. supervision, 
and sometimes under a medical officer advised by an N.C.O. skilled in some 
trade pertaining to this class of work. 

The R.,\.M.C. were exceptionally fortunate in having many skilled N.C.O. 's 
and men of this type. Latterly the R.A.M.C. had also to construct battaUon 
aid posts. 

At Loos much was learned in clearing the wounded, and the experience 
gained tliere and in the succeeding period up to the time of the German attack 
at Vimy, in May, 1916, was very useful in making a record evacuation in the 
latter battle. The D.D.M.S., IVth Corps, on many occasions afterwards 
described it to other field ambulances as a model evacuation of wounded. 

In the First Battle of the Somme the line was taken over from the outgoing 
division forty-eight hours before zero. No arrangements in the immediate 
forward area had been made by the out-going R.A.M.C. for the construction 
of dressing and collecting posts. By working in relays night and day, and 
with the ever useful and ever ready help of the R.E.'s, three were hastily con- 
structed. The necessary stores and comforts were hurried up just as the 
attack was launched. 

The Somme fighting of 1916 offered the most severe test to which the 
divisional R.A.M.C. was put during the whole time the Division was in France. 
Owing to the assistance given to divisions holding the line for a fortnight 
before our taking over, and the amount of work done on collecting posts, etc., 
the men were physically tired before the attack on High Wood took place. 
The difficulties of transport, owing to the condition of the one road leading 
up to Bazentin, were enormous. A system of bearer reliefs, as was customary, 
was at first organised, but the number of casualties among the troops was so 
heavy that the men had to carry on till they dropped from exhaustion. 

On the second day the " carry " from the Cough Drop to Bazentin-le- 
Grand took a squad of six men four to six hours to accomplish owing to the 
mud and shell holes. After the first twenty-four hours or so evacuation of 
wounded became increasingly difficult on account of direct enemy observation. 
The wounded had therefore to be carried out at night. 

The intense darkness of the Somme nights, and the circumventing of shell 
holes and batteries in the quest for the Cough Drop were, and still are, a night- 
mare to the R.A.M.C. of the 47th Division. Later the evacuation from the 
left half of the divisional front (Butte de Warlcncourt) became easier, for a 
light railway line was run up. On the right, owing to the hilly condition of 
the ground, this was impossible. 

The move north to the Ypres salient was warmly welcomed, and here, 
imder Colonel Ferguson, the R.A.M.C. spent the entire winter constructing 
posts for the June (191 7) offensive. The " other ranks " had a very arduous 
time on these working parties, some of the indispensable N.C.O. 's and men 
remaining up for six to eight weeks at a time. 

Two of these posts deserve special mention — Woodcote Farm on the Ypres- 
Lillc road, and Burridge Post at Kruisstraat. The former was entirely 
concreted inside under R.E. supervision, and it is certain that by the devising 
of this scheme Colonel Ferguson was responsible for saving many lives, both of 
wounded and of R.A.M.C. personnel. Many direct hits by 5.9's were sustained, 
and witliout this stronghold the evacuation of wounded of the Division 
would have been seriously hampered, if not an entire failure. 

Burridge Post, so-named by the N.C.O. who was responsible for its super- 
vision, consisted of the " shells " of a small row of cottages with sand-bagged 
cupolas inside. This formed a car relay post, a walking wounded collecting 
post, and an aid post for any casualties in the nciglibourhood. On the western 
side, facing the enemy, a large red cross was painted, and it must be put to the 


credit of the Boche that while all buildings and batteries around were shelled, 
he left Burridge Post alone. In the salient full use was made of light railways, 
and, indeed, after this in all the other sectors held by the Division. 

Shortly after the Battle of Messines Colonel Ferguson received another 
appointment, but during the time he was with us he had left his mark for good 
on the R.A.M.C. of the Division. Colonel T. H. Gibbard, C.B., was a very 
capable successor. His organising powers were shown especially in field 
ambulance hospital work, and the Division owed much to him for the way 
in which, with the help of C.O.'s of field ambulances, he organised the work 
of combating the influenza epidemic among the troops in the spring of igi8. 
In July, 191 7, Captain H. M. Calder, who had won the D.S.O. for gallantry 
while serving as a medical officer of the 5th London Field Ambulance, suc- 
ceeded Major Martin as D.A.D.M.S. 

The autumn of 1917 in the Arras sector was to the R.A.M.C. probably the 
most restful period since the days before Loos. It was well that it was so, 
for very heavy work was thrown at short notice on the R.A.M.C, as on other 
units of the Division, at the Battle of Bourlon Wood. The work of the 
R.A.M.C. in this battle has been described in the foregoing narrative. A 
special tribute, however, may be paid here to the gallantry of the mechanical 
transport and horse transport drivers of the Army Service Corps attached 
to the field ambulances in bringing up their ambulances under heavy shell 
fire on the morning of the German counter attack. 

During the withdrawal of March, 1918, from La Vacquerie to Albert, the 
R.A.M.C. worked under a very great handicap. They had naturally to retire 
in advance of the combatant troops, and, consequently, many of the Ij'ing 
wounded fell into enemy hands. The roads, too, were so congested with 
transport that it was impossible to move at any speed. It was not until 
Albert was reached that the evacuation of wounded could proceed on normal 
lines. The plan adopted in most cases, and apparently the only feasible 
one, was to convey the wounded to the main roads and deposit them there. 
Some were removed by passing vehicles, and those who could not be taken up 
were at least found by the enemy and not allowed to die from exposure. 

In July 1918, Colonel Gibbard was promoted D.D.M.S., IVth Corps, and 
Colonel Thomas Fraser, C.B.E., D.S.O., a Scottish Territorial officer who had 
had considerable experience of divisional R.A.M.C. work as a field ambulance 
commander in the 29th Division, joined us as A.D.M.S. He worthily carried 
on the work of his predecessors, and soon became a general favourite with all 
ranks. He was responsible for the divisional medical arrangements in the 
Battles of the Somme, 1918, where the actual removal of the wounded to the 
rear was most successful, being greatly facilitated by the German retreat. 
Before Lille, too, the work was comparatively easy compared with previous 
periods. Perhaps the greatest difficulty was the selection of abandoned 
German posts which could be deemed free from mines. 

After the Armistice the main work of the R.A.M.C. consisted in canying out 
demobilisation and giving the necessary medical attention to troops scattered 
throughout an immense area. The ambulance cadres, commanded respec- 
tively by Major A. E. Ironside, Major J. H. Jordan, and Major H. M. Calder, 
were demobilised at Felixstowe in July, 1919. 


Little has been said in the foregoing chapters of the work of the Army 
Ordnance Department, but its contribution to the fighting efficiency of the 
Division whose material needs it supplied in trench warfare and in battle 
was a very considerable one. 

Before the war the Territorial Force had no Ordnance personnel of its 
own. On mobilisation Major G. de S. Dudley was appointed to the 2nd 
London Division as Deputy Assistant Director of Ordnance Services — or 
D.A.D.O.S., to give his office the familiar title by which its holder was known 

2i8 THE 4yiH (London) DIVISION. 

in every di-vision. He and the small staff of warrant officers and other ranks 
of the Army Ordnance Corps who joined him at St. Albans had a difficult 
task in fitting out the Division for active service. Arms and equipment, 
boots and clothing were hard to obtain in those early days of the war, and 
local purchase had often to be resorted to in order to meet demands. The 
troops already in France had always a prior claim, and sometimes D.A.D.O.S. 
had the mortification of having to deliver up again stores which he had at 
last procured. This happened, for example, with " Fuses, T. and P., No. 56," 
of which there was a shortage. These had to be withdrawn from our 
Divisional Artillery at Hemel Hempstead at express speed and despatched 
to catch a night-boat to France for the use of some other divisional artillery 
going into action. 

When the Division was ordered to France the locally purchased transport 
had to be exchanged for Service pattern vehicles, a big undertaking for the 
Ordnance and transport personnel. Many trainloads of wagons had to be 
checked, unloaded, and parked on the golf-hnks at St. Albans for distribution 
to units bv the Divisional Train. 

Major Dudley left the Division, on promotion, not long after its arrival 
in France. He was succeeded for a few months by Major F. H. Buckland, 
and in September, 1915, Captain A. T. Shead, who had previously been 
with the Indian Cavalry Division, was appointed D.A.D.O.S. He remained 
with the 4 7lh Division until its dcmobihzation, when the disposal of surplus 
equipment kept the Ordnance Staff busy up till the last moment. 

The D.A.D.O.S., who was attached to Divisional Headquarters, was 
responsible to the G.O.C. for the supply of all war material as authorised. 
All the units of the Division notified their requirements to him, and he in 
turn obtained his supplies from bases, gun-parks, and other mysterious 
sources. Every article had its own peculiar nomenclature, a spade being 
by no means necessarily a spade, but perhaps " implement, agricultural, 
diggers, for the use of. G.S., i." The authority for all demands was laid 
down in mobilisation store tables and " G.R.O.'s " (General Routine Orders), 
but an>i;hing not there authorised was procurable by special authority. In 
all there were over 200,000 different items in the ordnance " vocabulary," 
ranging from a toothbrush to a gun. 

Normally between five and fifteen tons of equipment and clothing, costing 
probably thousands of pounds, were handled every day by the Ordnance 
Staff of four warrant officers, two sergeants, and eight other ranks, and men 
attached for duty from other units. After heavy fighting they were called 
upon to re-equip the Division immediately, which meant about a month's 
work compressed into twenty-four hours. 

The last two years of war found Captain Shead (now Major Shead, M.C.) 
and his staff very familiar with the probable requirements, and before a battle 
they would anticipate the needs for refitting, so that replacements would 
be on the way from the various bases before the battle was over. The time 
saved was invaluable. 

Mobile workshops for armourers, bootmakers, tailors, carpenters, and 
other craftsmen enabled an immense proportion of the necessary repairs to 
be done within the Division. At one period our own tailors converted 14,000 
ground sheets into mackintosh capes, when there was a shortage of the latter. 
They also made white suits for patrols when snow was on the ground. The 
armourers made anti-aircraft and machine-gun mountings in addition to the 
ordinary work of kcejjing the Division's weapons in repair. The increase 
of the Lewis guns from two to sixteen per battalion, and the keeping up 
of the necessary spare parts for replacements, tlirew much extra work on 
this department. 

Other periods when special demands were made on and met by the Ordnance 
personnel were when the 1 3-pounders of the Artillery were exchanged for 
18-pounders at Bethunc in 1915 ; when muslin and cotton waste had to be 
procured and converted into respirators after the first gas attack ; when 


old motor-car tyres had to be obtained from the back areas to deaden the 
sound of the wheels of horse transport vehicles at Loos. 

During the fighting on Vimy Ridge, in May, 19 16, many of our machine- 
guns were put out of action. These were replaced by others and taken by 
Ordnance personnel to units the same night. At Bruay, in 1916, new pattern 
smoke-helmets were issued to 18,000 officers and other ranks. Altogether 
there were five different issues of gas-masks. 

After the withdrawal in igi8 the losses of guns, equipment, and transport 
were replaced within forty-eight hours, thanks largely to the wonderful work 
at the bases at Havre and Calais and the gun-parks. 

Four motor-lorries from the Divisional Supply Column (or later the M.T. 
Company) were detached for Ordnance work, and at times of stress the drivers 
often worked cheerfully night and day without a break. 

In short, the Ordnance Service in the Division not only never failed it in 
emergency, but often achieved the apjarently impossible, and C.O.'s and 
quartermasters will readily acknowledge their debt to Major Shead, to 
Conductor E. W. Biiffec, R.A.O.C., who served with the Division throughout 
the campaign, to the Brigade Warrant Officers and other Ordnance personnel. 


The 2nd London Mobile Veterinary Section, which formed part of the 
Division throughout the war, did service for the sick and wounded horses and 
mules as devoted as that of the R.A.M.C. for the personnel. During the 
greater part of the time it was under the command of Captain J. Southall, 
who left the Division in March, 191 8. The work of the Veterinary officers 
grew heavier and heavier as their numbers decreased and the number of 
mounted units in the charge of each grew larger. Lieut. -Colonel W. R. 
Walker, A.V.C, who had been Assistant-Director of Veterinary Services to 
the Division since 1912, was responsible for the heavy work entailed for the 
Veterinary Service on mobilization, when horses, suitable and unsuitable, 
were collected from all kinds of sources, and when the horsemastership in 
mounted units was not what it afterwards became. He was succeeded 
shortly after the Division arrived in France, by Major J. Abson, a Territorial 
officer from Sheffield, who did valuable work in re-organizing the Veterinary 
Services in the Division and maintaining them at a high level with the aid of 
a band of very capable Veterinary officers. None who was privileged to hear 
them will forget his lectures, and many junior officers and farriers in mounted 
units owed much to his tuition. Major Abson was succeeded as A.D.V.S. 
early in 1917 by Major T. Hibbard, who came from the 56th (London) 
Division, and who directed the Veterinary Services of the Division till 


The work of the " Padres " in the Great War might form the theme of 
a most interesting volume in itself. Many of those who served with the 
47th Division had been chaplains to units of it before mobilization, and started 
with the friendship and confidence of officers and men alike. 

The senior chaplain of the Division when it went to France, in March, 
1915. was the Rev. H. C. Bell, who was invahded to England in the following 
August. His successor was the Rev. H. J. Fleming, C.M.G., a Regular 
Army chaplain of considerable seniority and experience as chaplain to the 
Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. Mr. Fleming did much towards placing 
the organisation of the Chaplains' Department in the Division on a thoroughl)- 
sound basis before he was promoted, in May, 19 16, to be Deputy Assistant 

220 ^ THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

Chaplain-General at IVth Garps. The Rev. C. T. T. Wood, who followed 
him as senior chaplain, had served since the beginning of the war with the 
I4ibt Infantry Brigade, and remained with the Division till August, 1917, 
when he was transferred to the First Army School at the Base. From August, 
1917, till demobilization in 1919 the senior chaplain was the Rev. A. E. 
Wilkinson, M.C., now Vicar of St. James, Croydon, who had been chaplain 
before the war of the 6th Battalion, London Regiment, and had served with 
the 6th, and later with the Divisional Artillery since mobilization. 

All these, of course, represented the Church of England, but other denomi- 
nations were equally fortunate in their representatives. Among the Roman 
Catholic chaplains an especially well-known figure was the Rev. R. J. Lane- 
Fox, who was attached to the 141st Infantry Brigade, and displayed great 
gallantry at the Battle of Loos. He was transferred to the Guards Division 
in 1916, and while with them won the Military Cross. He made a welcome 
return to the 47th Division for a few months before the end of the war. 

The very great and helpful interest taken at all times in the padres' work 
by Major-General Gorringe enabled the Chaplains' Department to hold a 
position in the life of the Division which was probably seldom equalled and 
certainly never surpassed in any other division in France or elsewhere. It 
is not always realised how much a chaplain's work can be helped by the 
goodwill of commanding officers, or impeded by the lack of it. 

Certainly the brigade and battalion commanders and the staff of the Division 
wholeheartedly followed the lead given them by the Divisional Commander 
in this respect, and a notable example of this was the A. A. and Q.M.G., 
Lieut. -Colonel Thunder, to whom no chaplain ever appealed in vain for 
anything he needed for his work, and from whom the S.C.F., in the latter 
days of the war, gained a reputation for being able to extract motor-cars 
on all and every occasion. 

The allocation of chaplains within the Division was normally as follows : 

Divisional Headquarters . . Senior chaplain. 

Divisional Artillery . . . . One chaplain (C. of E.). 

R.E. and Divisional Troops . . One chaplain (C. of E.). 

One ,, (Free Church). 
Each Infantry Brigade .. One chaplain (C. of E.). 

One „ (Roman Catholic). 

One „ (Free Church). 

Church of England chaplains usually lived with battalions and others 
with field ambulances. 

The acts of gallantry quietly performed by the padres in battle and in the 
course of their duty with troops in the line were many. The names of at 
least seven of them will be found in the list of Military Crosses won while 
serving with the Division — the Revs. C. T. T. Wood, A. E. Wilkinson, C. G. 
W^oodward, H. Beattie, A. R. Browne-Wilkinson, D. Railton, and B. P. 
Plumtree ; while the Rev. M. Davidson and the Rev. — Williamson and 
the Rev. R. Bickford were mentioned in despatches. 

The loss of the Rev. Basil Plumtree, M.C., who was killed in action, in 
July, 1917, while attached to the 142nd Infantrj' Brigade, was deeply felt 
by his many friends in tlic Division. Other padres who became casualties 
were the Rev. R. E. Monro (attaclied 141st Brigade), who was g;issed in 
Bourlon Wood, the Rev. C. S. NN'oodward (attached 142nd Brigade), who 
was wounded on the Snnime in October, 1916, and the Rev. G. K. Browne, 
who was taken prisoner while tending wounded during the German advance 
in March, igi8. On his return to England from Germany Mr. Browne went 
out with the Relief Force to North Russia, where he gained the M.C. 



There can have been few divisions in France in which the relations between 
the Provost-Marshal's branch and the rest of the division were so happy as 
they were in the Forty-Seventh. The military policeman's lot on active 
service is not an entirely pleasant one. He has many masters and many 
thankless tasks to perform. The general popularity of our successive A.P.M.'s 
and of the corps of M.M.P., coupled with the extremely low record of " crime " 
of the Division, is sufficient tribute to the efficiency of their work. 

Captain the Hon. H. E. Fitzclarence, M.C., who joined the Division at 
Hooggraaf in October, 191 6, and remained with it for two years and a half, 
will be remembered with affection by all who served with him. His cheery 
personality and tact, the way in which he could administer a severe " choking- 
off " with a twinkle in his eye, and his experience as a prison governor and as a 
soldier, made him an ideal A. P.M., while his inexhaustible fund of anecdote 
and his keen sense of humour made him welcome in every mess. Squadron- 
Sergeant-Major E. Lane, the senior warrant officer of the M.M.P., who was 
with the Division during most of its mobilized service, was another well- 
known figure and a master of traffic-control. A former A. P.M. writes of 
him : " He was a remarkable-looking man and rode over nineteen stone. 
When things went smoothly on the road you might have taken him for a 
minister of the Gospel, but if things went badly and delays or blocks occurred 
his vocabulary was a masterpiece, both as regards volubility and changes of 

Before the Battle of Messines in 191 7 the traffic control work in the salient 
involved heavy responsibility for the A. P.M. and his traffic officer, Captain 
R. R. Smart, but their excellent organisation enabled the vast stores of 
ammunition, supplies, and material to be got up through Ypres to the line as 
smoothly as possible. Other occasions when the police and traffic work was 
specially difficult, but was carried out in a way which earned much praise, 
•were the Battle of Cambrai (Nov.-Dec, 191 7), and the withdrawal in March, 


In May, 191 6, a draft of men from^ the Middlesex Regiment (Labour Corps) 
was sent out from England to the 47th Division for non-combatant duties. 
These, together with fifty men from units of the Division, were formed into the 
47th Divisional Employment Company, nearly two hundred strong, which 
was soon put under command of Captain \V. S. Batten-Pooll, North Somerset 
Yeomanry, and organised for various administrative work in the Division. 
Detachments from the company managed the divisional baths and laundry, 
the " delousing " plant (Foden disinfector), and salvage ; and a party of the 
fittest men was attached to the divisional train for unloading duties at the 
differtnt dumps. The appointment of permanent staffs to the baths and 
laundry, which rapidly became expert, ensured the continued efficiency of a 
department which had been admirably organised by Captain A. F. Robinson 
(19th BattaUon), and contributed greatly to the comfort of the Division. 
The activities of the salvage party, under Major W. C. B. Wilhams, M.C. 
(4th R.W.F.) were varied and ubiquitous, and not only gave peculiar satis- 
faction to the " Q" Staff of the Division, but rendered real service in the 
cause of economy. 

In 191 7 the Company was renamed 241st Divisional Employment Company, 
and its establishment was increased to 320 by the addition of many head- 
quarters details — Divisional and Brigade staffs, batmen, the " Follies " troupe, 
and others. Periodic " combing out " removed many of the fitter men, and 
there was frequent exchange of personnel with unfit men from units in the 

222 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

Captain Batten-PooU left the Company in August, 191 8, and it came under 
the command of successive camp commandants. Under this arrangement 
the responsibiUty for maintaining the efficiency of the work devolved upon 
the N.C.O's in charge of the various detachments. 

During the retreat in March, 191 8, the Baths staff did notably good 
work at Metz, where the Foden disinfector was kept working, until it was 
shelled out, and a supply of clean clothing was kept up for men who came 
back gassed from the line. Sergeant Thirtle was awarded the M.S.M. in 
recognition of this work. 

After the armistice a number of men from the Employment Company were 
sent to the Rhine ; others, including Sergeant P. Hill, remained behind at 
area headquarters after the last cadres of the Division had left. 

Appendix B. 

During the last three years of the Division's service in France the 47th 
Divisional " FolUes " played an important part in the amusement of the 
troops when out of the line. Formed originally in February, 1916, 
owing to the initiative of Lieut. -Colonel Thunder, the troupe gave its first 
performance in March in a hut at Gouy Servins that had been converted 
into a theatre. The original name chosen for the party was " The Quarante 
Se(p)t," but this was soon allowed to die a merciful death, and it was simply 
as " The Follies " that the talented little band of performers achieved a fame 
which extended to other divisions besides its own. 

The original members of the party were Lieutenant E. A. Boughton, 
Sergeant K. H. Cobley, Rifleman E. Sawyer, Rifleman C. F. Cherry, Rifleman 
F. C. Mott, Rifleman S. Dignum, and Rifleman W. V. Tidmarsh, all of the 
2ist BattaHon, Corporal L. E. Amand, of the 24th Battalion, and Corporal 
L. C. Ward, of the i8th Battalion. These were joined later at intervals 
by Sergeant R. H. Wyatt (5th London Field Ambulance), Rifleman H. Collins, 
Rifleman A. Hughes, and Rifleman J. Cottham (21st Battalion), Lance- 
Corporal W. Every (15th Battalion), and Pte. J. Leggett (22nd Battalion). In 
September, 1917. the party was joined by an orchestra led by an able musician 
in Sergeant F. H. Stamper, and including Corporal Garnet, Privates Robson, 
Taylor, Barnes, and Dolder, and later Private Harris (22nd Battalion). 

Among the more ambitious productions of the " Follies " were the revue 

" and Halifax," written by Sergeant J. W. Nevill (21st BattaHon), and 

produced in December, 1916, at Halifax Camp, in the Ypres Salient, where 
it ran for four months and a half; " Ca-y-est," produced at Bertincourt, 
in December, 19 17, the book being by Sergeant Nevill and the music by 
Sergeant Stamper, and " Alfred Barber and the Forty Winks," a pantomime 
by Sergeant Wyatt, with music by Lance-Coiporal Every, played at Auchel 
and Lillers at Christmas, 19 18. 

Some of the most popular numbers, which will call up memories of the 
brighter moments of the war to thousands of London soldiers, were " Four- 
and-Nine," the trench scene from the Halifax revue, " That Dear Old Home 
of Mine," " Wonderful Girl — Wonderful Boy," and the dancing of Hughes 
and Cottham, better known on the London stage as " Rich and Galvin." 
Not only were the words and music of many of the songs written by members 
of the troupe, but they also designed their own posters and painted their 
own scenery. 

Among those for whom special performances were given by " The Follies " 
were the Queen of the Belgians, General Plumer, General Home, and some 
of the American divisions. They also appeared in the Opera House at Amiens 
for the Croix Rouge Frangaise, in the theatre at Bruay, and for four weeks 
at IVth Corps Headquarters, and, in the words of a leading member of the 
troupe, in " sundry corps schools, barns, huts, aeroplane-hangars, farmyards, 
hospitals, concentration-camps, fields, middens, and other rubbish heaps, 
by electric light, gaslight, candle light, acetylene, daylight, and in the dark." 

The theatre at Halifax Camp was partly burnt down during the winter 

224 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

of 1916-17 owing to a fire which started in some adjoining huts, but per- 
formances were continued as usual. This camp was shelled repeatedly 
through the summer of 19 17, and although the theatre was never actually 
hit, shells landed within a few yards on several occasions. The Bertincourt 
area was bombed on numerous occasions while shows were in progress, the 
roof of the theatre being pierced, but the performances were continued. 

On three separate occasions in igi8 the whole of the party was attached 
to Field Ambulances for duty in the line. The strength of " The Follies " 
was reduced in March. 19 18. Among those who returned to their units was 
Corporal (now Sergeant) Ward, the " leading lady," who was shortly after- 
wards wounded and lost his left hand. 

In March, 19 19, demobilization began to break the party up, but new 
recruits were brought in, and the Division could still provide a concert- 
party up to the time when it ceased to exist as a division, though there were 
few of the original Follies among the wearers of the familiar green-and-black 

riii-; i(iii.ii-:s: " thal iii-:ak uld home of mine. 

ing page 224 

THE L)i\isiu.\AL Follies, lyij. 

Appendix G. 


1914 1915 The original order of battle was as follows, all batteries 

being four-gun batteries : 
5TH (LONDON) BRIGADE (15-pdr.) R.F.A. 

1 2th Countv of London Batterv, R.F.A. 

13th do. 

14th do. 

5th London Brigade Ammunition Column. 
6XH (LONDON) BRIGADE (15-pdr.) R.F.A. 

15th County of London Batterv, R.F..\. 

i6th do. 

1 7th do. 

6th London Brigade Ammunition Column. 
7TH (LONDON) BRIGADE (is-pdr.), R.F.A. 

1 8th County of London Battery, R.F.A. 

19th do. 

20th do. 

ytli London Brigade Ammunition Column. 

2ist County of London Battery, R.F..\. 

22nd ' do. 

8th London Brigade Ammunition Column. 

Subsequent Changes. 

Mar., 191 5. The Divi.sional .\rtillery proceeded to France as above, and 
almost immediately the 2nd London Heavv Batterv, R.G.A., 
was taken away. 
Nov., 1915. The Divisional Artillery was re-armed, the Field Batteries 

with i8-pounders, and the Howitzer Batteries with 4.5-in. 
May, 1916. Three new four-gun i8-pounder Batteries were posted to the 

Di\'isional .Artillery, tsvo made up from 34th Battery, R.F.A., 
and one from 93rd Battery, R.F.A., also D/i76th 4.5-in. 
Howitzer Battery, and the nomenclature and organisation of 
Brigades was changed as follows : 
233TH BR1G.\DE, R.F.A. (late 5th London Brigade, R.F.A.) 

A;235 Batterv (late 12th Cov. of Lon.), R.F.A. 

t^/235 .. ,. 13th 

<^/235 ., .. 14th 

l>/235 .. .. D/176 Batterv. R.F.A. 

236TH BRIGADE, R.F.A. (late Gth London Brigade. R.F.A.) 

A'236 Batt.Tv (laie 15th Coy. of Lon.), R.F.A. 

^K'^iO .. ' ., ibth 

C/236 „ „ 17th 

£>/23t> „ „ 2 2na 

226 THI-: 471H (London) DIVISION. 

May, 1916. 237TH BRIGADE, R.F.A. (lato 7th London Brigade. R.F.A.) 

A/237 Batter>' (late iSth Coy. of Lon.), R.F.A. 
B/237 .. " 19th 

C/237 ., ,. 20th 

238TH BRIGADE, R.F.A. (late 8th Lon. (How.) Bde.. R.F.A.) 
34th Battery, R.F.A. 
B/238 „ (late 34th Battery. R.F.A.) 
C/238 „ (late 93rd Battery), R.F.A. 
D/238 ,, (late 2ist Coy. of Lon.), R.F.A. 
All Brigade Ammunition Columns were aboli.shcd and merged 

in the 47th Divisional Ammunition Coliimn. 
Dec., 1916. All Batteries were made six-gun Batteries, and the final 

reorganisation took place as follows : 


B/235 Battery, R.F.A. (late B/235 and half A/235) 
B/235 .. " .. C/235 „ A/235) 

C/235 „ ,, C/237 .. A/237) 

D/235 ,. .. D/238 „ D,233) 


A/236 Battery. R.F.A. (late A /2 ^6 and half C/236) 
B/236 „ ' „ B/236 „ C/236) 

C/236 „ „ B/237 .. A/237) 

D/236 „ „ Tr'236 „ D/235) 

Headquarters 237th and 238th Brigades, R.F.A., were 

abolished, and A/238 and half B/238 Batteries, R.F.A., were 

combined into 34th Battery, R.F.A., again, and posted to 

189th (Army) Brigade, R.F.A., while C/238 Battery, UFA.. 

with the remaining half of B/238 Battery, was posted to 104th 

(Army) Brigade, R.F.A. 


June, 1916. X/47 T.M. Battery (four 2-in. mortars) formed witiiin Division. 

Y/47 do. do. 

Z/47 do. do. 

Nov., 191O. V/47 (Heavy) T.M. Battery (two 9.45 in. mortars) formed. 
Feb., iqiS. V/47 (Heavj') T.M. Battery withdrawn from Division, becoming 

\' Corps H.T.M. Battery. 
Feb., 1918. All 2-in. mortars withdrawn, and replaced by twelve 6-in. 

Newton mortars. These were constituted into two Batteries 

called " X " and " Y," and formed of personnel of the former 

" X," " Y," and " Z " Batteries. 

The Trench Mortar Organisation of the Divisional Artillery 

from this date until February, 1919. was therefore : 

X/47 T.M. Battery; 

Y/47 T.M. Battery. 


Aug. 4th, .914. 3rd London I'ield Company, R.E. 
4th London Field Company, R.E. 
2nd 1-ondon Divisional Signal Company, R.E. 
2/3rd London Field Company, R.E., raised in Division. 
3rd London Field Comnany, R.E., left Division for 28th 

Division, B.E.F. 
2 ;3rd London Field Company, R.E.. Ictl Division tor 

2/2ntl London J^ivision. 
4 th London Field Cov., R.E. .. 1 . o t- r- n T^• • 

J r r^ c 1 /- u t- > fo B.I"-. I'. With DlVlSlOn. 

2nd Lon. Div. Signal Coy., R.E. | 

3id London Field Company, R.E., rejoined Division. 













Jimesotli, 1915. 2/3rcl Loudon Field Company, R.E., joined Division from 

Feb. ist, 1917. Field Companies re-numbcred as follows: 

3rd London Field Coy. — 517th Field Coy., R.E. 
4th do. — 518th do. 

2/3rd do. — 520th do. 

To Mar., 1919. 517th Field Company, R.E. 
518th Field Company, R.E. 
520th Field Company, R.E. 
47th Divisional Signal Company, R.E, 


^^Man.^lgiJ^ 1 '''^th BattaHon, Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 


Aug. 4th, 191 4. i/i3th Batt. London Rcgt. (Kensington). 

I /14th Batt. London Regt. (London Scottish). 
I /15th Batt. London Regt. (Civil Service Rifles). 
i/i6th Batt. London Regt. (Queen's Westminster Rifles). 

Suhsi;ol;en*t Ch.wges. 
Sep. 15th, 1914. i/i4tli Batt. London Regt. entrained for France. 
Oct. 17th, 1914. i/28th Batt. London Regt. (Artists Rifles) joined the 

Oct. 26th, 1914. I /28th Batt. London Regt. entrained for France. 
Nov. ist, 1914. i/i6th Batt. London Regt. entrained for France. 
Nov. 3rd, 1914. i/i3th Batt. London Regt. entrained for France. 
Nov. 5th, 1914. I /6th Batt. London Regt. joined Brigade. 
Nov. 5th, 1914. I /7th Batt. London Regt. joined Brigade. 
Nov. 6th, 1914. i/8th Batt. London Regt. joined Brigade, the Order of 

Battle on this date then being : 

I /6th Batt. London Regt. 

I /7th Batt. London Regt. 

I /8th Batt. London Regt. (Post Office Rifles). 

I /15th Batt. London Regt. (Civil Service Rifles). 
Mar. 1 7 til, 1 9 15. Brigade entrained for France. 
May i2th, 1913. Brigade renamed 140TH Infantry Brigade. 
June, 191 5. 140th Light Trench Mortar Battery formed. 

Nov. i6th, 1915. I /4th Battalion London Regt. joined Brigade. 
Dec, 1915. 140th Machine Gun Company formed. 

Feb. ist, 1918. I /17th Battalion London Regt. (Poplar and Stepney Rifles) 

joined the Brigade from 141st Infantry Brigade. 
Feb. ist, 1918. J /21st Battalion London Regt. (First Surrey Rifles) joined 

the Brigade from 142nd Infantry' Brigade. 
Feb. 2nd, 191 8. Nucleus of i/6th, i/7th, and i/8th Battahons London Regt. 

proceeded to join 58th (London) Division. 
Feb., 1918. 140th Machine Gun Companv absorbed by 47th M.G. Batt. 

the Order of Battle then being : 

i;i5th Batt. London Regt. (Civil Service Rifles). 

I /17th Batt. London Regt. (Poplar and Stepney Rifles). 

i/2ist Battahon London Regt. (First Surrey Rifles). 

140th Light Trench Mortar Battery. 

Aug. 4th, 1914. I /17th Battalion London Regt. 
i/i8th Battahon London Regt. 
I /19th Battalion London Regt. 
I /20th Battalion London Regt. 

228 THE 47rn (Lundon) DIVISION'. 

Subsequent Changes. 
Mar. gtli, 1^15. Jirigade entrained for France. 
May 1 2th, 191 5. Brigade renamed 141ST Inf.\ntry Bkig.vuk. 
Juiie, 1915. 141st Light Trench Mprtar Battery formed. 

Dec, 1915. 141st Machine Gun Company formed. 

Feb. 1st, 191S. 1, 1 7th Battalion London Regt. transferred to 140th 

Infantry Brigado. 
Feb. 1918. 141st ^Madiine Gun Company nu-rged in 47th M.G. Bait., 

the Order of Battle then being : 

1,'iSth BattaUon London Regt. 

I /19th BattaUon London Kcgt. 

I /20th Battahon London Regt. 

141st Light Trench Mortar Battery. 

Aug. 4tli, 1014. i/2ist BattaUon London Regt. 
I /22nd BattaUon London Regt. 
I /23rd BattaUon London Regt. 
I /24th Battalion London Regt. 

Subsequent Changes. 
.Mar. 1915. Brigade entrained for France. 

May I2th, 1915. Brigade renamed 142nd Lnfaniry Brigade. 
June, 1915. 142nd Light Trench Mortar Battery formed. 

Nov. i6th, 1915. I /3rd Battalion London Regt. joined Brigade. 
Dec, 1915. 142nd Machine Gun Company formed. 

Feb. 7th, 1916. I /3rd BattaUon London Regt. left Brigade. 
Feb., 1918. 142nd Machine Gun Company absorbed by 47th M.G. Batt. 

Feb., 1918 I /21st Battalion London Regt. transferred to i40tb 

Infantry Brigade, the Order of Battle then being : 

I /22nd Battalion London Regt. 

I /'23rd Battalion London Regt. 

i/24th Battalion London Regt. 

142nd Light Trench Mortar Battery. 


Feb. 28th, 1918. 47th Machine Gun Battalion formed. 



Headquarters and Headquarters Company. 

No. 2 (4th London Brigade) Companv. 

No. 3 (5tti London Brigade) Company. 

No. 4 (6th London Brigade) Company. 
Aug., 1914. 2nd London Divisional Supply Column formed. 

Aug., 19 1 5. Train Companies renumbered as under : 

45 5th (H.T.) Company, A.S.C. 

430th (H.T.) Company, A.S.C. 

457th (H.T.) Company, A.S.C. 

458th (H.T.) Company, A.S.C. 


A»g. 4th, IQ14. 4th London Field Ambulance. 

5th London Field Ambulance. 

6th London Field .Vmhiil.ince. 
Mar. 14th, 1915. 47th Divisional Sanitary Section formed. 
Aprd, 1917. 47th Divisional Sanitary Section witlulrawn, and posted 

to Second Army a3 an Army unit 



Aug 1914, to ) J London Mobile Veterinary Section. 
Mar., 1919. > •' 


Maj-, 1917. 241st Divisional Employment Company formed, absorbing 

47th Divisional Salvage Company and other details. 

* These corps became the Royal Army Service Corps and the Royal Army 
Veterinary Corps respectively on November ijtb, 1918. 

Appendix D. 

The following list sliows : 

I. — Commanders and Staff of the 47th (London) Division 
during the period of its mobilization, 1914-1919, with 
the dates of a]>pointment. 

II. — Commanders of (A) Infantry Battalions ; (B) Artillery' 
Brigades and Batteries ; (C) Field Companies and Signed 
Company, R.E. ; (D) Divisional Train ; (E) Field 

No IE. — In List I. the orig'nal date of appointment is given. In List H. the date 
given is that of relinquishing the appointniciit ; the first name in each case is that 
of the officer commanding: the vmit on mobilization, or in the case of units formed 
d'iring the war, of the first commanding olficer. 

Names of officers killed in action while in command are marked f- 
Rank and decorations gi\en are those held or won during tcnmrc of tl'.e 


Date of 

Mar. 31, iQii. 
Aug. 5, I9H. 
Aug., 1914. 
Sept. 29, 1916. 


Major-General C. C. Munro, C.H. 
Major-General T. L. N. Morland, C.B , D.S.O. 
Major-General Sir C. St. L. Baiter, K.C.B., C.V.O. 
.Major-General Sir G. 1'. Goiringe, l^.C.B., K.C.M.G., D.S.O. 

Aug. 5, 1914. 
June 2, i''(i';. 
Aug. 20, IW15. 
June 15, 1016. 
Nov. 17, 1 016. 
Feb. 21, 1918. 
July 14, 191S. 

Genurai. Staff OiricER, Grade I. 

Lt.-Col. W. Jhwaites, C.B., R.A. 

Lt.-Col. Hon. VV. P. Hore-Ruthven, D.S.O., Scots Guards. 

Lt.-Col. B. Burnett Hitchcock, D.S.O., Notts and Derbv Regt 

Lt.-Col. L T. Weatherhv, O.xford and Bucks L.L 

Lt.-Col. A. L Turner, D.S.O., R.A. 

Lt.-Col. C. M. Davif-s, D.S.O., Rifle Brip;ade. 

Lt.-Col. B. L. Montgomery, D.S.O., R. Warwickshire Regt. 

General Staff Officer, Grade IL 

Feb. 17, 191::. Lt.-Col. \V. Thwaites, R.A. 

Aug. 5, 1914. Major E. IL Collen, D.S.O., R.G.A. 

Mar. 23, 191 5. -Major B. Burnett Hitchcock, D.S.O., Nott? and Derbv Regt. 

lune s, 1015. Major N. W. Webber. D.S.O., R.E. 

May 24, 1016. Major R. S. McClintock, D.S.O., R.E. 

Feb. 17, 191 7. .Major H. C. B. Kirkpatri. k, D.S.O., M.C., K.O.S.B. 

Nov. 24, lyi;. .Majur J. C. D. Carlisle, D.S.O.. M.C., Civil Service 

April 9, 1918. Major W. Garden Roe, M.C., Royal Irish L'usiliers. 

July 6, 1918. Major Max Lewis, ALC., General List. 

APrENDIX D. 231 

Genkrai, Staff Officer, Grade III. 

Aug. 4, 1914. Capt. H. R. A. Hunt, 25th Punjabis. 

Mar. 25, 1916. Capt. J. D. Carlisle, M.C., Civil Service Rifles. 

Jan. 2, 191 7. Capt. R. de B. Cazalet, Cieneral List. 

April 9, 1917. Capt. ]. I. Piggott, M.C., Special List. 

April 5, 1918. Capt. T. W. Nelson, M.C., General List. 

May 13, 1918. Capt. G. C. Turner, M.C., 23rd Batt., London Regt. 

Intelligence Officer. 
Feb. 22, 1917. Lieut. R. H. Unwin, R.F.A. (T.) 

A. A. & Q.M.G. 
Aug., 1914. Lt.-Col. A. N. Lvsaght. 

1914. Lt.-Col. R. i^L Foot, C.M.G., R. Inniskilling Fusiliers (R. of O.). 

Feb. 5, 1916. Lt.-Co'. S. H. J. Thunder, C.M.G., D.S.O., ^LC., Northamp. Regt. 

D.A.A.G. (D.A.A. & Q.M.G.) 

Oct. 2, 1911. Major H. V. M. de la Fontaine, East Surrey Regt. 

Tuly, 191 5. Major P. Hudson, The King's (Liverpool Regt.). 

"Feb. 16, 1916. Major H. L Nicholl, Bedfordshire Regt. (R. of O.). 

June 17, 1916. Capt. G. E. Hope, Grenadier Guards. 

July 3, 1916. Major M. Alexander, M.C., Rifle Brigade. 

July 7, 1918. Major J. T. Duffin, i\LC., General List. 

Aug., 1914. Lt.-Col. G. E. Pereira, C.M.G., D.S.O., Grenadier Guards (R. of O.). 

Inly, 1915. Major E. Craig-Brown, Cameron Highlanders. 

Mar., 1916. Major R. O. Schwarz, M.C., Special Reserve. 

Mar. 8, 1917. Major A. J. Stephenson-Fetherstonhaugh, D.S.O., M.C., Worcester- 
shire Regt. (S.R.) 

April I, 1012. Brig.-Gen. J. C. Wray, C.M.G., M.V.O., R.A. 
Feb., 1916. Brig.-Gen. E. W. Spedding, C.M.G., R.A. 

Mar. 31, 1917. Brig.-Gen. E. N. Whitley, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., R.F.A. (T.). 


April 15, 1910. Lt.-Col. H. H. Taylor, T.D. 

Aug. 15, 1914. Col. A. H. Kennev, C.M.G., D.S.O., R.E. 

July 27, 1915. Lt.-Col. S. D'a. Crookshank, D.S.O., CLE., M.V.O., R.E. 

Nov., 1916. Lt.-Col. W. S. Traill, D.S.O., R.E. 

May, 1917. Lt.-Col. H. S. Christie, D.S.O., R.E. 

Nov. 25, 1917 Lt.-Col. A. B. Carey, C.M.G., D.S.O., R.E. 

Nov. I, 1918. Lt.-Col. H. J. Couchman, D.S.O., M.C., R.E. 


Aug., 1914. • Col. C. E. Harrison, C.V.O. 

Mar., 1913. Col. C. E. Nicol, D.S.O, 

May, 1915. Col. R. L. R. MacLeod. 

July, 191 5. Col. A. M. McLaughlin. 

Aug. 18, 1915. Col. J. D. Ferguson, C.M.G., D.S.O. 

June I, 1917. Col. T. W. Gibbard, K.H.S., C.B. 

July 23, 1918. Col. T. Eraser, D.S.O., R.A.M.C. (T.). 

Aug., 1914. Col. E. Butt. 

Mar., 1915. Major C. J. Martin. R.A.M.C. (T.). 

July 22, 1917. Capt. H. M. Calder, D.S.O., R.A.M.C. (T.). 

A. P.M. 

Aug., 1914. Capt. L. C. D. Jenner, K.R.R.C. (R. of O.). 

Sept., 1914. Lt.-Col. C. B. Wood, Royal .Scots {R. of O.), 

Feb., 1916. Major E. R. A. Hall, The King's (Liverpool Regt.). 

Dec, 1916. Capt. the Hon. H. E. FitzClarence, Special List. 

Oct. 20, 191 8. Capt. E. J. Rendall. 

Feb. J4, 191-}. Lieut. F. R. Goo.liand, R. Lancaster Regt. (S.R.). 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

Aug. i6, 1914. 
May 15, 1915- 
Dec. 15, 1915. 

June 8, 1912. 
May 31, 1915. 
Jan. 20, 1917. 


26, lou- 
II, I9I6. 

May 17, 191 7. 

Sept. 9, lyii. 
Sept., 1914. 
June 2, 1915. 
July 8, 1916. 
Aug. 19, 1916. 
Oct., 1917. 
Jan. 2, 191R. 

.■\pril II, 1912. 
Aug. 14, 1915- 
Feb. 5. 191 7. 
.April I, 1918. 
Dec. II, 1918. 


Major G. dc S. Dudley, A.O.D. 
Major H Buckland, A.O.D. 
Major A. T. Shead, M.C. A.O.C. 


Lt.-Col. W R. Walker, A.\'.C. (R. of 
Major T- Abson, D.S.O., A.V.C. (T.). 
.Major t. Hibbard, T.D., A.V.C. (T.). 


i40lh (4th London) Infantry Brigade. 
Brig. Gen. F. T- Hevworth, Scots Guards. 
Brig.-Gen. G. J. Cuthbert, C.B., C.M.G., Scots Guards. 
Brig.-Gen. Viscount Hampden, C.B., C.M.G., loth Hussars and 

Herts Regt. 
Brig.-Gen. H. B. P. I . Kennedy, C.M.G., D.S.O., K.R.R.C, 

I4ii/ {5//; London) Infantry Brigade. 
Brig.-Gen. C. FitzClarence, V.C, Irish Guards. 
Brig.-Gen. G. C. Nugent, Irish Guard?.+ 
Brig.-Gen. ^^■. Thwaites, C.B., R.A. 

Biig.-Gen. R. T. Bridgford, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., K.S.L.I. 
Brig.-Gen. R. McDoual!, C.B., C.M.G.. D.S.O., The Buffs. 
Brig.-Gen. T- F. Erskine, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., M.V.O. 
Brig.-Gen. \V. F. Mildren, C.B., C.M.(;., D.S.O., 6th Batt., Lon. Regt. 

i4 2iui {6lh Loudon) Infanliy Brigade. 

Brig.-Gen. the Hon. C. S. Heathcote Drummond Willoughbv, C.M.G. 
Brig.-Gen. F. G. Lewis, C.B., C.M.G., T.D.. 13th Batt. Lon. Reg. 
Brig.-Gen. V T. Bailev, C.M.G. , D.S.O., The King's (Liverpool Regt.) 
Brig-Gen. R. McDouall, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., The Buffs. 
Brig.-Gen. L. F. A-hburner. D.S.O., M.V.O., Roval Fusiliers. 


(A) Infantry Battalions. 

i/6<A Ballalion, Lottdoit Regiment. 

Lt.-Col. G. D. M. Moore . . 

Col. T. W. Simpson. V.D 

Lt.-Col. W. F. Mildren, C.B., C.M.G.. D.S.O 

1/7/A Battalion, London Regiment. 

Lt.-Col. G. A. A., Viscount Hood.. 

Faux, C.M.G., V.D 

C. J. Salkeld Green, M.C. 

Faux, C.MG., V.D., T.D 

C. J. Salkeld Green, D.S.O., M.C, 

Sth Battalion, London Regiment, (Post Office RiJ 

Lt.-Col. ]. Harvev, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. A. Maxwell, D.S.O. 

Lt.-Col. \V. J. Whitiliead, D.S.O 

Major H. Peel, D.S.O., M.C 

Lt.-Col. \V. B. Vince, D.S O.. M.C. 

Lt.CoI. A. Maxwell, C.M.G., D.S.O., T.D. 

Lt.-Col. R. F. de Vesian 

Lt.-Col. \\'. ]'.. Xince, D.S.O., M.( . 

Col. H 
Col. E 

• . ■ 

. lo 

June 6, 1915. 

. . 


Aug. 10, 1915. 

)., T.D. . 

Jan. 2, 1918. 

Sept., 19 1 4. 
May 31, 1913. 
Aug. 8, 191.S. 
Sept. 24. 1016. 

T.D. '. 

• M 

Feb. 6, 1918. 



Oct., 1915- 
May, 1916. 

, . 


Nov., 1916. 
Jan., 1917. 
Slar., 1917. 



July, 1917- 
.Aug., loir- 
Feb., 6. nuS, 



XflSth BattaUoH, London 
Lt.-Col. A. J. C. C. 



Y.Av\ of Arran 

l.t.Col. (Ht;-Col.) A. M. Renuv . . 

Lf.-Col. H. V. Warretider, D.S.O. 

I.t.-Col. \V. r. K. Ntwson .. 

Lt.-Col. H. Marshall, M.C 

Lt.-Col. F. \V. Parish. D.S.O.. .M.C. 

I-t.-Col. \V. H. E. Segrave, D.S.O. 

Lt.-Col. R. C. Fielding, D.S.O. 

London Reeimeiit 

.0. Civil Service Rifles 


ijiyth Baltaliou 

Lt.-Col. T. C.oddins; . . 
Lt.-Col. E. H. .\oriiiaii, D.S.O 
Major F. R. Grimvvood, D.S.O 
Lt.-Col. W. H. Hughes, M.C. 
Lt.-Col. F. VV. Parish, D.S.O., 

Poplar and Stepney Rifles). 

M C. 
Lt.-Col. H. .S. Kayc. D.S.O., M.C. 

X/i8th Battalion, London Kegiwent {London Irish Rifles). 

Lt.-Col. F.. G. Concanon, D.S.O., I.D. 
Lt.-Col. J. P. Tredennick, D.S.O. 
Major W. Parker 
Lt.-Col. J. P. Tredennick, D.S.O. 
Major J. H. Trinder, M.C. . . 
Lt.-Col. B .McM. M;dion, D.S.O., M.C. 
Lt.-Col. D. B. Parrv, D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. G. H. Neelv, DS.O., M.C. 
Lt.-Col. G. H. Xeely, D.S.O., M.C. 

tflQth Battalion, London Regiment {Poplar and Stepney Rifles). 

Lt.-Col. P. T. Westmorland, C.M.G., D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. H. Collison-Morlev 
Lt.-Col. A. P. Hamilton. M.C. 

Major C. H. Fair, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. I. G. Stokes, D.S.O., M.C. 
Lt.-Col. E. J. Coilett 
Lt.-Col. R. S. L Friend, D.S.O. . . 
Major J. J. Sheppard. D.S.O., M.C. 
Lt.-Col. H. de L. Ferguson, D.S.O. 
Major J. J. Sheppard, D.S.O., M.C. 
Lt.-Col. HutcKisson 
Major C. J. Bantick 

tizolh Battalion, Lo)uion Regiment {Blackhealh and IVoohifich) 

Lt.-Col. H. .\. Christmas .. 
Col. F. ]. Moore, C.B., V.D. 
Lt.-Col. A. B. Hiibb.ick, C..M.G. 
Lt.-Col. G. A. B. Can- 
Lt.-Col. W. H. Matthews. D.S.O, 
Lt.-Col. W. Parker, D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. \V. H. Matthew;, D.S.O, 
Lt.-Col. B. McM. Mahon, D.S.O., 
Major R. Groves- Raines, D.S.O. 
Major E. R. Coilett, D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. F. R. Grimwood, D.S.O. 
Major H. S. Read, M.C. . . 
Lt. Col. W. B. Vince, D.S.O., M. 



X/ Battalion, London Regiment {First Surrty Rifles). 

Lt.-Col. M. T. B. Tomlin ,. 

Lt.-Col. W. F. Morris 

Lt.-Col. H. B. P. 1.. Kennedy, D.S.O. 

Lt.-Col. A. Hut.henco, M,C. 

Major C. \V. P.. Heslup 

Lt.-Col. G. Dawes, D.S.O.. M.C. .. 

Lt.-Co!. W. G. Xewton, M.C. 





Aug. ; 


I, 1917. 
:2, 1918. 









May, 1915. 
June, 1916. 
July, 19 1 6. 
.\ug., 1916. 
Sept. 15, I9i6.> 
Feb., 1917. 
Dec, 1917. 
March. 1918. 

June 2, 1915. 
€ept. 25,1915.+ 
Sept. 15, I9i6.t 

May, 1918. 
Aug., 1918. 
.Sept., 1918. 
Dec, iqi8. 

Sept., 1914. 
Feb., 1915. 
March, 1916. 
May, 1916. 



If.) 1 7 


19 1 7. 

Dec, 19 1 7. 
Feb., 19 18. 
March, 191S. 
May, 1Q18. 

May I, 1915. 
.Aug. 31, 1915. 
May 17, 1017. 
Sept. 30, 191; 
Oct., 1017. 
Nov., loiS. 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

\ 122nd Batlalioii, London Regiment (The Queen's). 

Lt.-Col. E. J. rrevit^ V.D 

Lt.Col. V. A. I'lower, P.S.O 

Lt.-Col. C. I. 11. C.recinvood, D.S.O , T.D. 

Lt.-Col. C. J. Salk.ld Green, D.S.O., M.C. 

Lt.-Col. L. L. Par-iter, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. C. F. IL Greenwood, D.S.O., T.D. 

iji^rd Battalion, London Regiment. 

Lt.-Col. Lord IL iMontaefu-Dou-jlas-Scott, C.M.G., D.S 

Lt.-Col. H. S. J. Strcatfeild, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. T. G. W. Newman, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. H. H. Keinble, D.S.O , M.C 

Major T. C. Harsreaves, D.S.O. . . 
Lt.-Col. \. Maxwell, C.M.G., D.S.O., T.D. 

It. -Col. K. H. Tolerton, D.S.O., M.C 

Major A. Totton, ^LC. 

Lt.-Col. R. H. Tolerton, D.S.O., M.C 

I, '24th Battalion London Regiment (The Queen' ^). 

Lt.-Col. \V. G. Simpson, C.M.G. . . . . 

Lt.-Col. W. Parker 

Lt.-Col. G. A. Biixton-Carr, D.S.O., T.D. 

Lt.-Col. G. E. Millner, D.S.O., M.C 

Major T. O. Bury, T.D 

Major A. T. Fearon, .M.C. 

Lt.-Col. R. S. L Friend, D.S.O 

JL-iior F. Gordon Gill, D.S.O 

Capt. S. Hamillon-WalUer, ^LC. . . 

Lt.-Col. L. L. Par^'iter. D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. S. C. Marriott, T.D 

ij/^th Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusitieis. 
Lt.-Col. F. C. lYance-Hayhurst 

Lt.-Col. G. K. Pereira, C.M.G., D.S.(» 

Lt.-Col. \V. C. \V. Hawkes, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. C. F. f'itch 

Lt.-Col. W. H. Matthews, D.S.O 

Lt.-Col. H. Marshall, M.C 

Lt.-Col. J. H. Langton, D.S.O 

lo Dec. I, 1915. 
., Jan. 26, 1917. 
., Mar. ^, 1 91 7. 
• • July 9- 1918. 
,. .Sept. 7. KiiS. 
,. Deraobiliz.ilion. 

O. „ May iS, 191 5. 

„ Sept. 15, 1915. 

,, .\pril 10, 1916. 

.. [nne 7, loi/.f 
June 28, 1917. 

., June 30, 19 1 S. 

.. July 31, 191S. 

.. Aug. 13, iQi8. 

.. Demobilization. 

March, 1916. 
May, 19 16. 
May, 1917- 
Mar., 1018. 
March, 1918. 
May, 191S. 
.Aua;., 1918. 
Sept., 1918. 
Sept., igi8. 
Dec., 1918. 

May, 9, iyi5t 
I'eb., 1016. 
Mar. 27, 1917- 
June 2(\ 191 r- 
Jan. 24, 1918. 
Aug., 1918. 

Ihe two Battalions from the ist London lirigade whicli Inrmed part ol tlic 47lh 
Division from November, 1915, to February, 1916, and the three Battalions of the 
4th London Brigade which left the Division before the end of 1914 to join the British 
Expeditionary Force, were commanded during their ser\ice with the 47th Division 
as follows : 

i/yd Battalion, London Regiment (Royal fusiliers) : 

Lt.-Col. A. A. Howell. 
i/4/'i Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fiisiliers) : 

Lt.-Col. L. 1. Burnett. 

Major W. G. Clark, D.S.O. 

i/iilh Battalion, London Regiment (Kensington) : 

Lt.-Col. F. G. Lewis, T.D. 
i/i^th Battalion, London Regiment {London Scottish): 

Lt -Col. G. A. Malcolm. 
1/16//1 Kalt.ilwn, London Regiment (Queen's Westminster Rifles) ; 

Lt.-Col. R. Shoolbred. T.D. 



(B) Artillery Brigades. 

Note. — Details of the reorganization of the Divisional Artillery in May, 1916, and 
of the subsequent reorganization from four-gun to six-gun Batteries in December, 
1916, will be found in Appendix C. 

5tk London Brigade, R.F.A. 

Lt -Col. E. C. Massy, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. 
i2i!i Countv of London Batterv. 

Major W. P. Mylrea ' 

Major D. Cookes, D.S.O. 
131'/! County of London Battery. 

Major A. G. Scammell, D.S.O. 
I4//J Countv of London Batterv. 

.Major R. L. York, D.S.O 

5//i London Brigade Ammunition Co'.uinn. 

Capt. N. C. M. MacMahon 

Capt. H. H. Pollock, M.C 

bth London Brigade, R.F.A. 

I.t.-Col. R. J. Mac.Hu:^h, T.D. 

Lt.-Col. A. C. Lowe, D.S.O. 
J5//i County of London Battery. 

Major H. Bayley, D.S.O. .. 

Major W. Cooper, M.C. 
\6th County of London Battery. 

Major A. C. Gordon, D.S.O. 
lytk County of London Battery. 

Major F. G. Ensor . . 

Major P. J. Clifton, D.S.O. 
bth London Brigade Ammunition Co!u 

Capt. W. D. Austin . . 

Capt. R. 

Major P. 

R. Wansbrough 
A. Love 

^th London Brigade, R.F.A, 

Col. C. E. Chambers, V.D. 

Lt.-Col. W. E. Peal, D.S.O. 
18/^ County of London Ballery. 

Major H. J. Mead . . 

Major E. H. Marshall, D.S.O. 
tgth County of London Battery. 

Major H. G., Lord Gorell . . 
20th County of London Batterv. 

Major W. E. Peal . . . . 

Major N. E. Wood . . 
Jth London Brigade Ammunition Column 

Capt. E. F. Callaghan 

Capt. M. T. G. Clegg 

Capt. C. W. Egerton-Warburton 

8</t London Brigade, R.F.A. 

Lt.-Col. VV. B. Emery, C.B., C.M.G. 

Lt.-Col. E. H. Eley, C.M.G., D.S.O. 
2ist County of London Battery. 

Major E. Eton, D.S.O 

Major A. J. Cowan, D.S.O. 
i2nd Countv of London Battery. 

Major E. H. Eley 

Major C. A. Pollard, D.S.O. 
8//: London Brigade Ammunition Column. 

Capt. C. A. Pollard 

Capt. E. C. VNTiite 

To May, 1916. 

,. Jan., 1015. 

., May, 1916. 

,. May, 1916. 

,, May, 1916. 

.. Sept., 1915. 

., May, 1916. 

„ April, 1915. 
,, May, 1916. 

,, May, 1916. 

,, May, 1916. 

,, May, 1916. 

,. Feb., 1915. 

., April, 1915. 

., May, 1916. 

Nov., 191 5. 
May, 1916. 

Aug., 1915 
May, 1916 

Ma3', 1916. 

Nov., 1915. 
May, 1 91 6. 

Jan., 1915. 

May, 1916. 

Nov., 191.4. 
May, 1916. 

March, 1916. 
May, 1916. 

Nov., 1914. 
.May, J 91 6. 

Nov., 1914. 
.May, 1916. 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

2:iSth Ihisadc, R.F.A. 

I.t.-Col. E. C. Massv. C.B.. C.M.G., D.S.O. 

I.t.-Col. A. C. Gordon. D.S.O 

I,t.-Col. W. li. Grandage 

Lt.-Col. A. C. Gordon, D.S.O 

Lt.-Co!. S. \V. I.. A?rhwanden, D.S.O. .. 

.4/235 Batterv. 
Capt. G. B. 
Major P. J. 
M.-ijor R. G. 
Major F. G. 
Major P. J. 
Major r. H. 

Z^'235 Battery. 

Capt. A. E. 

Major E. R. 

Major F. G. 

Major S. L. 
('/235 Battery. 

Major E. R. 

Major E. H. 

Major T. H. 
D/235 Battery. 

Capt. F. do 

Capt. H. J. 

Major A. J. 

Major M. J. 

Major A. J. 

Winch . . 
Clifton, D.S.O. 

Clifton', D.S.O. 


Shuter . . 
Hatfield, D.S.O. 
Kevnier. . 

Flvnn . . 




Cowan, D.S.O. 

K. O'Malley Keyes 

Cowan, D.S.O. 

2 36<ft Brigade, R.F.A. 

Lt.-Col. A. C. I. owe, D.S.O. 

Lt.-Col. A. H. Bowring 

Lt.-Col. the Hon. H. G. O. Bridgeman, 

.^/236 Battery. 

.Major W. Cooper, .M.C. 
Major N. Christopherson, >LC. 

Bi'zib Battery. 

Major A. C. Gordon, D.S.O. 
M.ijor H. C. Morgan 
Major W. J. Barnard, >LC. 

C/236 Battery. 

Major P. J. Clifton, D.S.O. 

K. Wood 

1-". Vencken 


Major N. 
Major H. 
Major .\. 

D/236 Battery 
Major C. 
Major H 

A. Pollard, D.S.O. 

S. Duncan, M.C. 
Major S. Taylor, ^LC. 
Major H. S. Duncan, \LC. 

2^7th Brigade, R.F.A. 

Lt.-Col. W. E. Peal, D.S.O. 

A '237 Battery. 

Major E. H. Marshall, D.S.O. 

BI237 Battery. 

Major H. G., Lord GdioU .. 

C/237 Batterv. 

Major N. E. Wood 

238//; Bri-ade, R.F.A. 

Lt.-Col. E. H. Eley, C.M.G., D.S.O. 

To Marrh, 1917. 

„ April, 1917. 

„ Ma3', 191 7- 1 

„ Dec, I9i7.t 

,, Demobilization. 

., Dec, 1916. 

„ Aug., 1917. 

„ Sept., 1917. 

,. Dec, 1917. 

,', Aug., loiX.t 

,, Demobihzalion. 

„ Dec, 1916. 

,, Dec, 1917. 

,, July, 1918. 

,. Demobilization. 

., Dec, 1916. 

„ Oct., 1917- 

„ Demobilization. 

,, Dec, 1916. 

., Sept., 191S. 

., Feb., 1919. 

,, Demobilization. 

., Sept., 1917. 

,, Nov., 1018. 

„ Demobilization. 

„ Oct., ioi8. 

,, Demobilization. 

„ .Mar., 1917- 

„ Sept., 1917. 

„ Demobilization. 

„ Dec, 1916. 

„ Sept., 1917- 

., May, 1918. 

.. Demobilization. 

„ Sept., 1917. 

,. Aug., 1918. 

., Nov., 1918. 

,. Demobilization. 

., Dec, 1916. 

„ Dec, 1916. 

„ Dec, I9i6.t 

„ Doc, i.jiC). 

., Dec, ioi6- 



3^th Balleiy, U.l.A. 

Major C. W. Massy, D.S.O., M.C... 
/>'/238 Battery. 

Capt. W. Swiiitoii .. .. .. 

C/238 Battery. 

Capt. Cutter . . 

D 2T,d, Battery. 

Major A. J. Cowaii . . 

47^/? Divisional Ammunition Column. 

I,t. Col. A. C. Lowe, D.S.O. 
Major R. R. Wansbroiiiih .. 
Lt.-Col. H. G. Mead 
Lt.-Col. H. Hale 
Lt.-Col. H. P. Allen 
Major H. H. Pollock, .M.C. 

Divisional Trench Mortar Officer. 

Major Webber 

Capt. J. G. Brown, ALC. 

Capt. J. G. Blaver . . 

Jo Dec., 1916. 

,, Dec, iyi6. 

„ Dec, 1916. 

,, Dec, 1916. 

April, 1015- 
All?., 1915. 
Ian., 1916. 
Jan., 1917. 
May, 1918. 

To March, 191 6 
„ Oct. 5. 191S + 
„ Demobilization. 

(G) Royal Engineers. 

517/// (zrd London) Field Company. 
Major H S. Sewell, T.D. 

5i8//i (4//« 

W. S. Mulvey 

D. M. T. Morland, M.C. 

W. H. Hillyer, M.C. .. 

H. H. Stephens 

A. G. Birch, D.S.O. . . 

J. B. Faber, M.C. .. 

D. M. T. Morland, M.C. 

A. O. Laird, M.C. .. 

W. Walker, M.C. 
London) Field Company. 
S. Marsh 

E. B. Blogg, D.S.O. 
W. H. Hillyer, M.C. .. 
D. M. T. Morland, ^^C. 
S. H. Fisher, M.C. .. 

P. J. Mackesy, M.C... 

F. P. Bray, M.C. 
J. H. Richards, M.C. 

Major J. W. Douglas, D.S.O. 
520//1 {2l^rd London) Field Company. 

Major H. E. T. Agar 

Major S. G. Love, D.S.O., M.C. 
47//1 (2nd London) Divisional Signal Company. 

Major Sir L. C. W. Alexander, Bt., D.S.O. 

Major W. F. Bruce, D S.O., !\LC. 

Major N. Pprteous, M.C. 

To Jan. 17, igi.T.f 

., Mar., 1915. 

„ April, 1913. 

„ April, 1915. 

„ June, 1915. 

„ Sept. 15, 1916. 

„ Sept., I9i6.t 

,, Dec, 1916. 

,, Demobilization. 

„ Mar., I9i5.t 

„ Mar. 21, I9i6.t 

„ May, I9i6.t 

„ Sept. 21, 1916. 

., Mar. 9, 191 7. 

„ June I, 1917 

„ Mar., 22, I'jiS. 

„ Oct., 1918. 

„ Mar., 19 19 

,, Dec, 1915. 

„ Jan., 1919. 

,, Dec, 1915. 

,, Mar. 24, 1918. 

„ Demobilization, 

(D) Divisional Train. 

Ajtk {London) Divisional Train. 

Lt.-CoL C. F. T. Blvth, C.M.G.. T.D. 

Lt.-Col. W. Campbed Gnlbraith, C.M.G 

Lt Col. A. H. Maude, C.M.G., D.S.O. 
Senior Supply Officers. 

Major W. CampbeU Gait raith, C.M.G. 

Major A H. Maude, D.S (). 

Capt. G. Farr 

To Tulv 29, 1916. 
„ Feb. 2, I9I''- 
,, Demobilization. 

„ July 29, 1916- 
„ Feb. 2, 1918. 
.. Demobilization. 


THK 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

(E) Field Ambulances. 

1/4/A London Field Ambulance. 
Lt.-Col. A. E. Jerman 
Lt.-Col. A. J. Williamson, D.S.O 
Major A. E. Ironside 

I /5th London Field Ambulance. 

Lt.-Col. E. B. Dowsett, D.S.O. .. 
Lt.-Col. E. Lloyd-Williams, T.D. ., 
Capt. S. Clark 

Lt.-Col. N. C. Rutherford, D.S.O... 
Lt.-Col. J. MacMillan, D.S.O., M.C 
Major J. H. Jordan, M.C. .. 

i/Sth London Field Ambulance. 
Lt.-Col. W. M. O'Connor 
Lt.-Col. H. K. Dawson 
Lt.-Col. F. Coleman . . 
Lt.-Col. H. K. Dawson 
Major H. NL Caider .. 


Dec. 16, 1916. 




Dec, 1914. 
Sept., 1916. 
Oct., I9i6.t 
Oct., 1917. 
Feb., 1919. 








Appendix E. 

The following table gives the official names of the battles and other engage- 
ments in which the 47th (London) Division took part, as they appear in 
the Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee. This report, as approved 
by the Army Council, was published in 192 1. In it the principal engagements 
are classified as " battles," " actions," or " affairs " under general headings 
as given below. The relative importance of the " battles " is indicated in 
the report by two different sizes of type, and chronological and geographical 
limits (of which only the former are given below) are fixed for each engagement. 


Summer Operations, 1915. 

BATTLE OF FESTUBERT .. .. .. .. .. May I5-25 

THE BATTLE OF LOOS Sept. 25-Oct. 8 

and subsequent 
Actions of the HohenzoUern Redoubt .. Oct. 13-19 

Local operations, 1916. 

German attack on Vimy Ridge . . . . . . May 2 1 


Operations on the Somme. 

THE BATTLES OF THE SOMME, 1916 .. July r-Nov. 18 



including the 
Capture of Eaucourt I'Abbaye and attacks on 
the Butte de Warlcncourt. 

240 THE 47TH (LoNuoN) DIVISION. 


The Flanders Ofjensive. 

THE BATTLE OF MESSINES, 1917 .. .. June 7-14 

THE BATTLES OF YPRES, 1917* .. .. July 31-Nov. 10 

The Cambrai Operations. 

BATTLE OF CAMBRAI, I9I7 .. .. .. .. XoV. 20-DeC. 3 

The German counter-attacks . . . . Nov. 30-Dec. 3 


The Offensive in Picardy. 

THE FIRST BATTLES OF THE SOMME. 1918 .. Mar. 21-April 5 

BATTLE OF ST. QUENTIN .. .. .. .. Mar. 2t-23 

FIRST BATTLE OF BAPAUME . . . . . . Mar. 24-23 

FIRST BATTLE OF ARRAS, 1918 .. .. .. Mar. 28 

(Artillery Brigades onh') 

BATTLE OF THE ANXRE, I918 .. .. .. April 5 


The Advance in Picardy. 


BATTLE OF ALBERT, 1918 .. .. .. .. Aug. 21-2 j 

SECOND BATTLE OF BAPAUME .. .. .. Aug. 31-Sept 3 

The Final Advance in Artois. 

* .\Uaou)ih tho 47th Diviiion was in the line for some iliiee week* wiihiii tbe limit*, both 
tieograpbical and chronological, fixed for this ^loup of battlei, tbe Infaatry did not take part 
in any of tbe major operations included. It was in Xth Corp* Reserve at the Battle of Pilckem 
Ridee (July 3i-Aug. 2) and its two tours o( duty in tbe line, which were among the most 
unpleasant in iti experience, fell between the Battle of Langcmarck. IQ17 (Aug. 16-18) and 
the Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (Sept. 30-25). The Artillctv Brigades, however, were 
tagaged iu tbe Battles of PiJckem Ridge, Laugfuiaick, 1^17, «iud P^lygou Wood tbcpt. ^6- 
Oct. J). 

"^ I ■■IMIIPI 


General de Brigade GOUGET de LANDRES, commanding; iS4th French 
Brigade, with men of the 141st Infantry Brigade, at the junction of the 

French and British front Unes. 

Facinn pape 240 

Appendix F. 

Some historical notes concerning units which served with the 
47th (London) Division during the war will be found below. 
The list shows: 

(a) Regimental titles born since the formation of the Territorial Force in April, 


(b) Honorary colonels on mobilization or appointed during the war. 

(c) Headquarters at the time of mobilization. 

(rf) Titles of the old Volunteer Corps from which the units are directly descended, 

with the date of formation in brackets. 
(e) Honours won by previous active service. 
(/) Regimental badge, 
(g) Full-dress uniform. (In the case of artillery, engineers, and departmental 

corps the badge and uniform are the same as those of the Regular branches 

of the respective corps.) 

5th London Brigade, ^.Y .k.—Headq%iarters, 76, Lower Kennington Lane, S.E. ; 
Former Volunteer unit, 3rd Middlesex R.G.A. (1861). 

6th London Brigade, R.F.A. — Hon. Colonel, Viscount Esher, G.C.B., G.C.V.O. 
Former Volunteer units, ist Surrey Artillery Volunteers, ist City of London, R.G.A. 
(1883) ; Headquarter-;, 105, Holland Road, Brixton, S.W. 

7th London Brigade, E.F. A.— Headquarters, High Street, Fulham, S.W. ; Former 
Volunteer unil, 1st City of London, R.G.A. 

8th London (Howitzer) Brigade, R.F.A.— Hon. Colonel, Col. F. Griffith ; Head- 
quarters, Oaklands, St. Margaret's Road, Plumstead, S.E. ; Former Volunteer unit, 
2nd Kent, R.G.A. 

47th (2nd London) Divisional Royal Engineers. — Hon. Colonel, Col. E. T. Clifford, 
C.B.E., T.D., D.L. ; Headquarters, Duke of York's Headquarters, Chelsea. ; Former 
Volunteer unit, ist Middlesex Volunteer Engineers (i860). The ist Middlesex 
Volunteers, R.E., is the oldest Volunteer Corps, R.E. The first member. Col. McLeod 
of McLeod, was enrolled on February 6th, 1S60. The headquarters was at White- 
heads Grove and Kensington Museum. In December, 1865, a new headquarters 
was opened at College Street, Fulham Road, Chelsea. In December, 1910, the 
headquarters was moved to the present site — the Duke of York's Headquarters, 
Chelsea. During the South African War two sections of the corps served in South 
Africa. The total number of the rank and file who lost their lives in the war of 
1914-1919 was 177. The 2nd London Divisional Signal Company, R.E., came into 
being in 1913, when the 2nd London Divisional Telegraph Company, formed in 1908, 
under the command of Captain H. H. S. Marsh, absorbed the Infantry Brigade 

6th (City or London) Battn., The London Regiment (Rifles). — Hon. Colonel, Field- 
Marshal Earl Roberts, V.C, K.G., K.P., O.M., V.D. ; Headquarters, 57a, Farringdon 
Road, London, E.C. ; Former Volunteer unit, 2nd London Rifle Volunteers {1861), 
with whom the 48th Middlesex were amalgamated in 1872. " South Africa, 1900- 
1902 " ; Badge, Maltese Cross ; Uniform, Green, facings scarlet. 

7th (City of London) Battn., The London Regiment. — Hon. Colonel, Col. E. C. 
.Stevenson, V.D. Headquarters, 24, Sun Street, Finsbury Square, E.C. ; Former 
Volunteer unit, 3rd (City of) London, R.V.C. (1859) ; " South Africa, 1900-1902 " ; 
Badge, St. Paul's Cathedral on Regimental Colour ; on cap and buttons, grenade 
with " 7 " on bomb ; Uniform, Scarlet, facings buff. 


242 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

8th (City of London) Battn., The London Regiment (Post Office Rifles). — Hon. 
Colonel, Col. the Marquess of Cambridge, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., C.M.G., A.D.C. ; Head- 
quarters, 130, Bunhill Row, E.C. ; Former Volunteer units, 49th Middlesex R.V. 
(1868), 24th Middlesex (Post Office) V.R.C. ; " Egypt, 1882," " South Africa, 1899- 
1902 ; Badge, as Rifle Brigade ; Uniform, Green, facings black ; Detachments 
served in Egypt in 1882 and 1885, and over 1,100 men in the South African War. 
The Army Post Office Corps and the Royal Engineer Special Telegraph Reserve 
were originally raised by this corps. 

13th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (Kensington). — Hon- 
Colonel, Major-General Sir A. E. Turner, K.C.B. ; Headquarters, Iverna Gardens, 
Kensington, W. ; Former Volunteer units, and (South) Middlesex R.V., 4th Middlesex 
(West London Rifles) (1859) ; "South Africa (1900-1902) "; Badge, The arms of 
the Royal Borough of Kensington ; motto, Quid nobis ardui ; Uniform, Grey, facings 

14th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (London Scottish). — 

Hon. Colonel, the Duke of Argyll, K.G., K.T., V.D. ; Headquarters, 59, Buckingham 
Gate, Westminster, S.W. ; Former Volunteer units, 15th Middlesex R.V., 7th Middlesex 
R.V. ; " South Africa, 1900- 1902 " ; Badge, In front of a circle inscribed with the 
motto " Strike Sure," St. Andrew's cross surmounted by a lion rampant ; Uniform, 
Grey, facings blue. 

15th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (Prince of Wales' Own 
Civil Service Rifles), — Hon. Colonel, H.R.H. the Prince of Wales ; Headquarters, 
Somerset House, Strand, W.C. 2 ; Former Volunteer units, Somerset House Volunteers 
(1798), Excise Corps and Customs Corps (1804), Civil Service Volunteers (1859), 
known then as the Civil Service Rifle Brigade, 21st Middlesex Volunteers, P.W.O. 
Civil Service Rifle Volunteers, 12th Middlesex (1880) ; " South Africa, 1900-1902 " ; 
Badge, Prince of Wales' feathers ; Uniform, Light grey, facings dark blue and silver. 

16th (County of London) Battn., Tha London Regiment (Queen's Westminster 
Rifles). — Headquarters, Queen's Hall, 58, Buckingham Gate, Westminster, S.W. ; 
Former Volunteer unit, The Queen's Westminsters; "South Africa, 1 900-1 902 " ; 
Badge, A portcullis surmounted by a crown ; Uniform, Grey, facings scarlet. 

17th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (Poplar and Stepney 

Rifles).— //oh. Colonel, Col. W. B. Bryan, V.D. ; Headquarters, 66, Tredegar Road, 
Bow, E. ; Former Volunteer units, 15th Middlesex (Customs and Docks) V.R.C. 
(i860), the 2nd Tower Hamlets V.R.C. ; " South Africa, 1900-1903 " ; Uniform, 
Green, facings black. 

18th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment iLondon Irish Rifles). — 
Hon. Colonel, Field-Marshal H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, K.G., K.T., K.P., V.D. ; 
Headquarters, Duke of York's Headquarters, Chelsea ; Former Volunteer units, 
London Irish Volunteers {i860), i6th Middlesex V.R.C; "South Africa, 1900- 
1902 " ; Badge, Within a wreath of shamrock leaves the harp and crown ; Uniform, 
Green, facings light green. 

19th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (St. Pancras).— //o«. 
Colonch, Col. Sir W. J. Biowu, K.C.B.. V.D. (1899), Major-General Sir William 
Thwaites, K.C.M.G., C.B., D.S.O. (1918) ; Headquarters, 76, High Street, Camden 
Town, N.W. I ; Former Volunteer unit, 17th North Middlesex Volunteers R.C. ; 
" South Africa, 1900-1902 " ; Badge, Maltese Cross surrounded with laurel and 
surmounted with a crown ; Uniform, Scarlet, facings green. 

20th (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (Blacliheath and Woolwich), 
—Hon. Colonel, 1. 11. Bciin, M.P. ; Headquarters, Holly Hedge House, Blackheath. 
S.E. ; Former Volunteer units, 2ud V.B. Royal West Kent Regiment (1859), 3rd 
V.B. Royal West Kent Regiment (i860) (formerly the Woolwich Arsenal Corps, the 
26th Kent) ; " South Africa, 1900-1902 " ; Badge, White horse ; Uniform, Scarlet, 
facings black. 


21st (County of London) Battn., The London Regiment (First Surrey Rifles).— 

Hon Colonel, Col. Ernest Villiers, V.D., A.D.C. ; Headquarters, 4, Flodden Road, 
CamberwoU, S.E. ; Former Volunteer units. The Bermondsey Volunteers and the 
Armed Associations of Hcrniondsey, Soiithwark, Newington, Rotherhithe, and 
Camberwell (1794), ist Regiment of Surrey Volunteers (1803), East Surrey, or Hanover 
Park Rifle Club (1852), ist Surrey (South London) Rifle Volunteers (1850) ; " South 
Africa, 1900-1902 " ; Badge, Maltese Cross, surmounted by Imperial Crown on a 
scroll bearing the motto " Concordia Victrix." Centre of cross contains a rifle 
bugle surrounded by " ist Surrey Rifles " ; Uniform, Green, facings scarlet. 

22nd (County of London) Battn., Tlie London Regiment (Tlie Queen's). — Hon. 
Colonel, Col. B. K. Bevington, V.D. ; Headquarters, 2, Jamaica Road, Bermondsey, 
S.E. 16 ; Former Volunteer ttniis, Bermondsey Volunteers (1793) and Bermondsey 
Loyal Volunteers (179S), afterwards disbanded, loth Surrey (1859) and 23rd Surrey 
Volunteers (1861), amalgamated later as the 4th Surrey Administrative Battn. 
(1863), 6th Surrey Rifle Volunteers (i88i), 3rd V.B. the Queens Royal West Surrey 
Regiment (1883) ; " South Africa, 1900- 1902 " ; Brtrfgi?, The Paschal Lamb ; Uniform, 
Scarlet, facings blue. 

23rd (County of London) Battn., Tlie London Regiment. — Hon. Colonel, Col. 
B. T. L. Thomson, V.D. ; Headquarters, 27, St. John's Hill, Clapham Junction ; 
Former Volunteer Units, Newiugton Surrey Rifles (1799-1814), 7th Surrey Rifles 
(1859), 26th Surrey Rifle Corps (1874), 4th Vol. Battn. East Surrey Regiment (1880) ; 
" South Africa, 1900-1902 " ; Badge, An eight-pointed star surmounted by a crown 
and circle with the words " South Africa, 1900-02 " and in the centre the arms of 
Guildford (Guildford Castle). Underneath a scroll with the words " 23rd Battn. the 
London Regiment " ; Crest, An annulet ensigned with a cross patee and interlaced 
with a saltire conjoined in base " Loyalty imites us " ; Uniform, Scarlet, facings 

24th (County o{ London) Battn., The London Regiment (The Queen's). — Hon. 
Colonel, Col. Alured Faunce de Laune ; Headquarters, 71, New Street, Kennington, 
S.E. ; Former Volunteer units, 8th Smrey, 4th V.B. the Queen's, Royal West Surrey 
Regiment; "South Africa, 1 900-1 902 " ; Badge, The Paschal Lamb; Uniform, 
Scarlet, facings blue. 

4th (Denbighshire) Batln., The Royal Welsh Fusiliers. — Hon. Colonel, Col. W. C. 
Cornwallis-West, V.D. ; Headquarters, Drill Hall, Poyser Street, Wrexham ; Former 
Volunteer units, 1st Denbighshire Rifle Volunteers (1859), ist Vol. Battn. Royal 
Welsh Fusiliers (1881) ; " South Africa, 1900-1902 " ; Badge, Grenade, with Prince 
of Wales' feathers in a circle inscribed " Royal Welsh Fusiliers " ; Uniform, Scarlet, 
facings blue, ist Battn. embarked for service overseas November 5th, 1914, served 
in 3rd Brigade, ist Division, from December, 1914, to September, 191 5, engaged 
at Givenchy (January, 1915), Neuve Chapelle (March, 1915), and Festubert (May, 
1915) ; served with 47th Division from September, 1915, to end of war. 

4th London Field Ambulance. — Headquarters, School of Ambulance, Brookhill 
Road, Woolwich. 

5th London Field Ambulance.— Wo;j. Colonel, Col. C. H. Hartt, T.D., Headquarters, 
159, Greenwich Road ; Former Volunteer unit, No. 2 (Greenwich) Company, R.A.M.C. 

6th London Field Ambulance, R.A.M.C. — Headquarters, Duke of York's Head- 
quarters, Chelsea, S.W. 

47th (2nd London) Divisional Train, R.A.S.C- Hon. Colonel, Col. Sir E. W. D. 
Ward, Bt., G.B.E., K.C.B., K.C.V.O. ; Headquarters, Duke of York's Headquarters, 
Chelsea, S.W. ; Former unit, Formed as 2nd London Divisional Transport and 
Supply Column in .\pril, 1908, absorbing the A.S.C. Company of the 2nd London 
Volunteer Brigade. 

Appendix G. 

The following is the list of honours awarded for services with the 
47th (London) Division during the war. It is compiled from tlie 
record kept at Divisional Headquarters on active service, when 
details were often hard to obtain and the means of ascertaining the 
result of recommendations sent in were not always available. There 
may be, therefore, a few errors and omissions, but the list is as 
complete as it is possible to make it. 

During the withdrawal in March, 1918, the record came very near 
destruction at Combles, where surplus kit and documents were 
dumped and set on fire only just before the Germans entered the 
place. Fortunately, however, this record, which could not have 
been replaced, was saved, and eventually it was brought to England 
with the cadre of the Division. 

The dates given, where possible, are those of the London Gazette, 
or of its publication in The Times. In many cases, however — 
especially in the case of immediate awards — the date is that of the 
authority for the award received at Divisional Headquarters, and 
corresponds more nearly with that of the act of gallantry recognised. 

An asterisk denotes that the name appears elsewhere in the 
list of decorations. The rank given is that held at the time of 

In cases where the award of bars only to the D.S.O., M.C., and 
M.M. are recorded, the decoration itself was won before the holder 
joined the 47th Division. 

Owing to the length of the list it has been found impossible to 
include the names of those mentioned in dispatches, of which the 
approximate numbers were : — OlBcers, 570 ; other ranks, 300. 


Harvey, J., Pte. .. .. .. 22nd Battn. .. .. 13/11/18 

♦Kevworth, L. J.. L.-Ci>l. .. .. -^th Battn. .. .. ^4/7/15 





Barter, C. St. L., Major-Gen. . . Divl. Commander 



GlBB.\RD, T. W., Col. 

Hampden, T. W., Viscount, Brig.-Gen. 

Lewis, F. G., Brig.-Gen. 
*McDouALL, R., Brig.-Gen. .. .. 

*.MiLDREN, W. F., Brig.-Gen. . . 
♦Whitley. E. N., Brig.-Gen. 


.. 17/6/18 

140th Inf. Bde. . . 


142nd Inf. Bde. . . 


142nd Inf. Bde. . . 


141st Inf. Bde. . . 






GoRRiNGE, Sir G. F., Major-Gen. . . Divl. Commander .- 1/1/18 


Bailey, V. T. (Liverpool Regt.), 
Brig.-Gen. . . 

Blyth, C. F. T., Lt.-Col 

CoLLETT, E. J. (M'sex Regt.), Lt.-Col. 

CuTHBERT, G. J. (Scots Guards), 
Brig.-Gen. . . 

Eley, E. H., Lt.-Col. 

Faux, E., Lt.-Col. 

Ferguson, J. D., Lt.-Col. .. 

Foot, R. M., Lt.-Col 

Galbraith, W. C, Major .. 

Hon. C. S., Brig.-Gen. 

HUBBACK, A. B., Lt.-Col. 

Kennedy, H. P. B. L. (K.R.R.C), 
*McDouALL, R. (The Buffs) Brig.-Gen. 

*:.Iaude, a. H., Lt.-Col 

*MlLDREN, W. F., Lt.-Col 

Simpson, W. G., Lt.-Col. 
♦Thunder, S. H. J., Lt.-Col. (North- 
amptonshire Regt.) 

Turner, A. J., Lt.-Col 

Westmorland, P. T., Lt.-Col. 

Wray, J. C, Brig.-Gen 

142nd Inf. Bde. 
47th Div. Train, 
19th Battn. 

' A.S.C.' ' 




140th Inf. Bde. 
8th London Bde 
7th Battn. 
A.D.M.S. .. 
A.A. & Q.M.G. 
47th Div. Train, 






142nd Inf. Bde. 
2oth Battn. 


140th Inf. Bde. 
141st Inf. Bde. , 
47th Div. Train, 
6th Battn. 
24th Battn. 







A.A. & Q.M.G. 
G.S.O.I .. 
19th Battn. 





Dawes, G., M.C. (S. Staffs. Regt.). 21st Bn., Lon. Regt. ; D.S.O., 7/1/18; 
Lt.-Col. I St bar, 3/5/18 ; 2nd bar, 30/9/18 


Segrave, W. H. E. (H.L.I.). Lt.-Col. 15th Battn. ; ist bar, 18/1/1S ; 2nd 

bar. 3/5/18 


THE 47rH (London) DIVISION. 


Birch, A. G., Major . 
Love, S. G., Major . 
Maxwell, A., Lt.-Col. 

47th Div. R.E. ; D.S.O., i4'i/i6; 

bar, 4/10/16 
47th Div. RE. ; D.S.O., 2/1/18 ; 

bar, 6/5/18 
8th Bn. ; D.S.O., 2/6/16 ; bar. 2/1/18 


Absox, J., Major 

Alex.\kder, Sir L. C. W., Bt., Major 

Battve, B. C, Major, R.E. 

Bawden, V. C, Capt. 

Bavley, H., Major . . 

Bird. J. W., Major . . 

Blogg, E. B., Major 

Bridgeman, The Hon. H. G. O., Maj 
*Bruce, W. p.. Major 

Buxton-Carr, G. a., Lt.-Col 
♦Calder, H. M., Major 
♦Carlisle, J. C. D., Major 

Christie, H. R. S., Lt.-Col. 

Clifton, P. J., Major 

Cowan, A. J., Major 

Cowan-Douglas, J. R., M.C., Capt. 

Crookshank, S. D'A., Lt.-Col. 

Dawson, H. K., Lt.-Col. . . 

Dolphin, E. J., Major 

Durrant, a. W., Capt. 

Escombe, W. M. L., Capt. . . 

Evans, F. E.. Major 

Fair, C. H., Major . . 

*FiGG, D. W., Capt 

*Flower, V. A., Lt.-Col. 

Foster, R. T., Major . . 

Friend. R. S. L, Lt.-Col. .. 

Gain, R. S., Capt. 
•GiBBS, L. M., Capt. Coldstream Gds. 

Gill, F. G., Major . . 
•Glascodine, R. K., Capt. . . 

Gordon, A. C, Major 

Gorell, Lord, Major.. 

Graham, C. J., Capt. 

♦Green, C. J. S., Lt.-Col. .. 
Greenwood, C. F. H., Lt.-Col. 
Grimwood, F. R., Major 
Guild, A. M., Major 

Hargreaves. T. C, Major ... 

Harvey, J.. Lt.-Col 

Hatfield, E. R.. Capt. 
•Hawkes, W. C. \V.. Lt.-Col. (io6th 

♦Hughes, E. W., Major 

Array Veterinary Corps 

47th Div. Signal Coy. . . 

Brig. -Major, 141st Inf. Bde. 

17th Battn. 

6th Lon. Bde., R.F.A. 

6th Lon. Field Ambcc 

47th Div. R.E. . . 

L5rig. -Major, R.A. 

47th Div. Signal Co. 

24th Battn. 


15th Battn., G.S.0.2 


6th Lon. Bde., R.F.A. 
235th Bde., R.F.A. 
H.L.I., Bde.-Maj., 141st 

Inf. Bde. 


6th Lon. Fd. Am bee. 

2oth Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

2oth Battn. 

17th Battn. 

19th Battn. 

24th Battn. 

13th Bn., com. 22nd Bn 

Bde-Maj., 140th Inf. Bde 

The Bufis, com. 19th Bn 

nth, att. 2oth Battn. 

Bde.-Maj. 140th Inf. Bde 

24th Battn. 

2oth Bn., O.C. Div. Obs'rs 

235th Bde., R.F.A. 

237th Bde., R.F.A. 

4th Battn., Bde.-Major, 

142nd Inf. Bde. 
7th Battn. 
22nd Battn. 
17th Battn. 
Highland Cyc. Battn., att 

igtb Battn. . . 
23rd Battn. 
8th Battn. 
5th Lon. Bde . R F..\. 

4th R.W.F. 

6th Bn., att. 140th Bde 



1 6/6/ 1 6 























1 7/6/18 












D.S.O. contd.] 



•Hughes, W., Lt.-Col. 

*HuNT, H. R. A., Capt., 25th Punjabis 

♦Kemble, H. H., Lt.-Col 

•Kennedy, H. P. B. L., Lt.-Col. ., 

KiKKPATRicK, H. C. B., Capt., K.O.S.B. 
•Langton, J. H., Major 

Lowe, S. J., Major, Royal Fiis. 
•Macmillan, J., Lt.-Col. 
•Mahon, B. MacM., Capt. 
•Mann, H. U., Capt. . . 

Marshall, E. H., Major 

Massy, E. C, Lt.-Col. . . . . 

Matthews, \V. H., Major . . 
•Maude, A. H., Major 

•MiLDREN, W. F., Lt.-Col 

•Millner, G. E., Lt.-Col. 

Murphy, W. H., Major 
♦Neely, G. H., Lt.-Col 

Newman, T. G. W., Major . . 

Norman, E. H., Lt.-Col. 

•Pargiter, L. L., Lt.-Col. 

Parish, F. W., Lt.-Col 

Parker, W., Lt.-Col. 

Parry, D. B., Lt.-Col 

♦Peel, H., Capt. 

Pollard, C. A., Major 
Pope, S. B., Capt. 

Porteous, N., Major. . 

PuscH, F., Lieut. 
♦Read, H. S., Major . . 

Rutherford, N. C, Lt.-Col. 
♦Sanders, H. J., Capt. 

ScAMMELL, A. G., Major 
♦Sheppard, J. J., Major 

Stephenson-Fetherstonhaugh, a. J. 
♦Stokes, J. G., Capt. 

Thornhill, J. E., Capt. 

♦Thunder, S. H. J., Lt.-Col. 

♦Tolerton, R. H,, Lt.-Col 

Tredennick, J. P., Lt.-Col. 
♦Vince, W. B., Lt.-Col 

Warrender, H. v., Lt.-Col. 

Webber, N. W., Major 

Westley, J. H. S., Capt 

Whitehead, W. J., Lt.-Col. 

♦Whitley, E. N., Brig.-Gen. 

Williamson, A. J., Lt.-Col. 

6th Bn., com. 17th Bn. . . 2/1/18 

G.S.0.3 15/6/16 

15th Bn., com. 23rd Bn. . . 1/1/17 

2ist Battn. . . , . 3/6/16 

G.S.0.2 4/6/17 

4th R.W.F 2/1/18 

Bde.-Maj., 141st Inf. Bde. 21/10/15 

5th Lon. Field Ambce. . . i/i/iQ 

i8th Battn 4/6/17 

18th Battn. .. .. 11/7/17 

235th Bde., R.F.A. .. 4/6/17 

5th Lon. Bde., R.F.A. .. 1/1/17 

2oth Battn 3/6/16 

47th Div. Train, A.S.C. i/i/i? 

6th Battn. . . . . 10/3/17 

24th Battn 2/1/18 

18th Bn., com. 23rd Bn.. . 7/1/18 

6th Bn., att. iSth Bn. .. 13/10/18 

23rd Battn. . . . . 14/1/16 
R. W. Kent Regt., com. 

20th Battn 3/6/16 

M'sex Regt., com. 22nd Bn. 19/9/18 

K.R.R.C, com. 17th Bn. 3/5/18 

24th Battn. . . . . 1/1/17 

18th Battn 28/9/17 

8th Battn., Staff Capt., 

141st Bde. . . , . 2/1/18 

8th Lon. Bde., R.F.A. . . 14/1/16 
58th Vaughan's Rifles, att. 

142nd Bde. H.Q. . . 3/6/16 

47th Div. Signal Co. . . 3/6/19 

igth Battn. . . . . 1/1/16 

2oth Battn 3/6/19 

5th Lon. Field Ambce... 9/7/17 

24th Battn 17/10/18 

5th Lon. Bde., R.F.A. .. 3/6/16 

19th Battn. . . . . 3/6/19 

' D.A.Q.M.G 1/1/19 

19th Battn. . . . . 2/7/17 
Seaforth Highl'rs., att. 

23rd Battn 14/1/16 

(Northamptonshire Regt.), 

A. A. & Q.M.G. . . 15/2/17 

23rd Battn 3/6/19 

(R. Dublin Fus.), i8th Bn. 14/1/16 

8th Battn. . . . . 7/1/18 

15th Battn 3/6/16 

G.S.0.2 3/6/16 

(P.W.O. Yorkshire Regt.). 

Bde.-Maj. 140th Inf. B. 3/6/16 

6th Bn., att. 8th Bn. .. i/i/i? 

C.R.A 2/1/18 

4th Lon. Field Ambce. .. 3/6/18 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 


♦Alexander, M., Capt., Rifle Brigade 
Burnett-Hitchcock, B. F., Lt.-Col. 
Clemens, L. A., Capt., S. Lanes. Regt. 

♦Cooper, W., Major .. 

♦Deverell, F., Capt. 

Dubs, G. R.. Capt., K.R.R.C. 

♦Flower, V. A., Major 

♦Hamilton, A. P., Capt. 
♦House, A. J., Capt. .. 

♦Hunt, H. R. A., Capt., 25th Punjabis 
♦Kennedy, H. P. B. L., Lt.-Col. .. 
♦Kennedy, H. P. B. L., Brig.-Gen. 
♦Langton, J. H., Lt.-Col. 
Lewis, F. E. C, Maj., E. Lanes. Regt. 

Maude, C. G., Capt., Royal Fusiliers 
♦Maxwell, A., Lt.-Col. 
NiCHOLL, H. I., Major 
♦Pargiter, L. L., Lt.-Col., M"sex. Regt. 
Pereira, G. E., Lt.-Col., Gren. 
Guards, R. of O. . . 
♦Thunder, S. H. J., Lt.-Col. Northamp- 
tonshire Regt. 
Thwaites. W., Brig.-Gen. . . 

D.A.A.G., Bt.-xMajor 


G.S.O.i, Bt.-Lt.-Col. 


Bde. -Major, 141st Bde., 



236th Bde., R.F.A., 



8th Bn., Staff Capt., 140th 

Inf. Bde., Bt.-Major 


Bde.-Maj., 140th Inf. Bde., 



13th Bn., att. 22nd Bn., 



18th Battn., Bt.-Major.. 


22nd Bn., Staff Capt. 141st 

Inf. Bde., Bt.-Major . . 


Div. H.Q., Bt.-Major . . 


2ist Bn., Bt.-Lt.-Col. .. 


Com. 140th Inf. Bd., B.-Col. 


4th R.W.F., Bt.-Lt.-Col. 


Att. 47th Battn., M.G.C., 



Adjt., 24th Bn., Bt.-Major 


8th Battn., Bt.-Major . . 

3/6; 1 6 

Div. H.Q.. Bt.-Major . . 


Com. 22nd Bn., Bt.-Major 


Com. 4th R.W.F., Bt.-Col. 


Div. H.O., Bt.-Lt.-Col. .. 


141st Inf. Bde.. Bt.-Col. 



GiLKES, H. A., Lieut. 

2ist Bn. ; M.C., 11/7/17; ist bar, 
20/1/18 ; 2nd bar, 13/4/18; 3rd 
bar, 1 3/ 10/ 1 8 


♦Anderson, W. Capt. 
Smither, S. T., Capt. 

235th Bde., R.F.A. ; M.C., 7/7/17; 

1st bar, 24/9/17 ; 2nd bar, 19/10/17 
loth Bn., att. 15th Bn. ; M.C., 2/7/17 ; 

1st bar, 11/5/18 ; 2nd bar, 17/10/18 


AsHBY, C. E., Lieut. 
Baylis, R. v., Lieut. 
Blofeld, R. M., Capt. 
Bowler, L. W. H., Capt. 
Brophy, C. M., Lieut. 
Burnay, C. F., Capt, 

18th Bn. ; M.C., 29/4/17; 

47th M.G. Bn. ; M.C., 6/5/18 

22nd Bn., att. 142nd T.M.B. ; M.C.. 

5/6/17 ; bar, 26/10/18 
22nd Bn. ; M.C., 11/3/18 ; 

30/0/ 1 8 
R.A.M.C, att. i8th Bn. ; 

1 1/6/16 ; bar, 6/10/16 
iSth Bn. ; M.C., 7/7/17; bar, 




3 J 3 B 

> > 1 1 
, 1 ' » > 

> J 


'y*'i»BiR*s --■ 


Facinu Ddiie 248 

M.C. contd.] APPEN 

Davies, E. B., Sec. -Lieut. 
Dixon, H. B. F., Lieut. 


GooDES, G. L., Sec. -Lieut. 

GozNEY, C. M., Capt. 

Heathcote, G. C, Lieut. 

Ironside, A. E., Capt. 

Jackman, L H., Lieut. 

Johnson, H. A., Lieut. 

Laws, J., Sec. -Lieut. 

McKay, G. M., Sec. -Lieut. 
Maddox, L. G., Sec-Lieut. 

Maginn, p. a., Lieut. 
Martin, G. B., Capt. 

*Neely, G. H., Capt. 

Oakey, C. H., Capt. 

Peppiatt, L. E., Capt. 
•Read, H. S., Major . . 

Robinson, H. H., Capt. 

Rundell, L. E., Capt. 
Ryder. A. F. R. D., Capt. 

Taylor, H. A., Sec-Lieut. 
Townsend, T. a., Capt. 

Wardley, D. J., Lieut. 

Watson, C. P., Capt. 
Williams, G., Capt. . . 



8th Bn. ; M.C, 3/10/16 ; bar, 3/5/18 
6th Lon. Fd. Ambce. ; ALC, 6/10/16 ; 

bar, 1/5/ 1 8 
R.A.M.C, att. 19th Bn. ; M.C, 2/7/17 ; 

bar, 31/12/17 
4th Lon. Bn., att. 140th T.M.B. ; 

M.C, 3/6/16; bar, 3/10/16 
R.A.M.C, att. 15th Bn. ; M.C, 

2/7/17 ; bar, 17/10/18 
24th Bn. ; M.C, 26/4/18 ; bar, 

4th Lon. Fd. Ambce. ; M.C, 11/6/16; 

bar, 3/6/18 
2ist Bn. ; M.C, 11/7/17; bar, 

24th Bn., att. 142nd T.M.B. ; M.C, 

26/4/18 ; bar, 6/7/18 
2ist Bn., att. 142nd T.M.B. ; M.C, 

29/5/18 ; bar, 13/ 10/ 18 
2 1 St Bn. ; M.C, 8/6/16 ; bar, 6/ 10/ 16 
22nd Bn. ; M.C, 23/8/18 ; bar, 

iSth Bn. ; M.C, 3/6/16 ; bar, 27/6/16 
loth, att. 15th Bn. ; M.C, 11/5/18; 

bar, 29/8/18 
6th Bn. ; M.C, 10/3/17; bar, 3/1/18 
22nd Bn. ; M.C, 3/7/18 ; bar, 30/9/18 
19th Bn. ; M.C, 9/5/18 ; bar, 17/10/18 
2oth Bn. ; M.C, 3/ 10/ 16 ; bar, 9/ 15/ 18 
R.A.M.C, att. 2ist Bn. ; M.C, 

6/10/16 ; bar, 3/6/18 
7th Bn. ; M.C, 24/2/16; bar, 8/6/16 
236th Bde., R.F.A. ; M.C, 15/6/16; 

bar, 13/10/18 
2ist Bn. ; M.C, 8/6/16; bar, 6/11/16 
R.A.M.C, att. 24th Bn. ; M.C; 

6/11/16; bar, 7/1/18 
R. Fus., att. 23rd Bn. ; M.C, 21/6/17; 

bar, 26/4/18 
i8th Bn. ; M.C, 27/9/16 ; bar, 29/4/17 
2oth Bn. ; M.C, 3/6/16 ; bar, 16/6/16 


*GiBBS, L. xM., Capt., Coldstream Gds. Bde.-Maj., 140th Inf. Bde. 
Hodgson, F., Sec-Lt., 50th M.G. Bn. (Sec. from 7th Bn. Lon.R.) 
le Rougetel, J. H., Lieut., Northamp- 
tonshire Regt Att. 47th Bn., M.G.C . . 

Palmer, C R., Sec. -Lieut 7th Battn. 




Agius, a. J. J. P., Capt. . . 
Alexander, A. C, Sec-Lieut. 
♦Alexander, M., Capt. 
Allison, H. VV., Sec. -Lieut. 
Allsop, B. G. K., Capt. 
Arnsby, W. S., Sec-Lieut. . . 
Ayers, p. S., Lieut 

3rd Battn. . . ., 14/1/16 

8th Battn. . . .. 1/1/18 

R.B., D.A.A. & Q.M.G. 5/6/17 

24th Battn 21/6/17 

47th Div. Train, A.S.C 3/6/18 

2oth Battn. . . . . 9/5/18 

236th Bde., R.F.A. .. 26/8/18 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.C. contd. 

♦Bailkv, F. F., Lieut. & Q.M. 
Balfour, F. D., Capt. 

Bannigan, C, Capt. . . 
Barclay, W. J., Sec. -Lieut. 
Barker, F. C, Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Barkworth, R. C, Sec. -Lieut. 
Barnard, W. J., Capt. 
Barnes, A. D., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Barnes, B., Capt. 
Barxett, C. E., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Barrow, T. H., Lieut. 
Bartlett, H. W., Sec. -Lieut. 
Baseden, L., Sec. -Lieut. 
Baswitz, a., Lieut. . . 
Bates, G. G., Capt. . . 
Baxter, J., C.S.M. . . 
Beattie, E. H., Rev. 
Benwell, H. a., Sec. -Lieut. 
Bird, E. T., Sec. -Lieut. 
Bishop, L. E., Capt. 
Blackhurst, S., Sec. -Lieut. 
Blackwell, a. F., Lieut. . . 
Blofeld, D., Sec. -Lieut. 
Booth, A., Sec. -Lieut. 
Booth, T. J., Sec. -Lieut. 
BoRRADAiLE, L. D., Scc-Licut. 
Boss, T. H., Capt. 

Boucher, C. W. L., Sec. -Lieut. 

Bown, a. M., Lieut. 

Boyd, D. F., Lieut. . . 

Brachi, M., Lieut. 

Bradley, R. L., Lieut. 

Bray, F. P., Major . . 

Brett, G. A., Capt. . . 

Brett, T. P.. C.S.M... 

Brewer, E. B., Capt. 

Briggs, F. a., Sec. -Lieut. 

Brooks, T. W., Capt. 

Brown, J. G., Lieut. 

Browne-Wilkinson, A. R., Rev 
*Bruce, W. F., Capt. 

Budenberg, C. F., Sec. -Lieut. 

Burgis, H. L., Lieut. 

Burroughs. P. W., Capt. . 

Burt-Smith, B., Sec. -Lieut.. 
*Calder, H. M., Major 

Carless, T. F. G., Capt. 
♦Carlisle, J. C. D., Lieut. . 

Carlton, C. H., Capt. 

Carr, E. N., Lieut. . . 

Carr, J. W., Sec. -Lieut. 

Carter, R. H., Capt. 

Cattell, a. G., Capt. 

Catton, E. G., Sec. -Lieut. . 

Chambers, P. E. H., Lieut. 

Chandler, J., Sec-Lieut. . 

Chappell, H. J., Sec. -Lieut. 
♦Charman, a. E., CS-M- ^ 

0th Bn., att. 17th Bn. . . 1/1/19 
i/ist Northern Cvclists Bn., 

att. 15th Lon". Regt. . . 11/3/ 18 

R.A.M.C, att. 24th lin. . . 21/6/17 

19th Battn 3/1/18 

2ist Battn. . . . . 11/7/17 

R. Fus., att. 23rd Bn. . . 14/1/16 

236th Bde., R.F..\. . . 9/7/17 

23rd Battn 7/1/18 

15th Bn., att. 140th M.G.C. 2/6/16 

15th Battn 28/9/18 

22nd Battn. .. .. 29/11/18 

19th Battn. . . . . 27/10/16 

24th Battn 8/6/16 

22nd Battn. . . . . 14/1/16 

15th Battn. .. .. 27/10/16 

24th Battn. . . . . 26/6/17 

Army Chaplains Dept. .. 11/5/18 

22nd Battn 3/7/18 

2ist Battn. .. . . 8/6/16 

7th Battn. . . . . 1/10/17 

7th Battn. . . . . 2/7/17 

236th Bde., R.F.A. .. 13/9/16 

22nd Battn. . . . . 20/7 16 

17th Battn 6/10/16 

6th, att. 15th Battn. .. 17/10/18 

20th Battn 3/8/16 

Northern Cyc. Bn., att. 

8th Battn 2/7/17 

20th Battn 13/10/18 

235th Bde.. R.F.A. .. 17/5/17 

235th Bde., R.F.A. . . 28/5/18 

2/3rd Lon. Field Co., R.E. 1 1/6/16 

22nd Battn. . . . . 3/10/16 

518th Field Co., R.E. . . 3/6/18 

23rd Battn. .. .. 21/11/17 

15th Battn 3/10/16 

7th Bn., att. 140th T.M.B. 12/3/17 

24th Battn 13/10/18 

6th Battn. . . . . 3/10/16 

Y/47 T.M. Battery . . 14/7/16 

Att. 17th Battn. . . 17/10/18 

47th Div. Signal Co. . . 14/1/16 

520th Lon. Fd. Co., R.E. 7/7/16 

236th Bde.. R.F.A. .. iq/10/17 

24th Battn 26/4/18 

6th Battn. .. .. 19/5/16 

D.A.D.M.S 17/10/18 

5th M'sex., att. iSth Bn. 13/10/18 

15th Battn 1/1/17 

6th Lon. Fd. .\mbce. . . 20/5/18 

24th Battn 21/10/15 

24th Battn 21/11/17 

8th Bn., att. 17th Bn. .. 19/9/18 

24th Battn 22/1 1/18 

2ist Battn. . . . . 28/9/18 

2ist Battn 28/9/18 

19th Battn 27/9/16 

17th Battn 5/10/17 

2ist Battn. ., .. 28/9/18 

M.C. contd.] 



Chatterton, J., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Chivers, S. G., C.S.M. 
Christian, E., Lieut. 
Christopherson, C. B., Capt. 
Christopherson, N., Lieut. 

Clarke, L. J., Capt 

Clarke, R. S., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Clarke, W. A., Capt. 
Clinton, L. S., Lieut. 
Coleman, F., Major . . 
Collins, J. E., Sec. -Lieut. .. 
Cook, H., Capt. 
Cook, R. J., Sec. -Lieut. 
CooMBE, G. A., Lieut. 
♦Cooper, W., Major . . 

Cope, J. V., Capt 

Corby, S. F., Capt. . . 
CoRSAN, J. C, Sec. -Lieut. . . 
CoRSAN, R. A., Capt. 
Court, A. C, Capt. . . 

Cox, T., R.S.M 

Crisp, G. W., Lieut. 
Crofts, F. W., Lieut. 
Crook, G. T., Sec. -Lieut. 
Crossland, M. E., Capt. 
Crowter, C, Sec. -Lieut. 
Crump, J., Sec. -Lieut. 
CuLLiFORD, L. A. O., Sec. -Lieut. 
Curran, E. J., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Danby, L. J., Capt. .. 

Darlot, O. H., Lieut. 
Davenport, P., Capt. 
Davey, W. H., C.S.M. 
Davies, C. G., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Davies, H. v., Lieut. 

Davies, P., Capt 

Davis, T. S., Capt 

•Deverell, F., Capt. . . 
DoDGSON, P. H., Lieut. 
Druitt, C. E. H., Capt. 
Dunne, J. Capt. & Q.M. . . 

Dyer, W. F., Lieut 

Eames, S. H. W., Capt. 
Eastwood, C. S., Capt. 
Edmunds, J., Lieut. .. 
Edwards, O., Sec. -Lieut. 
Elkington, H. G., Lieut. . . 
Entwistle, F., Lieut. 
Erskine, a. D., Sec. -Lieut. . . 

Eve. H. U., Capt 

Eve, R. N., Lieut 

Ewen, H. S., Sec. -Lieut 

Faber, J. B., Lieut 

Fairley, R., Lieut. & Q.M. 

Fallon, P., Capt 

Farrington, C. H., Sec-Lieut. 
Fea, C. a.. Sec. -Lieut. 
Fearqn. a. T., Capt. 
Ferguson, H. G., Capt. 

7th Battn. 

8th Battn. 

5th Lon. Bde., R.F.A. . . 

Welsh Rt., att. 4th R.W.F. 

235th Bde., R.F.A. 

22nd Bn., att. Div. Sig. Co. 

47th M.G. Bn 

17th Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

6th Lon. Fd. Ambce. . , 

24th Battn. 

22nd Battn. 

7th Battn. 

24th Battn. 

236th Bde., R.F.A. 

5th Lon. Fd. Ambce. . . 

2ist Battn. 

236th Bde., R.F.A. 

236th Bde., R.F.A. 

R.A.M.C, att. 23rd Bn. 

23rd Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

17th Battn. 

235th Bde., R.r.A. 

2oth Battn. 

2ist Battn. 

19th Battn 

2/3rd Lou. Fd. Co., R.E. 
1 6th, att. 2oth Battn. . . 
19th Bn., Staff Capt., 141st 


22nd Battn. 
15th Battn. 
2oth Battn. 
24th Battn. 

4th R.W.F 

6th Lon. Fd. Ambce. . . 
235th Bde., R.F.A. 
8th Battn. 
237th Bde., R.F.A. 

140th M.G. Co 

20th Battn. 

2oth Battn. 

19th Bn., att. 141st T.M.B. 

2ist Battn. 

2 1st Battn. 

235th Bde., R.F.A. 

2ist Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

47th Battn., M.G.C. 

6th Battn. 

7th Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

47th Div., R.E 

8th Battn. 

15th Battn 

R. Lanes, att. 6th Bn. Bn., att. i8th Bn. . . 
23rd Battn. 
520th Field Co., RE. .. 

1 5/6/16 


































1 0/3/ 1 7 





THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.C. contd. 

Fisher, J. W.. R.S.M. 

Fisher, S. H., Capt. 

FiTZCLARENCE, The Hon. H. E., Caj 

Fleming, J. E., Capt. 

FouLKES-RoBERTS, P. R., Capt. 

Fox, H., Capt. 

FuRLEY, A., Capt., Gloucester Reg 

Gamage, L. C, Lieut. 

Gauld, J., Sec.-Lieut. 

Gibbon, C. H., Sec.-Lieut. . . 

Gibson, C. L., Lieut. 

Gibson, P. M., MM., Sec.-Lieut. 

GiLKES, M. H., Sec.-Lieut. . . 

GiLKS, H. L., Capt. . . 
*Glascodine, R. K., Capt. . . 

Goldsbury, C. M., Sec.-Lieut. 

Goosey, F., Lieut. 

Gray, F., M.M.. Sec.-Lieut... 

Gray, S. A., Lieut. . . 
*Green, C. J. S., Capt. 

Grose, H. J., Sec.-Lieut. 

Hall, C. A., Lieut. . . 

Hallett, H. L p., Lieut. . . 
♦Hamilton, A. P., Capt. 

Hamilton, J. D., Capt. 

Hards, P. A., Sec.-Lieut. 

Harman, a. J., Lieut. 

Harman, H. H., Sec.-Lieut. 

Harris, R. H., C.S.M. 

Haskins, S. C, Capt. 

Heard, G. T., Sec.-Lieut. . . 

Hebblethwaite, a. S., Capt. 

Hemsley, H. N., Sec.-Lieut. 

Hewitt, A., Sec.-Lieut. 

Hewitt, A. E., Sec.-Lieut. . . 

Hitch, J. O. B., Sec.-Lieut. 

Holdsworth, S., Sec.-Lieut. 

Holland, V. J., Sec.-Lieut. 

Holliday, R. J., Capt. 

Hone, H. R., Lieut. . . 

Hook, E. T., Capt. . . 

HosTE, W. E., Sec.-Lieut. 
*House, a. I., Capt. . . 

Howes, A., R.S.M. . . 

Hudson, R. G., Sec.-Lieut. 

Hughes, A. M., Major 
♦Hughes, E. W., Capt. 

Hughes, P. C, Lieut. 

*Hughes, W., Capt. . . 
HuLSE, J. H.. Sec.-Lieut. 
Hutchence, a., Capt. 
Hutchison, F. D., Capt. 
Hyams, H. D., Sec.-Lieut. 
Illingworth, G. F., Lieut. 
Imison, J. A., Sec.-Lieut. 
Ind, W. E., Lieut. . . 
Ivey, \V. L., Sec.-Lieut. 

22nd Battn. 

4th Lon. Fd. Co., R.E. 


22nd Battn. 

4th R.W.F. 

19th Battn. 

Staff Capt., 142nd Bde.. 

24th Battn. 

igth Battn. 

i6th Bn. att. i8th Bn. . 

17th Battn. 

5th M'se.x., att. 17th Bn 

2 1st Battn. 

28th Bn , att. 6th Bn. . 

2oth Bn., att. 141st T.M.B 

yth Battn. 

24th Battn. 

15th Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

7th Battn. 

24th Battn. 

8th Battn. 

24th Battn. 

1 8th Battn. 

22nd Battn. 

lytli Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

7th Battn. 

15th Battn. 

19th Bn., att. 141st M.G. Co 

17th Battn. 

6th Lon. Fd. Ambce. . 

R. Fus., att. 2ist Bn. . 

2oth Battn. 

22nd Bn., att. 1 42nd T.M.B. 

2ist Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

235th Bde., R.F.A. 

24th Bn., Staff Capt. I42n 

Inf. Bde. 
18th Battn. 

Welsh Rt., att. 4th R.W 
15th Battn. 
22nd Battn. 
24th Battn. 
19th Battn. 
4th Lon. Fd. Ambce. 
6th Bn., Staff Capt. 140th 

Inf. Bde. 
City of Lon. Yeo., att. 23rc 

6th Battn. 

5tli, att. 19th Balln. 
2 1 St Battn. 
2oth Battn. 
23rd Battn. 
235th Bde., R.F.A. 
E. Surrey Rt., att. 2 jid i 
15th Battn. 
15th Battn. 













































M.C. contd.] 



Tames, W. T., Lieut. 

Jones, C. A., Lieut. & Q.M. 

Jones, D. W., Lieut. " . . 

Jones, S., C.S.M 

Jordan, J. H., Capt. 

Julian, F. jB., Capt. 

JuRiss, M., Sec. -Lieut. 

Keane, p. F. F., Lieut 

Keeble, C. v.. Sec. -Lieut. . . 

Kelly, T. A., Capt 

♦Kemble, H. H., Capt. 

Kent-Jones, L. J., Sec. -Lieut. 

Kindell, F. p., Lieut. 

Knovvles, a.. Sec. -Lieut. 
♦Laing, J. O. C, C.S.M 

Laird, A. M. C, Capt. 

Larn, C. F., Lieut. . . 

Lascelles, Hon. E. C, Capt. 

Ledgerton, C. B. C. N., Sec. -Lieut. 

LE Poer-Power, A. A. R. D., Lieut. 

Lewis, J. C. M., Sec. -Lieut. 

Lewis, W.. Lieut. 

Lock, A. H. J., Lieut. & Q.M. 

LoNGLEY, R. C, Sec. -Lieut.' 
♦Love, S. G., Capt 

Lowman, p. R., Lieut. 

LoYD, W. E., Lieut. . . 

McDonald, M. J., Capt. 

MacDougall, T. M., Lieut. 

Mackenzie, F. S., Sec. -Lieut. 

]M.\clagan, W. C, Lieut. 
*Macmillan, J., Lieut. 

McNicoL, W., Lieut. 
*.Mahon, B. MacM., Capt 

Mallett, R. E. a., Lieut. . . 

Maloney, T., Sec. -Lieut. 
*Mann, H. U., Capt 

Manson, E. p., Sec. -Lieut. . . 

Marriott, N. F., Lieut. 

Marshall, H., Major 

Martin, R., Lieut. & Q.M. 

Masters, E. A., Capt. ~ 

Matthews, P. T., Sec. -Lieut. 

Maxted. C. B., Sec. -Lieut 

Mayes, R. C, Sec-Lieut 

Mayhew, E. W., Capt 

Maynard, J. E., Major 

Meredith, E. C, Sec-Lieut. 

Middleton, R., Capt. 

Mileman, V. W., Sec. -Lieut. 
•Millner, G. E., Capt. 

Mitchell, A. McK., Sec-Lieut. 

Mitchell, J. B., Sec. -Lieut. 

Mobberley. L. W., Sec-Lieut. 

Moreton, H. a. v., Sec-Lieut. . . 

Morland, D. M. T., Lieut. 

Morris, L. C, Sec-Lieut 

MuNRO, R. G., Sec-Lieut. ... 

Needham, L. W., Lieut 

8th, att. 17th Battn. .. 
23rd Battn. 
47th Div. Signal Co. 
btli Battn. 


.4th Lon. Fd. Ainbce. . . 
7th Battn. 

iSth Battn 

24th Battn 

24th Battn. 

15th Battn. 

23rd Battn. 

8th Lon. Bdc, R.F.A. . . 

R.E., att. 142nd Inf. Bdc 

2ist Battn. 

1 7th Battn. 

47th Battn., M.G.C. 

R.B., Staff Capt., 140th 

Int. Bdc 

17th, att. 23rd Battn. .. 
R.A.S.C. att. 2yd Bn. 
4th R.W.F., att. Sth Bn. 
23rd Battn. 

4th R.W.F 

24th Battn 

Div. Engineers . . 
140th Machine Gun Co. . . 
S2oth Field Co., R.E. .. 
6th Battn. 

I Sth Battn 

18th Battn 

19th Battn. 

R.A.M.C, att. 23rd Bn. 

I Sth Battn 

I Sth 
I Sth 



-M'sex. Regt., att. 22nd Bn. 
140th Machine Gun Co. 
7th Hants, att. 15th Bn. 
2 1 St Battn. 
47th Div. Train, R.A.S.C. 

24th Battn 

6th Battn. 

22nd Battn. 

22nd Battn. 

6th Battn. 

2oth, att. 24th Battn. . . 

15th Battn. 

7th Battn. 

24th Battn 

23rd Battn. 
Sth Battn. 

24th Battn 

23rd Battn. 

3rd Lon. Fd. Co., R.E. 

15th Battn. 

18th Battn 

20th Battn. . . . . 












28/9/ 18 




































THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.C. contd. 

Newton, \\ . G., Lieut. 
NoRRisH, F., Sec. -Lieut. 
Nottingham, B. D., Sec. -Lieut. 
O'Brien, K. R., Major 
O'CoNNELL, C, Sec. -Lieut. . . 
Ordish, 1L T., Capt. 
Osborne, F., Sec. -Lieut. 
Owen, J. P., Sec. -Lieut. 
OwERs, F. T., Sec. -Lieut. 
OxLEY, P. F., Sec. -Lieut. 
P.\kenham, T. C, Lieut. 

Palmer, G. E., Capt. 
Parsons, T. C, Lieut. 

Payne, E. M., Capt. 

Paterson, a., Capt. . . 

Peacock, F. C., Sec. -Lieut. 

Peate, E. W., Lieut. 
*Peel, H., Sec. -Lieut. . . 

Perrett, R. E., Sec. -Lieut. 

Phillips, F. E., R.S.M. 

PHILLIPS, W. E., Sec. -Lieut. 

Plumptree, B. p.. Rev. 

Plunkett, H. J., Sec. -Lieut. 

Poll, D. E., Lieut. . . 

Pollock, H. H., Capt. 

Potter, J., Capt. 

Preston, J. F., Sec. -Lieut. .. 

Price, L. H. B., Sec. -Lieut. 

Raby, V. H., Capt 

Railton, D., Rev. 
*Rathbone, \V. L. C, Sec. -Lieut. 

Reah, H. W., Sec. -Lieut. 

Richards, F. R., Lieut. 

Roberts, C. H. H., Lieut. . . 

Roberts, H. O. C, Lieut. . . 

Robertson, O. J., Capt. 

Robinson, C. R., Sec. -Lieut. 

Ross, R. S., Sec. -Lieut. 

Rowley, F. F., C.S.M. 

Rutiiven, H., Capt. . . 

Sale, H. A., Sec. -Lieut. 

Sampson, A. C, Sec. -Lieut. 
♦Samuel, T. A. S., Sec. -Lieut. 
♦Sanders, H. J., Sec. -Lieut. 

Sandilands, J. E., Capt. 

Saumarez, R. S., Capt. 
♦Saunders, C. J., Capt. 

Savill, M., Capt. 
ScHWARZ, R. O., Capt. 
Scott, G., Capt. 
Segar, S. M., Sec. -Lieut. 
Sellar, T. McC, Capt. 
Shead, a. T., Capt. . . 
Shelley, H., C.S.M. . . 
Shennan, \V. D., Sec. -Lieut. 
♦SiiEPPARD, J. J., Sec. -Lieut. 
Shields, C. R. C., Sec. -Lieut. 

. . 28tli, att. 23rd Battn. . 


. . 20th Battn. 


. . 20th Battn. 


17th, att. 22nd Battn. . 


. . 2ist Battn. 


6th Battn. 


. . 15th Battn. 


. . 3rd, att, 4th R.W.F. . 

. 14/1/16 

. . 13th, att. 22nd Battn. . 


. . Z/47 T.M.B. 

(Coldstream Gds.), I42nc 


M.G. Co. 

• 4/7/ '7 

. . 23rd Battn. 

• 21/11/17 

(E. T,ancs Regt.), 1401! 

M.G. Co. 

• 4/1/18 

23rd Battn. 

. 26/4/18 

22nd Battn. 


. . R.F.A.. V/47 T.M.B. . 


.. 7th, att. 4th R.W.F. . 


. . 8th Battn. 


. . 20th Battn. 


. . 6th Battn. 


23rd Battn. 

• 21/11/17 

Army Chaplains Dcpt. . 

. 11/6/16 

. . 9th, att. 6th Battn. 


. . 24th Battn. 

• 3/"/i8 

47th Div. Amm. Col. . 

• 5/6/17 

. . R.A.M.C, att. 24th Bn. . 


. . 7th Battn. 


.. 4th R.W.F. 

. 9/5/18 

. . 7th, att. 22nd Battn. . 


Army Chaplains Dept. . 


. . 15th Battn. 

. 3/10/16 

.. 517th Field Co., R.E. . 


22nd Battn. 

. 7/8/18 

. . 2ist Battn. 

. 21/10/15 

. . 7th Battn. 

. 21/10/15 

. . 23rd Bn., att. Div. Sig. C 

0. 3/6/16 

. . 47th Battn., M.G.C. 

. 28/9/18 

.. nth, att. 24th Battn. . 

. 15/11/18 

. . 24th Battn. 


2ist Battn. 


141st Machine Gun Co. 


. . 22nd, att. 6th Battn. . 

. 9/8/17 

. . 15th Battn. 


. . 24th Battn. 

. 3/10/16 

5th Lon. Fd. Ambce. . 


22nd Battn. 


. . 24th Battn., Staff Capt. 

142nd Bde. . . 


. . 24th Battn. 


.. D.A.Q.M.G. 


. . 5th Lon. Fd. .\mbce. . 


. . 20th Battn. 


. . R.A.M.C, att. iSth Bn.. 


Army Ordnance Corps . 


. . 20th Battn. 

1 6/6/ 1 6 

. . 47th Div. Signal Co. 


. . 19th Battn. 


. . 24th Battn 


M.C. contd.] APPENDIX G. 


Shingler. J. S. M., Lieut. .. 

. 4th R.W.F 


SiEVERS, R. F., Sec. -Lieut. . . 

. 24th Battn 


Simeons, L. T., Sec. -Lieut. . . 

. 47th Div. Sigual Co. 

1 8/5/ 1 8 

Simmons, W. J., Lieut. 

. 1 7th Battn 


Skaer, W., C.S.M 

23rd Battn. 


Smith, C. H., C.S.M. 

. 20th Battn 


Smith, C. L. E., Sec-Lieut. 

. 20th Bn., att. Z/47 T.M.B 


Smith, H. T., Capt 

2ist Battn. 


Smith, L W., Sec. -Lieut. 

. 518th Field Co., R.E. .. 


Snell, J., C.S.M 

. 2ist Battn. 


SouTHON, J. E., Sec.-Liout. . 

. 17th Battn 


Spencer, J. VV., Sec-Lieut. 

. 14th, att. 6th Battn. . 


Stancourt, G. H. R., Sec-Lieut. . 

. 6th, att. iSth Battn. , 


Staples H- A., Sec-Lieut. . . 

. 18th Battn. 


Steele, E. G., ^ec-Lieut. . . 

. 20th Battn. 


Stevens, A. H., Lieut. 

. 235th Bde., R.F.A. 


*SrE\vART. C. H. J.. Sec. -Lieut. 

. 1 8th Battn 


Stickland, a. L., Capt. 

2 1st Battn. 


♦Stokes, J. G., Capt. 

. 19th Battn 


Stone, F. N., Sec. -Lieut. 

. 2ist Battn 


Stubbing, H., Sec-Lieut. 

. 1 8th Battn 


Sutton, D., Capt. 

. 7th Battn. 


Tansley, L. B., Capt. 

. 236th Bde.. R.F.A. 


Taylor, F. E.. Sec-Lieut. . . 

. 1 8th Battn. 


Taylor, G. F., Sec-Lieut. . . 

. nth, att. 23rd Battn. . 


Taylor, R. E., Sec. -Lieut. . . 

. 7th Battn. 


Taylor, S., Capt 

. 236th Bde.. R.F.A. 


Templeman, F. D. R., Sec. -Lieut. 

22nd, att. 17th Battn. . 


Thomas, A., Lieut. . . 

. 8th Battn. 


Thomas, M. E., Sec-Lieut. . . 

. 517th Field Co., R.E. . 


Thomas, R. W., Lieut. 

. 7th Battn. 


Thompson, C, Sec-Lieut. . . 

. 22nd Battn. 


TiDD, R. R., Capt 

. 2/1 ith, att. 2ist Battn.. 


♦ToLERTON, R. H., Capt. 

. 23rd Battn. 


Tomlin, R. a., Sec-Lieut. . . 

. 22nd, att. 23rd Battn. . 


Tosh, J. C. P., Lieut. 

Div. Engineers . . 


*ToTTON, A., Capt 

. 1 8th Battn. 


Townend, R. D. G.. Capt. .. 

. 47th Div. Train, R.A.S.C. 


Trafford, S., Sec-Lieut. 

. 20th Battn. 


Tregurtha, M. J., Sec-Lieut. 

142nd M.G. Co. . . 


Trezona, F. J., C.S.M. 

. 20th Battn. 

1 5/7/ 1 6 

Trim, E. J., Capt 

, 19th Battn. 


Truscott, F. G., Sec-Lieut. 

. (Suffolk R.) Div. Cyc Co 


Turner, G. C, Capt. 

. 23rd, att. 2ist Battn. . 


Turner, H. M.. C.S.M. 

. 8th Battn. 


Turner, R. W., Lieut. 

. R.W. Kent, att. 24th Bn 

. 13/10/18 

Tyler, G. E., Sec-Lieut. .. 

. 19th Battn. 


Ullman, R. B., Lieut. 

. 236th Bde, R.F.A. 


Unwin, R. H., Lieut. 

Divisional H.Q. . . 


*Vince, W. B., Major.. 

. 8th Battn. 


Vincent, C. R. C, Sec-Lieut. 

. i8th Battn. 


Waley, S. D., Sec-Lieut. . . 

22nd Battn. 


Walker, S. H., Capt. 

. 24th Battn. 


Walker, W. F., Lieut. 

. 520th Field Co., IMC. . 


Ward, R. P., Capt 

. 4th R.W.F. 


Ware, H. E. B., Lieut. & O.M. . 

5th Lon. Fd. Am bee. , 


Watson, G. H., Lieut. 

. "^7th Battn., M.G.C. 

, 17/10/18 

Weaver, F., Capt 

. 22nd Battn. 


Webb, P. L., Capt 

. 1 8th Battn. 


Welch, G. W., Lieut. 

. 19th Battn. 

• 31/12/17 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.C. contd. 

Weston, G. P., Sec. -Lieut. . . 
♦Wheeler, W. K., Capt. . . . 
Whelan, L. T., Capt. 
Whidborne, B. S., Lieut. .. 

White, C. G., Capt. . . 
White. J. B., Scc.-Lient. 
WiGGiNTON. J. H. B., Major 
Wigney, C. R. D'A., Sec. -Lieut. 
Wilkinson, A. E., Rev. 
Wilkinson, C, Sec-Lieut. . . 
Will, W. B., Sec. -Lieut. 
Williams. D. J., Lieut. 
Williams, T. R., Capt. 
Williams, W. C. B., Capt. . . 
WlLLIA.MS, W. J., Capt. 

Wills, T. E., Capt 

Wilson, A., Sec. -Lieut. 
Wilson, G. R., Sec. -Lieut. .. 
Wilson. N. L, Lieut. 
Wilson, R. G. M., Capt. 
Winterflood, L. \V., Sec. -Lieut. 

Wood, C. T., Rev 

WooDw.\RD, C. S., Rev. Canon 
Woollev, E. J., Capt. 
Wraight, G. F. H.. Capt. . . 
Wrav, C. R., Sec. -Lieut. 
Wray, W. B., Lieut. & Q.M. 
Wright, H. C, Lieut. 
Wright, H. J., R.S.M. 

2otli Battu 16/6 

22nci Battn. .. .. 17/10 

R.A.iM.C, att. 8th Battn. 6/6 
233th Bde. R.F.A., att. 

■ X/47 T.M.B i/i 

V/47 T.M.B 7/7 

7th, att. 19th Battn. .. 17/10 

47'Lh Div. Train, A>.C... 4/1 

7tii Battn. . . . . 3/10, 

.\rmv Chaplains Dept. . . 16/10, 

J36th Bde., R.F.A. .. 9/7 

14th. att. 8th Battn. .. 2/7 

4th R.W.F 9/5 

4th R.W.F 7/1 

4th R.W.F 3/10, 

16th R. Fus.. att. 24th Bn. 21/6 

47th Div. Train, A.S.C. 5/6 

15th Battn. . . . . 1 1/3 

19th Battn. . . . . 27/7 

3rd, att. 4th R.W.F. .. u/3 

47th Div. Signal Co. . . 3/6 

7tli, att. 19th Battn. . . 17/10 

Army Chaplains Dcpt. . . 3/6 

Army Chaplains Dcpt. . . 6/10 

22nd Battn. . . . . 1 4/1 

i8th Battn. . . . . 13/10 

23rd, att. 2ist Battn. .. 28/9 

22nd Battn. . . . . i/i 

17th Battn. . . . . 1 4/ 1 

Scots Gds., att. 7th Bn. . . 4/1 


Fraser, T., Colonel 

Anderson, N. G., Capt. 
Craig, T., Capt. 
HiBBARD, T., Major . . 

Beer, A. J., Lt. & Q.M. .. 
Bevans, M., Staff S.M. 

Small, G. J., R.S.M. 
♦Whitbourn, E., Staff Q.M.S. 



.. A.D.M.S. .. 


*HiNTON, IL, Staff S.M. 


. . 47th Div. Train, R. A.S.C. 
. . Mobile Vet. Sec, R.A.\'.C. 
. . D.A.D.V.S 


. . 24th Battn 

Div. Train, att. 5th Lon. 
Fd. Anibce. . . 

23rd Battn. 
. . Div. Train, att. Div. H.Q. 


. . Div. Train, att. Div. ]i.Q. 



3,6, 19 




Drury. S. C, C.S.M. 

Mattock, C. A., Cpl. 

•Shonk, E. G., Sgt. . 

Sugars, R. C., Cpl. . 


. . 520th 

Fd. Co., R.E. 

D.CM., 14/1/16; bar, 6/5/18 
8th Bn. D ( ..M.. 25/2/16 ; bar, 3/6/16 
22nd Bn. D.C.M., 8/6/16 ; bar,2/7/i7 
15th Bn., alt. 140th M.G.C. 

D.C.M., 3,'6'i6; bar, 19/6/16 

) • , 1 ' > « 

> ' ;» 

■ > * 

Brig.-General R. McDOUALL, C.B., C.M.G., C.B.E., D.S.O. 

Commanding 141st Infantry Brigade, 1916-1917. and i4jnd Infantry 

Brigade, 1918. 

Fachifi p'Mje 256 

Appendix g. 



Allan, F. M.. Pte., 7 Bn. . . 

Allen, H. J. O., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 

Allen. H. J. W., Pte., 24 Bn. 

Allen, J.. Sgt., 6 Bn. 

Amsden, C. S., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 

AvEY, P. H., R.S.M., 23 Bn.. . 
♦AvRAMACHis, v., Sgt., 24 Bn. 

Aylward, VV. p., Gnr., 236 

Bde.. R.F.A 

*Bacon. C. \V. C, Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 
*Bailey, F. F., C.S.M., 6 Bn.. . 

Bailey, W. J., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 

Baker, A., Sgt., 7 Bn. 

Baker, F., Spr., Sig. Co. . . 
*Barkham, G. H., Sgt., 18 Bn, 

Barrett, A. E., Sgt., 235 
Bde., R.F.A 

Bartlett, R. W., Cpl., 238 
Bde., R.F.A. 

Baxter, G., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
♦Bayley, G. J., C.S.M., 19 Bn. 

Beale, J. R., L.-Cpl., Sig. Co. 

Beer. R. H., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 
♦Belliss, T., Sgt., 520 Fd. Co., 


♦Beltram, J., Sgt., 517 Fd. 
Co., R.E 

Bennett, F. K., Sgt., 20 Bn. 

Berry, A. B., Pte., 22 Bn... 

Betts, L. B., L.-Cpl., 141 
M.G. Co 

Bevans. H. E., S.S.M., 5 Lon. 
Fd. Amb. . . 

Biggs, S. H., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 

Bond, A. C, Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 

Botlander, G. a., Ite., 22 Bn. 
*BowERs, C. C, Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 
♦Bowman, H. E., Sgt., 15 Bn. 

Brantom, W. H., Pte., 15 Bn. 

Brazier, J. W., Sgt., 235 Bde., 


•Brettell, C. W., B.S.M., 236 
Bde., R.F.A 

Brian, A. J., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 

Brookland, W. C. Sgt., 20 B. 
•Brooks, F. G., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 

Bull, H. L., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 

Bunce, a., Sgt., 19 Bn. 

Bunce. J., Sgt., 19 Bn. 

Burden, R. H., C.S.M., 15 Bn. 
♦Burgess, H. J., Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 

Burke, F. J., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 
♦BuRLEY, W. G., Sgt., 21 Bn.. . 

Bush, H. A., R.S.M., 22 Bn.. . 

Buss, J., Cpl., 21 Bn. 

Butler, A., Cpl., 6 Bn. 
•Butler. A., Sgt.. 19 Bn. . . 

Butler, J., Sgt., 22 Bn. 



































































































Bye, E. A., Sgt., 20 Bn. 

Caney, C, Cpl., 22 Bn. 

Carey, R. A. F., Pte., 20 Bn. 

Carr, E., Pte., 24 Bn. 

Carter, T. H., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 

Case, E. J., Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 

Challoner, F. G., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
*Charman, a. E., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
♦Chesney, H., R.S.M. 20 Bn.. . 

Christey, F., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 
♦Churchman, W. B., Sgt., 2/3 
Lon. Fd. Co. 

Clark. E. L., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 

Clarke, P., Spr., 1/3 Lon. Fd. 


*Cogger, O., Sgt., 24 Bn. 

Cole, A., Rfn., 21 Bn. 

Cole, G. H., Sgt., 20 Bn. 
♦Collins, H., C.S.M., 7 Bn... 
♦Conway, H. F., B.S.M., 237 
Bde., R.F.A 

CooKE, E., Sgt., 15 Bn. 

Cooke, F. A., Sgt.-Maj. (Gren. 
Gds.), att. 23 Bn. . , 

Corrall, C. R., Pte., 22 Bn. 

Cousins, C, Pte., 23 Bn. 

Cousins, W. B., C.S.M., 22 Bn. 

Cox, C. W., Sgt., 22 Bn. .. 

Cox, J. A., C.S.M., 6 Bn., att. 
140 M.G. Co. 

Crisford, J. R., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 

Cunningham, A. J., Sgt., 18 B. 

Cuss, F. S., Rfn., 6 Bn. 

Dachtler, W. F., C.S.M., 23 B. 
*D.\viES, T.. Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 

Day. a. E., Pte., 7 Bn. 

Death, E., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
♦Denchfield, S. J., B.S.M., 

Dickenson, J. A., L.-Cpl. 24 B. 

Dillingham, J., C.S.M., 19 Bn. 

Dinnage, a., L.-Cpl., Sig. Co. 

Douglas. W. M., L.-Cpl., 15 B. 

DowLiNG, P., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. 

Down, — , Spr., Sig. Co. 

D®wner, J. C, R.Q.M.S., 21 B. 
*DuNN, W. J., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 

Eastlake, F. W., Rfn., 21 Bn. 

Edwards, G., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 

Edwards, S. A., Bdr., 8 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A. 

♦Ellis, W., L.-Cpl., 4 R.W.F. 

Etches, W., Spr., Div. Engrs. 

Eustace, D. J., Cpl., 22 Bn. 

EvERARD, J., Dvr., Div. Train 

Everett, P. W., Sgt., 17 Bn. 

Fairleigh, p. E., C.S.M., 18 B. 
♦Favell, H., C.S.M., 22 Bn. . . 

























































































1 6/2) 















THE 47111 (i.ONDON) DlViSlON. [D.C.M. contd. 

Fennek, .\., Cpl., 2 1 Bn. 
♦FiRNEE, H., Rfn., 8 Bn. 
♦Fisher, J. W.. C.S.M., 22 Bn. 

Fowler, W., Cpl., 6 Lon. Fd. 
Amb., att. 21 Bn. . . 
♦Francis, W. H., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
♦Fuller, R., C.S.M., 18 Bn. . . 

Gelder, T. H., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 

Ginger, E., Pte., 19 Bn. . . 
♦Glover, B. E., Cpl., Sig. Co. 

Gordon, L., L.-CpL, 6 Bn... 

GosTiCK, E., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 

Grafton, W. G., Sgt., 17 Bn. 

Gray, A., Pte., 19 Bn. 
♦Green, L. E., C.S.M., Sig. Co. 

Guest, P. A., Pte.. 24 Bn. . . 

Hammond, T., C.S.M., 23 Bn. 

Hancock, J. W.. Sgt., 4 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . 
♦Hands, W. C, L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 

Harper, W. J., Sgt., 518 Fd. 

Harris, G. A., Cpl., 7 Bde., 

Harris, H., Pte., 15 Bn. .. 

Hassocks, W., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 

Hatto, B., Sgt.. 18 Bn. 

Hawkes, J. E., R.S.M., 22 Bn. 

Hayward, T., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 

Heather, W. G., Sgt., 8 Bn. 

Heggie, a. C, C.S.M., 23 Bn. 
♦Henrick, E. a., C.Q.M.S., 24 


♦Hill, F., Pte., 20 Bn. 

Hill, G., C.S.M., 7 Bn. 
♦HiRON, A. G., C.S.M., 17 Bn. 

Hiscock, F., Pte., 19 Bn. . . 
♦Hocking, P. F., C.S.M., 17 Bn. 

Hodge, J., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 

HoLLiNS, C. E., Sgt., 18 Bn. 

HoLLis, W. F., Sgt., 6 Bn... 

Holloway, L., Sgt., 4 Fd. Co. 

HoLMAN, S. R., Rfn., 18 Bn. 

Holmes, F. C, L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. 

Hood, J. T., S.M., 6 Bde.. 

Huggett, a. B., C.S.M 

Hundleby, H. S., Sgt. 

Hyneman, H. L., Rfn 

Jackson, F. C, S.M., 21 Bn. 

Jackson, H. L., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 

Jaggard, C, B.Q.M.S., 19 
Lon. Bty., R.F.A. 

Jefferson, C, M.M. 

Jeffries, S., C.S.M., 

Jkrvis-Huntek. J. 
L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 
♦Johns. J., Sgt., 22 Bn. 

Johnson, A., C.S.M., 18 Bn 

24 Bn. 

15 Bn. 

6 Bn. 

Cpl., 23 

7 Bn. . . 

St. v.. 











1 9/5/ 1 6 











1 6/ 10/18 



Jones, F., Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Jones, F. C, Sgt.. 23 Bn. .. 
Jones, J., C.S.M. , 4 R.W.F. 
Jones, T. W., Sgt., 15 Bn. .. 
J dwell, H. J. H., Sgt., 7 Bn. 

King, J., Sgt.. 7 Bn 

King. W., S.M., 19 Bn. 
Knapp, E. iM., Sgt., 15 Bn... 
Lacy, J., Sgt., 2/3 Fd. Co. . . 
*Laing, J. O. C. C.S.M.. 21 Bn. 
Lane, H. M., Gnr., 8 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A 

Langton, F. a., C.S.M., 23 Bn. 
Lewis, G., Sgt., Sig. Co. 
Litten, p. C, L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. 
Lomas, G. a. C, Sgt., 20 Bn. 
Lupton, H. G., Sgt., 20 Bn. 
McClosky, E., Rfn., 8 Bn... 
McCombie, B., C.S.M., 17 Bn. 
MacCulloch, H. S., Pte., Di%'. 

McIntosh, a., Pte., 22 Bn... 
Mack, H. R., Sgt., 5 Lon. Fd. 

McMuLLEN, G., Sgt., Sig. Co. 
Mapham, N., Sgt., A.V.C. . . 
March, V., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 
Martin, F., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Martin, J., Pte., 20 Bn. 
♦Masters, R. H., Cpl., 21 Bn. 
Mawbey, W. E., Sgt., 141 

M.G. Co 

♦Mead, A. W., Sgt., 24 Bn., att 

142 M.G. Co 

Michael, E., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 
Miles, R. W.. Cpl., 8 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A 

♦Miller, W. F., Sgt., 18 Bn.. . 
Mills, G. H., Rfn.. R.A.M.C, 

att. 8 Bn 

Mills, S. W., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
Mitchell, H.W., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn 
♦Monck, H., Sgt., 7 Bn. 
Moody, A., Sgt., 19 Bn. 
Moon, F., Sgt., 7 Bn. 
Moore. R. S., Spr.. Sig. Co. . . 
Morel, F. C, Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Mounter, W., L.-Cpl., Sig. Co. 
Muir, W. a., S.M. 20 Bn. . . 
Mumford, D., Sgt., 235 Bde., 


Mumford, W., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 
♦Napier, C. G. D., Sgt., Div. 

Cyc. Co. 
♦Neill. J. J., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 
Nethersole, G., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
Nkwnham, a. E., Pte., 7 Bn. 
NoRRis. H. W., C.S.M., 24 Bn. 
North, S. W., Gnr., 6 Lon. 

Bde. R.F.A. 

















28/ 3/: 











D.C.M. coutd.] 



♦Nottingham, E. B., Sgt., 15 

Bn., att. 140 T.M.B. .". 11/5/16 

Omer, C, Pte., 23 Bn. .. 21/6/17 
♦Owens, G.. C.S.M., 4 R.W.F. 5/1/18 

Owens, J. D., Cpl., 20 Bn... 16/6/16 

♦OxM.-VN, R. H., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 24/7/15 
Parker, W., Sgt., Div. Cy. Co. 14/1/16 
Parkinson, B. L., C.S.M., 21 

Bn ii/i/i8 

Parry. D., Pte., 4 R.W.F... 3/10/16 
Parsons, J. W., L.-Cpl., 4 

R.W.F 14/1/16 

Partridge, J. J. L.. B.S.M., 

235 Bde., R.F.A 3/6/19 

♦Payne, H., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 1/1/18 

Peachy, B., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 3/10/16 

Peake, F., Sgt., 18 Bn. .. 25/5/16 

Peat, R. J., C.S.M., 8 Bn. . . 24/7/15 

Perks, J., S.S.M., A.S.C. . . 5/1/18 

Poole, J. E. S., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 28/9/18 

Porter, W. S., Sgt., 22 Bn. 14/1/16 
Price, W. J., B.S.M., 5 Lon. 

Bde.. R.F.A 14/1/16 

Prior, S. T.. Bdr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 11/7/16 

Pround, F. M., C.S.M., 24 Bn. 31/12/17 

Pugsley, B. J., Rfn., 17 Bn. 14/1/16 

Pullen. G., Pte., 4 R.W.F.. . 1/12/15 
Quick, E. J., Cpl., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Co 3/6/16 

Radall, E., Spr., 3 Lon. Fd. 

Co . . 14/1/16 

Randall, E. L., Rfn., 8 Bn. 2/7/17 
Redding, E. J., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn., 

att. 140 T.M.B 15/5/16 

Richards, H. E. M., Bdr., 7 

Lon. Bde., R.F.A... .. 24/7/15 

♦Riddle. H. B., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 3/10/16 
♦RiDDY, A. E.. Cpl., 22 Bn., att. 

142 T.M.B 17/7/17 

Roberts, F., Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 2/7/17 

Roberts, J. E., Drmr.. 23 Bn. 3/6/16 

♦Roberts. W., C.S.M., 4 R.W.F. 9/5/18 
Robertson, T. C, C.S.M., 15 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 11/7/17 

Robinson, R. D., Cpl., 19 Bn. 3/6/19 

Rolph. R. D., Sgt., 17 Bn... 2,7/17 

Rowe, R. a., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 3/6/19 

Rudhall, H., Pte., 24 Bn... 21/11/17 

RusHFORTH, C. H., Rfn., 8 Bn. 3/6/16 

Rushforth, S., Cpl., 8 Bn... 14/1/16 

Sagar, H. H., Rfn., 18 Bn... 24/7/15 

Salmon. H., C.S.M., 15 Bn... 3/6/19 

Saunders, F. B., Sgt.. 23 Bn. 3/6/16 
Schermuly, C. D., R.S.M., 17 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 31/12/17 

Shadwell, a., Sgt.. 7 Bn. .. 6/6/17 

Shellard, R. H., Rfn., 21 Bn. 24/7/15 

♦Silvester. H. A.. Sgt., 21 Bn. 30/9/18 

•SiMKiNS, B , L.-Cpl., 52oFd.Co 11 '5/18 

Simpson, W., Sgt.. 8 Bn. .. 2/7/17 

Smith, .\., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 20/7/16 

Smith, G. B.. Sgt.. 15 Bn. .. 11/5/18 

Smith. S. W., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 24/7/15 

SouTHAM. A., Sgt., 19 Bn. . . 14/1/16 

St.\nton, W. a., Sgt., 8 Bn. 3/10/16 

Steele, G. W., Cpl., 7 Bn... 8/6/16 

Stephens, D,, Sgt., Div. Eng. 14/1/16 

♦Stephens. S. G., Sgt., 24 Bn. 31/12/17 

Stevens. W. O.. Sgt., 18 Bn. 14/1/16 

♦Stew.\rt. C. H. J., Pte., 20 Bn. 1/12/15 

Suckling. C. W.. L.-Cpl., 24 B. 8/6/16 

Sullivan, E., C.S.M., 22 Bn. 1/5/18 

Sullivan, E. A., Pte., 22 Bn. 8/6/16 

Tanner, C. W., Sgt.. 19 Bn. 6/5/16 

♦Tarr, J., Sgt.. 17 Bn. .. 3/6/19 

♦Taylor, A. J., Sgt., 7 Bn. .. 1/12/15 

Theis. C., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 21/11/17 

♦Thelwell, J., Cpl., 4 R.W.F. 3/6/16 

Thomas, K. D., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 3/6/19 

Thompson, A. B., Pte.. 24 Bn. 14/1/16 

♦Tidmarsh, S., Sgt.. 21 Bn... 28/9/18 

Tilby, J. A.. C.S.M.. 18 Bn. 13/10/18 

TiLLEY. J.. Rfn., 18 Bn. .. 11/1/16 

TiNDAL, G., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. . . 16/6/16 

Trew, W. a., Sgt, 24 Bn. . . 3/6/19 

TuRNEY. W. E.. Sgt.. 23 Bn. 21/11/17 

Tyers, H.. R.S.M.. 18 Bn. . . 9/5/18 

Tyrrell. F. G.. Rfn.. 8 Bn. 2/7/17 

Vincent. G. E.. Rfn., 18 Bn. 24,7/15 

VoiSEY, J. T., Pte., 22 Bn... 1/12/15 

Waghorn, D. L., Pte., 20 Bn. 14/1/16 

Walters, W. H., Pte., 24 Bn. 24/7/15 

Wark, J. A., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 28/9/18 

Warner. S.. L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 24/2/16 

Watson, M. O.. Drmr., 23 Bn. 1/12/15 

Webb. J. A., Sgt.. 18 Bn., att. 

140 Inf. Bde. H.Q 3/6/19 

Weir, G., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. .. 6/10/16 
♦Wells, L. H., Pte., 19 Bn... 31/12/17 
♦Wells, R., C.S.M., 4 R.W.F. 9/5/18 
West, G. W., C.S.M., 24 Bn. 31/12/17 
White. C. E.. C.Q.M.S.. Cold- 
stream Gds., att. 4 R.W.F. 3/6/16 
White. J. E. P.. C.S.M., M.G. 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 1,1/19 

Wickes. E. L,, C.S.M., 21 Bn. 3/6/18 
Wigzell, H. K,, Cpl., 21 Bn. 14/1/16 
Williams, E. O.. Pte., 4 

R.W.F 3/10/16 

Wills. H. J.. Q.M.S.. 19 Bn. 14/1/16 
Wilson, G. W., Sgt., 6 Bn.. . 3/1/18 
♦Wilson. J. H.. Sgt.. 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 28/5/18 

WiNDLE, W., Sgt,, 8 Bn. .. 3/10/16 
Witheridge, p.. S.M.. 8 Bn. 3/6/16 
Wood, A. E., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 21/6/17 
♦Wood, J. W., Sgt., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. , . . . . . 6/10/16 

Wood, P. G,, Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 24/7/15 


THE 47Tn (London) DIVISION. [D.C.M. contcl. 

Wood, W., Sgt., 17 Bn. .. 12/3/16 

WooDLEY, A. G., Rfn., 17 Bn. 1 4/1/16 
Woodman, W., B.S.M., 5 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A 3/6/16 

Woodward, C. F., C.S.M., 20 

Bn 9/9/17 

Wyman, a. E., L.-Cpl., 6 

Bn 19/5/16 

*Yelf, a., C.S.M., 6 Bn. .. 1/12/15 

Young, J. H., S.M., Div. Artv. 

H.Q. 6/6/17 


Showell, J. M., Cpl. 
Trace Y, P. J., Sgt. 


Alington, G. W. S., Rfn. 
Armfield, H. L., Pte. . . 
Baker, W. M., Pte. 
Ball, W. A., Pte. 
Barlow, P., Sgt. 
Barney, G. A. F.. Pte. 
Bakwell, G. H., r..-Cpl. 
Bell, J. H., L.-Cpl. 
Bond, R. E., Pte. 
Browett, a., L.-Cpl. . . 


BuNCLARK, A. v., L.-Cpl. 
Burton, W., Sgt. 
Buswell, p. E., Sgt. 
Candler, J. E., L.-Cpl 
Chaplin, G., Pte. 
Chapman, W. J.. Sgt. 
Church, W. C, Sgt. 
Clark, W. S., Rfn. 
Connelly, G., Pte. 
Cooper, F. O., Sgt. 
Copps, G. A., Sgt. 
Crosthwaite, W., Sgt. 
Crow, A. M., Pte. 
Cutting, T. R., Cpl. 
Downward, A. J., Sgt 
Dunn, A., Cpl. 
Edgington, a., Cpl. 
Edwards, J. M., Cpl. . . 
Foote, C, L.-Cpl. 
GiSBY, V. F., Gnr. 
Griffiths, A. C, L.-Cpl. 
Hanbury, B., Pte. 
Harris, W. E., Cpl. 
Hatley, F. J., L.-Cpl. . 
Head, F. G.. Cpl. 
Heath. A. T., L.-Cpl. . 
Hibbard, C. J., Rfn. . 
Hills. F. H.. L.-Cpl. . 
HoRNSBY, G., Spr. 
Hughes, D.^ Pte. 


i3t bar. 

2nd bar. 

. , 24th Battn. 




. . 22nd Battn. 


19/9/ 1 8 







1. .. 17th Battn. 

1 6/9/ 1 8 


. . 15th Battn. 


2/5/1 8 

. . 7th Battn. . 



. . 24th Battn. 



. . 4th Lon. Fd. 




. . 19th Battn. 



. . 24th Battn. 



22nd Battn. 



. . 7th Battn. . 



. . 2ist Battn. 



22nd Battn. 



. . 22nd Battn. 



. . 18th Battn. 



. . 23rd Battn. 



. . 6th Battn. . 

2/ 10/ 1 6 


22nd Battn. 



. . 24th Battn. 



. . 6th Battn. . 



. . iSth Battn. 



. . 24th Battn. 



23rd Battn. 



. . 24th Battn. 

5/ 10/ 1 8 


22nd Battn. 



. . 19th Battn. 



5th Lon. Fd. 

Anil)." ' 



. . 24th Battn. 



22nd Battn. 



. . 22nd Battn. 



. . 2ist Battn. 



22nd Battn. 



.. 2:i5thBde., R.F.A. 



. . 8th Battn. . 



. . 23rd Battn. 



21 Bn.. at. 14 

2 T.M.B. 



.. Sig. Co. . 

• ■ 



.. 17th Battn. 



23rd Battn. 



. . 17th Battn. 



. . 24th Battn. 



. . Sig. Co. . 
. . 4th R.W.F. 

• • 





M.M. contd.; 




Hughes, E. F., Sgt. 

15 Bn. at. 14c 

>B. Obs. 7/4/18 


Huntley, J. C, Pte. . 

. . 7th Battn. . 

• 24/6/17 


Hyatt. E., Pte. . . 

. . 24th Battn. 

. 7/10/16 


Jackson, C, Pte. 
JARMAN, H. L., Pte. 

. . 24th Battn. 

. 29/10/16 


24th Battn. 



Jennings, A., Pte. 

. . 19th Battn. 

• 15/9/16 


Johnson, W. J., L.-Cpl. 

23rd Battn. 

. 20/5/18 


Jones, H. T., L.-Cpl. . 

23rd Battn. 



Kaill, a. \V., L.-Cpl. . 

. . 19th Battn. 



IVELSEY, H. J. R., Pte. 

. . 15th Battn. 

. 24/10/16 


Knight, N. G., Cpl. 

. . 15th Battn. 

. 28/12/17 


Lee, H. S., Rfn. 

. : 1 8th Battn. 

. 5/10/18 


Loveless, L. C, Sgt. . 

. . 1 8th Battn. 

• 25/5/16 


Mannering, R. H., Pte 

22nd Battn. 

. To/io/16 


Maynard, S., Pte. 

23rd Battn. 

. 1 6/6/1 7 


Mills, J. F., L.-Cpl. . 

. . 6th Battn. . 




MissEN, E. H.. Rfn. 

. . 17th Battn. 



Moore, A. W., L.-Cpl. . 

22nd Battn. 

. 18/6/17 


Moore, W. F., Pioneer. 

Sig. Co. 

. 15/6/16 


Newman, H. J., Sgt. . 

. . 2ist Battn. 



NuNN, J. T., Rfn. 

. . 8th Battn. 



Ottley, a. J., Cpl. 
Penn, F. R., L.-Cpl. . 

Sig. Co. 




. . 1 8th Battn. 

• 15/9/16 


Porter, E. A., L.-Cpl. 

. . 24th Battn. 

• 14/11/17 


Redman, R. J., Gnr. 

. . 235th Bd., R.F.A. 



Reynolds, W., Sgt. 

. . Sig. Co. 


. 15/6/16 


RiDGEWAY, G., Sgt. 

. . 17th Battn. 



RoBSON, A. H., Sgt. 

4th Lon. Fd. 




Russell, J. H., Cpl. 

. . 17th Battn. 




-Cpl. . . 23rd Battn. 

• 7/5/17 


Sellick, J. A., Cpl. 
Sermon, C., Sgt. 

4th Lon. Fd. 



23/4/1 s 

142nd M.G. Co. 

. 29/10/16 


Serff, B., Sgt. . . 

22nd Battn. 



Shirley, R., Pte. 

. . 15th Battn. 

. 28/6/17 


*Skilton, J. F., Cpl. 

22nd Battn. 

. 20/12/17 

I 9/9/ I 8 

Smith, J., Cpl. . . 

. . 235th Bde., ] 




Staunton, E. W., Cpl. 

19th Battn. 

. 5/10/18 


Sullivan, T. A., Sgt. . 

. . 6th Lon. Fd. 




Tamplin, G. F.. Cpl. 

22nd Battn. 




Thresher, S. W., Pte. 

. . 24th Battn. 



*Tidmarsh. S., L.-Cpl. 

21st Battn. 



TOOLEY, F. W., Sgt. 

22nd Battn. 

. 22/4/18 


Wakefield, E., Cpl. 

2ist Battn. 



Weller, R. C, Sgt. 

. . 20th Battn. 

• 23/6/17 


Williams, F., Cpl. 

.. 4th R.W.F. 

. 10/10/16 





Barnes, R. J., L.-Cpl. 

1 5th Battn. 


Brown, J. J., Pte. 

22nd Battn. 

I 8/6/1 7 

Palmer, H., Rfn. 

2i5t Battn. 

. • 


Weisberg, T., Rfn. 

2ist Battn. 

. . 


Whittaker, W., Pte. 

. . 24th Battn. 




THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 


Ablin, J. G., Cpl., 6 Bn. 
Abrahams, J., L.-Cpl., 4 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . 
Abrey, a. R., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 
AcKROYD, S., Fitter S.Sgt., 

238 Bde., R.F.A 

Addicott, E., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 
Adulphus, B., Rfn., 17 Bn.. . 
Alden, W., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Alexander, D., L.-Cpl., 21 B. 
Alford, D. W., L.-Sgt., 19 Bn. 
Allcock, H. S., Bdr., 236 

Bde., R.F.A 

Allen, G. A., Rfn., 17 Bn... 
Allen, W. C, Rfn., 17 Bn.. . 
Allit, W., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Allsworth.W., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. 
Amey, H. J., Pte., 15 Bn. 
Amsden, R., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn.. . 
Andrews, A. E., Cpl., 22 Bn. 
Andrews, A. E., Pte, 24 Bn. 
Andrews, G. C, L.-Cpl., 15 B. 
Andrews, J. L., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. 
Angel, R. L., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 
Ansell, C. H., Pte., 22 Bn.. . 
Antrim, A. E., L.-Sgt., 8 Bn. 
Appleby, R. G., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 
Appleford, J. D., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Appleton, W., IL, Sgt., 24 Bn. 
Armstrong, A. B., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
Armstrong, J. S., Pte., 15 Bn. 
Armstrong, L. F., L.-Cpl., 15 


Arney, G. B. F., Sgt., 23 Bn. 
Arnold, S., Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Arthur, R. J., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
AsHBOLT, W. E., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
AsHDOWN, P. E., Pte., 15 Bn. 
ASHWORTH, J., Sgt., Sig. Co. 
Aspden, R., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
AsTiNS, F., E., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 
Attree, a., C, L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 
Attwater, C, Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 
Austin, G. A.. Pte., 22 Bn. . . 
Austin, P. W., Rfn., 21 Bn.. . 
Austin, \V. H., Sgt., 236 Bde 


AuTEY, H. A., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
•AvRAMAcnis, v., Cpl., 24 Bn. 
AxFORD, E. \V., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
Ayres, F., Pte., 23 Bn., att. 

142 M.G. Co. 
Bachell. G. T.. L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 
•Bacon, C. W. C, L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 
Bailey, C. V., Dvr., 520 Fd. 


Bailey, W., Re., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Bailey, W. C, Cpl., 8 Bn. . . 















1 8/6/1 7 


1 5/9/ 1 6 


1 7/9/18 












1 6/6/ 1 6 




7/ 1 0/18 





1 5/9/ 1 6 










Baily, C. H., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. 15/9/16 

Baines, R. J., Pte., 15 Bn. .. 28/12/17 

Baker, A., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 24/6/17 

Baker, A. A., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 29/10/16 

Baker, E., Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 3/10/16 

Baker, E., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 13/9/16 

Baker, F. L., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 6/3/17 

Baker, H. A., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 21/7/17 

Baker, N. L., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 11/10/18 
Baker, S., Cpl., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

Baker, W. R., Pte., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 18/12/17 

Baldick, R. N., Sgt., 17 Bn. 15/9/16 

Baldrey, \V., Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 3/6/16 

Baldwin, W.. Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 8/6/16 

Ball, C, L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. . . 10/10/16 

Ballantine,\V. E., Rfn.. 8 Bn. 3/6/16 
Ballard, F., Gnr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 20/5/18 

Balster, A. G., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. 19/9/18 

Band, H., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 5/10/18 
Banks, E., Pte., R.A.M.C. att. 

4 Lon. Fd. Co. R.E. . . 7/7/16 

Banks, H., Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Banting, G. E., Sgt., 24 Bn. 14/1 1/17 

Barber, H. S., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Barclay, G., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Barclay, G., Pte., 19 Bn. . . 27/10/18 

Barclay, J., Pte., M.G. Bn. . . 30/4/18 
Bardey, R., Dvt., 235 Bde, 

R.F.A 10/10/16 

Barker, F. R., Sgt., 21 Bn.. . 16/9/18 

Barker, H., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/18 

Barker, H. W., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 21/4/18 
Barker, J., Spr., N. Mid. Div. 

R.E., att. 520 Fd. Co. .. 15/12/17 
Barker, J. W., S.-Sgt., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. .. .. .. 15,9/ 16 

Barker, L., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

♦Barkham, G. H., Sgt., 1 8 Bn. 22/4/17 
Barkworth, S. T., L.-Cpl., 

20 Bn. .. .. .. 16/6/16 

Barnard, B., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. 23/6/17 

Barnes, A. J., Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 15/0/16 

Barnes, D. S., Rfn., 21 Bn.. . 20/6/17 
Barnes, \V., Cpl., 140 M.G. 

Co 24/6/17 

Barratt, A. .\., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 21/10/1S 

Barrell, R. J., Pte., 20 Bn. 30/12/17 

Barrett, R. W., Sgt., 18 3n. 3/6/16 

Bakrow, L., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn.. . 16/6/17 
Bartlett, B. M., Cpl., 23 Bn. 29/12/17 

Bartlktt. H., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. 27/7/16 
Bartlktt, W.E., Pte., 20 Bn , 

att. Dlv. Obs. . . . . 10/9/iS 

Barton, A. H., Cpl., 20 Bn.. . 15/9/1^ 

Bateman, F.A., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 1 8/6/1 7 

M.M. contd.] 



Bateman, T., Pte., 4 R.W.F. 
Bates, S., Sgt., 17 Bn. 
Bathurst, S. E., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
Batty, J., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Baxter, A., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
Baxter, H. J., L.-Cpl., 142 

M.G. Co 

•Bayley, G., Sgt., ig Bn. 
Baylie, F., 2nd Cpl., 47 Div. 

Sig. Co., R.E 

Baynton, a. W., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Bayton, H. T., Pte.. 22 Bn.. . 
Beadle, C. W., Pte., 15 Bn.. . 
Beaney, E., Cpl., Y/47 T.M.B. 
Bear, H. D., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 
Beasley, R. J. B., L.-Cpl., 15 


Beavins, S., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Beckwith, E., Pte., 24 Bn... 
Beddoes, a. G., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Beer, G. R., L.-Cpl., 518 Lon. 

Fd. Co., R.E 

Beeseley, J., Rfn., 17 Bn... 
Belcher, J., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. 
Belcher, S., Sgt., 237 Bde., 


Bell, G., Sgt., 8 Bn 

Bellinger, A. E., Dvr., 22 


Bellingham, F. S., L.-Cpl., 

15 Bn 

*Belliss, T., Cpl., 520 Fd. Co., 


*Beltram, J., Sgt., 517 Fd. Co., 


Benn, \V., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Bennett, P., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Bennison, a., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 
Benstead, a. J., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Bentley, a. E., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Bentley, W., Pte., 142 M.G. 

Co. .. 
Berry, W. E 

Co., RE. 
Best, C. H..Sgt., iSBn. 
Best, S., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 
Bethel, F. E., Gnr., 235 Bde., 


Betts, VV. C, Pte., 7 Bn. 
Billings, G., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 
Billington, H., Bdr., 235 Bde 


BiNDON, W., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Binyon, H. C, Rfn., 17 Bn.. . 
Bird, C, L.-Sgt., 20 Bn. 

Bird, J., Pte., 24 Bn 

Bishop, C. H., Cpl., 15 Bii . . 
Bitton, B., Sgt., 6 Bn. 
Black, J., Sgt., 235 Bde., 


L.-Cpl., 517 Fd. 





















I 9/5/1 6 









1 5/9/1 6 

20/3/ 1 S 

Blackstaffe, W. p., Sgt., Sig. 


Blackwood, A. E., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Blake, E. W., L.-Cpl., E. Kent 

R., att. 142 Bde 

Blake, H. J., Sgt., A.V.C., att. 

235 Bde., R.F.A 

Blanchflower, V. G., Rfn., 

21 Bd. 

Bland, H. R., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 
Bliss, W. C, Sgt.. 8 Bn. . , 
Blood, G. W., Rfn., 21 Bn.. . 
Blows, C, Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Bloxam, L. W., 24 Bn., att 

142 Bde. H.Q 

Boast, A., Pte., 5 Lon. Fd. 

BoDDY, H. L., Rfn., 21 Bn.. . 
Bond, L. E., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
BooL, V. C, Pte., 20 Bn. . . 
Border, A. H., Rfn., 17 Bd. 
Borley, E. a., Sgt., 24 Bn.. . 
Bosher, W. H.. Pte., 23 Bn. 
BoTT, G. A., Pte.. 15 Bn. 
♦Boughton, a., Sgt., 21 Bn... 
BouLT, A. F., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
Boucher, A. G., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
♦Bowers, C. C, Sgt., 7 Bn. 
Bowles, W. G., L.-Cpl., iS 


Bowman, C. J., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 
♦Bowman, H. E., Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Bowman, W., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 
BowN, H. G., S.S.M., Div. Tr. 
BoYCE, E. A., Sgt., 17 Bn. .. 
BoYCE, E. T., Bdr., 236 Bde., 


BoYDEN, G. T., Dvr.. 236 Bde., 


Brabner. J. H., Cpl., D.A.C. 
Brace, J., Spr., Sig. Co. 
Bradford. M. E., l^e., 15 Bn. 
Bradley, A. F., Pte., 15 Bn. 
Bradley, W., Sgt., 236 Bde., 


Bradshaw, a., Pte., 3 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
Bradshaw, D. G., L.-Cpl., 15 


Brand. E. L., C.Q.M.S.. 8 Bn. 
Brandum, H., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 
Brannigan.W.. L.-Cpl.. 18 Bn. 
Br.wdon, S. R., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Breckon, H. W., Pte., 15 Bn.. 

att. 140 M.G. Co. . . 
Breen, J. A., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Breese, a. E., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 
Breeze, H. R., Pte., 24 Bn.. . 
Brennan, F., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. 
Bressy, S. H., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 




19/9/ 18 






1 6/6/ 1 7 

1 5/9/1 6 


1 5/9/ 1 6 










28/ 12/ 1 7 











THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 

[M.M. contd. 

Brett, C. H., Gnr., 236 Bde., 


Brett, C. J., Pte., 6 Bn. 
*Brettell, C. W., Sgt., 230 

Bde., R.F.A. 
*Bridgen, H. E., L.-Cpl., Sig. 

Co. . . 
Bridges, S. C, L.-Cpl., 23 Bn., 

att. 142 T.M.B 

Briggs, G. K., Pte., 23 Bn.. . 
Bristowe,S.H., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 
Brockwell, a. p., L.-Cpl., 8 


Bromfield, S., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
Brookes, F. C, Pte., 19 Bn. 
Brooks, A., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Brooks, A. \V., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
*Brooks, F. G., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 
Brooks, T. R., Sgt., 140 M.G. 


Broome, H., Pte., 19 Bn. . . 
Brown, B. R., Cpl., 21 Bn. . . 
Brown, C. J., Sgt.. 6 Bn. . . 
Brown, E., Dvr., D.A.C. 
Brown. E. W., L.-Cpl., M.G. 


Brown, F., Pte.. 15 Bn. 
Brown, G. L., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 
Brown. W., Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Brown, W. Y., l^n., 21 Bn.. . 
Browning, F. E., Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Browning, W. G., Pte., 7 Bn. 
Brownsall, a., Pte., 7 Bn. .. 
Bryant, A., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 
Bryceson, T. G., Sgt., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. 
Buck, C. A. S., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 
Buckley. G. J., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Buckley, J. R., Pte.. 4 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
BuFFiN, T., Rfn.. 6 Bn. 
Bulcraig.F. J., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 
Bullard, S. a., Pte., iQ Bn. 
Bullock, C. F., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
Bullock, F.. Rfn., 6 Bn. 
BuLTER, A., Sgt., 23 Bn. 
BuNN, H. C, L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. . . 
BuNN, H. C, Cpl., 21 Bn. .. 
Bunnage, E. a., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Burden, S., Sgt., 7 Bn. 
Burgess, A., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
♦BuRLEY, W. G., Sgt., 21 Bn.. . 
BURNELL, R. li., Cpl., Div. 

Burns, V., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. . . 
Burroughs, J., Cpl.. 17 Bn.. . 
Bukrows, F., Gnr., 235 Bde, 


Burtenshaw, II. 1".. Bdr., 

p. AC. att. X/47 T.M.B. ., 






1 8/6/ 1 7 



1 5/9/1 6 









7/10/1 8 
1 9/9/ 1 8 
1 8/6/ 1 7 





BuRviLLE, C, Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Busby, L. J.. Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
BusHELL, W., L.-Cpl., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 

Butcher, H., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 

*BuTLER, A. L., Sgt., 19 Bn. .. 

Butler, R., Cpl., 237 Bde.. 


Butler, R.. Cpl., 21 Bn., att. 

142 M.G. Co. 
Butt, G., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Byart, a. G., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 
BvoTT, G. v.. Pte., 22 Bn. . . 
Cable, C, Cpl., 24 Bn. 
Caddick, J. H., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 
Camp, G.. Pte., 22 Bn. 
Camp, G. F., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 
Campbell, H. E., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Campbell, W. P., L.-Cpl., 21 


C.'VMPKiN, D., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Cannon, T. G., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 
Cantle, J. C, Cpl., 24 Bn. .. 
Capell, R., L.-Cpl., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Capon, E., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Card, E.. L.-Cpl.. 24 Bn. . . 
Garden, H., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 
Care. C, Pte., 23 Bn. 
Carpenter, A., Sgt., 5 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A. 
Carpenter, F. H., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Carroll, R., Cpl., 18 Bn. . . 
Carroll, W. G., Sgt., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
Carswell, H., Bdr., 235 Bde., 


Carter, C, Pte., 19 Bn. 
Carter, E., Pte., M.G. Bn. . . 
Carter, J. T., Gnr. 236 Bde.. 


Carter. R., Sgt., 236 Bde., 


Cartman. .\. P., Pte.. 22 Bn. 
Cartwright, F. G., Sgt., 4 


Carver, P.. Sgt.. 22 Bn. 
Caslaw, J. McC. L.-Cpl.. -M 


Catner. a., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn... 
Caughlin, T. L.. Sgt., 8 Bn.. . 
Cave, C, L.-Cpl., Div. Cyc. 


Chalk, F., Pte., 7 Bn. 
Challis, F.. Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 
Chalmers, W., Dvr., 235 Bde., 


Chambers, A. E., Sgt., 4 


Chambers, F., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 






1 5/9/16 

1 6/9/ 1 8 

1 1/10/18 














19/9/ 1 8 



1 5/9/ « 6 





M.M-. contd.] 



Chanter, F., Gnr. 235 Bde., 


Chantler, a. W., Cpl., 21 Bn. 
Chapman, A., Pte., 5 D.S.C., 

att. 4 Lon. Fd. Amb. 
Chapman, B. W., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Chapman, T. E., Sgt., 518 Fd. 


Charlton, J., Pnr., Div. Sig. 


*Charman,A.E., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 
Chester, H. T., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Chilman, T. J., Cpl., 6 Bn., att. 

140 T.M.B 

Chilton, S., Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Chitty, F. G., Spr., Sig. Co.. . 
Chivers, J. A. T., 21 Bn. 
Christian, C. P., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
Christmas, E. V., Sgt., 23 Bn. 
Christmas, H. C, Pte., 7 Bn. 
Church, A., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Church, T. O., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 
♦Churchman, W. B., 2nd Cpl., 

2/3 Lon. Fd. Co. 
Claison, L. T., Sgt., Sig. Co. . . 
Clark, C. E., Sgt., 8 Bn. 
Clark, G., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Clark, H. R., Pte.. 22 Bn. . . 
Clark, S. G., Cpl., 21 Bn. 
Clark, W., Bdr., D.A.C., att. 

235 Bde., R.F.A 

Clark, W. G. R., L.-Cpl., 520 

Fid. Co 

Clarke, C. A., Bdr., 235 Bde., 


Clarke, C. H., Pte., 20 Bn.. . 
Clarke, F. C, L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 
Claydon, W. a., Sgt., 7 Bn. 

Cleavely, J. A., Sgt., 17 Bn. 
Clements, F. W., Rfn., 18 Bn. 
Clewley, a. J., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Clifford,C. H.,Gnr., 236 Bde., 


Coaker, W., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
CoBLEY, E. S., Pte., 24 Bu... 
CoE, R. H., Pte., 24 Bn. 
*CoGGER, O., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
CoKER, E. H., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 
CoLE, C. E., Pte., 24 Bn. 
CoLEM.\N, A., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 
Coleman, A., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Coleman, F., Gnr., 237 Bde., 


Coleman, F.. Rfn., 8 Bn. 
Coleman, W. J., Cpl., 23 Bn. 
Coleman, W. S., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Coles, P. H.. Pte., 7 Bn. 
Coles, \V., Pte., 2^ Bn. 
Coles, W. P. V., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 
Collier, |. A., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 


1 8/6/ 1 7 




23 6/18 





1 5/9/ 1 6 



1 6/9/ 1 8 

1 1/5/ 1 7 






1 6/6/ 1 7 

1 6/9/ 1 8 


1 5/9/1 6 
0; 11/18 
7/ 1 0/16 
1 5/9/ 1 6 

Collins, C, C.S.M., 24 Bn... 3/6/19 
Collins, C. A., Cpl., M.G. Bn. 16/9/18 
Collins, F. E., Sgt., 22 Bn.. . 18/6/17 
Collins, G., Gnr., X/47 T.M.B. 19/5/16 
Collinson, M. L., Cpl., 17 Bn. 24/12/17 
CoLLisoN, W. E., Pte., 24 Bn. 7/10/16 
CoLLYER, L. W., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 6/3/17 
Condon, G., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/18 
Condon, P. J., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 19/9/18 
Connel, J., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 28/12/17 
Connor, E. C. G., Pte., 15 Bn. 19/10/16 
Connor, T., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. .. 29/10/16 
♦Conway, H. F., B.S.M., 237 

Bde., R.F.A. . . .. 1 5/9/16 

Cook, A. J. H., Spr., Sig. Co. . . 7/10/16 
Cook, C, Gnr., 236 Bde., R.F.A. 2/7/17 
Cook, C. W., Sgt., Sig. Co. . . 23/6/17 
Cook, F. J., Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Cook, G., Rfn., 6 Bn 24/6/17 

Cook, J. A., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 21/7/17 

Cook, T., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/18 
Cooke, F. W., Sgt., A.V.C., att. 

235 Bde., R.F.A 3/6/19 

CooKSEY, A. P., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 4/8/18 
Cooley, F. H., Pte., 15 Bn.. . 2/5/18 
CooMBES, \V., Bdr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 11/12/18 

Cooper, F. G., Rfn., 21 Bn. .. 16/9/18 
Cooper, J. D., Sgt., 2/3 Lon. 

Fd. Co 1 1/6/16 

Cooper, T. B., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 16/6/16 
Cooper, T. R., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 25/4/iS 
Cooper, T.W.A., Pte., 20 Bn. 0/2/iS 
Cope, F., L.-Cpl., 4 R.W.F. . . 28/6/17 
CoppiN, C. G., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 28/12/17 
Corcoran, P., Rfn., 18 Bn... 26/6/17 
Corke, p., 2nd Cpl., 520 Fd. 

Co 6/3/17 

Cornell, A., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 28/12/17 
Cornish, A., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 5/10/18 
Cornish, H., l^e., 140 M.G. 

Co 25/12/17 

Cornwall, 11., Cpl.. M.G. Bn. 7/10/18 
Cottage, C, Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 24/12/17 
Cotton, G. F., L.-Cpl., Div. 

Train . . . . . . 12/12/17 

Cox. H., Kfn., 17 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Cox, H. 1 , Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 1 7/9/18 

Cox, p. H., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 19/5/16 

Cox, S., Pte., 23 Bn 20/5/18 

Cox, \V., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 8/5/17 

Cox, W. H., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb, . . . . . . 23/6/17 

Crawlev, H. F., L.-Cpl.. 23 Bn. 15/9/16 
Crews, H. S., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn.. . 19/10/16 
Crickett, M. E., Gnr., D.A.C. 3/7/17 
Crickett, S. \V., Cpl., D.A.C. 23/6/17 
Cripps. P. J., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 7/10/18 
Crosby, T., Sgt., 22 Bn. ,, 6/1/17 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.M. contd. 

Cross, A., Bdr., 236 Bde., 

Cross, N. H., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 

Crossley, W. G., Pie., 15 Bn , 
att. 140 T.M.B 

Crow, F. D.. Rfn., 8 Bn. 

Croydon, W.G., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. 

CRUDGINGTON,G.,L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 

Crystal, H. A., Bdr., 236 Bdc, 


CuLLEN, J. \V., Sgt., 18 Bn.. . 
CuRRiE, J. E. T., Sgt., 1/3 Fd. 


CuRWEX, A., Pte., 19 Bn. 
Gushing, F., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Cutler, S., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn... 
Cutting, R., Pte., 23 Bn. 
CuTTS, E. T., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
Dagleas, J. A., Gnr., 235 Bdt-., 


Dainty, J., L.-Cpl., 12. Bn. . . 
Dale. J. W., Bdr., 236 Bdc, 


Daley, W., Spr., Sig. Co. . . 
Dance, T. W.. Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 
Dann, E. C, Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 
Dann, E. J., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Dann. F., C.Q.M.S., 22 Bn... 
Dare, S., Bdr., 236 Bde., 


D'Arcy, J., Dvr., Div. Train. . 
Darmody.J.F., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 
Darvell, G., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. 
Davey, J. T., Gnr., D.A.C. .. 
Davey, W. H., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 
Davey, W. L., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 
Davies, C, L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. . . 
Davies, J., Sgt.. 4 R.W.F. . . 
Davies. J. H., Sgt.. 24 Bn. . . 
Davies. R., Pte., 4 R.W.F... 
♦Davies. S., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 
*Davies, T., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Davies, T. H.. Pte., 4 R.W.F. 
Davies, W. L.. Pte., 23 Bn.. . 
Davies, W. R., Sgt., 4 R.W.I-. 
Davies, A. G., Gnr.. 237 Bde., 

Davis, A. T., Cjil , 141 M.G. 


Davis. F., Pte.. 24 Bn. 
Davis. H.. Sgt., Div. Train.. 
Davis. H. W.. Sgt.. 17 Bn. . . 
Davis. W. E., L.-Cpl.. 15 Bn. 
Dawkins, a J., L.-Cpi., E. 

Surrey Regt., att. 23 lin . . 
Dawson, A., Sgt.. M.G. Bn . . 
Dawson, E. S., L.-Cpl., 21 lin 
Dawson. V. L.. Pte., 15 Bn.. . 
Day. J. A.. L.-Cpl.. 23 Bn. . . 

^Y. J. A.. L.-Cpl.. 2 
\\, P., Rfn., 18 Bn. 










1/9/ 1 7 



2816/ 1 J 







■-^9/4/ 1 7 

1 6/9/ 1 8 

1 5/9/16 


1 5/9/ 1 6 

7/ 10/ 1 8 




1 6/6/1 7 

















1 6/9/ 1 8 

1 5/9/ 1 6 

1 6/9/ 1 8 

14 '11/17 


Pte., 6 iMu. Fd. 
A., S-Sgt.. A.S.C., 

Dean, A., 

Death. R 

Div. H.Q. 
Dee, T. H., L.-Cpl., iSBn.,att. 

141 T.M.B 

Deere, H. E., Pte., 5 Lon. I'd. 

Dennings, C, Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 
Dennis. E. F., Pte.. 4 Lon. Fd. 

Denver. B.. Cpl.. 17 Bn. 
Dew, a., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 
Dew, F. G., Sgt.. 21 Bn 
Dew. G. R.. I^e.. 23 Bn. . . 
Dewar. W.. Sgt., 237 Bdc., 


Dick, J., Pte., E. Surrey Regt., 

att. 23 Bn. . . 
Dickens, G. R., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 
Dicker, F., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. . . 
Dickeson. F. R., l*te., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
Dicks, F. R. J., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
Dickson, W. D., Cpl., 17 Bn. 
DiFFORD, G. St. J., Pte., 23 B. 
Dilley, \V., Pte., 7 Bn. 
DiNGLEY, J., 2nd Cpl.. 518 Fd. 


DiPROSE. G., L.-Cpl., 142 M.G. 


DiPROSE, E. F., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 
Dixon, A. E., C.Q.M.S.. 24 Bn. 
Dixon, A. W., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Dixon. W., Spr.. 1/3 Lon. Fd. 


Dock. J. J. L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. .. 
DoHERTY, M., Pte., 22 Bu. . . 
DoHERTY, p.. Sgt., 17 Bn. 
Donald, A. D., Cpl., 15 Bn.. . 
Donovan. P., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 
DooNAN, J., Rfn., 18 Bn. 
DoRMAND, E. II., Rfn.. 18 Bn. 
Douglas, A., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

DouLT, W. H.. L.-Cpl.. 22 Bn. 
Dove, J. A., Rfn.. 6 Bn. 
DowNES, D.. Rfn., 17 Bn. 

Downs. G. H., Pte. 


Downward. A.. Cpl., M.G. Bn. 
Dowsett, W. J., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Doyle. F.. Pto.. 19 Bn. 
Doyle-Thomas. R. S. E., Rfn.. 

iS Bn 

Dkewe, W. H , C.S.M., 20 Bn. 
Dkewett.W.R.. C.S.M., 22 Bn. 
Drl'kv. R.. L.-Cpl.. 142 M.G 


Duck. H.. Sgt.. 7 Hn 

Duckman, H. W .. Pte., a Bn. 

1 5/9/ 1 6 


1 5/9/16 


24 12/17 


1 5/9/ 1 6 

1 9/9/ 1 8 





















5/10/ 1 8 




M.M. contd.] 



Dudgeon, A. P., Pte., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . . . . . 19/9/18 

DuGuiD, C. D., Sgt., 17 Bn.. . 15/9/16 
DuNMOW, S. J., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. 15/9/16 
Dunn, L., Sgt., 140 M.G. Co. 25/12/17 
*DuNN, W. J., Sgt., 23 Bn. .. 7/10/18 
DuNSTER, H., Rfn., 21 Bn. .. 1 5/9/16 
DUNSTER, W., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 8/6/16 
DuRBRiDGE.W. E., Cpl., 24 Bn. 11/10/18 
DuTHiE, F. W., Rir., Sig. Co. 26/9/17 
Dyer, D. M., Pte., 15 Bn., att. 

140 Bde. H.Q 19/9/18 

Dyer, J. W., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 19/9/18 
Earey, J. W., Spr., 517 Fd. 

Co. .. .. .. .. 23/4/18 

Eastwood, W. J., L.-Cpl., 21 

Bn., att. 142 T.M.B. .. 6/3/17 

Eaton, R. C. G., Gnr., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. .. .. 2/7/17 

Eden, E., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 7/10/18 

Edgley, E. E., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Edmonds, B., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 29/10/16 
Edmonds, G. W., Rfn., 18 Bn. 7/7/16 
Edney, H., Pte., E. Surrey 

Regt., att. 23 Bn. .. .. 19/9/18 

Howards, E. W., Cpl., 22 Bn. 19/9/18 
Edwards, F. J., Sgt., 238 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

Edwards, G. E., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 28/12/17 
Edwards, H. C, Rfn., 8 Bn. 24/6/17 
Edwards, J. C, Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 25/12/17 
Edwards, L. D., Pte., 15 Bn. 7/10/18 
Edwards,-T. G., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. 12/6/17 
Edwards, W., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 7/10/16 
Eldridge. p., Dvr., 7 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

Elliott, J., Gnr., Y/47 T.M.B. 9/7/16 
Ellis, G., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. .. 28/12/17 
Ellis, H. E., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 7/10)18 
*Hllis, W., C.S.M., 4 R.W.F. . . 16/9/18 
Ellwood, F., Pte., 5 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 19/9/18 

Elmore, J., Rfn., iS Bn. . . 30/4/18 
Elsey, W. G., Rfn , 17 Bn. . . 25/4/18 
Emery, W. J., Pte., 24 Bn.. . 5/10/18 
Emler, H. J., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 7/10/16 
Errington, T., Pte., 22 Bn.. . 29/10/16 
Esthill, C. F., Cpl., 18 Bn.. . 1/7/17 
Etheridge, E. T., Pte., M.G. 

Bn 16/9/iS 

Evans, D., Gnr., X/47 T.M.B. 19/5/16 
Evans, E., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Evans, F., Cpl., 5 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 1 1/6/16 

Evans, F., Rfn., iS Bn. . . 7/10/16 

Evans, W. O., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. 19/5/16 
EVERED, W., Cpl., M.G. Bn.. . 5/10/18 
Everett, E. A., Pte., 24 Bn. 8/6/ie. 
Everett, G. A., Cpl., 24 Bn. 3/12/18 
Hvden, E., Pie., 24 Bn. . . 7/10/16 


1 6/6/ 1 7 

1 6/4/ 1 7 




Fairman, C. D., Pte., 7 Bn.. . 28/12/17 
Faithful, L., Rfn., 21 Bn. .. 20/6/17 
Farmer, R. E., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 
♦Favell, H., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Fawcett, H., Gnr., 238 Bde., 


Payers, S., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. . 
Fearnley, L., Pte., 20 Bn. . 
Feesey, R. W., Sgt., 15 Bn.. . 28/12/17 
Fenwick, a. v., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. 19/6/16 
Ferguson, D., Pte., 142 M.G. 


Ferguson, J., Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 
Ferris, B. T., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn., 

att. 140 T.M.B 

Fewster, a. L., Pte., 15 Bn. 
Field, F., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Finch, R. C, Pte., M.T. Co., 

A.S.C. 13/1 i/iS 

FiNLAYSON, D. a., Sgt., 4 Fd. 

Co., R.E. . . . . . . 15/9/16 

FiNNis, A. A., Gnr., 238 Bde., 

RF.A 15/9/16 

Firmager, T., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 6/11/18 
*Firnee, H., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 7/10/16 

Fitzgerald, H. B., L.-Cpl., 

23 Bn 16/7/17 

FivEASH, H. G., Sgt., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. .. .. .. 19/9/18 

Flangan, L., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 2/6/16 
Flanaghan, T., Sgt., Y/47 

T.M.B 23/6/17 

Fletcher, F., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. 23/6/17 
Fletcher, J. R., Pte., 23 Bn. 19/9/18 
♦Fletcher, S., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 25/12/17 
Flight, A. B., Pte., 15 Bn... 7/10/18 
Flinn, F. B., Cpl., 20 Bn. . . 27/10/18 
Folds, C. E., Pte., 15 Bn., att. 

140 Bde. H.Q 19/9/18 

Foord, N., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . , . . 28/12/17 

Foreman, W., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 8/9/18 
Forrest, R., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 7/10/18 
Foster, C. C, Pte., 7 Bn. . . 26/9/17 
Foster, H., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Foucheau, a., Pte., 22 Bn... 19/9/18 
Fowler, G., Gnr., 235 Bde., 

R.F..\ 15/8/17 

Fowler, G. E., Sgt., 15 Bn... 28/6/17 
Francis, R. G., Sgt., 18 Bn... 5/10/18 
♦Francis, W. H., Rfn., 17 Bn. 7/10/18 
Franks, A. H., Rfn., i7l3n... 24/12/17 
Freeman, G. D., Rfn., 17 Bn. 7/10/18 
Freeman, H. E., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 2/10/16 
Freeman, S., Sgt., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 20/8/19 

Frey, W. J., Cpl., iS Bn., att. 

141 M.G. Co. . . . . 3/6/16 
Friend, A., Rfn., ^i Bn. .. 7/10/18 
Friend, H. E., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. 7/10/16 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.M. contd. 

Frost, W. E., Rfn., 17 Bn... 24/10/16 
Fry, T. J., Sgt., 8 Bn. .. 3/6/16 

Fry, T. p.. Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 3/6/16 

Fuller, C. E., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 27/10/16 
Fuller, H. O., Ptc, 24 Bn.. . 5/10/18 
Furnival, L. S., Bdr., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. . . . . 10/10/16 

Gadd, C, Pte., 7 Bn 10/4/17 

Gadsby, J., Pte., 142 M.G Co. 24/5/17 
Galen, J. J., Cpl.. 15 Bn. . . 7/10/18 
Gallant, N., Sgt.. 15 Bn. . . 25/12/17 
Gandell, W. E., Rfn., 8 Bn. 7/10/16 
Gardner, P. W., L.-Cpl., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 7/10/18 

Garner, W. J., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. iy/io/i6 
Garnham, G. T., Sgt., 17 Bn. 15/9/16 
Garnham, J. W., L.-Cpl., 24 

Bn 20/12/17 

Garrett, F., Cpl. 17 Bn. .. 16/9/18 
Garrett, J., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. . . 19/10/16 
Garrod, W. G., Sgt., 6 Bn.. . 6/3/17 
Gater, E.. Spr., 520 Fd. Co. . . 23/6/17 
Gay, G., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. .. 29/12/17 
Gentry. E. Q., Spr., 520 Fd. 

Co 11/6/16 

George. A,, Rfn., 18 Bn. .. 5/10/18 
George, W. R.. Pte., 22 Bn. 27/10/18 
Gibbons, J. S., Cpl., Z/47 

T.M.B 23/6/17 

Gibbons, S., Cpl.. 18 Bn. .. 22/4/17 
Gibbons. W. C. Sgt.. 20 Bn. 23/6/17 
Gibbs, H., Sgt., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 18/12/17 

Gibbs, W. B., L.-Cpl., RLG. 

Bn 16/9/18 

Gibson, F. W., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 3/6/16 
Gilbert, J., Sgt., 24 Bn. .. 15/9/16 
Giles, A. E., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 29/10/16 
Giles. H., Sgt.. 23 Bn. . . 21/4/18 

Gill, H. V., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 7/10/16 

Girling, H. W., Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 24/6/17 
Godfrey, ]. A., Cpl., 517 Fd. 

Co 18/ii/iS 

Gold. A.. Rfn.. 6 Bn 24/6/17 

Gold. F. J., L -Cpl., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 6/8/17 

Goldsmith, B., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 2/10/16 
Gooue, J. E.. Sgt.. 6 Bn. .. 6/3/17 
GoouHEW, A. n., Ptc, 4 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 29/10/16 

Gooding, D., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 7/10/1O 
Goodman, T. J., Sgt., 520 Fd. 

Co 23/6/17 

Gordon, E. J., Pte., 7 i5n. . . 24/6/17 
Goring, F. A., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 4/5/18 
Gorman, F., Spr., 520 Fd. Co. 6/3/17 
*Goslin. F. S., Sgt., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/8/17 

GouGH. A. F., Gnr., 255 Bde., 

R.F.A 19/9/17 

Gould, W. A.. Bdr., 235 Bde.. 


Grant, F. J., Rfn., 8 Bn. .. 
Grant, H. G., Rfn., 17 Bn... 
♦Gray, A. S.. R.S.M.. Div. Engs 
Gray, \V., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Gray, A. S.. Cpl.. 23 Bn., att. 

142 M.G. Co. 
Gray, F.. Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Gr.\y. W. H.. L.-Cpl.. 6 Bn. . . 
Greaney, J., L.-Cpl.. 22 Bn. 
Green, G.. L.-Cpl.. 22 Bn. . . 
Green. H. A.. Pte.. M.G. Bn. 
Green. H. R.. Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 
Green, M. E.. Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 
Green. S.. Pnr., Big. Co. 
Greenfield, B., Bdr., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. 
Greenslade, \V. W., Cpl., 6 


Greig, T. p., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn.. . 
Gribble, W. C, Spr., 520 Fd. 


Griffin, E. T., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 
Griffiths, D., Pte., R.W.F. . . 
Griffiths, H. T., L.-Cpl., 24 B 
Gkimsey, R. F., L.-Cpl., 24 B. 
Grimshaw, G. E., 2nd Cpl., 
Sig. Co. 

Grohmann. a., Sgt., 23 Bn.. . 

GuLLiCK, C. J., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 

Gurry, A. C, Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Gush, E. E., L.-Cpl.. 21 Bn.. . 

Haacke, E. C, L.-Cpl.. 6 Bn. 

Haagmann. E.. Rfn., 8 Bn... 

Hackett, J., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 

Hague, P. S., Sgt., 15 Bn. .. 

Haigh, G., Spr.. Elec. Engrs. 

Hale, J., C.Q.M.S., 24 Bn. .. 

Hales, A. C, Pte., 15 Bn. . . 

Hales, C. H., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 

Hall, F., Sgt., 6 Bn 

Hall. F. G.. Sgt.. 6 Bn. 

Hall, J., Sh. Smith, 23S Bde., 

Hall, M. W., L.-Cpl.. 15 Bn, 

Hall, V. C. Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 

Hallaway, M., Ptc., 4 Lon. 
Fd. Amb 

Hallett. p., Rfn., iSBn. .. 

Halls, G.. Pte., 7 Bn. 

Halls. \V. J., Pte., 24 Bn. .. 

Halls, T., Bdr., H.Q.R.A. . . 

Halton, T., Cpl.. 520 Fd. Co 

Hammond, E. C, Dvt., 4 Fd 

Hancock, C, Sgt., 4 Lon. Fd 

Hancock.C. H., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn 


1 5/9/ 1 6 


1 8/6/17 



1 5,^9/ 1 6 




















1 5/9/16 







1 5/9/ 1 6 


l\M. contd.l 



Handley, W. a., Pte., 22 Bn. 7/10/18 

Hands, E., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 13/7/16 

♦Hands, W. C, L.-Cpl., iS Bn. 3/6/16 

Hankins, E. C, Sgt., 17 Bn. 16/9/18 

Hanna, C. H,, L.-Cpl., T5 Bn. 25/12/17 

Harden, J., Sgt., 19 Bn. .. i/9'i7 

Hardy, L. J., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/18 

Hare, A. D. p:.W., Sgt., Tt Bn. 15/0/16 
Harling, W. \V.. Fte., 

R.A.M.C, att. 2^5 Bde., 

R.F.A. .. '.". .. 15/6/16 

Harman, F., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 19/10/16 

Harmer, E., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Harmer, F. G., Sgt., 24 Bn., 

att. 142 T.iM.B. . . . . 15/9/16 

Harper, E. C. Sgt.. 18 Bn.. . 5/10/18 

Harrington, S., Pte., 23 Bn. 20/5/18 
Harrington, T. W., Pte., 24 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 28/12/17 

Harris. D., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 6/3/17 

Harris, )., Pte., 7 Bn. .. 24/6/17 

Harris, R. A., Pte., R.W.F. . . 20/8/19 

Harris, S., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 5/10/18 

Harris, W. H., Pte., 15 Bn.. . " 3/6/16 

Harrison, H. H., Pte., 19 f^n. 23/6/17 
Harrison, J., Gnr., 237 Bde., 

R.F.A 7/10/T6 

Harrison, .M. J. J. C. Rfn., 17 

Bn 7/10/18 

Harrison, W. H., Gnr., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. .. '. . 1=5/9/16 

Harrocks, C. E., Sgt., 8 Bn.. . ?S 12/17 

Hart, C. H., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 2/6/16 

Hart, S., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 2/10/16 

Harts, V., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 23/6/17 
Harvey, G., Gnr., Y/47 

T.IM.B 14/1/16 

Haryott, J. a. H., Cpl., 3 Lon. 

Fd. Co 2/10/16 

Hatt, T. E., Sgt., 18 Bn. .. 1/7/17 

Hawkes, a. R., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. 19/10/16 

Hawkins, C, Sgt., 19 Bn. . . 5/10/18 

Hawkins, T. H., Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 6/3/17 

Hawkins. \V., Sgt.. 23 Bn. . . 10/9/1S 
Hay, J. H., Cpl., X/47 T.M.B. 7/3/18 

Haycock, S. F., Sgt., 15 Bn. 3/11/16 

Hayemes.W.J., L.-Cpl.. 24 Bn. 21/4/18 
Hayes, A. E. J., Dvr., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. .. .. 11/12/18 

Hayes, H. J., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 3/6/16 

H.^YES, W. A., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 16/9/18 
Hayley. H.. Cpl., X/47 T.M.B. 16/10/18 

Haynes, G. E., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Haysman, L., Pte., 22 Bn. .. 10/10/16 

Hayward, C. R., Sgt., 8 Bn. 16/7/17 
Hazelwood, a. \V., Pte., 24 

Bn., att. 142 T.M.B. . . 8/9/18 
Hazlett, F. C., Sgt., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 1 5/9/1 6 

Heard, H. E., Pte., 22 Bn. .. 20/12/17 

Hearn, S., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 25/12/17 

Heath, G. H., Dvr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 25/2/19 

Henderson, G., Cpl., 21 Bn., 

att. 142 T.M.B 15/9/16 

Hendry, H. O., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 7/10/16 
Henington. S., Spr., 520 Fd. 

Co. . . 23/4/18 

*Henrick, E. a., Cpl., 24 Bn. 7/10/16 
Herbert, S. K.. Pte., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Arab 19/9/18 

Herliky, M., Pte., 24 Bn. .. 21/4/18 

Herwin, E., Pte., M.G. Bn... 21/10/18 

Heryet, R., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 2/10/16 

Heslewood, a., Rfn., 21 Bn. 25/4/18 

Hewitt, S. F., Pte., 22 Bn... 19/9/18 

Hewson, a. E., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 16/7/17 

Hibbert, F., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn.. . 1/9/17 

Hickey. C. T., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 27/4/18 
*Hickman. E. H., Cpl., Z/47 

T.M.B 15/6/16 

Hicks, H. E., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 2/5/18 

Higgins, J. L., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 30/4/18 
High, S. B., Sgt., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A. 20/11/16 

Hiles, J. H. A., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 21/10/18 

Hill, A. G., Cpl., 18 Bn. . . 26/6/17 

Hill, E. J., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 14/8/ 18 

Hill, F. T., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 11/10/18 
Hill, G. W., Cpl., 236 Bde., 

Rt'A 2/7/17 

Hill, H. G., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Hiil, J., L.-Cpl, 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 7/10/18 

Hills, F. \V., Gnr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

Hills, H. \V., Spr., 520 Fd. 

Co 19/5/16 

Hills, L. G., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 8/6/16 
Hinde. W. T., Bdr. Tptr., 

H.Q.R.A 15/9/16 

Hirst, J., Sgt., 20 Bn. .. 15/9/16 

Hiscocks, p. C., Cpl., 15 Bn. 28/12/17 
Hitchcock, A. V. B., Sgt., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. .. .. 19/9/17 
Hitchcock, H. H., Sgt., 18 Bn. 29/4/17 

Hitchcock, R.W.,Rfn., 18 Bn. 2/10/16 

HoARE, H. S., Spr., Sig. Co.. . 15/9/16 

HoBBs, A. E., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. 23/6/17 

HoBDEN, F. C, Pte., 24 Bn.. . 21/6/17 

Hocking, P. F., Sgt., 21 Bn.. . 20/6/17 
Hockley, H. J., Pte., 15 Bn. 17/9/18 

HoGwooD, H., Drmr., 15 Bn. 2/5/16 
Holdway, J. A., Dvr., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. . . . . 9/5/18 

Hole, J. E., Pte., 24 Bn. .. 5/10/18 
Holland, G. A., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 2/10/16 

HOLLINGTON, T. W., L.-Cpl., 

17 Bn. 7/10/16 

HoLLiNG WORTH, F., RIh., 8 Bn. 7/10/16 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.M. contd. 

HOLLOWAY, 11. J., C.Q.M.S., 

22 Bn. 15/9/16 

HoLLOwAY, R., Rfn., 21 Bn. 6/6/17 
HoLMAN, F. J., 2nd Cpl., 520 

Fd. Co 19/5/16 

Holmes, A., Pte., 15 Bn. .. 28/1 1/18 
HoLNESs, E., Pte., 5 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. .. ,. .. 11/6/16 

Holt, F., Pte., 15 Bn., att. 140 

M.G. Co 15/9/16 

HoMBURG, W. J., Gnr., 235 

Bde., R.F.A 1 7/7/1 7 

Honey, J., Rfn.. 17 Bn 24/12/17 

HoNiG, H., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 24/6/17 

Hood, J. E., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 27/10/18 
Hooper. G. W., L.-Cpl.. 4 Fd. 

Co. . . . . . , . . 2/10/16 

Hope, F., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 7/10/18 
Hope, W., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 13/8/18 
Hopkins, A. W., Pte., 24 Bn. 6/9/17 
Hopkins, P.. Bglr., 21 Bn. . . 7/10/16 
HoRAN. C, Pte., 22 Bn. . . 21/10/18 

Horlev, \V. E., Pte., 7 Bn. . 19/10/16 
Horn, H., C.S.M.. 19 Bn. . . 5/10/18 
HoRwooD, A. G., L.-Cpl., 140 

M.G. Co. , . . . . . 7/10/16 

♦Houghton, H.. Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 3/6/16 
How, T., Sgt., 23 Bn.. . .. 14/11/17 

How, W. G., Pte.. 19 Bn. . . 2/10/16 
Howard, G. B.. Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/18 
Howard, W. T., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 7/10/16 
HowARTH, G. F. W., Pte., 19 

Bn .. ., 15/9/16 

Howell, F. A., Cpl., 17 Bn... 24/10/16 
Hubbard. G., Cpl., 17 Bn. .. 16/9/18 
Hubbard, O. J., Rfn., 18 Bn. 26/12/17 
Huckstepp, A. R., Rfn., 21 Bn. 29/10/16 
Huggins, p., Pte., 7 Bn. .. 24/6/17 
Hughes, E., Sgt., 19 Bn. .. 24/12/17 
Hughes, F. T., Sgt., 22 Bn.. . 22/4/18 
Hulland, R. p., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 19/10/16 
Humphrey, H. J.. L.-Cpl.. 18 

Bn., att. 141 T.M.B. . . 19/10/16 

Humphries, G. E.. Spr., Sig. 

Co. . . . . . . . . 2/10/16 

Hunt, C, L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 6/11/18 
Hunt, D. L. A., Pte., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 2/8/17 

Hunt, M. R.. Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 24/6/17 
Hurst. R. C, Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 22/4/17 
HusoN, A., Rfn., 6 lin. . . 17/5/16 

Hutchinson. L., I'tc, 15 Bn. 3/11/16 
Hyder, H., Pte, 7 Bn. .. 24/6/17 

Hynes, J. A., Sgt., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 20/5/18 

Ibbett, C, C.S.M., 15 Bn. .. 17/9/18 
Ingles, J. H., Pte., 22 Bn. . . ig/9/18 
Ingram, O. W., Gnr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 26/8/16 

Irving, W J , Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 7/10/16 

Irwin. W. L., Pte., 15 Bn. .. 25/12/17 
Ives. E. 1., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/18 
Ives, W. E., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 26/6/17 
Jacobs, A., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 19/10/16 
Jago, p. J., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 28/12/17 

Janaway, W. H., Rfn.. 21 Bn. 27/1 1/18 
Janes, H., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Gnr., 235 Bde., 

20/1 1/16 



1 6/9/ 1 8 


1 5/9/16 

Jeans, C. 


Jeater, H. W., L.-Cpl., 518 

Fd. Co 

Jefferies, W.. Cpl., 18 Bn.. . 
Jeffery, J. P.. L.-Cpl., 8 Bn., 

att. 140 T.M.B 

Jeffreys, H. A., Sgt., 17 Bn. 
Jenkin, a., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Jenner, J. H., Rfn., 8 Bn. . 
Jephcott, H. B., Rfn., 8 Bn. 28/12/17 
Johns. A., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 20/8/19 
*Johns, J., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. . . 10/10/16 
Johns, T. H., Cpl., Y/47 T.M.B. 14/7/16 
Johnson, F., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 2/10/16 
Johnson, H. R., Bv.-S.M., 21 

Bn., att. 142 T.M.B. 
Johnson, J., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Johnson, F. A., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 
Johnson, S. E., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Johnson, T., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Johnson, \V., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Jones, A., Pte.. 22 Bn. 
Jones, A.. Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Jones, A.. Cpl., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Jones, A. J., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 
Jones, A. R., Pte., 4 R.W.F. 
Jones, D., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Jones, F. J., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 
Jones, G., Pte, 4 R.W.F. . . 
Jones, J., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Jones, L. A., Pte.. 4 R.W.F.. . 
Jones. O. M., Pte., 4 R.W.F. 
Jones, P., Pte., 7 Bn. 
Jones, R., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Jones, R., L.-Cpl., 4 R.W.F. 
Jones, W., Pte., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Jordan, C, Cpl., 18 Bn. 
Jordan, F., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Jordan, T., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Joy, H. G., Sgt.. 22 Bn. 
Judson, E. F., Pte, 15 Bn. . . 
Kampfe, H. G., Rfn., 18 Bn. 24/12/17 
Kavanagh, J., Dvr., 235 Bde., 


Kaye, a., Cpl., 18 Bn. 
Kearney. W., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 
Keep, A., Cpl., 23 Bn. 
Kelly, F., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Kelsey, F. G., Rfn., 18 Bn. 
Kemp, C., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 

1 9/9/ 1 8 










1 9/5/ 1 6 



1 5/9/16 

1 5/9/ 1 6 

M.M. contd.j 



Kemp, W., Rfn., 17 Bu. . . 30/7/iS 

Kennings, R., Pte., 22 Bn... 22/4/18 

Kent, J. A., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Kerry, A. J., L.-CpL, 24 Bn. 11/10/18 

Kevser, E. F., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. 15/9/1O 
Kilburn, F. C, Sgt., 237 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/6/16 

Kimber, E. H., Rfn., 6 Bn.. . 6/8/17 

Kindell, R., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 8/9/18 

King, A. J., Sgt., 19 Bn. . . 11/7/16 
King, A. R., Dvr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 16/10/18 

King, H., Pte., 4 R.W.F. . . 24/10/16 

King, J. E., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 7/10/16 

King, L. E., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 15/6/16 

King, R. D., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 1/7/17 

King, W. C, Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

King, W. T.. Pte., 20 Bn. . . 23/6/17 

Kingham, S. G., Sgt., 18 Bn. 26/12/17 

Kingston, A. R., Cpl., 21 Bn. 16/9/18 

Knibb, \V.. L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. , . 15/9/16 

Knight, A., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 28/12/17 

Knight, H., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn.. . 15/9/16 

Knott, G. E., Pte.. 15 Bn. . . 2/5/18 
Knowles, E., L.-Cpl., 518 Fd. 

Co. . . . . . . . . 23/4/18 

Knowles, W. H., Dvr., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. . . . . 20/5/18 

Kramer, G., Cpl., 8 Bn. . . 13/7/16 
Kynaston, T. v., 2nd Cpl., 

4 Fd. Co. . . . . . . 15/9/16 

Lainsbury, L.W., Rfn., 17 Bn. 7/10/18 

Lait, C. J., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 20/12/17 
Lamb, R. C, 2nd Cpl., 518 Fd. 

Co 28/2/18 

Lambert, W., Rfn., 21 Bn... 7/10/16 

Lamberth, B., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 15/9/16 

Laming, A. H., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 7/10/16 
Lamkin, W., Cpl., 8 Bn., att. 

140 T.M.B 24/6/17 

Lancaster, S. C, Rfn., 21 Bn. 10/9/17 
Lane, A. R., Pte., 140 M.G. 

Co. . . . . . . . . 7/10/16 

Lane. C. J. V., Pte., 24 Bn.. . 21/4/18 

Lane, C. W.. Pte.. 23 Bn. . . 19/9/18 

Lane, J. H., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 23/1/18 

Lane, M., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Lane. W., Rfn., 18 Bn. .. 22/4/17 

Lanes, F., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 30/4/18 

Larkins, F. J., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 29/12/17 

Latter, S. A.. Cpl.. 18 Bn. . , 24/12/17 

Lawler, a., Sgt.. 8 Bn. . . 15/9/16 

Lawrence, C. E., Sgt., 19 Bn. 5/10/18 

♦Lawrence, F. J., Gnr., D.A.C. 7/10/16 

Lawson, a. H., L.-Cpl.. 22 Bn. 15/9/16 

Lay, H. J.. Cpl.. 21 Bn. . . 29/10/16 

Layfield, T. L.. Pte., 23 Bn. 2/10/16 

Laiarus, P.. Pte., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/18 

Lba, C, Sgt., 19 Bn 26/9/17 

Leader. G., Pte., 22 Bn. . , 7/10/18 

Leaky, J. H., Sgt., 18 Bu. . . 24/12/17 

Leary. W., Cpl., 7 Bn. ,. 1/1/18 

Lecomber. J., Rfn.. 17 Bn... 16/9/18 

Lee. C, Sgt.. 4 R.W.F. . . 10/10/16 

Lee. J. M. D.. Pte., 20 Bn. . . 30/4/18 
Leek. A. E., L.-Cpl.. Div. 

Train, att. 5 Lon. Fd. Amb. 15/12/17 

Lehan. W. C, Pte.. 15 Bn. . , 19/10/16 

Leitch, A., Pte., 24 Bn. .. 11/10/18 

Leslie, J., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 28/12/17 

Leslie, R., Rfn.. 6 Bn. . . 2/10/16 

Levey, E., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 25/4/18 

*Levey.O. L. H., C.S.M., 15 Bn. 7/10/1S 

Levinskey. a., Rfn.. 17 Bn. 29/8/17 

Lewington, C. J., Pte., 15 Bn. 17/9/18 

Lewis, A. E., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 8/6/16 
Lewis, A. M., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn.. 

att. 141 T.M.B 22/4/17 

Lewis, F. A., Sgt.. 15 Bn. . . 7/10/16 

Lewis. W. A., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. 28/6/17 

Liddiard, C. J.. Pte.. 22 Bn. 7/10/18 

Light. H., Gnr., Y/47 T.M.B. 25/2/19 
Lincoln. F. W., Pte., 140 

M.G. Co 8/6/16 

Lindley, A., L.-Cpl., M.G. Bn. 11/10/18 

LiNNELL, H. J., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Lippiatt, F. J. O.. Sgt., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. .. .. 2/7/17 

*LisHMAN, T. B., Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 22/4/17 
Litchfield, H., Pte., 15 Bn., 

att. 140 M.G. Co. . . . . 15/9/16 

Little J. T., Pte., 24 Bn. .. 21/4/ 18 

Lloyd. A., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. . . 10/10/16 

Lloyd. E., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 24/10/16 

Lloyd, F. W.. Rfn.. 17 Bn... 16/6/16 
Loader. S. T.. L.-Cpl.. 23 Bn. 7/5/17 

Lock, A. H., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 7/10/16 

LocKWOOD. P. J.. Rfn., 17 Bn. 2/10/16 

Lohmann, B. H.. Pte.. 20 Bn. 15/9/16 

Longman. S., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 16/9/18 

Longmuir, H. F.. Cpl., 24 Bn. 9/12/16 

Lothian, R., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 6/3/17 

Love. J. W., Pte., 22 Bn. .. 18/6/17 

LovELocK.H.W., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 8/6/16 

Lowe. T. S.. Pte.. 22 Bn. . . 20/12/17 

Lowthorp, a. T., Pte.. 24 Bn. 15/9/16 

Lucas. H. G.. Cpl.. 22 Bn. . . 19/9/18 

Lumsden, J., Rfn.. 6 Bn. .. 24/6/17 
Lupton. F.. Sgt., 236 Bde.. 

R.F.A 9/5/18 

Luton, J.. Pte.. 7 Bn. .. 26/4/17 

Lyne. R., Cpl.. Elec. Engrs.. . 15/9/16 
McCabe. H., Pte.. 5 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. .. .. .. 23/6/17 

McCann, T., Rfn.. 17 Bn. . . 23/6/17 

McClean, J., Rfn.. 18 Bn. .. 13/11/18 

McCrea. F.. Sgt.. 23 Bn. . . 16/6/17 

McCullum, S.. L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 24/6/17 

MacDonald,J.W., Cpl., 22 Bn. 18/6/17 

McEwen, W. T.. Pte., 22 Bn. 22/4/18 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [m.M. contd. 

Macfarlane, \V. W., Sgt., 18 


McGregor, J. H., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
McIvER, E. A., C.Q.M.S., Div. 

Mackey, G. VV., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. 
Mackie, a., Ptc, 6 Lon. Fd. 

McKiNLEY, W. R., Sgt., 15 Bn. 
*. Mackintosh, D., Sgt., 142 

M.G. Co 

-McLean, A., L.-Cpl., 520 Fd. 

McLeod, F. \V.. Rfn., iS Bn. 
McMillan. J., Rfn., 18 Bn... 
McMoMES, D., Pte., ALT. Co.. 

att. 6 Lon. Fd. Amb. 
McMuLLEN, J., Pte., 142 M.G. 


Macnamara, W., Rfn., 18 Bn. 
McSvveeney, D., Pte., 22 Bn. 
McTaggart, C, Pte., 22 Bn. 
ALvDDOCK, F. E., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Maeder, F., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Mahoney, W., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. 
Maidment, F., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 
.Maidment, W.. Pte., 20 Bn. . . 
.Makepeace, W.G., Pte., 23 Bn. 
.\L\LES, W. H., Pte., 6 Bn. . , 
Malkinson, C, Sgt., 19 Bn.. . 
.Maloney, J. L., Pte., 15 Bn. 
.Manning, G., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 
.Manser, F., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn... 
.Mansfield, W. K., Cpl., 17 Bn 
*.Manthokp, C, Sgt.. 15 Bn. . . 
-March, G. W. F., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
* March, V., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 
Marchant, W., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 
Margetts, L. M., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Markham, a. W., Pte., 19 Bn. 
Markham, C. a., Rfn., 8 Bn. 
Marley, B. L., Sgt., 142 M.G. 

Co. . . 
Marr, G., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 
Marritt, F. C, Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
Marshall, E. A., Cpl., 17 Bn. 
Marson. G., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 
Martin, T., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Martin, \V., Spr., 520 Fd. Co. 
Martindale, .\.P., Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Mascall, E. C, Pte., 141 M.G. 


Mason, A. J., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 
.Mason, E., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Matheson, F. E.. Pte., 15 Bn. 
Matthews, \V., Ptc., 24 Bn. . . 
AL^L'L, J., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Maunder, H. F., Ptc, 15 Bn. 
May, L. C, Pte., 22 Bn. 
IVLvYES, A. E., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 

1 5/9/ 1 6 




1 9/9/ 1 8 


















19 10/16 













1 5/9/ 1 6 
















♦Mead, A. W.. Pie., 24 Bn. . . 3/6/ 

Mead, H. A., Pte.. 20 Bn. . . 2/10/ 
Meade, H. W.. Pte., 23 Bn.. . 28/12/ 

Meader, F., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 24/6/ 

Medus, W., Sgt., Elec. Engrs. 15/9/ 
Meering, E., Gnr., 237 Bde., 

R.F.A 7/10/ 

Mellors, \V., Cpl., 238 Bde., 

R.F.A 14/6/ 

Melville, R., Dvr.,520 Fd.Co. 3/1/ 
Meneer, a., Gnr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/6/ 

Merrill, E., Pte., 5 Lon. P'd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 29/9/ 

Merritt. H. C, L.-Cpl., 1/3 

Lon. Fd. Co. . . . . . . 2/10/ 

Messenger, H., Pte., 22 Bn. 16/7/ 

Metcalfe, H., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/ 

METHERINGHAM,G.,Cpl., 20 Bn. I/9/ 

Mew, W., Sgt. Drmr., 24 Bn. 18/11/ 
Michael, H. W., Cpl., 19 Bn. 1/9/ 
Middleton, a. H., Pte., 20 Bn. 30/12/ 

♦Middleton, R. a., Rfn., 21 Bn. 2/1/ 
Miles, G., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 30/4/ 
Miles, W. A., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 19/10/ 
Miller, C, Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 16/6/ 
Miller, J. E., Rfn., 18 Bn... 5/10/ 

*Miller, W. F., Sgt., 18 Bn.. . 15/9/ 
Millett, F., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 17/5/ 
Mills, C, Sgt., M.G. Bn. . . 16/9/ 
Mills, J. R.. L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. . . 20/6/ 
Mills, T., Pte., 7 Bn. . . . . 1/1/ 

MiLLSOM, S. T., Pte., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . . . . . 23/6/ 

MiLLSON, C. T., Pte.. M.G. Bn. 16/9/ 
MiLROY, D. H. J., Pte., 15 Bn. 28/12/ 
Milton, J. W., Pte., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 28/12/ 

MiLNER, M. J., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 19/10/ 
Missions, A., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 2S/12/ 
Missions, A., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 28/12 
Mitchell, G.. Sgt., E. Surrey 

R., att. 23 Bn 6/11/ 

MoNCHO, A., Spr., Sig. Co. . , 3/6/ 

♦MoNCK, H., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 25/10/ 

Moore, H., Cpl., Elec. Engrs. 15/9/ 
Moore, S.. Rfn.. 6 Bn. . . 19/10/ 

Moore, T. F., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 30/4/ 
Morgan, W. W., Pte., M.G. Bn. 17/9/ 
Morrill, A., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 2/10/ 
Morris, E., Pte., 4 R.W.F... 7/10/ 
.Morris, J., Rfn., 18 Bn. .. 22/4/ 
Morris, W. A., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 16,9/ 
Morris, W. D., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 2/10/ 
Moss, E., Rfn., 21 Bn. .. 20/12/ 

Moss, E. H., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 5/10/ 
Mo.XEY, S., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. .. 7/10/ 
Moyne. R., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 13/7/ 

MuLLiN. J. C, Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 15/9/ 
MuLLiNS, W. E., Cpl., 21 Bn 20/6/ 







Phclo by\ [F. A. Suuine. 

Brig.-Generai, F. G. lewis, C.B., C.:\I.G., T.D. 
Commanding 142nd Infantry Brigade, 1915-1917. 

Faciiip vae 272 

M.M. contd.] 



MuNDAV, F. A., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 5/10/18 
MuRDiN.E., Pte., E. Surrey R., 

att. 23 Bn 6/11/ ' 

Murphy, A., Rfn., 6 Rn. . . 15/9/ 

Murphy, A., Cpl., .M.G. Bn.. . 7/10/ 

Murphy, W. J., Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 1/9/ 
MURRAY,F., Pte.. ^[.T. Co., att. 

5 Lon. Fd. Amb. . . . . 23/4/ 

Murray, R., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 24/10/ 

MuRRiL, \V. H., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 19/9/ 
MussABiNi, J., L.-Cpl., i/4 F(l. 

Co ■ . . 7/7/ 

Myatt, a. F. W., Pte., 1.5 Bn. 28/6/ 

Myers, J., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 30/7/ 

Neal, J., Cpl., 24 Bn. . . .. 11/10/ 

Neal, \V. J., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 20/12/ 

Neale, A."E., Pte., 23 Bn. .. 6/ti/ 
Neale, S. C, Pte., 5 IvOn. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 23/4/ 

Neale, W. R., Pte., 24 Bn.. . 7/10/ 

♦Neill, J. J., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 28/6/ 

Nelson, G. W., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 16/9/ 

Neve, E. M., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 29/10/ 

Newman, A. M., Sgt., 23 Bn. 20/8/ 
NewjMAN, W. J., L.-Cpl., 21 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 29/10/ 

Newton, C, Pte., 7 Bn. . . 7/10/ 

Newton, J. W., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 30/4/ 

Newton, N., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 28/6/ 

Nev/ton, R. G., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 8/6/ 

Nicholas, R. S., Pte., 15 Bn. 15/9/ 

Nicholls, C. VV., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 16/7/ 

Nicholls, T., Sgt.. 4 R.W.F. 30/4/ 
Nightingale, J., L.-Cpl., M.G. 

, Bn. . . . . . . . . i6/9/ 

Noble, A., Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 25/9/ 

Nodder, J., L.-Cpl.. 7 Bn. . . 24/6/ 

Noel, G. W., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 2/10/ 
♦Noel, W. P.. Cpl., 6 Lon. Bdc., 

R.F.A 3/6/ 

Norford, W., Cpl., 7 Bn. . . 24/6/ 

Norman, F. D., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/ 

Norman, H., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 20/5/ 

NoRRis, H. R.. Rfn.. 18 Bn.. . 26/6/ 
NoTT, A. H., Sgt., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 20/8/ 

NuTT, G., Pte., 19 Bn. .. 15/9/ 

Oakev, a., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. . . 7/10/ 
Oastler, a. C, Dvr., 236 Bde.. 

R.F.A. . . . . . . 2/7/ 

O'Donnell, W. J., Sgt., M.G. 

Bn 30/4/ 

Oldfield, E. J., L.-Cpl, i8Bn. 19/10/ 
Oliver. J., Steff-Sgt., A.S.C., 

M.T.. att. 6 Lon. Fd. Amb. 13/9/ 

Onions, T. H., Pte.. 24 Bn. . . 21/6/ 
Oram, F. J., Pte., 20 Bn., att. 

141 T.M.B 17/5/ 

Orbell, R., Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 23/6/ 

-O'Regan, p., Pte.. 24 Bn. . . 25/11/ 

Orriss. C, Bdr., 238 Bde., 

R.F.A 11/10/ 

Orton, W.. Rfn.. 17 Bn. ., 16/9/ 
Owen. R. G.. L.-Cpl.. 21 Bn. . . 25/4/ 
Owen, W. R., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 7/10/ 
Owens, E. T., Pte., 4 R.W.F. 28/6/ 
Pace. E., Pte., 19 Bn. . . 1/9/ 

Packman. E.. Pte., 22 Bn. .. 21/10/ 
Page, F. G., Rfn.. 21 Bn. . . 27/10/ 
Paice. W., Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 28/12/ 

Paine, E., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 22/4/ 

Palmer, F. A., Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 11/7/ 
Parker, F., Pnr.. Sig. Co. . . 2/10/ 
Parker, H., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 16/9/ 
Parkin, W. R., L.-Cpl.. 23 Bn. 29/12/ 
Parkins, A. C, Pte., 24 Bn. . . 11/10/ 
Parkyn, J. R., Sgt., 22 Bn... 20/12/ 
Parncutt, G. L., Pte.. 20 Bn. 30/12/ 
Parnell, C. H., L.-Cpl.. 6 Bn. 6/3/ 
Parossien, F. E., L.-Cpl., 21 

Bn 29/10/ 

Parriss, H., Pte., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 18/12/ 

Parrott, a., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 20/6/ 
Parry, B.. Rfn., 17 Bn. . . 15/9/ 
Parry, J. B., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 7/10/ 
Passmore, \V.. L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. 23/6/ 
Paterson, M., Sgt., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 10/10/ 

Patrick, F. W., Sgt., 18 Bn. 5/10/ 
Patston, H. R., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 7/10/ 
Pattison, S., Cpl., 15 Bn. . . 25/12/ 
''Payne, H., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 3/6/ 

Pead, R. D., Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 23/6/ 
Pearce, a. a., Cpl., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A. 19/9/ 

Pearce, J., Gnr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 16/10/ 

Pearse, a. E., Pte., 15 Bn.. . 28/6/ 
Pemberton, H. W., L.-Cpl.. 

8 Bn. 24/6/ 

Penfold, J., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 7/7/ 
Pennell, C. E., Cpl., 6 Bn.. . 24/6/ 
Pennicard. C. D.. Sgt., 22 Bn. 15/9/ 
Pepperill, a., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. 28/12/ 
Percy, H., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/ 
Perrons, C. A., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 7/10/ 
Perry, E. C, Sgt.. 520 Fd. Co. 23/6/ 
Perry, T. H., Cpl., 8 Bn. . . 25/12/ 
Ferryman, W. C, S.-Sgt., 4 

Lon. Fd. Amb 3/6/ 

Pert, W. D., Gnr.. 237 Bde., 

R.F.A 7/10, 

Pett, E. J., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn... 28/12/ 
Pettitt, G., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 26/9/ 

Phelan. S. F.. L.-Cpl.. 22 Bn. 14/8/ 
Phelps. W., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 21/6/ 
Philby, C, Pte., 22 Bn. . . 15/9/ 
Phillips, A., Pte., M.T. Co., 

att. 4 Lon. Fd. Amb. . . 23/4/18 


THE 47TH fLoN-DON) DIVISION. [M.M. contd. 

Phillips, C. B., Pte.. 15 Bn. . . 
Phillips, E., Dvr., 8 Bde., 


Phillips, F. G., L.-Cpl., Div. 

Train, att. 5 Lou. Fd. Amb. 
Phillips, G. B., Cpl., M.G. Bn. 
Phillips, L., Rfn., 18 Bn. 
Philpotts, W. C, Sgt., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. 
Pilgrim, K., Pte., 15 Bn. 
PiLLEY, E. C., Sgt., 7 Bn. 
Pincham, a., Pte., M.T. Co., 

att. H.Q.R.A 

PiNDEK, H. F., Sgt., 15 Bn. . . 
Pipe, J. W., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
Pitcher, H. A.. Sgt., 18 Bn.. . 
Plant, A. E. B., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 
Plumley. a. W., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Plummer, D., Dvr., Div. Train, 

att. 5 Lon. Fd. Amb. 
Plummer, P. G., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Plumridge, J. S., Dvr., Div. 

Plunkett, H., Sgt., 19 Bn... 
Pollard, J. E., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Pollard, S., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Ponsford, E. J., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Poole, A., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Poole, S. G., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 
PoRTCH, W. T., Cpl., 15 Bn. . . 
PoRTWAY, J.. Pte., 24 Bn. 
Potter, L. S., Pte.. M.G. Bn. 
Powell, A., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Powell, W. H., Sgt., Div. 

Pragnell, F. J., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Pragnell, H., Sgt., 1/3 Fd. 


Pralet, E., Rfn., 17 Bn. 
Pressey, J. H., Cpl., 23 Bn.. . 
Price, C., Gnr., 237 Bde., 


Price, E. C, Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 
Price, J. H., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Price, N., Pte., 4 R.W.F. .. 
Price, R. H., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Price, R. L., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 
Price, W. H. L., Sgt., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
Prime, J., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Prisley, C, Pte., 20 Bn. 
Prockter, L. a., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Proctor, A. J., Pte., 19 Bn... 
Pruce, B., Cpl., 21 Bn. 
Pummery, C. W., Sgt., 233 

Bde., R.F.A 

Purchase, A. R., Tptr., 237 

Bde., R.F.A 

Purchase, J., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
Putnam, T, G., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 




7/ 10/18 












1 5/9/ 1 6 

1 5/9/ 1 6 




1 9/9/ 1 8 

1 6/6/ 1 6 









1 6/9/ 1 8 


7/1 0/16 








1 5/9/ 1 6 




1 7/9/1 7 




Quirk, H. P., Pie., 15 Bn. . . 
Rams.«ly, C. v., Rfn., i8 Bn.. . 
Rance, C. H., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 
Rand, J., Rfn., 17 Bn 
Ranson, W., Rfn., 18 Bn. .. 
liAPPS, F., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 
Rasberry, M. C, Cpl., 7 Bn.. 

att. 140 T.M.B 

Rattray, G., Pte., 24 Bn. 

Ray, A., Pte, 23 Bn 

Rayner, J. B., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 
Reddick, G., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 
Redhead, E. H., L.-Cpl., 2^ 

Bn '. 

Redman, L., Cpl., 22 Bn. 
Reeves, .\. S., Pte., 22 Bn . . 
Regan. J., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. .. 
Reid, j. B. C, Sgt., 21 Bn... 
Renie, F. a., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Revell, B., Rfn., 8 Bn., att. 

140 T.M.B 

Reyner, .\., Cpl., M.T. Co., 

att. 6 Lon. Fd. .\mb. 
Rhodes, A., Sgt.. 8 Bn. 
Rhodes, E., Pte., 23 Bn. 
RiBBiTS, A. \V., Rfn., 21 Bn.. . 
Rice, W., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Richards, A. E., Cpl., 20 Bn. 
Richards, B. J., Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
Richards, J., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
Richardson, A. E., L.-Cpl., 

20 Bn. 

Richardson, E. E., L.-Cpl., 

21 Bn. 

Richardson, VV'., Cpl., 24 Bn. 
Richbell, J., L.-Cpl., 8 Bu., 

att. 140 T.M B 

Rickard, W., Sgt., 5 Lon. Fd. 

Rickells, W., L.-Cpl., 24 Bn. 
Ricker, E., Pte., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Ricks, V. B., Pte., E. Surrev 

R., att. 23 Bn 

*RiDUY, A. E., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 
Ridgeley, S. .\., Cpl., 15 Bn. 
Ridley, A., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Ridley, R. H., Rfn., 21 Bn.. . 
RiNGE, \V. F., Cpl., Sig. Co.. . 
RiTCHINGS, A. A. W., L.-Cpl., 

15 Bn. 

Rivers, A. J., Pte., 142 M.G. 


Rix, .\. v., Pte, 23 Bn. 
RoAKE, C. W., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn., 

att. 142 T.M.B 

RouERTS, A. W., Pte., 20 Bn. 
Roberts, G., Pte., 4 R.W F. 
Roberts, H.. Pte., 19 Bn. 
Roberts, P. T., Cpl., 24 Bu. . . 



25/1 1/18 







8/6/ 1 6 




2/1/ 18 

2; 10/16 




19/ 5/16 




20/5/ 1 8 
1 6/9/ 1 8 


1 6/6/ 1 7 

1 6/6/ 16 


8 6/16 

M.M. contd.] 



Roberts. W. E., Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Roberts, W. L.. Pte., 4 R.W.F 
Robertson, J., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 
Robins, G. \V., Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 
Robinson, A., Pte., 24 Bn. .. 
Robinson, A. S. C, Pte., 24 


Robinson, J., L.-Cpl., 520 Fd. 

Co. . . 
Robinson, T.. Rfn., 17 Bn . . 
Rock, W., Pte., 6 Lon. Fd. 

RoDWELL, J. A., Sgt., 17 Bn. 
Rogers, J. M., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. 
Rogers, M.. Sgt., 4 R.W.F.. . 
RoLFE, A. T., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Rooke, L. H. H., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Rose, G. T., Pte., 4 R.W.F. . . 
Rose, J., Cpl.. 6 Bn.. . 
Rose, W. T., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
Rouse, W. T.. Spr., 1/4 Fd. 

Rout, F., Pte., 19 Bn. 
RowE, E., Cpl., 18 Bn. 
Rowlands, T., Sgt.. 4 R.W.F. 
Roylance, W. G., Pte., 15 Bn. 
RucKERT, W., Bdr., 236 Bde., 


RuFFELL, S. G., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 
Rumble, A., Cpl., 236 Bde., 


Rush, C. M., C.S.M., 6 Bn. . . 
Rushbrook, D., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Russell, F., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Russell, J., Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Ry.\n, F. C., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 
Ryan, W., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Sadler, B. G., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn., 

att. 142 T.M.B 

Sagar, H., Rfn., 21 Bn. 
Sage, H. J., Gnr., 237 Bde., 


Sage, W., Pte., 7 Bn 

Sainsbury, F. a., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
Salisbury, E., C.Q.M.S., 23 


Salisbury, T., Spr., 4 Fd. Co. 
Salt, J. A., Cpl., 8 Bn. 
Sanderson, W. K., Pte., 15 


Sandiford, W. G., L.-Cpl., 

Div. Train . . 
Sansome, E. J. O., Cpl., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. 
Sarah, E. J., Dvr., 1/3 Fd. Co. 
Sargant, T., Cpl., 20 Bn. 
Saunders, A. H., Cpl.. 17 Bn. 
Saunders, W. H., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Scaiff, E., Sgt., M.G. Bn. . . 
ScANLON, J. p., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn. 


• 30/4/18 



25/1 I/I8 








7/ 1 0/18 

2 1/6/ 1 7 









_ l_ 







1 5/9/ 1 6 


1 5/9/ 1 6 

1 5/9/ 1 6 
1 6/6/ 1 7 

1 5/9/ 1 6 
1 5/9/ 1 6 



Scarsbrook, G. F., L.-Cpl., 17 

Bn 30/9/17 

Schmalzen, A. P., L.-Cpl., 17 

Bn 7/10/18 

ScnoFiELD, E., Staff-Sgt., 6 

Lon. Fd. .\mb 11/6/ 16 

SciPio, G. E., L.-Cpl., i8 Bn. 26/6/17 
Scott, E. F., Sgt., 24 Bn., att. 

142 Bde. H.Q 21/4/18 

Scott, H. E., lUn., 6 Bn. .. 24/6/17 

Scott, J., Pte., 22 Bn. .. 16/7/16 

Seale, W., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. .. 16/9/18 

Searle, L., Sgt.. 6 Bn. .. 6/8/17 

Seddo.m, J. H., Sgt., 7 Bn. . . 24/6/17 

Seldon, S. J., Spr., Sig. Co. . . 1 1/10/18 

Sewell, G. H., Pte., 24 Bn.. . 5/10/18 

Sexton, H. J., Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 29/10/16 

Sexton, W. G., Cpl., 21 Bn. . . 20/6/17 
Shackel, G. J., Cpl., I '4 Fd. 

Co • .. 7/7/16 

SnANLKY, *J., Rfn., 18 Bn. .. 24/12/17 

Sharpe, R. H., Sgt., 22 Bn.. . 18/6/17 

Shattock, G., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/18 
Shaw, A. W., Sgt., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 18/12/17 

Sh.\w, F. W. R., Pto., E. Surrev 

R., att. 23 Bn " i9/9/i? 

Shaw, J., Sgt., V/47 T.M.B. . . 23/6/17 

Shaw, R., Pte., 140 M.G. Co. . . 24/6/17 

Shaw. W., Rfn., 6 Bn. .. 2/10/16 

Sheldon, F. R., Rfn., 8 Bn . . 25/12/17 

Shelley, H. H., Spr., Sig. Co. 15/9/16 

Shelton, F. J., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 15/9/16 

Shepherd, G., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 24/6/17 
Shepherd. R. J., Cpl.. 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb.. att. Div. Train . . 14/6/18 

Shepherd, W., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 15/9/16 

Shepherd, W. J., Rfn., 17 Bn. 23/6/17 
Sherry, L. R., L.-Cp!., 20 

Bn. ., ,, .. .. 2/10/16 

Shew, G., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 30/12/17 

Shilcock, a., Pte.. 24 Bn. . . 21/6/17 

Shoemack, E., L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 5/10/18 

Shuster, R., Stafi-Sgt., A.O.C. 28/10/16 

SiBSON, A., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. .. 26/6/17 

♦Silvester. H. A., Sgt., 21 Bn. 25/4/18 

SiLLiCK, F. S., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 4/8/18 

SiMCOX, J. E., Sgt., M.G. Bn. 7/T0/18 
*SiMKiNS, B., L.-Cpl., 520 Fd. 

Co 3/1/18 

Simons, A., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 27/11/18 

Simpson, C, Sgt., 20 Bn. .. 15/9/16 
Simpson, J., Bdr., 235 Bde. 

R.F.A 23/6/17 

Simpson, W. A., Rfn., 18 Pn. 19/10/16 
Simpson, W. G., Pte., 22 Bn. 22/4/18 
Singleton, L. W., Pte., 24 Bn. 21/6/17 

Sleigh, H., L.-Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 24/10/16 
Slough, T. W., Sgt., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . . . , . i9,9/i3 


THK 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.M. contd. 

Small. F. G. H., Sgt., 23 Bn., 

att. 142 M.G. Co 

Small, J. A., Cpl., 8 Bn. 
Smallmax, E., Rfn., 17 Bn.. . 
*Smeed, r. A., Ptc, 5 Lon. Fd. 

S.MEDLEY, H. L., Pte., 15 Bn., 

att. 140 T.M.B 

Smith, A. C, L.-Cpl., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
Smith. C. B. L., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 
Smith, E. A., Gnr., 236 Bde , 


Smith, F., Cpl., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Smith, G., Ptc, 20 Bn. 
Smith, H.. Sgt., 17 Bn. 
T., L.-Cpl., 


Smith, J 

Smith, J. W., Cpl., X'47 


Smith, J. W. G., L.-Cpl., 20 

Bn. . . 
Smith, P. W., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
Smith. R., Sgt., 21 Bn. 
Smith, R. J., Pte., 23 Bn. 
Smith, S.. L.-Cpl., 18 Bn. 
Smith. S. A.. Pte., 15 Bn., att. 

Div. Obs. 
Smith, W. A.. Pte., 23 Bn. . . 
Smith, W. G. A., Pte", 22 Bn. 
Smith. W. J., Sgt., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Snow, H. B., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 
Snowden. F., Cpl., Y/47 


Snyder, J. L.. Gnr., 237 Bde., 


Sole, T. J.. L.-Cpl., 22 Bn... 
SousTER, A.. Pte.. 23 Bn. 
South, C., Cpl., 23 Bn. 
SouTHWooD, G. W., Pte., 22 

Bn. . . 
Sparham, a.. Pte., 15 Bn. 
Sparks, G., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Sparling, T. W., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Spear, A., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
Spear, B. H., Cpl., 17 Bn. 
Speauman. W., Rfn., 17 Bn.. . 
Spence, W., Rfn.. 17 Bn. 
Spooner, J., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn.. . 
Springett, L. S.. Pte.. 23 Bn. 
Squibb, W. F.. Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 
Staig, a. J., L.-Cpl., 8Bn. . . 
Stanton, J.. Cpl., 24 Bn. 
Stanton, W. S., Pte., 15 Bn. 
Starns, C., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Stead, C, Rfn.. 17 Bn. 
Steele, A , Pte., 7 Bn. 
Steele, H. J.. Sgt.. 15 Bn... 

1 5/9; 1 6 






8:6/ 1 6 

1 0/10/ 1 6 


1/9/ 1 7 





1 5/9/16 






1 9/9/ 1 8 

1 9/9/ 1 8 


1 3/4/ 1 7 

1 5/9/ 1 6 












1 5/9/ 1 6 

1 6/6/ 1 7 







I 5/9/16 


Stenning, E. C. L.-Cpl., 17 

Bn. .. .. ,. .. 254/18 

♦Stephens. S. G., Pte., 24 Bn. 7/10/16 
Stephenson, A.. Sgt., 22 Bn. 7/10/18 
Stephenson, R. H., L.-Cpl., 22 

Bn . . . . 19/9/18 

Stephenson, T. G., Sgt.. 20 

Bn 27/2/18 

Stevens, A. IL, Sgt., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. .. .. 14/10/17 

Stevens, G. H., Dvr., 23O 

Bde., R.F.A 9/5/18 

Stevens, H., L.-Cpl., 6 Bn.. . 6/3/17 
Stevens, J., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 7/10/16 
Stevens, P. F., Pte., 5 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 11/6/16 

Stevens, R., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn. 29/10/16 
Stevens. W. R.. Rfn., iS Bn. 5/10/ 18 
Stillman. C. G.. Cpl.. 1/3 Lon. 

Fd. Co . . 29/10/16 

Stoakes. E. J., Cpl., 22 Bn. . . 14/12/18 
Stocker, G.. Cpl., 22 Bn. . . 18/6/17 
Stocker, J. IL, Pte., 4 R.W.F. 1 1/10/16 
Stocking, A. A., Sgt., 22 Bn. 3/6/16 
Stodart, F. a., Pte., 15 Bn.. . 7/10/16 
Stokes, G. IL, Sgt., 24 Bn... 15/9/16 
Stokes, S. E.. Bdr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 20/11/16 

Stoner. H.. L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. . . 24/6/17 
Storey, T. W., Cpl., 19 Bn. . . 2/10/16 
Storey, W., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. .. .. .. 11/6/16 

Storey, W. R.. Pte., 19 Bn. . . 1/9/17 
Storie. J., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . ii/io;i8 
Stork, L. A.. Pte., 5 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 1 5/9/ 16 

Stow, H. R., Gnr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 7/5/18 

Strafford, H., Pte., 4 R.W.F. 28/6/17 
Strang, J., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 28/2/18 
Stringer, A.. Pte.. 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 30/6/17 

Stringer, E. C, Rfn., 21 Bn. 8/6/16 
Strugnell, E., Pte., 15 Bn.. . 2/5/18 
Strugnell, L. W.. Cpl.. 23 Bn. 3/1/17 
Stuart-Richardson, J. C, 

Cpl., Sig. Co. . . . . i5'9/i6 

Suffolk. J. H., Spr.. Sig. Co. 28/12/17 
Suggars, A., Dvr., 235 Bde.. 

R.F.A. .. .'. .. 15/9/16 

Suggars, T. H.. Rfn.. 8 Bn. . . 25/12/17 
SuLUNGS. E. N.. Sgt., 17 Bn. 27/10/17 
Sullivan, E. E.. Pte.. 20 Bn. 21/7/17 
Summerfield, D. F.. Sgt., 24 

Bn 15/9/16 

Sumner, H. J., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 8/6/16 
SuMi'TER, T. R.. Cpl.. 17 Bn. 30/9/17 
Surridge, a. J., Pte.. 13 Bn. 7/10/18 
SuTTLE, A.. L.-Cpl.. 24 lin. .. 20/12/17 
Sutton, J., Pte., 19 Bn. .. 26/12/17 

M.M. contd.] 



iSwAiN, J. H., Cpl., 15 Bn. 
SwAiT, A., Pic, Div. Cvc. Co. 
Swan, S. S., Pte., 4 R.W.F. . . 
SwANSON, A., Cpl., 6 Bn. 
SwiNscoE, E., Pte., 5 Lon. Fd. 

SwtNsoN, E. L., Spr., 1/3 Lon. 

Fd. Co 

Sycamore, H. W., C.Q.M.S., 

22 Bn. 
Symons, H., L.-Cpl., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . 
Symons, S. B., Dvr., 236 Bde., 


Tait, R. a.. Rfn., 8 Bn. 
♦Tarr J., Sgt. lyBn. .. 
Tarr, W. R., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 
Tatam, a., Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Taverner, W., Rfn., 18 Bn. . . 
Taylor, A. C, Sgt., 15 Bn.. . 
Taylor, A. L., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 
Taylor, C, Sgt.. M.G. Bn. . . 
Taylor, F. G., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 
Taylor, G.; Pte., 22 Bn. 
Taylor, J., Pte., 22 Bn. 
Taylor, J. E., Cpl., 8 Bn. 
T.\ylor. J. F., Pte., 15 Bn... 
J. F., Pte., 19 Bn.. . 
S. R., Dvr., Div. 




T.. Sgt.. 23 Bn. 


21 Bn. . . 
21 Bn.. . 


Taylor, T. A. 
Taylor, T. H., Rfn, 
Taylor, W. J., Gnr., 


Tellery, S. J., Pte.. 22 Bn.. . 
Terry, R.. Pte., 22 Bn. 
Tetlow, E., L.-Cpl., 22 Bn.. . 
*Thelwell, J., Cpl., 4 R.W.F. 
Thomas, C. B., Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 
Thomas, E., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Thomas, F., Dvr., H.Q.R.A... 
Thomas, H., Pte., 24 Bn. 
Thompson, A. A., L.-Cpl., 24 


Thompson, H. P., Rfn., 6 Bn. 
Thompson, J. F., Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 
Thompson. W., Pte., 19 Bn.. . 
Thomson, J. E., Pte., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. 
Thomson, N., Sgt., 19 Bn. . . 
Thomson, R., Sgt., 520 Fd. Co. 
Thorne. T. C, L.-Cpl., 6 Bn. 
Thornett, C, Sgt., 6 Bn. 
Thornhill, C. W., Cpl., M.G. 

Bn. . . 
Thornton, H., Cpl., 517 Fd. 

Co. . . 
Thorpe-Tr.^cey, R. J. S., 

L.-Cpl., 6 Bn 

1 5/9/ 1 6 



















2/ 10/16 

1 5/9/ 1 6 


1 6/2/ 1 7 




















Tickle, P. J., Cpl., 15 Bn. .. 2/5/16 
Tillson, E. F., Rfn., 8 Bn.. . 3/6/16 
Timmon?, J., Spr., Sig. Co. .. 11/10/18 
TiNGEY, A., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 30/7/18 
Titterell, F. a., Cpl., 15 Bn. 28/6/17 
TooKE, H. H.. Spr., Sig. Co.. . 8/9/18 
Toole, V., Bdr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A. . . . . . . 25/2/10 

Trafford, E. H., Sgt., 20 Bn. 15/9/it) 
Treadwell, T. H., Sgt., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 18/12/17 

Tredwell, W., Gnr., D.A.C. 3/7/17 
Treeby', a., Pte., 8 Bn., att. 

140 M.G. Co. .. ..25/12/17 

Treves, H. G., Sgt., 15 Bn.. . 25/12/17 
Troughton, F. E., Sgt., 20 Bn. 5/10/18 
Trump, W. H., Pte., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . . . . . 7/10/18 

Trumper, G. ]., Pte., 22 Bn. 10/10/16 
Tuhill, H. j. ,Bdr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 11/12/18 

TuRNBULL, H., Sgt., 6 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A. . . . . 15/9/16 

TuRNBULL, T. A., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. 24/6/17 
Turner, B. L., Sgt., 22 Bn.. . 7/10/18 
Turner, L. B. M., Cpl., X/47 

T.M.B 23/6/17 

Turner, J., Sgt., 4 R.W.F.. . 30/4/ 18 
Turner, P. W^. Sgt., 17 Bn., 

att. 141 T.M.B 15/9/16 

Turner, T. E. F., C.S.M., 15 

Bn 7/10/18 

Twine, R., Spr., Sig. Co. .. 11/10/18 
Twitchell, L., Dvr., D.A.C. 7/10/16 
Twitchen, H. O., Pte., 15 Bn. 16,9/18 
Twvman, W., Sgt., 5 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 29/9/16 

Tyrie, C. a., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 4/8/18 
Ty'rell, C. T., L.-Cpl., Div. 

Train . . . . . . 24,7/17 

Tysom, H., Cpl., 20 Bn. . . 5/10/18 

Underwood, A. E., Cpl., 15 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 28/12,17 

Underwood, C, Cpl., 520 Fd. 

Co 15/12/17 

Underwood, E. G., L.-Cpl., 

15 Bn 7,iO/i8 

Usherwood, J. H., Cpl., 24 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 21/4/18 

Valden, J. F., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. . . . . . . 29/10/ 16 

Vandome, H., Gnr., 238 Bde., 

R.F..\ 12/10/16 

Vanlint, J.. L.-Cpl., 17 Bn., 

att. 141 T.M.B 19/10/16 

Vernham, H. a., Pte., 15 Bn. 25/12/17 
Vernon, W., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 19/4/18 
Vicary, C. T.. L.-Gpl.. 22 Bn. 7/7/18 
Vinall, H. F., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 6/8/17 
ViNCE. W. J., Cpl., 73 Bn. .. T8/6/17 


THE 47TH (T,ondon) division. [M.M. contd. 

Vincent, H., Ptc, 7 Bn. .. ^4/2/17 
Vinson, F. T.. Sgt., 18 13n. . . i5/9/i<> 
Vivian. E. T. J., Ptc, 7 Bn. . . 26/9/17 
VocKiNS, S., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. . . 25/12/17 
VoGT, K. H., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/18 
*\Vade, H., Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 24/6/17 

Wadling. W., Pte., 23 Bn... 29/12/17 
Wai-dron, C. W., Rfn., 18 Bn. 24/12/17 
Walker, A. E., Spr., 1/3 Fd. 

Co 2/10/16 

Walker, E. J., Dvr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 20/5/18 

Walker, ]. A., Ptc. 24 Bn. . . 21/6/17 
Wallace,]., Cpl., 15 Bn. .. 7/10/18 
Walsh, W., Pte., 4 R.W.F. . . 30/4/iS 
Walters, H.. Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 5/10/18 
Walton, G., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn.. . 21/11/17 
Ward, A. F., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 29/10/16 
Ward, E.. Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Ward, G. E., Dvr., D.A.C. . . 3/7/17 
Ward, H. S. G., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/18 
Warner, C. S., Bugler, 21 Bn. 2/10/16 
Warren, A., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 2/10/16 
Warren, C. E., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 29/12/17 
Warren, C. S., Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 5/10/18 
Warren, H., Sgt., 18 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
Warren, P., Pte., 7 Bn. . . 7/10/16 
W'ATERS, A. J., Gnr., 5 Lon. 

Bde.. R.F.A 3/6/16 

Waterston, a. K., Rfn., 8 Bn. 7/10/16 
Waterworth, R. G. W., Rfn., 

17 Bn 30/9/17 

Watkins, E. F. C, Pte., 24 

Bn 16/6/17 

Watkins, H. A., Dvr., 235 

Bde., R.F.A. . . • . 20/5/18 

Watkins, L. A., L.-Cpl., 21 

Bn 20/6/17 

Watling, G. M., Sgt., 23 Bn. 6/11/18 
Watson, F. C, Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 29/10/16 
Watson. W. J., Rfn., 8 Bn. . . 24/6/17 
Watts. F. C. L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 30/7/17 
Watts. F. J., Pte., 23 Bn., 

att. 142 T.M.B 8/9/18 

Watts, V. B., Rfn., 21 Bn... 2/10/16 
Wearn, C. E., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 2/5/18 
Weaver, A., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 20/12/17 
Webber, A. T., Sgt., 15 Bn., 

att. 140 M.G. Co 8/6/16 

W^ebster. R., Rfn., 17 Bn... 16/9/18 
Weed, E., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 20/12/17 
Weedon, S., Sgt., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A. . . . • ii/i2'i8 

Weekes, F. J., Rfn., 8 Bn... 24/6/17 
Weikert, C. D., Pnr., Sig. Co. 20/6/17 
Weir, C. R., Pte., 24 Bn. . . 20/12/17 
Welch, G. L., Set., 24 Bn. . . 20/12/17 
Welham, H. W.. Gnr.. 235 

Bde.. R.F.A 22/4/17 

Wells, F., Spt., 20 Bn. . . 3/6/tA 

Wells, F. G., Pte.. 15 Bn. . . 17/9/ 18 
Wells, G.. L.-Cpl.. 24 Bn. . . 15/9/16 
*Wells. L. H., Pte., 19 Bn. . . 3/6/16 
Wells, L. J., Cpl., 22 Bn. . . 29/10/16 
*Wells, R., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. . . 28/12/17 
Wellum, W. H.. Pte.. 24 Bn., 

att. 142 T.M.B 7/7/18 

Welsh, W. J., Pte., 20 Bn.. . 27/9/17 
West. A. W., Sgt.. Sig. Co... 10/12/1S 
Whates. C. Rfn.. 17 Bn. . . 17/9/18 
Wheeler, A. J., Sgt.. 6 Bn.. . 1 5/9/ 16 
Whelan. M.. Sgt., R.E. Postal 

Section . . . . . . 7/ 10/ 16 

Whitaker, W., Bdr., 235 

Bde.. R.F.A. .. .. 7/5/i8 

White, A., Bdr., 235 Bde.. 

R.F.A 27/6/17 

W^HiTE, A. S., Sgt., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 19/9/17 

White, C.E., Sgt., 17 Bn. .. 23/6/17 
White, D., Pte.. 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 29/10/16 

White. F. T. G., Ptc.. 15 Bn. 28/12/17 
White, G. A.. Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 23/4/18 

White, J. R., L.-Cpl., 23 Bn. 7/10/18 
White, L., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 29/8/17 

White, R. L., Pte., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 23/6/17 

White, T., Cpl.. M.G. Bn. .. 11/10/18 
Whiteaker, D.. Cpl., 520 Fd. 

Co 23/4/18 

Whitehead, C. W^. L.-Cpl , 

19 Bn i5,''9/i6 

Whitehead, P., Sgt., 21 Bn. 8/6/16 
Whiting, F. C, Sgt., 236 Bde.. 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

Whitmore, E. M., Pte., 22 Bn. 8/6/16 
Whitmoke, L. W., Sgt., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. .. .. 15/9/16 

Whitmore, M. W., L.-Cpl., 

Sig. Co ii/io/iS 

Whittaker, R., Pte., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb 7/10/18 

Whittv. T., Sgt., 18 Bn. .. 5/10/18 
Whitwokth, F.. Pte., 24 Bn. 7/10/16 
WiiOMES, H., Pte., 22 Bn. . . 7/10/18 
Wigglesworth, C. F.. Sgt.. 

19 Bn 7/7/16 

WiGHTMAN. K. C. Gnr., 236 

Bde.. R.F.A 20/7^7 

WiGHTON, W., Pte.. 15 Bn... 28/12/17 
Wilcox. H.. Pte.. 7 Bn. . . 26/9/17 
Wild, J., Gnr,, 235 Bde. 

R.F.A 23/6/17 

Wilkins, F. ]., Cpl., 6 Lon. 

Bde., R.F.A 3/6/16 

Wilkinson, E., Rfn., 17 Bn. 16/9/18 
Wii KiNSON, F. F., Gnr., 2^6 

Brie., R.F.A. .. .. 14/10/T7 

MM. contd.l 



Will, H. N., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn. . . 28/10/16 
Williams, B. A., S.-Sgt., 6 

Lon. Fd. Amb. . . . . 19/9/18 

Williams, E., Pte.. 4 R.W.F. 30/4/18 
Williams, H., Cpl., 1/3 Fd. 

Co 15/9/16 

Williams, J., Rfn., 6 Bn. . . 2/10/16 
Williams, J. E., Sgt., 4 R.W.F.10/10/16 
Williams, P., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. 28/6/17 
Williams, S., Rfn., 17 Bn... 8/9/18 
Williams, S., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 20/12/17 
Williams, S., L.-Cpl., 21 Bn. 25/4/18 
Williamson, J., Rfn., 17 Bn., 

att. 141 T.M.B. . . . . 19/10/16 

Willmer, W. L., Rfn., 18 Bn. 24/12/17 
Willmore, H. J., Rfn., 17 Bn. 7/10/16 

WiLLOUGHBY, C. V., Cpl., 23 

Bn. .. .. .. .. 7/10/18 

Wilson, A. J., Bdr., 5 Lon. 

Bde.. R.F.A 15/9/16 

Wilson, C. PL, Pte., 15 Bn.. . 28/6/17 
Wilson, J. A., L.-Cpl., 7 Bn. 28/12/17 
♦Wilson, J. H., Cpl., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A. .. .. .. 19/9/17 

Wilson, W., Dvr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

WiNCKLESS, L. F., C.Q.M.S., 

23 Bn. . . . . . . 15/9/16 

WiNFiELD, W., Rfn., 17 Bn.. . 16/9/18 
WiNGATE, E. J., Sgt., 6 Bn. . . 2/7/17 
Wingrove, G., Cpl., 17 Bn. . . 7/10/16 
WiNSTANLEY, C, Rfn., 1 8 Bn. 24/12/17 
Winter, E., Cpl., 7 Bn. . , 28/12/17 
Winter, W.. Pte., 7 Bn. .. 28/12/17 

WoLTON, E. F. E., Pte., 23 Bn. 7/10/18 

WoLViN, S., Pte., 15 Bn. . . 2/5/18 
Wood, C. H.. L.-Cpl., Div. 

Train 23/7/17 

Wood, J., Dvr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 15/9/16 

Woodhouse, G., Rfn., 17 Bn. 7/10/16 

Woods, H., Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 21/4/18 

Woods, W., Rfn., 17 Bn. .. 24/12/17 
Woodward, C. W., Cpl., 18 

Bn 16/6/16 

WooLF, F. de Pte., 24 Bn. . . 27/10/18 
W^oolgar, G. H., L.-Cpl., 18 

Bn 13/11/18 

WooLNER, C. H., Cpl., 517 Fd. 

Co. . . . . . . . . 20/8/ig 

Workman. W., Gnr., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 23/6/17 

Wren, F. C, Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 7/10/ 16 

Wright, A., Pte., 17 Bn. .. 7/10/16 

Wright, A. J., Pte., M.G. Bn. 30/4/18 

Wright, J. E. T.. Pte., 24 Bn. 7/10/16 

Wright, W., Sgt., 17 Bn. .. 16/9/18 

Wright, W. S., Pte., 15 Bn.. . 28/12/17 

Wyatt, C. T., Cpl., 24 Bn. . . 5/10/18 

Yelland, R. H., L.-Cpl., 8 Bn. 7/10/16 

Youell, F., Rfn., 21 Bn. . . 23/1/18 

Young, A., Bdr., Z/47 T.M.B. 15/6/16 

Young, E. W., Sgt., 8 Bn. ,. 24/6/17 
Young, H. A., Gnr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A .. 15/6/16 

Young, J., Pte., 23 Bn. . . 19/9/18 
Youngs, L., Pte., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. .. .. .. 11/6/16 


Aylett, W., Sub. Condr., 

A.O.C 17/6/18 

Baguley, W. H., C.Q.M.S.. 

Div. Train 18/10/16 

Bailey, S., Cpl., 4 R.W.F. . . 19/9/18 
Balsom, S. H., R.Q.M.S., 4 

R.W.F 17/6/18 

Barnes, J. A., Pte., R.A.S.C, 

att. Div. H.Q 18/1/ 19 

Barrett, A. F., Sgt., R.G..\., 

X/47 T.M.B. .. .. 17/6/18 

*Beer, a. J., C.Q.M.S., 24 Bn. 6/6/17 

Bennett, R. H., Cpl., D.A.C. 3/6/19 

Biggs, S. F.. Sgt., 24 Bn. . . 17/6/1S 

Blackett, R., WTilr. Q.M.S., 

235 Bde.. R.F.A 3/6/19 

Boaler, H., L.-Cpl., 19 Bn.. . 3/6/19 
Board, W., Cpl., 20 Bn., att. 

141 T.M.B 17/6/18 

Bourke, A., Cpl., 520 Fd. Co. 17/6/18 
Brett, G. F., Bdr., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 17/6/1? 

Bridle, S. H., Sgt., Div. Train 18/1/19 
Buckeridge, C. F., Cpl., H.Q. 

R.A. 18/10/16 

BuFFEE, E. W., Conductor, 

A.O.C 5/1/18 

Burgess, J. S., Cpl., 18 Bn.. . 3/6/19 
Burkmar, G., Bde. Q.M.S., 

142 Inf. Bde 17/6/18 

Burrows, F. L., Sgt.-Maj., 

6Lon. Fd. Amb 17/6/18 

Burton, W. H., Farr. Sgt., 

235 Bde., R.F.A 18/1/19 

Butler, C, S.S.M., Div. Train 17/6/18 
Carr, T., Fitter, 237 Bde., 

R.F.A 18/10/16 

Carroll, P. J., Sgt., 15 Bn., 

att. Div. Obs 17/6/18 

Chance, R., Sgt., Sig. Co. . . 3/6/19 
Charlesworth, H., Pte., 19 

Bn 5/1/18 

Charnock G., S.-Sgt. Sdlr., 

236 Bde., R.F.A 3/6/19 


THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. [M.S.M. contd. 

Claridge, B., Cpl., 18 Bn. . . 3/^/^9 
Clark, W., Bdr., D.A.C. . . 3/6/19 
Clover, H., C.Q.M.S., 19 Bn. 3/6/19 
CoBLEY, R., Sgt., 21 Bn. . . 3/6/19 
Cole, F. H., C.Q.M.S., 17 Bn. 3/6/19 
CoLLEY, W. J. R, C.Q.M.S., 

18 Bn 18/1/19 

CoLLiNGS, T. M., R.S.M., M.G. 

Bn 18/1/19 

Collins, D., Sgt., 8 Bn. . . 18/10/16 
*CoLiiNS, H., C.S.M., 7 Bn. .. 18/10/16 
Coney, "H. R. H., L.-Cpl., 15 

Bn 18/10/16 

Cooper, E. E., Sgt., 21 Bn., 

att. 140 Bde. H.Q 3/6/i9 

Corby, F. J., Sgt., 6 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. 3/6/19 

CoRKE, E. R., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 3/6/^9 
CoRNEY, H., Suh. Condr., 

A.O.C 3/6/19 

Cox, F. J.. Sgt., A.O.C. . . 18/10/16 

Cox, W. C. C.Q.M.S.. 22 Bn. 18/1/19 
Crick, E. C, Col. -Sgt., 15 Bn. 18/10/16 
Cuff, E., Sgt., 235 Bde., R.F. A. i8/io/i6 
Curtis, C. J., L.-Cpl., 517 Fd. 

Co 17/6/18 

Davies, E.. Sgt., 4 R.W.F. .. 18/1/19 
Davis, J. F., Sgt., 140 M.G. Co. 17/6,18 
♦Denchfield, S. J., Sgt.-Maj., 

D.A.C 18/1/19 

Doyle, F. \V., Dvr., 236 Bde.. 

R.F.A 18/10/1O 

*Dre\vett, G. H. A., B.O.M.S., 

236 Bde., R.F.A. . . ' . . 18/10/16 
Drowley, E. J., Sgt., 22 Bn. 3/6/19 
Eager, G. L., Sgt., 15 Bn., 

att. Div. Ob.s 18/10/16 

Ellsey. H. W., C.S.M., 24 Bn. 3/6/19 
Farley, A. E., Sgt., M.M.P. . . 3/6/19 
Field, R. J., S.M., 7 Bn., att. 

140T.M.B 17/6/18 

FiNNEGAN, L. W., Sgt., Div. 

Train . . . . .. 18/10/ 16 

Foote, G. B., L.-Cpl., 15 Bn. 5/I/18 
Forbes, J. G. A., S.M., 4 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . . . . . 5/1/18 

Franklin, A., S.-Sgt., 6 Lon. 

Fd. Amb. . . . . . . 18/1/19 

Fry, H., Farr. Sgt., D.A.C. . 3/6/19 
Garner, W. J., Spr., 518 Fd. 

Co 26/7/18 

Garwood, J. R., Sgt., 24 Bn., 

att. 142 Bde. H.Q 17/6/18 

Gellatly, S. H., Sgt., M.G. 

Bn. .. .. .. .. 18/1/19 

Glover, C. II., Pte., M.T. Co., 

R.A.S.C 18/1719 

*Goslin, F. S., Sgt., 235 Bde., 

R.F.A 18/10/16 

*Gray, a. S.. R.S.M., Div. Engrs. 3/6/19 

Green, J. A., Cpl., 235 Bde. 

R.F.A 3/6/19 

*Green, L. E., CS.M., Sig. Co. 3/6(19 
Greensi.ade, \V., Sgt., 19 Bn. 18/1/19 
Griffin, E. P., B.S.M., D.A.C. 17/6/ 18 
Grint, L. a., S.-Sgt., Div. 

Train . . . . . . 18/10/16 

Groombridge, II. A., C.S.M., 

Div. Train . . . . . . 3/6/ ig 

Guy, W. H , S.S.M., Div. 

Train . . . . . . 17/6/18 

Hall, D., S.-Sgt., A.O.C, att. 

24 Bn. . . . . . . 18/1/19 

H.iVLL, R., S.-Sgt., A.O.C, att. 

236 Bde., R.F.A 5/1/18 

Hancock, G., Cpl., 237 Bde., 

R.F.A 18/10/16 

Harris, C, C.Q.M.S., 8 Bn. . . 17/6/18 
Hart, W. B., R.Q.M.S., 15 Bn. 3/6/19 
Hayter, H. J.,"C.S.M.,Div. 

Train . . . . 3/6/19 

Heawood, p., L.-Cpl., 20 Bn., 

att. Div. Obs. .. .. 17/6/18 

Hewins, F. G., Cpl., 19 Bn.. . 3/6/19 
Hibbert, J. H., C.Q.M.S., 

M.G. Bn 3/6/if) 

Hinton, H., S.-Sgt., Div. H.O- 18/10/16 
Hole, F. J., Q.M.S., S Bn., att. 

140 Bde. H.Q 18/1/19 

Hopcr.\ft, H. E., C.S.M., Div. 

Train 17/6/18 

IIovvley, a., Cpl., 238 Bde., 

R.F.A 18/10/16 

Hughes, H. J., C.Q.M.S., 7 Bn. 18/10/16 
Hunt, P., Sgt., A.O.C. . . 18/1/19 
Hunter, M., Sgt., 14 Bn., att. 

D.H.Q 18/10/16 

IIuTT, F. G., Pte., 15 Bn., att. 

D.H.Q 3/6/19 

Hyde. \V., Cpl., Y/47 T.M.B. 18/1/19 
Iles, F. \V., Sgt., Div. Train. . 3/6/19 
Irons, P. J., Sgt., 236 Bde., 

R.F.A 18/10/16 

James, W., S.-Sgt., 4 Lon. Fd. 

Amb. .. .. .. 17/6/18 

Jamieson, E., Cpl., 518 Fd. 

Co., att. D.H.Q 5/I/18 

Johnson, A. W., C.Q.M.S., 6 

Bn. . . . . . . . . 6/6/17 

Jones, F. E., S.S.M., Div. 

Train, att. 4 Lon. Fd. .\mb. 18/1/19 
Jones, T. \V., Sgt.. Div. Train, 

att. 6 Lon. Fd. Amb. . . 3/6/19 

King, W. W., C.Q.M.S., 18 Bn. 3/6/10 
Kingsley, C H., Cpl., 18 Bn. 3/6/19 
Laing, D. J., Sgt.. 23 Bn. . . i8/i/iq 
Lane, E., Sq.-S.M., M.M.P. . . 17/6/18 
Lane. J., R.Q.M.S., 17 Bn... 17/6/1S 
Lansley, G. \V., C.Q. M.S., 241 

Emp. Co. . . . . . . 18/1/T9 

M.S.M. contd.] 



♦Lawrence, F. J.. Bdr., D.A.C. 

Lawrence, J., Sgt., A.V.C... 

*Levey, O. L. H., C.S.M., 15 

Bn ". 

Lewis, R. W. J., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Long, A. C, Cpl., 517 Fd. Co. 
Lukes, A. E., Cpl., A.S.C., att. 

Div. H.Q 

Lukes, J. T., Ptc, 19 Bn., att. 

Div. H.Q. . . . . 

Mabe, J. R., Cpl., Div. Train, 

att. Div. H.Q 

Mackay, J., Sgt., Sig. Co. . . 
Mackenzie, A. D., Cpl., 15 ]:'.n. 
Mackintosh, D., Sgt., 142 M.G 


Mallett, J., Farr.-Staff Sgt., 

Div. Train . . 

*Martin, R., R.Q.M.S., 21 Bn. 

Massev, W., C.S.M., 4 R.W.F. 

♦Masters, R. H., Sgt., 21 Bn. 

*Miller, W. F., R.S.M., 18 Bn. 

MiLLWARD, P. C, Sgt., 18 Bn. 

Moore, W. H., Sgt., 15 Bn.. . 

Morris, W. R., CO. M.S., 4 

Moss, W. N., Sgt., Sig. Co. . . 
Norton, .\., Sgt., 7 Bn. 
Owen, P. S., S.Q.M.S., Div. 

Train, att. Div. H.O. 
Paice, R. G., C.O.M'.S., Div. 

Papworth, J. M., C.S.M., M.G. 


Parsons, A., Sgt., Div. Train 
Partridge, A. C, Sgt., 18 Bn. 
Pater, S. P., L.-Cpl.. 23 Bn., 

att. Div. Obs 

Patrick, F. G., Sgt., 24 Bn.. . 
Pe.\chv, H. O., B.O.M.S., 237 

Bde., R.F.A 

Pease, B., C.S.M., Sig. Co. . . 
Percival, T. \V., R.Q.M.S., 

6 Bn 

Pett, H. F., Sgt., 20 Bn. . . 
PooRE, A. J., Sgt., Sig. Co. .. 
Price, W., Sgt. ,'4 R.W.F. . . 
Pritchard, \V. C, Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Randles, J. H., Sgt., 4 R.W.F. 
Rendle, C. H. R., QMS., 23 

Bn., att. 142 T.M.B. 
Reynolds, E., C.Q.M.S., 4 


Richardson, W. J., B.Q.M.S 

235 Bde.. R.F.A. . . 
Roberts, H., Sgt., M.M.P. . . 

17/ 6; 1 8 








1 7/6/ 1 8 

1 7/6/1 8 



1 7/6/18 










3/6/ IQ 






Roberts, N. G., C.Q.M.S., 20 


*Roberts, W., C.S.M.. 4 R.W.F. 
Robertson, R. J., Q.M.S., 6 
Lon. Fd. .\mb., att. Div. H.Q 
Rodwell, E., Sgt., 23 Bn. 

R.Q.M.S., 20 Bn... 
F. C, C.S.M., Div. 

Rose, H 

Shelley, D. F., B.S.M., D.A.C. 
Shotbolt, R., Sgt., 17 Bn. . . 
Simpson, E., R.Q.M.S., 19 Bn. 
Slocombe, a. v., C.Q.M.S., 

24 Bn. 
Smith, A., Sgt., 22 Bn. 
Smith. C. A., Farr. Sgt., 236 

Bde, R.F.A. 
Smith. J., Sgt., R. A.V.C. .. 
SoMPER, J., C.Q.M.S., Div. 

SopER, G. H., Sgt., 24 Bn. 
Spanner, H., Sgt., 19 Bn. 
Sparrow, G. A., Cpl., R.A.S.C, 

att. Div. H.Q 

Spencer, P. J.', Sgt.. 22 I'.n., 

att. 142 Bde., H.Q. 
Steele, F. A., B.Q.M.S., 236 

Bde., R.F.A. 
Strong, P. G. L., Sgt., 15 Bn. 
Swift, E. G., Pte., 20 Bn. . . 
Thain, a. E., C.Q.M.S., iS Bn. 
Thirtle, H. G., Sgt., Div. Emp, 


Thorn, F.. C.S.M., 520 Fd. Co. 
Thomas, J. F., R.Q.M.S., 18 


Toothill, W. T., Rfn., 6 Bn 
Tuck, W. G. M.. Cpl., i^Bn... 
Tutt, a. E. H., L.-Cpl.,' 24 Bn., 

att. Div. H.Q 

Tyrrell, C. B., Sgt., 2 ^ Bn. . . 
Vere, S. H., Sgt., Sig. Co. . . 
Walden, O. a., Sgt., 22 Bn. . . 
Walker. J., Sgt., M.G. Bn.. . 
Warwick, F. j., R.Q.M.S., 

22 Bn. 
Weedon, a. H., Sgt., D.A.C. 
Welsh, A. E., Sgt., 23 Bn. . . 
*Whitbourn, E.. Cpl.. Div. 

Train, att. Div. H.O. 
White. F. H., Sgt.. M.M.P... 
Williams, J., Spr., 518 Fd. Co 
Wilson, E. C, Cpl.. Sig. Co. . . 
WoRBEY, T., Sgt., R. A.V.C. . 
Wright. B. S.. Sgt.. D.A.C. . 
Yates, H., Pte,. 19 Bn. 

3/6/ IQ 
1 7/6/ 1 8 

. 18/1/19 




. 5/1/18 






1 8/1/19 












1 7/6/18 

18/1/ 19 

1 8,10/ 16 

3/6/ 19 




THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 


Feldwick, a. E., Cpl 8th liattn. 

*Ratiibone. W. L. C, 2nd Lieut. .. 15th Battn. 

Williams, S.. L.-Cpl 6th Battn. 






Chevalier dc la Legion d'Honneur. 

* Anderson, W., Capt. 

*FiGG, D. W., Capt 

*Hawkes, \V. C. W.. Lt.-Col. 
*HuNT, H. R. A.. Capt. 
Pace, J. W., Capt. . . 

235th Bde., R.F.A. .. 25/4/15 

24th Battn 5/"/ 1 5 

(106th Pioneers) 4th R.W.F. 14/2/17 

(25th Punjabis) G.S.O.3 5/ii/i3 

24th Battn 14/2/17 

Croix de Guerre (with Palms) 

GoRRiNGE, Sir G. F., Major-Gen. . 
*Mildren, W. F.. Brig.-Gen. 

Divl. Commander. (Tvro 

awards) . . 
(6th Bn.) 141st Inf. Bde. 


Croix de Guerre. 

Pearse, E. W., Sec-Lieut. 
♦Wheeler, W. R., Capt. 
Wright, C. S. E., Capt. 

Anderson, C. B., L.-Cpl. 

Baker, E., Sgt. 

BiANCHi, F. W., C.Q.M.S. 
♦Churchman, W. B., Sgt. 

Graysmark. J. T., C.S.M. 
♦Hill, F., Ptn. 
♦MiDDLETON, K. A., Rfn. 

Moore, E. M., Rfn. . . 
♦OXMAN, R. H., Sgt. . . 
♦Taylor, A. J., Sgt. .. 
•Wood, J. W.. Sgt. .. 
•lELF, A., C.S.M. 

. . 7th Battn. 

. , 


. . 22nd Battn. 

, , 


. . R.A.M.C, att. 22nd 



. . 20th Battn. 

20/1/ 1 6 

. . 2ist Battn. 

. . 


. . 8th Battn. 


. . 2/3rd London Fd. Co. 

, r'.e. 


. . 6th Battn. 

. . 


. . 2oth Battn. 

. . 

5/ "/1 5 

. . 2ist Battn. 


. . 1 8th Battn. 

. . 


. . 23rd Battn. 

. . 


. . 7th Battn. 


4th Lon. F"d. Amb. 


. . 6th Battn. 


Medaille Militaire. 

•Burgess, H. J., Cpl.. . 
•Glover, B. E., Cpl. .. 
♦Hickman, E. H., Sgt. 

Knight, F. C, C.Q.M.S. 
♦Napier, C. G. D., Sgt. 
♦Noel, W. P., Cpl. . . 

Payne, S., Pte. 
♦Shonk, E. G., Sgt. 
•Smeed, F. a., Pte. . . 

19th Battn. 

Sig. Co. 

Z/47 T.M.B. 

6th' Battn. 

Div. Cyclist Co. 

6th Lon. Bde.. R.F..\. 

22nd Battn. 

22nd Battn. 

5th Lon. Fd. .\mb 



9''/' 7 



Chevalier de I'Ordre de Merite Agricole. 

Gold, R. J. S., Capt. .. .. 15th Battn. 


Medaille d'Honneur (avec glaives). 

*HiNTON, H., S.S.M Div. Train, att. Div. H.Q. 15/12/19 


Chevalier de I'Ordre de Leopold. 

*Wheeler, \V. R., Capt. . . . . 22nd Battn. 

*FULLER, R., C.S.M. 
*TlDMARSH, S., Sgt. 

1 8th Battn. 
2ist Battn. 



Croix de Guerre. 

*Green, C. J. S., Lt.-Col. 
*Saunders, C. J., Capt. 

Bingham, A. L , Spr. 

Blake, J. C, Bdr. . . 
*B0UGHT0N, A., Sgt. . . 
*Brigden, H. E., L.-Cpl. 

Brooks, H., Pte. 

Butler, R. W., Sgt. 
*Chesney, H., R.S.M. 

Childs, 13. H., Cpl. . . 

Coleman, R., Sgt. 
*Davies, S., Sgt. 
*Drewett, G. H. a.. S.M. 
*PYetcher, S., L.-Cpl. 

Gomer, J., L.-Cpl. 

Hall, H., C.S.M. 
*HiRON, A. G., C.S.M. 
* Houghton, H., Sgt. 

Jones, E., R.Q.M.S. . . 
*LiSHMAN, T. B., C.S.M. 
*Owens, G., C.S.M. . . 

Peacock, W. J., C.S.M. 

Russell, B. E., Gnr. 

Rye, C. H., Q.M.S. . . 

*ScUDAMORE, N. R. W., L.- 

Shadgett, G. A., Sgt. 
Smith, J. H., L.-Cpl. 
Sullivan, W. C, Rfn. 
*Wade, H., Sgt. 

. . 7th Battn. 

.. 2/2/18 

. . 24th Battn. 


.. 317 Field Co., R.E. 

2/2/1 S 

Div. Amm. Col. . . 


2 1st Battn. 


. . Signal Co. 


. . 7th Battn. 


2ist Battn. 


. . 20th Battn. 


520 Field Co. 


. . 7th Battn. 


. . 4th R.W.F. 


. . 236th Bde., R.F.A. 


. . 15th Battn. 


. . 2oth Battn. 


. . 19th Battn. 


. . 1 7th Battn. 


. . 6th Battn. 


23rd Battn. 


. . 1 8th Battn. 


.. 4th R.W.F. 


.. 17th Battn. 


. . 235th Bde., R.F.A. 


. . X/47 T.M.B. 


I^pl. . . 23rd Battn. 


. . 24th Battn. 


Signal Co. 


. . 17th Battn. 


. . 6th Battn. 


Blick, H., Sgt. 
*BowERs, C. C., Sgt. 

Decoration Militaire. 

8th Battn. 

7th Battn. 


284 THE 47TH (London) DIVISION. 


Silver Medal for Valour. 

ToTTON, A., Capt iSth Battn. .. .. n/3/1; 

Bronze Medal for Valour. 

'Jordan, C, Cpl. 
*Manthorp, C, Sgt. . . 
♦Nottingham, E. B., Sgt. 
*RlDDLE, H. B., Sgt. . . 
TiMON, F., Sgt. . ... 

J 8th Battn. . . . . 11/3/17 

15th Battn. . . . . 26/4/18 

i5thBn.,att. 140th T.M.B. 11/3/17 

15th Battn. . . . . 11/3/ 1 7 

24th Battn. .. .. I1/3/17 

OflBcier— Grown of Rou mania, 

*Read, H. S., Major .. .. .. 20th Battn. .. .. 10/3/19 

Chevalier — Star of Roumania. 

♦Sheppard, J. J., Major .. .. 19th Battn. .. .. 10/3/19 

Croix de Virtute Militara. 

•Skilton, J. F., Sgt 2^nd liattn 10/3/19 

Medaille Barbatie si Credinta. 

•IIocKiNG, P. F., C.S.M 17th Buttu 10/3/19 


Medal of St. George. 
•Keyworth. L. J.. L.-Cpl 24tb Battn 1/9/15 

Appendix H. 

alSv a, .%^n"rH "''^"' ''""<' '° "'""'^ """ divisional si.ns were 
Connection VifSH,'" '"«"""<>"■ ="iopted symbols which hid ,ome 

wlnte star withinVs^Se^CrSl'dT. hS^no'f "eh 'hirn^^n"™""' " 

s^ffl »I S^ °!H4- sfp.^;f =:i"£„r 

wiJh\tl™|;"sig;'a5'wt"u:rd^Vv";^^^^ were ordered to mark their vehicles 

officially as dms^o^al sien?"^"A? 1/!^"^"^°^ l^^ ^1^^^ ^"^ registered 
the blue borderp?e^ousfv „~.,f . vanations for brigades were not aUowed, 
the whole Division ^ "^ °°^>^ ^^ divisional troops was extended to 

Appendix I. 


It is not generally realized, either by the general public or by the regimental 
officer, how important a part in the recruiting, equipping, and maintaining of 
the Territorial divisions of the British Army was played by the Territorial 
Force Associations. These bodies consisted of a number of ex-officio militar>' 
members — commanding officers of units and so on — and of prominent local 
men of affairs, many of them old Volunteer and Territorial officers, who freely 
gave to their country's service the benefit of business and professional 
experience, for which they commanded high salaries in everyday life. 

On the outbreak of war the establishment of the Territorial Force adminis- 
tered by the County of London Association, with Lord Esher as President, 
was 26,968 N.C.O's and men. Its actual strength was 20,691. This included 
the whole of the 2nd London Division and certain units of the 1st London 
Division, besides Army Troops. In Lord Haldane's scheme it was intended 
that on a general mobilization being ordered, the county associations should 
cease to function, but owing to the inability of the Army Ordnance Depart- 
ment and other military authorities to cope at once with the vast arrangements 
involved in a European war, the County of London Association was asked 
to continue its administrative services, and to supply as before all clothing, 
equipment, harness, saddlery, and other necessaries required for the units of 
the Territorial Force under its administration. 

The County of London Association was the only one which carried out 
these responsibilities under a centralized scheme, which it was enabled to do 
only by the facilities provided at the Duke of York's Headquarters — the big 
building in King's Road, Chelsea, occupied by the Duke of York's School 
before its removal to Dover, and taken over soon after the inception of the 
Territorial Force as headquarters for the County Association, the 2nd London 
Division, and a number of the units administered by them. 

From the beginning of the war in August, 191 4, till the departure of the 
47th Division for France eight months later, the Association fitted out and 
maintained with clothing and equipment, from supplies obtained under its 
own contracts, about 65,000 N.C.O's and men. From March onwards it 
continued to maintain in clothing and equipment about 35,000 N.C.O's and 
men till June. 1915, when the Royal Army Clothing Department took over 
these supplies, and the Association was responsible only for their issue to 
recruits. Transport had to be arranged for all these stores to units in stations 
so far apart as St. Albans, Edinburgh, Canterbury, Yorkshire, Keigate, 
Ipswich. Bishop's Stortford. 

The County of I,ondon Association can fairly lay claim to having initiated 
the plan under which, after a Territorial Division had proceeded oversea, it 
was immediately replaced by the cadres of a second line, with a third line of 
depots behind it. The 2/2nd London Division afterwards became famous 
in Palestine as the 60th (London) Division. 

Throughout this difficult period Lord Esher was the life and soul of the 
Association. In fact it may be said that he, with the small office staff of six 


288 THE 47T11 (London') DIVISION. 


ofiicers and eleven clerks and storemen, was the Association. For the out- 
break of war removed at once all the military members, who, by statute, were ^ 
to form the majority of the Association, as well as many of the other members. 
Lord Esher, therefore, with the assent of the Chairman, Lord Nicholson, and 
the Vice-Chairman, Mr. R. M. Holland-Martin, C.B., informed the Army 
Council that during the period of the war it was not practicable to call the 
Association together and work on normal lines, and that he proposed, with 1 
the invaluable financial advice of Mr. Holland-.Martin, to carry on the work m, 
of the Association by means of its appointed officers, together with such help, ■ 
voluntary and other, as could be obtained. 

No record of the war history of the 47th (and London) Division would be 
complete without some tribute also to the unceasing work done in the back- 
ground on its behalf by the staff of the County Association, and especially by 
Colonel J. C. Oughterson, the former secretary, and Captain H. Mansbridge, 
O.B.E., his assistant and successor. The latter was personally responsible 
for contracts representing the purchase of over 750,000 articles of clothing, 
and an expenditure, during the first year of the war, of over a million pounds. 
Towards the middle of the war a special department, instituted under his 
control, was paying the weekly separation allowances to approximately 
97,000 wives and dependents — many of them those of members of the 47th 









Albeit 62, 77, 120, iSj 


American Army 


Ancre River 164, 167, 

Angres Sector 


Armour-piercing Shell 


Aschwanden, Lt.-Col. S 

Ath . . 
Aubers Ridge . . 
Auchel . . 

Aveluy . . 164, 

Aylmore, Sec -Lt. 




61, 181 

176, 179 


187, 196, 197 

1 1, 42, 208 

.. 185 

79, 173, 184 

183, 184, 196 




W. L. 

175, 178, 195 




II, 42, 208 


•172, 178, 183 

131. 132 

Bailey, Brig. -Gen. V. T., 96, 100, 

146, 161, 167, 210 

Bailleul (Arras) .. .. 114 

Baisieux .. .. 61,69,143 

Bajolles, General . . . . 13 

Bancourt . . . . . . 175 

Banteux . . . . . . 122 

Bapaume . . . . . . 123 

Barastre . . . . . . 159 

Barnard, Major \V. J. 140, 179 
Barter, Maj.-Gen. Sir C., 4, 45, 50, 


Barton, Lt.-Col. .. .. 151 

Baswitz, Lt. . . . . . . 35 

Bates, Capt. G. G. . . .. 71 

Battersea Farm . . . . 82 

Battle Wood . . . . q6, 100 

Battye, Major B. C. . . 55 

Bazentin-le-Grand . . . . 64 

Bazentin Wood . . . . 163 

Beattie, Rev. H. . . . . 200 





. . 183 

Bedford House 

103, 221 



Bell, Rev. H. C. 


Bellewarde Ridge 







136. 159 

Bethune, 11, 15, 16, 25, 

3C>, 199, 

208, 218 

Beugny. . 


Bickford, Rev. R. . . 





176, 179 

Birdwood, Gen. Sir W. R. 

no, 203 



Blaver, Capt. J. G. . . 


Blofeld, Capt. 


Blogg, Major E. B. . . 


Bluff Crater . . 


Bluff, The . . . . 80, i 


Bluff Tunnels . . 


Blyth, Lt.-Ccl. C. F. T. 

. 2,213 

Bois Carre 


Bois des Dames 


Bois Hugo 


Bois Lateau . . 

122, 137 

Bombs . . 

. 17.49 

Bomy . . 

• 42.50 

Boosey, Major L. 


Bottom Wood 


Bouchavesnes . . 


Bourlon Wood, 119, 121, 122 

■127, 135 



Bouzincourt . . . . 143, 

164, 167 

Bowring, Lt.-Col. A. H. 

174. 179 

Box Barrage . . 





. 187 

Bresle . . 


Brett, Capt 


Bridgeman, Major Hon. I 


G. 0. 


Bridgford, Brig. -Gen. 






Brigades (Artillcrv) : 
34th (Army) Bde., K.F. 
36th Bdc, R.F.A. 
41st Bde., R.F.A. .. 
93rd (Army) Bde , R 
104th (Army) Bde., R. 

Brigades (Infantry) : 

2nd Bde. 

26th (South African) 

37th Bde 

51st Bde. 

99th Bde. 

4th Guards Bde. . . 

4th Australian Bde. 
Brisbane Dump 
Broadridge Crater 
Brooks, Lt. 
Brown, Capt. J. G. .. 
Brown, Lt. W. E. .. 
Bruay . . 

Bruce, Major W. F. . . 
Buckland, Major F. H. 
Burnett-Hitchcock, Maj. 

B. B. 
Burtt, Capt. . . 
Bury, Major T. O. . . 



Butt, Col. E 

Byng, Gen, Lord 

Cabaret Rouge 
Cafe Beige 

Calder, Capt. H. M. 





Canal du Nord 


Canteen, Divisional 

Canteleu Gate, Lille 


Carey, Lt.-Col. A. B 

Carlisle, Major J. C. D., 

Cassel . . 
Casson, Capt. . . 
Cavan, Gen. Lord 

A., 151, 


151. 174 

.F.A. 178 

F.A., 177-8, 



Bde. 73 

163, 164 


55. 154 


177, 180 









78, 180 

42, 208 


, 22, 60 


38, 148 



117. 150 

55. 56, 57 






149. 220 
19. 58, 81 





. . 52, 60 

. . 


>o, 17 






. . 





Chance, Lt. F. 










Churchill, Mr. Winston 


Clark, Capt. G. N. . . 


Clark, Capt. S. 


Chfton, Major P. J. . . 




Colhson-Morley, Lt.-Col. C. D. 


Cooper, Major \\ . 



Connaught, H.R.H. Duke of 





Congreve, Lt.-Gcn. Sir W. ^ 



Contalmaison . . 



Corbie . . 



Corps : 


. I' 

2, 13 

Ilnd . . . . 12, 13, 



Ilird, 61. 63, 66. 68, 71, 



184, 187, 191, 193 

IVth, 27, 33, 35, 38, 42, 50, 121, 

173. 177 
Vth, 121, 143, 149. 168, 173-4, 177 

150. 173 
95. 106 

VI 1th 

Xth .. 








Cough Drop 
Couillet Valley 
Cowan, Major A. J. 
Crtcy . . 

Crookshank, Lt.-Col 
Cryer Farm 
Cryer, Lt. B. N. 
Cubitt, Brig. -Gen. T. 

Cuthbert, Brig. -Gen. G. J 

34, 106, 200, 206 

113, 121 


. 63,66 

117, 121 

108, 183, 184, 1S7, 191 

81, 187 


65, 75,216 

150. 151 


61, 183 

S. D'A. 



54. 60 


Dago Trench . . 
Dalbiac, Col. P. H. . . 

Davidson, Rev. M. . . 
Davies, Lt.-Col. C. M. 
Davis, Capt. F. N. . . 
Davis, Lt.-Col. H. J. N 
Davis, Capt. S. T. 
Dawes, Lt.-Col. G. 


96, 98. 99 

147, 187 



.. 138 
160. 193, 210 

De la Fontaine, Major 11. V. 4, 5 
Delesalle, M. (Mayor of Lille) 204 



Dernancourt .. .. .. 183 

Dessart Wood.. .. .. 154 

Dickebusch .. .. 93.109 

Divisions : 

ist . . . . . . 38, 42, 67, 69 

2nd, 12, 55, 129. 148, 150, 154, 

157. 174 


18, 62, 199 

149. 152, 

153. 157. 159 

35. 168 

(Scottish), 17, 25, 32, 62 


184, 186, 190, 191, 195 

105, 151, 173, 176, 177 

32, no, 119 

50. 52 



Qth (Scottish), 71-73, 

1 8th 





41st . . . . 87 


46th (N. Midland) 

87, 93, 106, 108 

34, 96, 102 

106, 108 


60, 180 


90, 96, 102, 179 


1,9, u, 38, 59 

50th (Northumbrian), 63, 65, 67, 70 
51st (Highland) .. 174-176,186 
56th (London) . . 43, 124 

57th . . . . . . . . 202 

58th (London) 145, 184, 187, 194 
59th (N. Midland) 124, 129, 200 
60th (London) . . . . ix 

62nd (West lading) 123, 129 

63rd (R.N.), 60, no, 113, 148, 
149, 151. 152, 155. 158-160, 164 

74th (Yeomanry) 


1st Australian 

2nd Australian 

3rd Australian 

4th Australian 

New Zealand 

3rd Cavalry . . 

Doll's House . . 
Double Grassier 
Drocourt-Queant Line 
Duncan, Major H. S. 
Durrant, Capt. A. W. 
Dudley, Major G. de S 

Eaucourt I'Abbaye 
Ecquedecques . . 
Ecurie . . 

63, 64 


34. 127 



. 187 


177, 181 


151. 179 

. 183 


29, 38, 46 



132. 133 

217, 218 

70- 72, 144 


Eley, Lt.-Col. E. H. 


Employment Company 

Ersatz Alley . . 

Escaut Canal . . 










Fairlie, Capt. 

Fanshawe, Lt.-Gen. Sir E. A 

Farquhar, Capt. H. B 

Farr, Capt. G. 

Faux, Col. E. 

Ferfay . . 

Ferguson, Col. J. D. . 


Festubert, Battle of . 

Fielding, Lt.-Col. R. C 

Figg, Capt. D. 

Fin de la Guerre 

FitzClarence, Capt. Hon. H. E 

Flag, Padre's 

Flat Iron Copse 

Fleming, Lt.-Col. F. . 

Fleming, Rev. H. J.. 



Foch, Marshal 

Follies, The 

Fonquevillers . . 


Foot, Brig.-Gen. R. M 

Foret Farm 


Fourth London Regt 

Four Winds Farm 
France-Hayhurst, Lt.- 


Eraser, Col. T. 
French : 



1 8th Division 

152nd Division 

French, F.-M. Lord 





210, 215-217 

12. 15, 18 








63, 161 

122, 147 

80, 209, 223, 224 



50, 211 



4. 5. 


Col. 1 


62, 77 



174, 179 



• • 35, 39 


..62, 184 


Galbraith, Lt.-Col. W. C, 4, 104, 

210, 213 

Gas : 

First Attack .. . . 12, 15 

At Loos . . . . 26, 28, 47 




.. 138 



185, 210, 217 


12, 13. 14, 19,37 





G. 134, 139. 140 

65, 66, 87 


Gauche Wood 


George, Mr. Lloyd 

Gibbard, Col. T. H. 

Gilkes, Lt. H. A. 



Goldsburg, Sec.-Lt. 


Goodes, Lt. G. L. 

Gordon, Lt.-Col. A. 

Gorell, Major Lord 

Gorringe, Capt. A. . . 

Gorringe, Maj.-Gen. Sir G. F., 

69, 82, 87, 144, 163, 167, 197. 

209, 210 

Goschen, Lt.-Col 151 

Gough, Gen. Sir H. . . 150 

Gouzeaucourt, 122, 128, 138, 139, 140 
Graincourt . . . • • • 129 

Green, Lt.-Col. C. J. S., 146, 210 
Green, Lt. (A/235 Bty.) .. 17S 
Greenly, Maj.-Gen. W. H. . . 69 

Greenwood, Lt.-Col. C. F. H. 210 
Grenay . . . . vii, 13, 15- 28 

Grevillers . . . . . . 1 76 

Grim wood, Lt.-Col. F. R. 160 
Gueudecourt . . . . . . 161 

Haig. F.-M. Lord . . 1 


Hairpin, The 

Loos . . 


Haking, Lt.-Gen. Sir K. 
Haldane, Lord 
Halifax Camp 
Hamel . . 

Hamilton. Lt.-Col. A. P. 
Hamilton, Gen. Sir Ian 
Hampden, Brig-Gen. Lord 



Happy Valley 

Hargreaves Major T. C. 


Harrison, Col. C. E. 

Harrison's Crater 

Harrow Road 

Harvey, Pte. J., V.C. 


Hatfield, Major E. R. 

Havre . . 

Havrincoiirt Wood 

Hawkes, Lt.-Col. W. C. 


2,45. 128 














66, 116 











Hedge Row 

I leilly 

Hemel Hempstead 




Hermon, Major E. V. 

Hell Fire Corner 

Highland Ridge, 122, 

High Wood, 62, 6s, 145, 

Hill 60 . . 80, 82, 

Hill 70 

Hill, Sgt. P 

Hindenburg Line 

Hohenzollern Redoubt 




Hope, Capt. A. L. 

Home, Gen. Lord, 16, 

Hospital Wood 

Houslop, Sec. l.t. 

Hubback, Col. A. B. 


Hunt, Capt. H. R. A. 

Ind, Capt. W. E. 
Indian Drivers 
Inverness Copse 
Italy . . 




.. 183 


183, 185 
.. 178 




150-133. 165 

160, 161, 214 

90, 95. 96, 98 

• • 32,43 

121, 122, 200 

• • 38.43 


• • 80, 97 


no, 117, 223 


•• 31.39 

32, 38, 42 



173. 204 

108. 109 

I 19, 199, 202 

Kaiser, The . . ■ • 47 

Kerable Lt.-Col. H. H. loi 

Kennedy. Brig. -Gen. H. B. P. 

L. 96.146,154,163,189,210,211 

1 1 


Kennedy Crater 
Keyworth, L.-Cpl. L. j. 
King, Sec. Lt. . . 
King Edward's Horse 
King's Langley 
Kitchener, F.-M. Lord 

La Bassce 

La Boisselle 


Lacey, Sec.-Lt. 

La Gorgue 


La Justice 

Lane. Sgt. -Major E. . 

Lane-Fox. Rev. R. J. 

Langton. Major J. H. 

Lankhof Farm 


Larchwood Tunnels . 






. 12. 22 
163. 164 


1 1 









La Tombe 

206, 207 

Maude, Lt.-Col. A. H. 210, 213 

La Vacqucrie . . 

122, 140 

Maurepas . . . . . . 190 

Lavievil e 

77. 79. 143. 183 

Maxwell, Lt.-Col. A. 54, 146, 186 

Lawrence, Lt. M. 


Mazingarbe . . . . 28, 38, 46 

Lawrence, Lt. O. 


McClintock, Major R. S. . . 60 

Lawrie, Maj.-Gen. C. 


McCracken, Lt.-Gen. .. no 



McDouall, Brig. -Gen. R., 60, 63, 64, 

Lebucquiere . . 


86, 167, 210 

Lechelle 147, 15 

I, 155. 157. 159 

McLaughlin, Col. .. .. 215 

Lefevre, Gen. Sir G. 

• • 23, 43 

McLeod, Col. K. L. R. .. 215 

Le Foret 


Medical.. .. 46,56,74,155,215 

Leman, Capt. H. C. . 


Melles . . . . . . . . 206 

Le Mesnil 


Menin Gate, Ypres . . . . 106 


• 22,25,33,46 

Menin Road . . . . . . 104 

I-e Plantin 

. . 12, 19 

Mesnil . . . . . . 160, 168 

Le Rutoire 


Messines . . . . . . 81 

Les Baufs 

. 159, 160, 161 

Messines, Battle of . . • • 95, 99 

Les Brebis 

. 14, 22, 25, 28 

Messines Ridge . . . . 96 



Meteren . . . . . . 105 

Le Transloy 

160, 176 

Metz-en-Couture . . 122, 127, 138 

Leuze Wood 


Metz Switch . . 152, 153, 155, 157 

Lewis, Brig. -Gen. F. 

G., 4, 64, 72 

Mildren, Brig. -Gen. W. F., 51, 54, 

86, 211 

90, 99, 123, 146, 192, 206, 209, 



210, 211 

Lieres . . 


Mildren Crater . . . . 51 

Lille . . . . ig 

4, 199. 201, 203 

Millencourt . . . . . . 1S5 

Lillers . . 


Millner, Lt.-Col. G. E. .. 116 

Lloyd George, Mr. 

•• 49.75 

Moeuvres . . . . 122, 125 

Lomas, Sec.-Lt. 


Moislains . . . . 192, 197 



Momber Crater . . • • 52, 53 

Lone Tree 


Member, Major E. M. F. .. 51,52 



Monro, Gen. Sir C. ..1,3,11,12,45 

Loon Copse 


Monro, Rev. R. E. . . . . 220 

Loos, Battle of, 22, 25, 

36, 37, 48, 216 

Montauban . . . . . . 163 

Loos (near Lille) 


Montgomery, Lt.-Col. B. L., 187, 210 



Mont St. Aubert . . 205, 206 

Lord Mayor, The 

•• 42.57 

Mont St. Quentin . . . . 193 

Loupart Wood 

.. 176 

Morcourt ' . . . . . . 206 

Louvencourt . . 


Morgan, Major Carey- . . 140 

Love, Major S. G., 

67, 116, 135, 

Morland, Maj.-Gen. Sir T. L. 

156, 160 

N 3 

Love Crater 

•• 52,53 

Morris, Capt. T. . . . . 7 

Lowe, Brig. -Gen. A. C 

. . 3, 64 

Morval . . . . . . 159, 161 



Motor Machine-gun Battery 

(No. 11) . . . . 154, '162, 163 
Moustier . . . . . . 206 



Muir, R.S.-M. . . . . 39 
Muirhead, Major M. . . . . 48 
Muller, Col 13 

Mahon, Lt.-Col. B. M( 

:M. . . 84 

Mametz Wood 

2, 64, 163 

March, L.-Cpl. 



. . II, 208 

Maroc . . . . 2 

5. 28, 33, 35, 46 

Name of Division Changed .. 18 

Marshall, Major E. H" 


Naval Men's Visit . . . . 44 

Marshall Walk 


Needham, Lt. L. W. . . 70 


no, 113, iig 

Neely, Lt.-Col. G. H. . . 190 

Martin, Major C. J. . 

215, 217 

Neuve Chapelle .. ..11,37 


167, 16S 

Neuville Bourjonval . . . . 127 



New Cut Crater .. .." 51 

Matthews, Lt.- 

Col. W 

. H.. 54, 108 

Newton, Lt.-Col. \V. G. .. 67 



New Zealanders 

Nicol, Col. C. E 

Noeux-les-Mines .. 17.25 

Norie, Capt. . . 
Norman, Lt.-Col. E. H. 
Northumberland Hussars 
North Street Tunnel 
Nugent, Brig. -Gen. G. C, 4 
Nurlu . . 










, II, 22 

191. 193 

Queen's Cross 


122, 139, 140 

Oakley, Capt. C. H. 

Oblique Trench 

Old Comrades' Associations, 



Oppy .. •• 69.113 


Pargiter, Lt.-Col. L. L. 

Parish. Lt.-Col. F. W. 

Parry, Lt.-Col. 

Paterson, Capt. A. H. 

Peel, Capt. H. 

Peel, Lt.-Col. 

Pereira, Maj.-Gen. C. E. 

Pereira, Brig. -Gen. G. E. 

Perham Down 

Pemes . . 

Picquigny .. •• 

Pioneer Battalions Formed 

Plumer, Gen. Lord . . 

Plumtree, Kev. B. P. 

Police . . 

Pollard, Major C. A. 

Polygon Wood 


Pont Noyelles 

Pooll, Capt. Batten- 


Portal, Lt.-Col. W. .. 

Portman, Capt. G. . . 


Posen Alley . . 

Potts, Sec.-Lt. 


Premy Switch . . 

Preston, Lt. J. F. 

Priez Farm 

Prime Minister 


Pultency, Lt.-Geu. Sir W. 

Pusch. Lt. !•■. L. 

Quarry \Vood 
Quatre Vents . 

189, 192 


207, 210 



114. "5 

. .94. 214 

188. 189 


.. 161 




Railton, Kev. D. 


Ramegnics Chin 


Ravine, The . . 

Ravine Wood 

Rawlinson, Gen. Sir H. 

Read, Major H. S. . . 

Reid, Lt. J. D. 





Rocquigny 147. 15^. 

Robinson, Capt. A. F. 

Romer, Maj.-Gen. C. F 

Rossignol Wood 


Rue de I'Epinette 

Rundell. Capt. L. E. 

Rupprecht, Prince 

Ruthven, Lord 

Rvder. Capt. A. F. R. 


76, 220 

II, 208 



.. 88,94 

38. 44. 78 




143. 183 



158, 159. 160 



178, 180 

167, 183 




D. 179, 195 


















3, 213, 215, 


. 80,89 
147. 210 


. • 40. 42 


190. lyi 

177, 180 




Sailly-Saillisel . . 

St. Albans 

St. Aubin 

St. Elie 

St. Eloi 

St. Hilaire 

St. Martin-au-Laert . . 

St. Pierre Vaast Wood. 159. 

St. Pol 

St. Riquier 

St. Venant 


Saumarez, Capt. R. de 


Schwarz, Capt. R. O. 

Second London Ileav 
Battery, R.G.A. . . 

Segrave,' Lt.-Col. W. H. E 


Senlis .. .. 166,167. 

Shead, Major A. T. . . 

Sherlock, Major D. J. C. E. . 

Shrine, The 

Sign, Divisional 

Signals, 20, 26, 35, 57. 59. 







Smart, Capt. R. R. 










, 210 

. 17' 




, 74. 

. 154 




Smyth, Maj.-Gen. Sir N. M. 


Somme (first battle of) 61-78, 2 



Southampton . . 

Spedding, Brig. -Gen. E. W 

Spoil Bank . . . . 97, 

Stapley, Major F. G. 

Starfish . . 


Supply Columns, Divisional 

Swan Chateau 


14, 216 




98, 100 





81, 86, 105 

187, 189 

62, 64, 68, 70, 188 


4. 5 



Tailles Wood . 

Tanks . . 

Taylor, Capt. (20th Btn.) 

Taylor, Lt.-Col. C. Newton . . 

Taylor, Capt. S. (D/236 Bty.) 

Taylor-Smith, Bishop 

Third London Regt. (joins 

Division) . . . . . . 43 

Thirtle, Sgt. . . . . . . 221 

Thomas, Sec.-Lt. M. E. . . 93 
Thunder, Lt.-Col. S. H. J., iii, 210, 

211, 223 
Thwaites, Maj.-Gen. Sir W., i, 4, 22, 
32, 33, 55, 59, 211 
Tolerton, Lt.-Col. R. H. .. 189 
Tournai . . 204-206 

Toutencourt . . . . . . 166 

Tower Bridge (Loos) . . . . 30, 46 

Transport . . . . . . 214 

Tredennick, Lt.-Col. J. . . 55 

Trench Mortars, 49, 58, 64, 147, 191 
Trescault . . . . 122, 139, 140 




?2, 84 

32, 90 




Trinder, Major J. R. 
Trois Rois 

Tudor, Brig. -Gen. H. H. 
Tunnelling Companies : 

1st Canadian 

2nd Australian 

Turner, Capt. R. W. 
Turner, Lt.-Col. A. J. 83 

Unknown Warrior, The 

Vaire Wood 
Vallulart Wood 
Vau Ix- Vraucourt 






Victory Camp, Ecurie 




22, 41 



Villers Guislains 
Vimy Ridge 
Vince, Lt.-Col. W. 



50, 57. 50 



Wael. Lt. C. H. de .. 
Wakefield, Sir Charles 
Ward, Lt.-Col 
Warlencourt, Butte-de 
Warloy . . . . 166, 

Warne, Major H. F. M. 
Warrender, Lt.-Col. H. V. 

Weatherby, Lt.-Col. J. T. 
Weber, Lt.-Col. 
Webber, Brig.-Gen. N. W. 
Welsh Fusiliers, 4th Royal 



167, 171 







147, 169-171, etc. 

122, 150 

104, 106 


■ 96,98 

J- 54.66 

Welsh Ridge . . 
Westhoek Ridge 
White Chateau 
Whitehead, Lt.-Col. VV. 
Whitley, Brig.-Gen. Sir E. N., 

94, 102, 137, 161, 195, 203, 210 
Wigginton, Major J. H. B. . . 214 

Williams, Lt. D. J 67 

Williams, Capt. G. . . 30, 54, 55 

WiUiams, Major W. C. B. . . 221 
Willoughby, Brig.-Gen. Hon. 

C. S. 4 

Wilkinson, Rev. A. E., 148, 210, 

219, 220 
Wilkinson, Rev. A. R. Browne 220 
Williamson, Rev. . . . . 220 

Wilson, Lt. N. 1 171 

Winnipeg Camp . . . . 97 

Witham . . . . . . 3 

Wizernes . . . . . . 106 

Wood, Lt.-Col. C. B. . . 4, 5 

Wood, Rev. C. T. T. 219, 220 

Woodcote House . . . . 81, 88 

Woodward, Rev. C. G. . . 220 

WooUey, Capt. E. J. . . 44 

Wray, Brig.-Gen. J. C, 4, 12, 48, 211 
Wytschaete . . . . . . 80 

Young, Capt. . . . . . . 54 

Ypres . . .. II, 12, 15, 79-94 

Ypres-Comines Canal 95, 96, 105 

Ytres 154, 199 

Zillebeke Halt 
Zouave Valley 
Zwartelen Spur 

• .92. 103 

• 53.54 


I. — Key Map, showing movements of 47th Division from 
March, 1915, to the Armistice. 
II. — Festubert, May, 1915. 
III.— The Battle of Loos, September, 1915. 
IV. — High Wood, September — October, 1916. 
V. — The Battle of Messines, Jmie 7th, 1917. 
VI. — HooGE — Westhoek, August — September, 1917. 
VII. — BouRLON Wood, November — December, 1917. 
VIII. — The Retreat on the Somme, March, 1918. 
IX. — ^The Advance on the Somme, August, 1918. 
X. — The Final Advance Through Lille, October — 
November, 1918. 







=dsion from Marcli 

feinted and published dt the 

Amalgamated Pbess (1922), Ltd., Lavi.s-gton Stpkrt. 

London. S.E.I. 








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